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  • The Reality of Numbers: A Physicalist's Philosophy of Mathematics

    This book casts new light on mathematics through its consideration of metaphysical materialism. The author identifies natural, real and imaginary numbers and sets with specified physical properties and relations. However sets are construed numbers are not sets. Sets are important simply because they instantiate all the numbers and all the other properties and relations studied in mathematics. Set theory tempts us into misunderstanding the nature of mathematics; Bigelow challenges the myth that mathematical objects can be defined into existence. By reconstruing numbers as real, non-linguistic, physical properties or relations, mathematics can be drawn back from its sterile, abstract exile into the midst of the physical world to which we belong.

  • Oxford Literature Companions: Animal Farm

    Easy to use in the classroom or as a tool for revision, Oxford Literature Companions provide student-friendly analysis of a range of popular GCSE set texts. Each book offers a lively, engaging approach to the text, covering characters, themes, language and contexts, whilst also providing a range of varied and in-depth activities to deepen understanding and encourage close work with the text. Each book also includes a comprehensive Skills and Practice section, which provides detailed advice on assessment and a bank of exam-style questions and annotated sample student answers. This guide covers Animal Farm by George Orwell, is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE specifications.

  • Comprehension to 14

    Written by trusted author Geoff Barton, this new edition of a classroom favourite has been completely rewritten to support the latest Key Stage 3 requirements. It includes clear progression through reading levels, with a focus on building essential reading skills through fresh, relevant texts from a range of media and a variety of engaging activities - an ideal resource for busy teachers.

  • Yearbook of International Environmental Law: Volume 6 1995

    Established in 1990 The Yearbook of International Environmental Law is firmly established as a vital resource for international environmenatl lawyers. In this growing field there is a steady need for accurate and informed analysis; The Yearbook meets the need. The contributors and the editors to The Yearbook provide accurate and up-to-date reportage of case law, treaty developments, regional treaties and conventions and "soft law". The article section contains top quality essays on topical subjects: The "Year in Review" section offers a roundup of legal developments in all parts of the world and the documentary section offers the users the full text of new material sources bearing upon the subject. An additional document section is published on diskette and can be obtained by writing to the Law Editor, Oxford University Press, Walton street, Oxford OX2 6DP. Subscribers are encouraged to establish a standing order by quoting the series ISBN. Inquiries about subscriptions and back volumes should be addressed to the Marketing Department at the same address. Purchasers are encouraged to place a standing order in order to guarantee their copy of future volumes.

  • The Handbook of the Law of Visiting Forces

    International efforts to implement and further develop military partnership programs have stressed the need to elaborate clear status provisions for military and civilian personnel of foreign armed forces in a receiving State. This handbook evaluates existing experience in State practice and describes options for further legal development. It offers a perception of the immunity of foreign armed forces based on historic developments and current treaties with a view to the question whether rules of customary law are evolving in this respect. As a joint effort of internationally renowned experts the handbook provides an up-to-date commentary on applicable status law provisions as contained in the NATO Status of Forces Agreement of 1951 (NATO SOFA), which was adapted more recently by the Partnership for Peace Status of Forces Agreement of 1995 (PfP SOFA), and the Paris Protocol of 1952 on NATO Military Headquarters. Case studies describe and evaluate specific practice in Germany, Japan, Korea, and Russia. The legal status of Red Cross delegates and headquarters agreements of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the status of UN Peacekeeping Forces and lessons learned in the former Yugoslavia are discussed in separate Chapters. The concluding Chapter is devoted to the legal situation of visiting forces in an operational environment. Annexes provide the texts of key legal instruments of NATO and the United Nations, including the relevant arrangements for the Stabilisation Force (SFOR) in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the International Security Force in Kosovo (KFOR).

  • Reasons and Persons-

    This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity. The author claims that we have a false view of our own nature; that it is often rational to act against our own best interests; that most of us have moral views that are directly self-defeating; and that, when we consider future generations the conclusions will often be disturbing. He concludes that moral non-religious moral philosophy is a young subject, with a promising but unpredictable future.

  • Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

    This is a work of fundamental importance for our understanding of the intellectual and cultural history of early modern Europe. Stuart Clark offers a new interpretation of the witchcraft beliefs of European intellectuals based on their publications in the field of demonology, and shows how these beliefs fitted rationally with many other views current in Europe between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. Professor Clark is the first to explore the appeal of demonology to early modern intellectuals by looking at the books they published on the subject during this period. After examining the linguistic foundations of their writings, the author shows how the writers' ideas about witchcraft (and about magic) complemented their other intellectual commitments--in particular, their conceptions of nature, history, religion, and politics. The result is much more than a history of demonology. It is a survey of wider intellectual and ideological purposes, and underlines just how far the nature of rationality is dependent on its historical context.

  • Lawyers and the Making of English Land Law 1832-1940

    Here Stuart Anderson offers a completely fresh interpretation of the manner in which the concepts found in the 1925 property legislation were formed by debates about law reform beginning in the 1840s. Examining the texts of the statutes with a historian's eye, he explains how the statutes were enacted, by whom, and for what reasons. The result is both a work of legal history and a commentary on modern English land law.

  • Christianity and Science

    This overview of the relationship between Christianity and science explores the many ways that modern science affects humanity, and the moral questions it raises. The author traces the origins of science, and explains how science can now be related to the role of the modern state.

  • Marxism and Democracy

    The collapse of the Soviet Union would seem to sound the death knell for Marxism as a blueprint for social change. Why has this doctrine - the repository of so many hopes and dreams - failed in its grand ambition to liberate the human race from poverty and oppression? Through a critical and systematic analysis of what Marx and his disciples had to say about democracy, Joseph Femia sheds light on the reasons for this failure. His book explores the bewildering variety of Marxist attitudes to democracy, and relates this diversity to Marxism's inconsistent goals: active political participation and all-embracing central planning, human emancipation and collective submission to the dialectical "truths" of history. Dr Femia explains why Marxism's internal contradictions have always, in practice, been "solved" through the imposition of despotic modes of government. Marxism's tragic flaw, he concludes, is its unwillingness to recognize the distinctiveness and independence of the individual.

  • The Problem of Evil

    This collection of important writings fills the need for an anthology that adequately represents recent work on the problem of evil. This is perhaps one of the most discussed topics in the philosophy of religion, and is of perennial interest to philosophers and theologians.

  • Mann on the Legal Aspect of Money

    The long-awaited sixth edition of Mann on the Legal Aspect of Money takes account of a number of significant developments since the last edition was published in 1992. Without question, the completion of monetary union in Europe is the key achievement of the intervening years. An entirely new section of the book deals with this subject in detail; apart from private law aspects, the contentious issue of eurozone monetary sovereignty is considered and the text also discusses the possible consequences of the breakdown of the single currency area. The text also includes a review of the Rome Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations and its consequences in the monetary field. At a more general level, the book reviews the legal meaning of the term "money" and considers whether traditional definitions can stand in the light of technological and other developments. The book also considers the nature and character of monetary obligations, including the consequences of non payment, devaluation, inflation and revalorisation. In the cross-border sphere, separate parts of the text are devoted to exchange control (including Article VIII (2)(b) of the IMF Agreement and the private international law of exchange control) and to the public international law of money (including the monetary law of inter-state obligations, treaty rules of monetary conduct and the protection of foreign monetary systems).

  • The Philosophical Origins of Modern Contract Doctrine (Clarendon Law)

    The common law of England and the United States and the civil law of continental Europe have a similar doctrinal structure, a structure not found in the English cases or Roman legal texts from which they supposedly descend. In this original and unorthodox study of common law and legal philosophy the author throws light on the historical origins of this confusion and in doing so attempts to find answers to many of the philosophical puzzles which contract lawyers face today. Reassessing the impact of modern philosophy upon contract law, the author concludes that modern philosophy having failed to provide a new basis for a coherent doctrinal system in the law of contract, the only hope for devising such a coherent system lies in rediscovering the neglected philosophy of Aristotle and Aquinas.

  • Current Legal Problems, Volume 51: Legal Theory at the End of the Millennium

    This book is the fifty-first volume of Current Legal Problems and contains the now customary selection of high-quality essays by a group of outstanding scholars. This volume gathers together a particularly valuable and broad-ranging set of contributions which makes for a stimulating study of legal theory at the end of the millennium

  • Social Rights Under the Constitution: Government and the Decent Life

    The desirability, or lack thereof, of bills of rights has been the focus of some of the most enduring political debates over the last two centuries. Unlike civil and political rights, social rights to the meeting of needs, standardly rights to adequate minimum income, education, housing, and health care are not usually given constitutional protection. This book argues that social rights should be constitutionalized and protected by the courts, and examines when such constitutionalization conflicts with democracy. It is thus located at the crossroads of two major issues of contemporary political philosophy, to wit, the issue of democracy and the issue of distributie justice. Interestingly and surprisingly enough, philosophers who engage in penetrating discussions on distributive justice do not usually reflect on the implications of their argument for democracy; they are met with equal indifference on the part of theorists of democracy. This book stems from the perception that there may be conflicts between the demands of democracy and the demands of distributive justice, both of which are crucially important, and from the resulting recognition that the question of the relationship between these two values cannot be ignored.

  • The People's Peace: British History 1945-1989

    BL By a leading historian of the period BL Draws on sources recently released under the Thirty Year Rule The People's Peace is the first comprehensive study by a professional historian of British history from 1945 to the present day. It examines the transformation of post-war Britain from the planning enthusiasm of 1945 to the ethic of Thatcherism. Its themes include the troubles of the British economy; public criticism of the legitimacy of the state and its instruments of authority; the co-existence of growing personal prosperity with widespread social inequality; and the debates aroused by the process of decolonization, and by Britain's relationship to the Commonwealth, the transatlantic world, and Europe. Changes in cultural life, from the puritanical `austerity' of the 1940s, through the `permissiveness' of the 1960s, to the tensions of recent years, are also charted. Kenneth Morgan examines the paradoxes of life in the modern United Kingdom: the growing affluence and internal peace of mainland Britain, with its underside of disillusion and discontent. Using a wide variety of sources, including the records of political parties and documents recently released under the Thirty Years Rule, Kenneth Morgan brings the story right up to date and draws comparisons with the post-war history of other nations. This penetrating assessment by a leading historian of twentieth-century Britain will prove invaluable to anyone interested in the development of modern Britain.

  • Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook

    Elections have always been an integral part of post-independence African politics and have assumed utmost importance in the course of recent democratisation processes. However, comparative research on the political development in Africa lacks reliable electoral data. Elections in Africa fills this cap. The handbook is the only reliable source for African elections from independence to present. In the first volume of this series, Elections in Africa presents a country-by-country study of African nations that provides a comparative introduction on elections and electoral systems. Each country chapter examines the history of the institutional and electoral arrangements, the evolution of suffrage and current electoral provisions. Precise and exhaustive data on national elections and referendums are presented comparatively. The book provides a definitive and comprehensive set of data on elections and electoral systems in order to facilitate comparative research. Data is presented in a systematic manner allowing for both historical and cross-national comparisons.

  • On Human Conduct

    On Human Conduct is composed of three connected essays. Each has its own concern: the first with theoretical understanding, and with human conduct in general; the second with an ideal mode of human relationship which the author has called civil association; and the third with that ambiguous, historic association commonly called a modern European state. Running through the work is Professor Oakshott's belief in philosophical reflection as an adventure: the adventure of one who seeks to understand in other terms what he already understands, and where the understanding is sought is a disclosure of the conditions of the understanding enjoyed and not a substitute for it. Its most appropriate expression is an essay, which, he writes, 'does not dissemble the conditionality of the conclusions it throws up and although it may enlighten it does not instruct.'

  • Chance and Structure: An Essay on the Logical Foundations of Probability

    This book concerns the relations between logic and probability. It includes a discussion of the relations between classical 17th and 18th century theories of probability and contemporary theories, an exposition of recent logical theories of probability and an account of probability as a part of logic.

  • The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

    Economic and monetary union in the European Union represents a massive change for Europe and for the world. The Road to Maastricht identifies why the agreement was possible and how the agreement was made. The book examines the motives that inspired European political leaders, the strategies that they pursued, and the institutions that were used to achieve monetary union. Drawing on a wide range of sources and unprecedented research and interviews, the book combines careful political analysis with new information about the way in which European Monetary Union was negotiated. It delves into the complex forces at work in Europe, including the cross-national political interactions, to produce an authoritative account of the boldest and riskiest venture in the history of European integration.

  • Complete Physics for Cambridge IGCSE ® Revision Guide

    Fully matched to the latest Cambridge syllabus, this updated revision guide provides everything students need to build exam confidence, including practice questions and answers as well as revision and assessment advice from an experienced teacher. The clear and concise format will support students as they prepare for their exams, as well as throughout the year for independent study or homework. Ensuring all students reach their potential, it includes exercises and practice questions that both challenge higher ability students and support lower ability students. Vocabulary-building activities are included to support students whose first language is not English.

  • Four and Twenty Fiddlers: The Violin at the English Court 1540-1690

    The royal string band at the English Court had its origins in a six-man consort from Italy, brought to England by Henry VIII in the spring of 1540. Peter Holman's book charts the history of this institution from its beginnings to the time of Purcell. He considers the previous history of instrumentalists at court, the role of the court band in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and its influence on the dance music of the period. The establishment of the band at the English court is set in the context of the violin's place in Europe in the sixteenth century, as the author considers the origins of the instrument and discusses contemporary references to violin bands in court, town, and church. The development of the violin band is traced by reference to an immense amount of documentary information, much of it new. The first thorough treatment of this subject, Peter Holman's book will be welcomed for the new light it sheds on large areas of musical history.

  • What is Health?

    The health education series "What is Health?" has been designed for 16-to-19-year-olds in 6th form or FE college. It presents a range of key health topics, and each booklet in the series provides activities and suggestions for project work, designed to challenge attitudes to both personal and social health issues. This core booklet covers many general health topics such as global health, health choices, the National Health Service, health and the environment, inequalities in health, and personal health.

  • The English Urban Renaissance: Culture and Society in the Provincial Town, 1660-1770

    In the century after the Restoration of 1660, English provincial towns experienced a cultural renaissance. This book offers a guide to some of the most striking features of that revival, including the transformation of the urban landscape under the influence of classical architecture, the emergent forces of planning and expansion in the provision of fashionable public leisure, embracing the performing and intellectual arts, arenas of display and sport. The author also penetrates behind the new culture's elegant facade to explore its economic origins and the contrasting forces which stimulated it: wealth, self-interest, idealism and snobbery. Drawing on the disciplines of architecture, music, historical geography, English literature and urban studies as well as history, this book concentrates on the interaction between urban culture and society as a whole. It not only examines the development of the early modern town, with detailed discussion in the text and reference material in a town-by-town appendix, but also the relatively neglected history of England between the Civil War and the Industrial Revolution.

  • Living and Dying in England 1100-1540: The Monastic Experience

    This is an authoritative account of daily life in Westminster Abbey, one of medieval England's greatest monasteries. It is also a wide-ranging exploration of some major themes in the social history of the Middle Ages and early sixteenth century by a distinguished historian of that period. Barbara Harvey exploits the exceptionally rich archives of the Benedictine foundation at Westminster to the full, offering many vivid insights into the lives of the monks of Westminster, their dependants, and their benefactors. She examines the charitable practices of the monks, their food and drink, their illnesses and their deaths, the number and conditions of employment of servants, and their controversial practice of granting corrodies (pensions made up in large measure of benefits in kind). All these topics Miss Harvey considers in the context both of religious institutions in general and of the secular world.

  • On Economic Inequality

    First published in 1973, this book presents a systematic treatment of the conceptual framework as well as the practical problems of measurement of inequality. Alternative approaches are evaluated in terms of their philosophical assumptions, economic content, and statistical requirements. In a new introduction, Amartya Sen, jointly with James Foster, critically surveys the literature that followed the r s1ication of this book, and also evaluates the main analytical issues in the appraisal of economic inequality and poverty.

  • War, Justice and Public Order: England and France in the Later Middle Ages

    This is a study of two topics of central importance in late medieval history: the impact of war, and the control of disorder. Making war and making law were the twin goals of the state, and the author examines the effect of the evolution of royal government in England and France. Ranging broadly between 1000 and 1400, he focuses principally on the period c.1290 to c.1360, and compares developments in the two countries in four related areas: the economic and political costs of war; the development of royal justice; the crown's attempt to control private violence; and the relationship between public opinion and government action. He argues that as France suffered near breakdown under repeated English invasions, the authority of the crown became more acceptable to the internal warring factions; whereas the English monarchy, unable to meet the expectations for internal order which arose partly from its own ambitious claims to be `keeper of the peace', had to devolve much of its judicial powers. In these linked problems of war, justice, and public order may lie the origins of English `constitutionalism' and French `absolutism'.

  • The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825-1995

    This new history of modern Japan covers its remarkable transformation from a small country on the fringe of international politics to the major world power it is today. Professor Tsuzuki traces Japan's pursuit of power, first by military and then by economic means, from her attempts to replace China at the centre of the Confucian Middle Kingdom; through the Meiji nationalist response to the inroads of nineteenth century western imperialism; and on to the post-war USJapanese alliance powering the economic miracle of the last half of the twentieth century. He examines Japan's political, intellectual, and industrial development throughout the last two centuries, with special attention to the wars that were fought, and argues that the history of Japan's modernization was closely linked to the growth of Japan's own imperialism. Tsuzuki goes on to reveal how some of the factors which contributed to remaking Japan as an economic giant have also been responsible for her recent economic and political difficulties.

  • AQA GCSE Chemistry Online Homework

    AQA GCSE Chemistry Online Homework supports all your students' home learning needs. It provides a ready-to-use bank of homework activities to accompany every week of your GCSE teaching. Online Homework stores all your students' marks on the site so it's easy for you to track their progress. Oxford's AQA GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 AQA GCSE Sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades.

  • London: A History

    London has for most of 2,000 years been the hub of the political, economic, and cultural life of Britain. No other world city has held such a dominant national position for so long. This new study, by the doyen of London historians, describes London's diverse past, from its origins as a Roman settlement at the first bridging of the Thames to the world-class metropolis it is today. It provides a vivid account of a city which was the `deere sweete' place which Chaucer loved more than any other city on earth, which was for Dickens his `magic lantern', and to Keats `a great sea', howling for more wrecks. It is also a story of much contrast and remarkable resilience; through great fires and pestilence, civil war, and the Blitz, London has rebuilt and reinvented itself for each generation.

  • Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis

    The standard philosophical project of analysing the concept of knowledge has radical defects in its arbitrary restriction of the subject matter, and its risky theoretical presuppositions. Edward Craig suggests a more illuminating approach, akin to the `state of nature' method found in political theory, which builds up the concept from a hypothesis about the social function of knowledge and the needs it fulfils. Light is thrown on much that philosophers have written about knowledge, about its analysis and the obstacles to its analysis (such as the counter-examples of Edmund Gettier), and on the debate over scepticism. It becomes apparent why many languages not only have such constructions as `knows whether' and `knows that', but also have equivalents of `knows how to' and `know' followed by a direct object. Thus the inquiry is both broadened in scope and made theoretically less fragile.

  • Reading Pop: Approaches to Textual Analysis in Popular Music

    Reading Pop collects together key essays on the interpretation of pop songs previously published in the journal Popular Music. In sixteen varied studies by many of the best-known scholars, all the most influential approaches are represented. A newly written introduction by leading pop academic Richard Middleton puts them into context and outlines the main debates. A select bibliography of other writings on pop music analysis adds to the usefulness of the book, which will become a central text in popular music studies.

  • In from the Cold: National Security and Parliamentary Democracy

    Espionage and counter-espionage services have traditionally operated under a cloak of secrecy, their shadowy activities providing the basis for countless books, films, documentaries and debates. Despite recent public relations exercises aimed at reassuring the public that the UK's MI5 and MI6 are open to government scrutiny, the perception remains that they are in fact highly autonomous, secretive and largely unaccountable for their activities. In this analysis, two constitutional lawyers shed light on the legal powers and basis of this murky area of government, comparing the very different situations in Canada and Australia, and asking how, in a democratic state, can the competing interests of national security and open government be reconciled.

  • The Northerners: A Study in the Reign of King John

    Magna Carta, imposed on King John by his barons in 1215, is widely regarded as the foundation of the British constitution. This is the classic study of the origins of the rebellion which culminated in the events at Runnymede. Professor Holt investigates the causes of the baronial revolt, and explores the social and administrative setting of the northern shires and their landed families. Professor Holt's introduction to the paperback edition draws on recent research on border societies to offer new insights into the organization of the northern barons. He also provides a valuable Guide to further reading.

  • Zwingli: An Introduction to His Thought

    This book, by a leading Reformation scholar, is the only comprehensive introduction to Zwingli's thought for the student and general reader. In it Professor Stephens discusses the main areas of debate in Zwingli studies, and engages with a variety of interpretations of Zwingli. In the opening chapters he places Zwingli in the context of Zurich and Switzerland in the sixteenth century, describes the various influences on Zwingli's development, and outlines his life as a reformer. There follow two chapters which introduce the main themes in Zwingli's thought, and these are related both to the life and work of the man himself as well as to the views of other reformers. A final chapter considers Zwingli as a reformer and theologian. Here, and elsewhere in the book, Professor Stephens points to Zwingli's relevance today. There is a short glossary of theological terms.

  • Theory of Commodity Price Stabilization

    This book is an important contribution to the debate on the new international economic order. The theory of commodity price stabilization is a subject of continuing and active policy concern to the developed and less developed countries.

  • Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

    This book examines the initial commercial uses of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is one of the most modern, controversial and dynamic of the science based technologies. It is not an object but a set of techniques or way of doing things. The development of these techniques from the 1970s onwards illustrates the changing relationships between research oriented toward basic science and research oriented towards commercial uses, and between universities and firms. The main focus of the book is on two firms - Genentech in the United States and Kabi in Sweden and their activities and `knowledge seeking' behaviour in the development of human growth hormone and how those ran in parallel with university science. As well as providing a remarkably clear account of these developments (the book includes a chapter on the basics of biotechnology for the lay person), McKelvey also provides a fresh contribution to our understanding of innovation processes by using the evolutionary metaphor to interpret patterns of change where novelty, transmission, and selection are important elements, and the knowledge seeking behaviour of firms and other agents are critical for survival and development. The book will be of considerable interest to a wide audience concerned to understand the complexities of innovation processes in the `knowledge society' - management and organization researchers, economists, policy advisers, managers and strategists responsible for turning knowledge into product and profit. Endorsements: `Maureen McKelvey's study of the rise of modern biotechnology as a field of science, and particularly of the work which led to the commercial introduction of human insulin and growth hormones, provides a wonderful window into the history. If this study was merely that, it would be an important work. But it is more. McKelvey's study is a major addition to the growing collection of detailed technological histories that are gradually giving scholars of technological advance understanding of the key processes involved. Her treatment of technological advance in this area as an evolutionary process is an important contribution advancing that way of conceptualizing how technologies develop.' Richard R. Nelson, Columbia University `It is fascinating to read Maureen McKelvey's study recounting the development of recombinant DNA-based biotechnology as a rising industry ... fifteen years after participating in the rDNA human growth hormone and insulin projects and I am still excited reading this book.' Norm S. Lin, Senior Scientist, Cell Culture and Fermentation Research and Process Development, Genentech, Inc.

  • The Use and Abuse of Unjust Enrichment: Essays on the Law of Restitution

    The Law of Restitution is now firmly established as a distinct branch of the law of obligations. Yet for much of the past 25 years its status has been the subject of debate both in the courts and in academia and there are those who still regard it with suspicion. This is therefore an appropriate time to publish the collected essays of a scholar who has made a significant contribution to the study of restitution and who has established a distinctive position on many of its most keenly disputed controversies. For this collection the author has chosen a number of previously published and influential papers which he has selectively revised and updated, together with a number of completely new papers which present his latest views on a range of issues central to the law of restitution.

  • Oxford Playscripts: My Swordhand is Singing

    In the bitter cold of an unrelenting winter Tomas and his son, Peter, arrive in Chust and despite the inhospitability of the villagers settle there as woodcutters. Tomas digs a channel of fast-flowing waters around their hut so they have their own little island kingdom. Peter doesn't understand why his father has done this, nor why his father carries a long battered box everywhere they go, and why he is forbidden to know its contents. But when a band of gypsies comes to the village Peter's drab existence is turned upside down. He is infatuated by the beautiful gypsy princess, Sofia, intoxicated by their love of life and drawn into their deadly quest. For Chust is a dying community - where the dead come back to wreak revenge on the living. Amidst the terrifying events that follow, Peter is stunned to see his father change from a disillusioned man to the warrior hero he once was.

  • Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights (Oxford Political Theory)

    The increasingly multicultural fabric of modern societies has given rise to many new issues and conflicts, as ethnic and national minorities demand recognition and support for their cultural identity. This book presents a new conception of the rights and status of minority cultures. It argues that certain "collective rights" of minority cultures are consistent with liberal democratic principles, and that standard liberal objections to such rights can be answered. However, the author emphasizes that no single formula can be applied to all groups, and that the needs and aspirations of immigrants are very different from those of indigenous peoples and national minorities. He looks at issues such as language rights, group representation, religious education, federalism, and secession-issues central to an understanding of multicultural politics, but which have been neglected in contemporary liberal theory. Scholars of political theory and philosophy, as well as the general reader, will find this work to be the most comprehensive analysis to date of this crucial political issue.

  • A Guide to Musical Analysis

    This extremely practical introduction to musical analysis explores the factors that give unity and coherence to musical masterpieces. Having first identified and explained the most important analytical methods, Nicholas Cook examines given compositions from the last two hundred years to show how different analytical procedures suit different types of music.

  • Shostakovich in Context

    This volume presents recent research into Dmitri Shostakovich's life (1906-1975) and work by leading British, American, Russian, and Israeli scholars. It is occasioned by the ever-growing interest in a composer whose significance in and for the history of twentieth-century music is, as Richard Taruskin has commented, immense, possibly unparalleled and above all, continuing. The authors of the thirteen articles are musicologists, Russian literature specialists, biographers, and cultural historians, whose diverse fields of expertise are reflected in the interdisciplinary nature of the materials collected here. The collection presents Shostakovich and his legacy in a variety of different contexts and its interdisciplinary nature will also serve to open up discussion. In this way, it breaks from previous tendencies to focus on the purely extrinsic qualities of the composers musical oeuvre, which has so often been interpreted in terms of autobiography. The chapters span the composer's entire career and contain substantial amounts of new information about Shostakovich and his musical legacy.

  • Fifty Years of the Deutsche Mark: Central Bank and the Currency in Germany since 1948

    This book provides detailed independent analyses of the successes and limitations of one of the most successful economic relationships in recent history: the Deutsche Mark and the Deutsche Bundesbank. With European economic and monetary union approaching, the lessons to be learnt from the German experience are now more important than ever. The Deutsche Mark has been one of the most stable currencies in the world for decades. The combination of a sound monetary structure and an anti-inflationary monetary policy have been the bedrock for unprecedented German economic success. This success, however, has not been unlimited or without risk. Fifty Years of the Deutsche Mark will give future European montary policy-makers the invaluable benefit of the German experience. The book combines chronological articles with others which follow the developments of a specific issue over the entire 50-year period. Issues covered include the central bank constitution, the central bank's relationship with fiscal policy-makers and with other banks, the role of the Bundesbank in European monetary integration, and the international significance of the Deutsche Mark. Individual accounts of the key monetary policy events in 1948 and 1990 as well as general articles on the `message' of German monetary policy and on academic deabte over German monetary policy round the book off. Sixteen eminent independent scholars were asked by the Bundesbank to contribute to this volume, and given full access to the Bank's records. The resulting articles provide comprehensive analysis of the successes and limitations of Europe's most powerful central bank. On June 20th, 1998, the Deutsche Mark will be 50 years old: this book will ensure that its legacy lives on.

  • What is an Exchange?: Automation, Management, and Regulation of Financial Markets

    New technology has revolutionized the nature and threatened the existence of traditional stock and futures exchanges. This book analyses how they have responded to developments in automation,

  • The Making of Fianna Fáil Power in Ireland 1923-1948

    This is the first major study of the origins, development, and strategies of Fianna Fail; showing how the party achieved its central role in Irish politics. Dunphy explores its historical development, looking at its organizational structure, the evolution of party ideology, and the interactions between party and state. He analyses how the changing social structure of Ireland affected Fianna Fail policies, and demonstrates how the inadequacies of rival political parties' responses to crises benefited Fianna Fail. The author locates the historical experience of Fianna Fail rule in Ireland within the broader dimensions of European politics. The result is a fascinating mixture of detailed empirical research and broader theoretical analysis which reconstructs Fianna Fail's rise to power and explains how it retained its position of dominance.

  • Time, Tense, and Causation

    Michael Tooley presents a major new philosophical study of time and its relation to causation. The nature of time has always been one of the most fascinating and perplexing problems of philosophy. In recent years it has become the focus of vigorous debate between advocates of rival theories, as traditional, 'tensed' accounts of time, which hold that time has a direction and that the flow of time is part of the nature of the universe, have been challenged by 'tenseless' accounts of time, according to which past, present, and future are merely subjective features of experience, rather than objective features of events. Time, Tense, and Causation offers a new approach, in many ways intermediate between these two rivals. Tooley shares with tensed approaches the view that the universe is dynamic, holding that the past and the present are real while the future is not; but he rejects the view that this entails that there are irreducible tensed facts. Tooley's approach accounts for time in terms of its relation to causation: he argues that the direction of time is based upon the direction of causation, and that the key to understanding the dynamic nature of the universe is to understand the nature of causation. He also offers analyses of tensed concepts, and discusses semantic issues concerning truth and time. Finally, addressing the formidable difficulties posed for tensed accounts of time by the Special Theory of Relativity, he suggests that a modified version of the theory, compatible with the account of time in this book, is to be preferred to the standard version. Time, Tense, and Causation is rich in sophisticated and stimulating discussions of many of the deepest problems of metaphysics.

  • Thatcherism and British Politics: The End of Consensus?

    Mrs Thatcher has cited the breaking of the post-war political consensus, established with the support of dominant groups in the Conservative and Labour parties, as one of her objectives. In this penetrating study of her style and performance, she emerges as both the midwife and the product of the collapse of consensus. Mrs Thatcher has cited the breaking of the post-war political consensus, established with the support of dominant groups in the Conservative and Labour parties, as one of her objectives. In this penetrating study of her style and performance, she emerges both as the midwife of the collapse of consensus and also as its product.

  • Liberalizing the European Media: Politics, Regulation, and the Public Sphere

    Arguing that the problem of political rights of information and participation in the public sphere is the central question involving the development of the European Union, Liberalizing the European Media offers an assessment of the political, cultural, and economic basis of policies for constructing a European Information Society. The book is a result of extensive research on transformation of European media and politics in the context of integration and constitutional reform. It also places the events in the theoretical context of liberalism and theories of the public sphere. Shalini Venturelli examines five of the principal policy sectors that constitute the core of the `information society' debate: Information infrastructure; intellectual property rights; audiovisual policy, including content and cultural policy, competition law, and freedom of expression rights. The book concludes that the transformation of European media had led to a dimunition of the public sphere with serious consequences for participative democracy in the future.

  • Gregory of Nazianzus: Poemata Arcana

    Known as "the Theologian", St Gregory of Nazianzus (in the eastern part of Turkey) is, with St Basil and St Gregory of Nyssa, one of the celebrated Cappadocian Fathers of the fourth-century Christian Church. Highly educated in both Christian theology and classical Greek literature, he found himself torn between a solitary, contemplative life and the reluctantly accepted, though in actuality relished, public figure of bishop, vigorous in defence of orthodoxy against the attacks of the Arians. He was even, briefly, Bishop of Constantinople and chairman of the Council in 381 which produced what we now know as the Nicene Creed. This edition of his poems brings together his theological acumen in a formative period and shows his ability to operate in the genre of didactic verse going back to the eighth century BC. The poems cover a range of topics, from the strictly theological to others dealing more broadly with the creation of the world, providence, the world of spiritual beings, and the human soul. They give a unique new insight both on the theological ideas of the period and on the uneasy emergence of Christian culture from the pagan past.

  • Expert Systems in Law: A Jurisprudential Inquiry

    This book is a comprehensive investigation into expert systems in law. These are computer systems that engage in legal reasoning by assisting general legal practitioners in solving legal problems beyond the range of their knowledge or expertise. Jurisprudence is used throughout the book to articulate the presuppositions and limitations of building such systems, and to provide sound practical guidance for their design.

  • An Introduction to Islamic Law

    An Introduction to Islamic Law presents a broad account of our present knowledge of the history and outlines of the system of Islamic law. It is not intended in the first place for specialists, although it is hoped that it will attract study to this particularly rewarding branch of Islamic studies, but for students and interested general readers. Islamic law is the key to understanding the essence of one of the great world religions, it still casts its spell over the laws of contemporary Islamic states, and it is in itself a remarkable manifestation of legal thought.

  • Public Law in Israel

    The origins of this work lie in an attempt by Israeli lawyers to describe and analyse the remarkable efforts of the Supreme Court of Israel to intervene in all kinds of government actions on behalf of basic civil rights and the preservation of the rule of law. Working essentially with the basic English common law tools of constitutional and administrative law, and without the aid of a written Bill of Rights, The Supreme Court recognized that Israel's special political and social realities warranted an extraordinary judicial vigilance. Its rich bounty of jurisprudence reveals a judiciary prepared to deviate from the established common law rules concerning non-justiciability, administrative discretion and judicial restraint, as well as the ordinary rules of locus standi whenever faced with the denial of justice or of deprivation of basic civil rights. The book is divided into three sections: human rights; adminstrative action; and judicial review. The format of the book is a series of chapters examining the principal topics under each of these headings followed by selected primary sources - either laws enacted by the Knesset or decisions of the Supreme Court. In this form it gives the readers both an excellent overview of the present state of public law in Israel as well as access to the sources required to understand, at a more profound level, the forces which shape it.

  • Law and Competition in Twentieth Century Europe: Protecting Prometheus

    Protecting economic competition has become a major objective of government in Western Europe, and competition law has become a central part of economic and legal experience. National competition laws have long helped shape the relationship between government and the economy, and their influence has grown dramatically during the last decade. Competition law has also played a key role in the process of European integration, and is likely to do so in the future. Yet, despite its importance, images of European experience with competition law often remain vague and are sometimes dangerously distorted. This book examines that experience, analysing the dynamics of European competition law systems, revealing their impacts and assessing the political and economic issues they raise.

  • Truth and Historicity

    Richard Campbell elucidates the concept of truth by tracing its history: from the ancient Greek idea that truth is timeless, unchanging, and free from all relativism, up to the seventeenth-century crisis which led to the collapse of that idea, and then on through the emergence of historical consciousness to the existentialist, sociological, and linguistic approaches of our own time. He gives a scholarly but vivid and economical exposition of the views of a remarkably wide range of thinkers, always showing how their ideas engage with our contemporary concerns. He argues that current problems with truth arise from the way differing past conceptions continue to resound in our contemporary use of the word, and suggests that we must formulate a new conception of truth, compatible with awareness that through our actions we constitute who we are - with awareness of our own historicity.

  • Corporate Power and Responsibility: Issues in the Theory of Company Law

    Despite the enormous economic, social and political power they possess, company law regards public companies as essentially private bodies, existing for the benefit of their shareholders. In recent years the revival and extension of the analysis of corporate organization in terms of contract has been relied on to reinforce this perspective and to insulate the "internal affairs" of companies from regulatory intervention. This book rejects this approach, arguing that company law should be seen as serving public purposes - of promoting the efficient operation of the economy, while at the same time constraining the pursuit of profit in the interests of the various groups affected by corporate activity. From this standpoint many of the central issues relating to the large public company are discussed, including the separation of ownership and control, corporate governance, the "nexus of contracts" theory of the company, and the role of markets in controlling management behaviour. The meaning and the merits of corporate social responsibility, together with the techniques for making that concept operational, are considered in some detail. The book should be of interest not only to lawyers, but to all those concerned with the regulation of corporate power.

  • Activate Biology Student Book

    Activate is a new Key Stage 3 Science course for the 2014 curriculum, designed to support every student on their journey through Key Stage 3 to Key Stage 4 success. This student book will spark students' curiosity in biology, whilst gradually building the maths, literacy and working scientifically skills vital for success in the new KS4 qualifications. This biology book has three biology units (B1, B2, and B3) with working scientifically integrated throughout. This new area of the curriculum also has its own introductory chapter and activities, so you can be sure students receive maximum support. Use B1 and B2 to cover the Programme of Study in two years. Use B3 for a contextual consolidation and extension of content.

  • Bayan Wujub al-Hijra, Ala l-Ibad

    Arabic text edited with an English translation, introduction, and notes.

  • The Associational Economy: Firms, Regions, and Innovation

    Philip Cooke and Kevin Morgan explore important issues of corporate reorganization in the context of heightened global competition. Their special focus is upon how firms associate with regional milieux. Innovation is a key factor in corporate and regional economic performance and the authors show how interactive innovation based on collective learning and associative practices are becoming increasingly significant. In-depth studies of inter-firm and firm-agency interactions are presented for four European regions: Baden-Wurttemberg and Emilia-Romagna as accomplished regional economies; Wales and the Basque Country as learning regions. The book is theoretically informed by an evolutionary economics perspective and draws policy conclusions which emphasise the importance of decentralized industrial policy in support of both corporate and regional economic development ambitions. It concludes that the associational economy may be the `third way' between state and market co-ordination of modern economies.

  • Communications: A French course for GCSE

    . Divided into 12 units, each covering an important language area . Introduction of colloquial French develops students' abilities to understand and communicate in everyday French . Material is graded, initially providing revision of structures and topics already covered but in a new and lively way

  • The Economics of Missing Markets, Information, and Games

    This book aims to provide new insights into a range of theoretical economic issues and to extend the Walrasian General Equilibrium Model, which is at the core of modern economic analysis. The book identifies many gaps in theories, especially those concerned with imperfect information and its effect on markets and economic agents' behaviour. The book is divided into six parts: the first raises general issues about incomplete markets; the second discusses some outstanding problems in game theory; the third is concerned with information and decision-making; the fourth focuses on contracts; the fifth on dynamics and intertemporal economics using overlapping generations models and the sixth explores the relationship between micro and macro economics. The team of contributors includes a number of distinguished economists from Cambridge and the United States, as well as a group of younger researchers who have been members of a project entitled "Information, Risk and Quantity Signals in Economics", at the University of Cambridge.

  • Public Law and Democracy in the United Kingdom and the United States of America

    This bold and powerfully argued book has two themes. The `minor' theme is that the content and direction of both constitutional and administrative law are integrally related. The `major' theme is that their nature and content can only be properly understood against the background political theory which a society actually espouses, or against such a background which a particular commentator believes a society should espouse. Public Law and Democracy in the United Kingdom and United States of America brings the fruits of writings in political science and political theory to bear on the issues of public law. A critical examination of the centralist democratic views of Dicey is followed by an extensive discussion of a variety of pluralist theories of democracy, tracing their development in the USA from the early twentieth century to their more sophisticated recent versions. A similar analysis is applied to a cross-section of English pluralists, and in all cases the discussion is followed by a criticism of the views expounded and an exploration of their implications for public law. Considerable space is devoted to the examination of Rawls' views and their implications for public law and to a discussion of Republicanism and radical participatory democracy arguments.

  • Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

    Rene Descartes (1596-1650) is the father of modern philosophy, and one of the greatest of all thinkers. This is the first intellectual biography of Descartes in English; it offers a fundamental reassessment of all aspects of his life and work. Stephen Gaukroger, a leading authority on Descartes, traces his intellectual development from childhood, showing the connections between his intellectual and personal life and placing these in the cultural context of seventeenth century Europe. Descartes' early work in mathematics and science produced ground breaking theories, methods, and tools still in use today. This book gives the first full account of how this work informed and influenced the later philosophical studies for which, above all, Descartes is renowned. Not only were philosophy and science intertwined in Descartes' life; so were philosophy and religion. The Church of Rome found Galileo guilty of heresy in 1633; two decades earlier, Copernicus' theories about the universe had been denounced as blasphemous. To avoid such accusations, Descartes clothed his views about the relation between God and humanity, and about the nature of the universe, in a philosophical garb acceptable to the Church. His most famous project was the exploration of the foundations of human knowledge, starting from the proof of one's own existence offered in the formula Cogito ergo sum, `I am thinking therefore I exist'. Stephen Gaukroger argues that this was not intended as an exercise in philosophical scepticism, but rather to provide Descartes' scientific theories, influenced as they were by Copernicus and Galileo, with metaphysical legitimation. This book offers for the first time a full understanding of how Descartes developed his revolutionary ideas. It will be welcomed by all readers interested in the origins of modern thought.

  • Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology: The Legacy of Alan Turing, Volume II

    This is the second of two volumes of essays in commemoration of Alan Turing; it celebrates his intellectual legacy within the philosophy of mind and cognitive science. A distinguished international cast of contributors focus on the relationship beteen a scientific, computational image of the mind and a common-sense picture of the mind as an inner arena populated by concepts, beliefs, intentions, and qualia. Topics covered include the causal potency of folk-psychological states, the connectionist reconception of learning and concept formation, the understanding of the notion of computation itself, and the relation between philosophical and psychological theories of concepts. Also available in paperback is the companion volume, Machines and Thought, edited by Peter Millican and Andy Clark, which focuses on Turing's main innovations in artificial intelligence.

  • The Law of Contribution and Reimbursement

    The English law of contribution and reimbursement is essentially concerned with any situation where two parties must both pay a debt to a third party, compensate him for harm that he has suffered at their hands, or restore an enrichment which they have unjustly gained at his expense. These situations give rise to questions of how the parties' common liability should be shared and how their relationships with the third party, and with one another, should be adjusted so as to ensure that they each pay their proper share. This book is based on the rules of English law which determine the answers to these questions. Contribution and reimbursement claims often arise in the course of complex multi-party litigation and the rules which govern their determination are scattered through the law reports and statute books. This book provides a clear guide through this maze of legislation and case law, and gives a detailed account of all the substantive and procedural rules in the area. It is an essential source of information for legal practitioners and academics seeking practical advice on this notoriously complex subject.

  • Managing Corporate Growth

    As economic growth in Western countries shows signs of fatigue, companies are battling hard to discover how to generate and sustain corporate growth. The restructuring and reengineering processes of the early 1990s, and the massive lay-offs they brought about, have only given an additional boost to the need for expansion. Corporate efficiency is indispensable, but is not a sufficient condition for corporate survival. Firms need to think about their future growth.

  • The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856-1900

    The Epidemic Streets represents a major advance in the historical study of death and disease in the nineteenth century. Anne Hardy has drawn on a wide range of public health records for a detailed epidemiological investigation of the behaviour of the infectious diseases in the Victorian city. Whooping cough and measles, scarlet fever and diptheria, smallpox, typhus, typhoid, and tuberculosis ravaged millions of families and made life desperately uncertain a hundred years ago; today they have almost ceased to trouble the developed world. Dr Hardy explores thefactors which helped to reduce their fatality, focusing particularly on the role of preventive medicine, and on the local and domestic circumstances which affected the behaviour of the different diseases. This is a significant contribution to the historical debate that arose from Thomas McKeown's theory ofmodern population growth, and it also extends our understanding of the ways in which Victorian society - both lay and medical - coped with the problems of endemic and epidemic infectious disease.

  • The Origins of the Federal Theology in Sixteenth-Century Reformation Thought

    The development of the Federal theology of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries was a significant transformation in Reformed theological thinking. According to the Federal theologians, all of human history could be described using the rubric of a series of covenants, or foedera, beginning with a `covenant of works' in the perfection of Eden and concluding with the new covenant fulfilled by Jesus Christ in the New Testament. The new covenant was in effect the conclusion of the `covenant of grace', and it was this which united the Old and New Testaments into one continuous epic of God's grace and mercy. While John Calvin and many earlier Reformers discussed the importance of the postlapsarian covenant of grace, they never taught the Federal theology with its key identifying feature of a prelapsarian covenant. This book traces the prelapsarian covenant idea in Reformed theology from its first use by Zacharias Ursinus in 1562 to its flowering in 1590. Besides its origins, the implications of the Federal theology for Reformed thinking are made clear, and it is shown that the idea of covenant could have important implications for areas such as church and state, the sacraments, the Puritan doctrine of conversion, the Christian Sabbath, and the doctrine of justification and Christian ethics. The Federal theology is of considerable historical importance in intellectual history and forms the framework for much of the Reformed theology in the English-speaking world for three centuries. The doctoral thesis out of which this book developed won the Frank S. and Elizabeth D. Brewer Prize of the American Society of Church History.

  • The Letters of A. E. Housman: Two-volume set

    The Letters of A. E. Housman is a scholarly edition of over 2200 letters. (The previous edition, edited by Henry Maas, contained just over 880.) The letters cover the whole range of Housman's daily activities, whether he writes as poet, Professor of Latin, son, brother, uncle, friend, or citizen. Thus they allow the fullest possible revelation of a man whose reserve was legendary. He emerges as a more amiable, more sociable, more generous, more painstaking, and more complex person than has previously been realized. In most cases the source of the text is a manuscript, and this has resulted in a text that is more accurate and more complete than any previously available. Accompanying the text are notes covering persons and places, poetry, classical scholarship, publishing history, and literary allusion and echo.

  • The Reign of George III: 1760-1815

    The Reign of George III: 1760-1815

  • De pratica seu arte tripudii: `On the Practice or Art of Dancing'

    Fifteenth-century Italy produced the earliest known treatises on the dance. Guglielmo Ebreo, an eminent Jewish dancing master, dedicated his `On the Practice or Art of Dancing' to the future Sforza duke of Milan in the determination to give dance the status enjoyed by music and other arts and sciences. He included not only choreographies (subsequently likened to the artistic achievements of Machaut, Leonardo, Dante, and Petrarch), but a Defence of the Dance, a Socratic dialogue, and theoretical precepts - still valid today - which clearly reflect the contemporary humanistic aesthetic and ideals. Challenging exercises (such as dancing counter to the time of the music!) and advice to young ladies at balls are also described. Barbara Sparti has provided a heretofore unavailable (rare) source book for students, amateurs, and scholars: a critical edition in Italian and a facing English translation; dance tunes in facsimile and in annotated transcriptions based on the choreographies. Recent specialized studies and archival discoveries have greatly enriched the introductory chapters on De pratica's history, the interpretation of its music, Guglielmo's life, and dancing in fifteenth-century Italy. An Appendix containing significant theoretical, musical, and choreographic additions from a later copy also has an Autobiography describing princely festivities, replete with names of participants, locations, and expenditures, of particular import to historians and those interested in court life in the Italian Renaissance. A Bibliography, Biographical Notes on Guglielmo's patrons, Illustrations depicting scenes of dancing, as well as a Glossary of dance, music, and humanistic terms, complete the critical apparatus.

  • Cambodia: The Legacy and Lessons of Untac

    This is an account and analysis of the United Nations peacekeeping operation mounted in Cambodia betwween 1991 and 1993 in fulfilment of the 1991 Paris Peace Settlement. Although its mission was jeopardized by non-cooperation of the Khymer Rouge, the UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) successfully guided Cambodia back to democratic, constitutional government and relative peace. This study reveals the successes and failures of UNTAC and draws lessons for future UN peacekeeping operations.

  • Studying John: Approaches to the Fourth Gospel

    Is historical criticism of the New Testament dead? In this telling collection of eight new essays on John's Gospel, John Ashton argues that this is very far from the case. Challenging the assumptions of methodologies which ignore the historical context in which the Gospel was composed, the author offers a spirited defence of historical criticism and provides practical demonstration of the many new insights which it has still to yield. The first two chapters treat in greater depth two key themes, the Prologue of John and the Jews, which appeared in the author's Understanding the Fourth Gospel (Clarendon Paperbacks, 1993). A third chapter is intended to supplement and correct this larger work. The rest of the book explores some of the serious theoretical weaknesses in much recent writing on the Gospel and makes some alternative proposals.

  • De Nugis Curialium

    Edited with a facing-page English translation from the Latin text by: Brooke, C. N. L.;

  • Naturalism in Mathematics

    Our much-valued mathematical knowledge rests on two supports: the logic of proof and the axioms from which those proofs begin. Naturalism in Mathematics investigates the status of the latter, the fundamental assumptions of mathematics. These were once held to be self-evident, but progress in work on the foundations of mathematics, especially in set theory, has rendered that comforting notion obsolete. Given that candidates for axiomatic status cannot be proved, what sorts of considerations can be offered for or against them? That is the central question addressed in this book. One answer is that mathematics aims to describe an objective world of mathematical objects, and that axiom candidates should be judged by their truth or falsity in that world. This promising view--realism--is assessed and finally rejected in favour of another--naturalism--which attends less to metaphysical considerations of objective truth and falsity, and more to practical considerations drawn from within mathematics itself. Penelope Maddy defines this naturalism, explains the motivation for it, and shows how it can be helpfully applied in the assessment of candidates for axiomatic status in set theory. Maddy's clear, original treatment of this fundamental issue is informed by current work in both philosophy and mathematics, and will be accessible and enlightening to readers from both disciplines.

  • The Common European Law of Torts: Volume Two

    This book is the second of a two-volume treatise on the law of non-contractual obligations. The result of a unique attempt to discover the common elements of the law of torts of all the member states of the EU, it is founded on the belief that the approximation of European laws should not be left to the directives and regulations of Brussels alone. To this end, von Bar has undertaken a thorough detailed analysis of the relevant court rulings and academic writings of all the jurisdictions of the European Union to distil a common European law of torts. The insights gained from the comparative analysis also offer a guidance to greater harmonization in the future. This second volume commences with a chapter on loss, damage, and damages, before proceeding with a detailed analysis of liability for breach of duty. This third chapter is devoted to strict liability, the fourth to causation and remoteness of damage, and the fifth to general defences.

  • A Special Relationship?: American Influences on Public Law in the UK

    A collection of topical essays by many of the UK's leading public lawyers and centred on a single theme: the influence of US jurisprudence upon English Public Law. The contributors address a lively range of topics, while the introduction pulls the many and varied discussions and observations together and deals with a more general theory of the influence of US Public Law upon English Law.

  • Building the Flexible Firm: How to Remain Competitive

    How do firms cope with changing environments? Is flexibility really the solution? How can we measure a firm's flexibility? Can a more flexible firm be created? Based on an Igor Ansoff Award-winning study and now available for the first time in paperback, Henk Volberda's Building the Flexible Firm shows how flexibility has become the new strategic challenge for contemporary firms. Although traditional organizational forms have worked well in the relatively stable environments of the past, the globalization of markets, rapid technological change, shortening product life cycles, and increasing aggressiveness of competitors have radically altered the ground rules for competing in the 1990s and beyond. Increased competition forces firms to move more quickly and boldly than before, and to experiment in ways that do not conform to traditional administrative theory. This book offers a wealth of insights into the way firms can increase their flexibility. It is based on extensive interviews with practitioners and supported by many longitudinal case studies on flexibility improvement within large corporations. The author provides a strategic framework which explains what types of flexibility are effective under different organizational conditions and environmental characteristics. He also demonstrates an integrated method for diagnosing a firm's flexibility and for guiding the transition to greater flexibility and responsiveness.

  • Religious Life for Women c.1100-c.1350: Fontevraud in England

    This is the first detailed scholarly study of the Order of Fontevraud's English monastic houses. During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries the Order was notably prestigious and autonomous, renowned both for the prayerfulness of its members and for their independent management of their affairs. The huge following of Robert Arbrissel (d. 1116) included many women - not at first the aristocrats who later dominated the Order of Fontevraud, but prostitutes, beggars, and other representatives of the dregs of society. Urged by Church authorities to stabilize his women followers, Robert gave them a Rule which was, in essentials, that of St Benedict, but he introduced men as chaplains, clerks, and lay-brothers for the nuns. Uniquely, however, for contemporary houses for women, the men were placed firmly under the direction of the nuns and remained there throughout the Order's history. Sister Berenice Kerr's study of Fontevraud's English establishments: Amesbury, Nuneaton, and Westwood (Grovebury, the Order's fourth foundation, was never more than administrative centre) opens up a wide range of insights and information about monasticism and religious life for women in the middle ages. Dr Kerr examines the endowment of each house, and its subsequent acquisition of property and its administration; monastic observance; domestic economy, including expenditure on food and drink; the scale and layout of conventual buildings, and the exploitation of new assets, such as salt-pans, markets, and appropriated churches.

  • Women in Early Modern England 1550-1720

    What was life like for women who lived in Tudor and Stuart England? This fascinating book provides a colourful and comprehensive account of the daily experiences of these women, using first-hand sources such as diaries, letters, and household accounts. The authors investigate the varying expectations and opportunities that existed at different stages of women's lives; and examine a range of different themes: the role of female friendships and networks of support or censure; the ways in which women were affected by prevailing gender stereotypes; the diverse roles of women in the religious and political movements of the times. The book focuses on the preoccupations of ordinary women, comparing the hand-to-mouth existence of the poorest with the ambitions and activities of those from wealthier backgrounds. These views on the world - the outlook of that half of the population usually hidden from the historical record - provide a valuable new perspective on the history of sixteenth- and seventeenth-centu

  • Oxford IB Diploma Programme: The Cold War: Superpower Tensions and Rivalries Course Companion

    Drive critical, engaged learning and advanced skills development. Enabling comprehensive, rounded understanding, the student-centred approach actively develops the sophisticated skills key to performance in Paper 2. Developed directly with the IB for the 2015 syllabus, this Course Book fully supports the new comparative approach to learning. Cover the new syllabus in the right level of depth, with rich, thorough subject content Developed directly with the IB, with the most comprehensive support for the new syllabus with complete support for the comparative approach Truly engage learners with topical, relevant material that convincingly connects learning with the modern, global world Streamline your planning, with a clear and thorough structure helping you logically progress through the syllabus Build the advanced-level skills learners need for Paper 2, with the student-led approach driving active skills development and strengthening exam performance Integrate approaches to learning with ATLs like thinking, communication, research and social skills built directly into learning Help learners think critically about improving performance with extensive examiner insight and samples based on the latest exam format Build an advanced level, thematic understanding with fully integrated Global Contexts, Key Concepts and TOK Also available as an Online Course Book

  • The Socialist System: The Political Economy Of Communism (Clarendon Paperbacks)

    This book provides a comprehensive account of the structure, conduct, and performance of the centrally planned economies of Eastern Europe, the Ussr, Communist China and the Marxist Ldcs, looking at 26 nations in all. The author focuses on reform, perhaps the most important issue facing countries such as the Ussr, Poland, Hungary, and China. Bureaucracy, soft budget constraints, markets, and the nature of the socialist state are the central issues that arise in the course of reforming a socialist economy. The first half of the book deals with 'classical socialism' and provides a theoretical summary of the main features of a now closed period of history. The second half deals with the processes of reform and concludes that the reform of classical socialist systems is doomed to failure as they are unable to renew themselves internally.

  • EC Company Law

    In EC Company Law Vanessa Edwards makes a detailed analysis of all the adopted company law and securities Directives, namely the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Eleventh and Twelfth Company Law Directives and the Admissions, Listing Particulars, Interim Reports, Public Offer Prospectus, Major Shareholdings and Insider Dealing Directives. She illuminates their historical context, scope, substantive effect, interpretation by the European Court of Justice and national implementation. The book also contains a thorough examination of the scope of companies freedom of establishment, reviewing in depth the case law of the Court of Justice on Article 52 of the EC Treaty in so far as it applies to corporate entities.

  • Policing and Prosecution in Britain, 1750-1850

    Until recently, English law was almost unique in that most prosecutions were brought by the police rather than by public prosecutors. This book examines why the police acquired that power, what was its social significance and what was distinctive about its evolution, compared with policing in Scotland and Ireland. The creation of the Crown Prosecution Service in 1986 was an attempt to make a significant change to practices that had developed in the 19th century. This study traces the emergence of the old system, assesses its importance and asks how difficult it may be to change it. The assumption of the role of public prosecutor by the new police was a critical and hitherto unexamined, change in English criminal law. This book explores the distinctive nature of that development and re-examines the creation of the new police. The themes discussed include policing before the police, how prosecution was organized in the 18th century, how the coming of the new police affected the 19th century system, and what social purposes and meanings were invested in the act of prosecution, both before and after the uniformed policeman became the ubiquitous representative of state power.

  • The Operas of Charles Gounod

    Gounod was the leading opera composer in France in the mid-19th century, and his best-known operas, including "Faust" and "Romeo et Juliette", date from that time. Despite the overwhelming success of "Faust" and Gounod's influence on all French composers of the later 19th century, he has been virtually ignored by biographers. In the context of Gounod's operatic world, this study charts the composer's career from his early decision to abandon studies for the priesthood in favour of the stage, through the years of frustration and uncertainty, to the triumphant success of "Faust", and beyond that to the years he spent in England, when he composed oratorios for the Birmingham and Norwich Festivals and became the first conductor of what is now the Royal Choral Society. The central section of Huebner's book deals with each of the major operas, discussing not only the music but also the critical reception and source material. The final section considers aspects of the composer's musical style and outlines his influence on subsequent generations of composers.

  • Morals by Agreement

    In this book the author argues that moral principles are principles of rational choice. According to the usual view of choice, a rational person selects what is likely to give the greatest expectation of value or utility. But in many situations, if each person chooses in this way, everyone will be worse off than need be. Instead, Professor Gauthier proposes a principle whereby choice is made on an agreed basis of co-operation, rather than according to what would give the individual the greatest expectation of value. He shows that such a principle not only ensures mutual benefit and fairness, thus satisfying the standards of morality, but also that each person may actually expect greater utility by adhering to morality, even though the choice did not have that end primarily in view. In resolving what may appear to be a paradox, the author establishes morals on the firm foundation of reason.

  • Game Theory and Economic Modelling

    Over the past two decades, academic economics has undergone a mild revolution in methodology. The language, concepts and techniques of noncooperative game theory have become central to the discipline. This book provides the reader with some basic concepts from noncooperative theory, and then goes on to explore the strengths, weaknesses, and future of the theory as a tool of economic modelling and analysis. The central theses are that noncooperative game theory has been a remarkably popular tool in economics over the past decade because it allows analysts to capture essential features of dynamic competition and competition where some parties have proprietary information. The theory is weakest in providing a sense of when it - and equilibrium analysis in particular - can be applied and what to do when equilibrium analysis is inappropriate. Many of these weaknesses can be addressed by the consideration of individuals who are boundedly rational and learn imperfectly from the past. Written in a non-technical style and working by analogy, the book, first given as part of the Clarendon Lectures in Economics, is readily accessible to a broad audience and will be of interest to economists and students alike. Knowledge of game theory is not required as the concepts are developed as the book progresses.

  • Short History of the Hebrews: From the Patriarchs to Herod the Great

    This volume offers a concise yet complete overview of the history of the Jews from the Hebrew father-rulers, Abraham, Issac, Jacob, and Joseph in the second Millennium B.C. to the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. Rattey supplements each chapter with helpful suggestions to enable the reader to create his or her own notes, and includes several illustrative maps, a chronological table of events from 2000 B.C. to 331 B.C., a family tree of the Patriarchs, and a handy bibliography.

  • Cross-Class Families: A Study of Wives' Occupational Superiority

    What happens to a marriage when the wife is a professional and the husband is a manual worker? Cross-Class Families examines families that break with the convention of male occupational superiority. Key issues addressed by the families studied include paid work and its relation to family life; the division of household labor, including childcare; responsibility for long-term financial security; and the impact of differences in status, class position, political preference, choice of friends, and attitudes toward trade unions.

  • The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity and Growth: A Comparative Study

    This wide-ranging and innovative book synthesises the findings of a major international study of the political economy of poverty, equity, and growth. It is based primarily on analytical economic histories of 21 developing countries from 1950 to 1985, but also takes account of the wider literature on the subject. The authors take an ambitious interdisciplinary approach to identify patterns in the interplay of initial conditions, instiuttions, interests, and ideas which can help to explain the different growth and poverty alleviation outcomes in the Third World. Three different types of poverty are distinguished, based on their causes, and a more nebulous idea of equityin contrast to egalitarianismis shown to have influenced policy. Since growth is found to be the major means of alleviating mass structural poverty, much of the book is concerned with discovering explanations for policies which are found to be the most important influences on the proximate causes of growth. Lal and Mynt also consider the available evidence on the role of direct transferspublic and privatein alleviating destitution and conjunctural poverty. The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity, and Growth develops a novel framework for the comparative analysis of different growth outcomes. This framework distinguishes between the different relative factor endowments of land, labour, and capital, and between the different organizational structures of pesent versus plantation and mining economies. It also differentiates between the polities of 'autonomous' and 'factional' states in the countries studied, breaking the analysis down into further typological subdivisions and providing important new insights into the differing behaviour of economies that are rich in natural resources and those with abundant labour. These insights constitute a richer explanation for the divergent developmental outcomes in East Asia compared with Latin America and Africa. The evidence collated is used to argue for the continuing relevance of the classical liberal viewpoint on public policies for development, and to show why, even so, nationalist ideologies are likely to be adopted and lead to cycles of interventionism and liberalism. The evidence is also used to provide an explanation for the surprising current worldwide Age of Reform.

  • Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

    Respect, Pluralism, and Justice is a series of essays which sketch a broadly Kantian framework for moral deliberation, and then use it to address important social and political issues. What does it mean to respect humanity in a diverse world? Must respect be earned, and can it be forfeited? How, and why, should the state punish law-breakers? When, if ever, is political violence justified? How far are we responsible for the consequences of our misdeeds? How can liberals justify coercive state power in a world of diverse moral and religious beliefs? How far can we rely on conscience when it conflicts with authority? Although critical of Kant's extreme position on particular issues, Hill suggests ways to develop a Kantian approach that would emphasize the need for mutually respectful dialogue, appreciation of diversity, and sensitivity to particular contexts. In this lucid exploratory work Hill integrates the theoretical and the practical, allowing each to illuminate the other. He not only develops and extends Kantian ethical theory, but shows the role that it can play in our society.

  • The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation

    This collection of apocryphal writings supersedes the best-selling edition by M. R. James, first published in 1924. Since then, several new works have come to light, and the textual base for some of the works previously translated by James is now more secure. In this volume, J. K. Elliott presents new translations of the texts into modern English, together with a short introduction and bibliography for each of them. The collection is designed to give readers the most important and famous non-canonical Christian writings, many of them popular legends with an enormous influence on later, particularly medieval, art and literature, as well as on later beliefs and practices of the Church.

  • The Florentine Enlightenment 1400-1450

    This is a study of the revolutionary development in art and thought which took place in early fifteenth-century Florence. A new approach to political philosophy, history, art, and architecture was inspired by the teaching and writings of a group of humanist thinkers, and paved the way for the great achievements of the later Renaissance. George Holmes explores the ideas of the humanists, and traces their influence on the writing of history, political philosophy, and aesthetics. The new humanist secular thought was paralleled, and even directly applied in some cases, by a number of brilliant Florentine artists headed by Brunelleschi, Donatello, and Masaccio. In architecture, sculpture, and painting these men produced masterpieces which gave form to the humanist ideal of classical inspiration related to real life. Professor Holmes examines this brief but enlightened phase in the history of art and ideas within its historical context, setting it against the background of Florence's fluctuating relationship with an enfeebled papacy and the wider Italian political scene. The Florentine Enlightenment provides a fascinating preview of the greatest movement in the cultural history of Europe: the Renaissance.

  • Project X Origins: Brown Book Band, Oxford Level 11: Strong Defences: Attack of the X-bots

    Project X Origins is a ground-breaking guided reading programme for the whole school. Action-packed stories, fascinating non-fiction and comprehensive guided reading support meet the needs of children at every stage of their reading development. Team X are faced with an imminent attack from the evil Dr X and his robot army in the second book of a two-part adventure, Attack of the X-bots. Each book contains inside cover notes that highlight challenge words, prompt questions and a range of follow-up activities to support children in their reading.

  • Read Write Inc. Fresh Start: Modules 1-5 Pack of 50

    Read Write Inc. Fresh Start is a specially adapted literacy programme for all students in Years 5 and above who are working below National Curriculum Level 3. Like Read Write Inc. Phonics for pupils in the early years, the scheme starts with phonics lessons which introduce students to all the letter sounds through use of the Speed Sounds Cards and the Green and Red Word Cards. The Modules are specially written to help students to catch up on and develop their reading and writing skills. Each Module provides practice of the graphemes and sounds that have been taught in phonics lessons. There is a fiction or non-fiction text and a variety of comprehension and writing activities. The Modules should be completed sequentially, with the Introductory Module first, followed by the other 33 Modules.

  • Art and Agency: An Anthropological Theory

    In Art and Agency, Alfred Gell formulates an anthropological theory of visual art that focuses on the social context of art production, circulation, and reception. As a theory of the nexus of social relations involving works of art, this work suggests that in certain contexts, art-objects substitute for persons and thus mediate social agency. Diversely illustrated and based on European, Polynesian, Melanesian, and Australian sources, Art and Agency was completed just before Gell's death at the age of fifty-one in January 1997. It embodies the intellectual bravura, lively wit, vigor, and erudition for which he was admired, and will stand as an enduring testament to one of the most gifted anthropologists of his generation.

  • The Crisis of the Iranian State

    First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

  • The Jesuit Myth: Conspiracy Theory and Politics in Nineteenth-Century France

    This is the first full study of the persistent belief in the existence of a Jesuit conspiracy in nineteenth-century France. This is one of the most important and enduring conspiracy theories in modern European history, and France was one of its major focuses. In this scholarly and detailed survey, Geoffrey Cubitt examines the range of polemical literature through which the prevalent conviction of Jesuitical plots was expressed, and explores political attitudes both within and outside the Catholic church.

  • The Monarchy and the Constitution

    In the increasingly questioning world of the 1990s, the role of the monarchy in a democracy is again coming under scrutiny. Its critics argue that the monarchy is a profoundly conservative institution which serves to inhibit social change; that it has outlived its usefulness; that it symbolizes and reinforces deference and hierachy; and that its radical reform is therefore long overdue. Rejecting these arguments Vernon Bogdanor makes a powerful case for the positive role that monarchy plays in modern democratic politics. Ranging across law, politics, and history he argues that far from undermining democracy, the monarchy sustains and strengthens democratic institutions; that constitutional monarchy is a form of government that ensures not conservatism but legitimacy. The first serious examination of the political role of the monarchy to appear in many years, this book will make fascinating reading for all those interested in the monarchy and the future of British politics.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume VI: 1525-1527

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • Corporate Regulation: Beyond 'Punish or Persuade'

    This text aims to provide an in-depth examination of what changes in contemporary capitalism mean for regulatory policy making and the social science study of regulation. Haines draws inspiration from Marx, Weber and organizational theory, as well as criminology, to encourage theoreticians and policy makers to broaden their conception of the problem of regulation. She argues for moving beyond a view of regulation tied to the relationship between government regulator and corporate regulated to take account of the ways in which changing economic circumstances - contracting-out, privatization and globalization - impact on the ethics of corporate behaviour. Regulators, social scientists, policy makers, lawyers, health and safety specialists as well as academics working in the field of regulation should all find value in this book.

  • Violent Racism: Victimization, Policing and Social Context

    This fascinating book documents the everyday abuse, assault, and intimidation that is suffered by black and Asian people in Great Britain every day, using information gathered in an East London London case study. The author explains and analyses the process through which violence is targeted at these minorities, and the role that the ideas and language of racial exclusion take in this process. The failure of the police to respond to this problem is then looked at in depth. This book is based on detailed analysis of official documents, a victimization survey, interviews, and direct observation, seen in the overall context of the history of race relations in Britain. The author describes many of the thousands of racist attacks that have occurred in recent years and the events in the last two decades that have shaped English racism, and the political response to it. In this paperback edition Ben Bowling's Preface examines the racist murder of the black teenager, Stephen Lawrence, whose killing in cold blood on an ordinary English street in April 1993 did not hit the headlines until February 1999, causing reverberations across the whole body of British politics and beyond.

  • Meaning

    What is it for marks or sounds to have meaning, and what is it for someone to mean something in producing them? The author tries to answer these and other related questions in this seminal work on the foundations of meaning. The book contains chapters on communication, speech acts, convention, and the meaning of linguistic items. There is an introduction by the author in which he takes account of recent developments and places his theory in a broader perspective. This work may be of particular interest to philosophers of language or mind, linguists and cognitive psychologists.

  • Cities, Society, and Social Perception: A Central African Perspective

    The social and theoretical difficulties raised by the process of urbanization and westernization have constituted a key problem in the urban sociology of developing countries, in the sociology of development and in urban anthropology. This study of social relationships in the towns of South Central Africa is based on material the author assembled over 21 years of working in Africa.

  • World Drug Report

    No individual or nation can feel immune from the adverse consequences of drug trafficking and abuse. Drugs are today's most dynamic illicit business, its profits generated directly out of human and institutional weakness. But the problems of drug dependence, trafficking, crime and violence are inseperable from those of conflict, political instability and the socio-economic transformation of developed and developing countries. The World Drug Report, the first ever of its kind, analyses the illicit drug phenomenom through its linkages, or interdependence with all these issues The regularity with which the world's media refers to drugs has given us a deceptive sense of familiarity with the subject. In reality, knowledge is limited. The WDR provides a picture of what we do and don't know about illicit drug production, and trafficking, around the world Most books on the subject are written from a national perspective or from a single analytical viewpoint, such as health, crime, or the law. The WDR fills the gap by providing comprehensive international coverage of all the principal drug problems, beginning with why people start to take drugs This report, the first in a biennial series

  • The Reign of Elizabeth 1558-1603

    The Reign of Elizabeth 1558-1603

  • Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

    Macroeconomics increasingly uses stochastic dynamic general equilibrium models to understand theoretical and policy issues. Unless very strong assumptions are made, understanding the properties of particular models requires solving the model using a computer. This volume brings together leading contributors in the field who explain in detail how to implement the computational techniques needed to solve dynamic economics models. A broad spread of techniques are covered, and their application in a wide range of subjects discussed. The book provides the basics of a toolkit which researchers and graduate students can use to solve and analyse their own theoretical models.

  • The Modernist Shakespeare: Critical Texts in a Material World

    This is a major study of the history of Shakespeare criticism in the modern era. Every epoch recreates its classic icons - and for literary culture none is more central nor more protean than Shakespeare. Even though finding the authentic Shakespeare has been a goal of scholarship since the eighteenth century, he has always been constructed as a contemporary author. Hugh Grady charts the construction of Shakespeare as a twentieth-century Modernist text by redirecting 'new historicist' methods to an investigation of the social roots of contemporary Shakespeare crticism itself. Beginning with the formation of professionalism as an ideology in the Victorian age, this much praised study describes the widespread attempts to save the values of the culturalist tradition, in reformulated 'Modernist' guise, from the threat of professionalist positivism in modernized universites. The tension between professionalism and culturalism gave rise to the Modernist Shakespeare of G. Wilson Knight, E. M. W. Tillyard, and American and British New Critics, and still conditions the postmodernist Shakespearean criticism of contemporary feminists, deconstrcutros, and 'new historicists'. From reviews of the hardback: 'I enjoyed every word of The Modernist Shakespeare . . . The arguments it provokes are important ones, and it compels a rethinking of many critical assumptions in broader fields than just Shakespearian criticism.' Notes and Queries 'a fluently meticulous history that comprehensively succeeds in justifying the three working assumptions Grady identifies . . . carefully nuanced, and theoretically incisive' Review of English Studies

  • The Power of News: The History of Reuters

    This is the story of Reuters, the international news agency. In 1851 Julius Reuter set up the London organization which was eventually to extend throughout most of the world. Over a century later, Reuters was first with the news of the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961, and then first with the story of its breaching in 1989. The Power of News is a fascinating account of the company which for almost 150 years has brought us history as it is being made. Donald Read's authoritative and readable history of Reuters shows how the company has always been in the forefront of communications technology, from the days of pigeon post and the first transatlantic cables to the age of the satellite and computer link. For a century Reuters was especially the news agency of the British Empire. As Britain's imperial power faded, Reuters moved into selling economic information to the world trading community, a venture that generated pre-tax profits of GBP280 million during the 1980s. Equally lucrative was the flotation of Reuters as a public company in 1984. Throughout all these exciting changes Reuters has tried to remain committed to `truth in news', a commitment watched over by the Reuter Trust, created in 1941. For this second edition, Professor Read has revised and completely rewritten the text, using fresh research to open up in particular the imperial dimension of Reuter history and highlighting to a greater extent the personalities who played important parts in the company's story. `From secret messages hidden in an engine driver's sandwiches to the chartering of special steamers and now instantaneous news via satellites, the story is compelling', Lloyd's List `Reuters was to news what Rolls-Royce is to cars and Lords is to cricket . . . the biggest story to come out of Reuters is its own', Daily Mail `The remarkable history of an institution and its visionary founder', Financial Times `a fascinating, solidly researched, and well-written book', The Scotsman

  • Selected Letters

    This is the first edition of Edward Lear's letters for nearly eighty years, and the first to draw on all his known correspondence, which is now scattered in private and public collections throughout the world. Most of the letters have never before been published. They span the years from 1826 to 1888, tracing both his private life and his career - as landscape painter, traveller, nonsense writer, and one of the greatest ornithological draughtsmen this country has ever produced. They vividly illustrate the hardships and excitements of 19th-century travel, the happy ebullience of the nonsense writer, and the sad loneliness of a man isolated by the secret of his epilepsy. The letters are characteristic and revealing - particularly those to his sister Ann, which form the most important correspondence of his life. To all his correspondents, however, from zoologists to painters, politicians to children, he wrote with an artist's vivid observation, and with complete originality.

  • The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships

    The book considers recent trends in the local governance of crime. It examines the growing appeal to `community' and `partnerships' in criminal justice policy and the involvement of actual communities and partnerships in criminal justice practices. The book makes sense of ongoing transformations in the relations between the state, market, and civil society in the governance of crime and personal safety. It draws upon the findings of two empirical research projects, conducted by the author, in the fields of community-based crime prevention and local victim-offender and community mediation. The overall aim of the book is to answer, both theoretically and empirically, a number of interrelated questions, namely: How do we make sense of appeals to `community' and `partnerships' in criminal justice policy? What are the implications of actual involvement of `communities' and the establishment of inter-organizational `partnerships' in crime control initiatives? Is crime control an appropriate vehicle around which to (re)organize communities? Finally, if so, what sort of communities are we generating through such a focus?

  • Information and Organization: A New Perspective on the Theory of the Firm

    This book offers a vision of the economy as a system of structured information flow. The structuring is effected by institutions, and in particular by firms, which specialize in processing the information needed to allocate resources properly. Firms are the institutional embodiment of the visions of individual entrepreneurs who believe that they have found a better way of allocating resources. Entrepreneurial vision is only a partial vision, however, in the sense that it does not encompass the entire economy, but only a subset of it. Free market economies encourage the exploitation of such partial visions because they encourage intermediation---it is by mediating between potential buyers and potential sellers that entrepreneurial visions are realized. A legal framework of private property, coupled with a moral framework to control the incidence of cheating, allows very sophisticated structures of information processing to emerge. These structures effect an elaborate division of labour in the dimensions of information and control. Each firm is a small component of the overall structure of information flow. This structure is highly flexible and evolves continuously as circumstances change. Efficient adaptation is encouraged by rewarding entrepreneurs who create new firms to be slotted into the existing structure. This vision has evolved over the last fifteen years, during which the author has researched a variety of topics connected with the theory of the firm----entrepreneurship, business culture, multinational enterprise, joint ventures and the like. In each of these areas he has identified the ways in which the orthodox theory of the firm needs to be modified in order to make it work properly. This book represents a major intellectual synthesis of that work.

  • MyMaths for Key Stage 3: Teacher Companion 2A

    MyMaths for Key Stage 3 is the brand new course that works with MyMaths to fully deliver the new curriculum, allowing you to finally replace your tired old Framework materials. With a truly differentiated structure so all abilities can access the new curriculum, the course is underpinned by a 'learn it once and learn it well' philosophy that enables coherent teaching and learning. All resources are written by teachers for teachers, so you can be confident that it will work practically in the classroom. This teacher companion is for teachers of lower ability students moving through KS3. It contains customisable lesson plans, providing practical guidance based on classroom needs, as well as medium- and long-term plans to offer a viable replacement for the Framework. For the more experienced teacher, the Lesson-at-a-Glance feature provides a snapshot of quick ideas on how to approach a lesson. Furthermore, the unique attainment profiling provides essential practical guidance on measuring your less able students' progression. A focus on intervention, with popular misconceptions identified, ensures all your students have the opportunity to succeed; and a focus on mathematical literacy helps ensure that students communicate effectively using maths, which is essential for GCSE. Finally the direct links to MyMaths throughout uniquely allow you to integrate this powerful tool into your everyday classroom delivery.

  • Aubrey Beardsley and British Wagnerism in the 1890s

    Aubrey Beardsley and British Wagnerism in the 1890s is an interdisciplinary study of the influence of the operas, writing, and personality of Richard Wagner (1813-1883) on the work of Aubrey Beardsley (1872-1898). Examining Beardsley's drawings and prose of the 1890s the study considers the ways in which Wagner's works were appropriated by this seminal figure of the British decadent movement. Despite recent critical interest in Beardsley and the 'fin-de-siecle', and considerable research on Wagnerism, Aubrey Beardsley and British Wagernism in the 1890s is the first study in English to consider at length Wagner's presence in Beardsley's work. Beardsley combined allusions to the German composer with many of the touchstones of decadent art - the exotic, the morbid, the erotic, and the mannered. In exploring Beardsley's often iconoclastic versions - or perversions - of Wagner's work Aubrey Beardsley and British Wagernism in the 1890s aims to investigate the role of Wagnerism with 'fin-de-siecle' British culture, in particular the relations between Wagnerism and contemporary decadence.

  • Oxford International Primary Computing: Student Book 4

    Oxford International Primary Computing is a complete six year primary computing course that takes a real-life, project based approach to teaching young learners the vital computing skills they will need for the digital world. Each unit builds a series of skills towards the creation of a final project, with topics ranging from designing your own robot to programming simple games. Within each stage, six key concepts are covered to give learners not only the skills they need to use technology effectively, but also the knowledge in how to do so creatively, safely and collaboratively: Control the computer - exploring the vital skills of logic and programming Working with text -from editing simple text to creating engaging outputs Handling Data - turning numbers in to useful and easy to understand data The Internet - how can we use the internet safely, and how can we trust what we read? Multimedia - harnessing technology creatively for graphics, animations, movies and more Computing in society - asking big questions about real life applications of technology, from social media safety to the history of the world wide web For the teacher, the Teacher's Guides provide step-by-step guidance for each lesson, as well as comprehensive information on the knowledge, software and skills required to provide reassurance for specialist and non-specialist teachers alike.

  • MyMaths for Key Stage 3: Student Book 1B

    MyMaths for Key Stage 3 is the brand new course that works with MyMaths to fully deliver the new curriculum, allowing you to finally replace your tired old Framework materials. With a truly differentiated structure so that all abilities can access the new curriculum, the course is underpinned by a 'learn it once and learn it well' philosophy that enables coherent teaching and learning. All resources are written by teachers for teachers, so you can be confident that it will work practically in the classroom. This student book is for middle ability students embarking on Key Stage 3, and allows them to build on their skills acquired in Upper Key Stage 2. Its emphasis on visible progression and visual engagement, combined with a focus on fluency, reasoning and problem-solving, makes this book an essential resource in your Key Stage 3 maths delivery. The innovative features My Summary, My Review, My Practice and My Assessment all provide a clear emphasis on students' appreciation of their own attainment, and engaging case studies show how maths is relevant to the students' world. With the unique direct links throughout to the MyMaths site, this book will help to bring maths alive for your average ability students.

  • The Phonology of Dutch

    In this, the first comprehensive survey of the phonological system of Dutch, Geert Booij lays particular stress on the relation between morphology, syntax, and prosodic structure at both word- and sentence-level. His primary aim is to provide an overview of the system as a whole, based in part on a number of more detailed studies of particular aspects of Dutch phonology. As a reference work, the book directs the reader to the available literature. The book is not primarily intended as a contribution to phonological theory; however, it is couched in terms of present-day non-linear generative phonology, and the author's analyses are relevant for a number of current issues in phonological theory such as the principles of syllable structure, the interaction of phonology and morphology, underspecification, rule typology, the domain specification of phonological rules, cliticization, and the role of rhythm in word stress.

  • Old Friends, New Enemies: Volume 1: Strategic Illusions, 1936-1941

    Strategic Illusions, 1936-1941. Using Japanese as well as British official, private, and published sources, Professor Marder is the first scholar to have studied this subject from both sides and to give a rounded account of an extraordinary story.

  • Changing Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State

    Since the Chinese Communists took control of Inner Mongolia, very little has been written about the region. This book is an attempt to redress the balance. It is a study of the effect of decades of social engineering on a Minority Nationality in China. David Sneath charts the recent history of the pastoral Mongolians of Inner Mongolia since they became the subjects of the Chinese Communist state, and examines the society that has emerged since the abolition of the Communes in the 1980s. He explores the history of local economic and political forms to illuminate the transformations and continuities of life in pastoral Mongolian society, and offers an account that includes both the swings of national and regional government policy and the experiences of individuals subject to those changes. By taking a historical perspective his study reveals underlying modes of symbolism, and notions of domestic organization and paternalistic authority, that have remained fundamental to pastoralism in Inner Mongolia. It suggests an indigenous mechanism for economic inequality and dependency in pastoral society, one that has helped to shape the pastoral nomadic sociopolitical order of the past.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: As You Like It

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. As You Like It is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes.

  • Applied Economics in Banking and Finance

    This is a substantially revised new edition of an introductory text for university and polytechnic students seeking a clear and comprehensive account of the UK and foreign financial systems, particularly for those taking professional examinations such as those set by the Institute of Bankers, CIPFA and BSI, and the HNC courses validated by BEC. To take account of events since the appearance of the third edition in 1984, this edition includes more on non-money assets, the sectoral ownership of financial wealth (including the rise of the private investor) and the effects of technological change and innovation. New material on the development of the financial markets since the "Big Bang" covers the increased variety of financial instruments, and the implications of deregulation. The overview of macroeconomic policy in the UK has been extended to treat the changing structure of the Medium Term Financial Strategy, with an assessment of the MTFS over 1980-87, the monetary-fiscal mix and the role and use of targets, indicators and objectives. The expanded section on the international financial system now includes material on international monetarism, and the broader effects of the trend towards deregulation.

  • Inventions and Official Secrecy: A History of Secret Patents in the United Kingdom

    Secrets will always be a factor in the political life of any society, and it could be argued that none enjoy secrets, particularly Official Secrets, quite so much as the English. Inventions and Official Secrecy traces the little known history of UK legislation which permits the British Government to make Official Secrets of certain technical ideas submitted as patent applications, and thereby prohibit their publication. The story begins in the mid-nineteenth century, and introduces a number of interesting inventors, politicians, and civil servants, including Sir William Armstrong, Marconi, the Wright Brothers, Leo Szilard, Sir Barnes Wallis, Sir Christopher Cockerell, the Earl of Derby, Sir Harold Wilson, and the now forgotten civil servant Mr Clode, Solicitor to the War Office in the 1860s; it ends, as the thirty year rule demands, in the 1960s.

  • The Letters of John of Salisbury: Volume I: The Early Letters (1153-1161)

    This unique collection of letters portrays the life and times of John of Salisbury, the devoted secretary of Archbishop Theobald, the faithful friend and counsellor of Beckett, and one of the greatest of medieval scholars. Volume II, published in 1979, is available at $98.00

  • Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy

    In his introduction to these closely linked essays Professor Hart offers both an exposition and a critical assessment of some central issues in jurisprudence and political theory. Some of the essays touch on themes to which little attention has been paid, such as Bentham's identification of the forms of mysitification protecting the law from criticism; his relation to Beccaria; and his conversion to democratic radicalism and a passionate admiration for the United States.

  • Music in the Jewish Community of Palestine 1880-1948: A Social History

    This book presents a social history of the music of the Jewish community in Palestine from the beginnings of Jewish immigration to Palestine in 1880 to the declaration of the State of Israel in 1948. The story is a fascinating case study of a small society of immigrants and refugees who established an internationally recognized professional musical establishment against a backdrop of two world wars, the absorption of successive waves of immigrants. local skirmishes, and a full-scale national war. Though under Ottoman and later British rule, Jewish society in Palestine was virtually autonomous in cultural matters; its musical culture struggled for a balance between a tranplanted European heritage and a powerful, ideologically driven desire to find inspiration from the East. Professor Hirschberg opens with a description of music in Palestine under Ottoman rule, and then proceeds to chart the momentous history of the next 70 years in a broadly chronological framework. His final chapters centre on the broad array of ideological and social polemics which dominated the musical scene for the entire period. As such, his book will be of interest not only to music historians (especially those interested in national schools and in twentieth-century music) but also to social historians, cultural anthropologists, and historians of contemporary Jewry.

  • The Life and Ballets of Lev Ivanov: Choreographer of The Nutcracker and Swan Lake

    The Life and Works of Lev Ivanov is the first book-length study in any language about this Russian artist - Marius Petipa's colleague and Tchaikovsky's collaborator - who is widely celebrated and yet virtually unknown. It follows Ivanov from his infancy in a St Petersburg foundling home through his training in the Imperial Theatre School and his celebrity marriage, to a career as a dancer, regisseur, and choreographer in the St Petersburg Imperial Ballet. Ivanov's artistic world is described, as is his legacy - some dozen works, including Swan Lake, The Nutcracker, and the famous dances from Prince Igor - which inspired Mikhail Fokine in the next generation. The book is richly documented, including the first complete publication of Ivanov's memoirs, and hundreds of citations, many published here for the first time, from state documents, reminiscences, and criticism.

  • Witchcraft and its Transformations, c.1650-c.1750

    This book is about the significance of witchcraft in English public life (c.1650-c.1750), and deals with contemporary opinion regarding its theological, philosophical, and legal dimensions. Ian Bostridge discusses civil war politics, the writings of Thomas Hobbes, the debate about witchcraft at the time of the Glorious Revolution, and the disputes surrounding the repeal of Jacobean witchcraft legislation in 1736. He also examines the work of less familiar writers and propagandists such as Richard Boulton, Francis Hutchinson, and James Erskine of Grange, and balances this account of the gradual demise of witchcraft theory in Britain with a comparative case study of the debate in France. Finally, by asserting that witchcraft remained a serious topic of debate well into the eighteenth century, and that its descent into polite ridicule had as much to do with politics as with the birth of reason, Witchcraft and its Transformations offers a lively critique of current interpretations of English popular culture and political change.

  • Legality and Legitimacy: Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen, and Hermann Heller in Weimar

    This book investigates one of the oldest questions of legal philosophy---the relationship between law and legitimacy. It analyses the legal theories of three eminent public lawyers of the Weimar era, Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen, and Hermann Heller. Their theories addressed the problems of legal and political order in a crisis-ridden modern society and so they remain highly relevant to contemporary debates about legal order in the age of pluralism. Schmitt, the philosopher of German fascism, has recently received much attention. Kelsen is well-known as one of the main exponents of the philosophy of legal positivism. Heller is virtually unknown outside Germany. Dyzenhaus exposes the dangers of Schmitt's legal philosophy by situating it in the legal context of constitutional crisis to which he responded. He also points out the severs inadequacies of Kelsen's legal positivism. In a wide-ranging account of the predicaments of contemporary legal and political philosophy, Heller's position is argued to be the most promising of the three.

  • Res Gestae Divi Augusti: The Achievements of the Divine Augustus

    Res Gestae Divi Augusti The Achievements of the Divine Augustus

  • Rights and Deprivation

    In this book Lesley Jacobs challenges the view, now prevalent in North America and Western Europe, that the primary function of a nation's social policy should be to provide support only for the poorest people instead of social services accessible to all its citizens. In an interesting and distinctive argument he develops and defends the idea that access to basic rights such as education, health care, adequate housing, and income support can provide a solid moral foundation for redistributive state welfare programmes, maintaining that any nation which purports to take rights to basic liberties seriously must also be fully committed to the principles of the welfare state. Dr Jacob's thesis addresses a pressing political and philosophical problem at the heart of the policies and structure of the modern state.

  • Project X Alien Adventures: Dark Blue Book Band, Oxford Levels 15-16: Dark Blue Book Band, Mixed Pack of 8

    Project X Alien Adventures takes you on an incredible reading journey with these 8 fantastic stories featuring the popular Project X characters Max, Cat, Ant and Tiger. Carefully levelled and highly motivating, these books are ideal for independent reading. This pack contains 1 copy of each of the following titles: The Way Between Worlds, The Hidden Fortress, The Cyber Patrol, The Path Through the Woods, The Contestants, The Last Stand, Reign of the Practari, The Rip in the Wardrobe. Each book contains notes on the inside front and back covers with advice for supporting older children with their reading, questions for readers, and a range of follow-up activities to help children develop their higher level comprehension and writing skills.

  • Notes and Comments on Cases in International Law, Commercial Law, and Arbitration

    F.A. Mann is considered to be one of the finest British lawyers of this century, esteemed as an international jurist and as a practising solicitor. He combined a thriving and prestigious practice with a prolific output of writing and teaching, with much of his work centering on the inter-relationship of international and national law. Among his publications are Studies in International Law (OUP, 1973), Further Studies in International Law (OUP, 1990), and Foreign Affairs in English Courts (OUP, 1986). He died in September 1991, whilst at work on the proofs of the fifth edition of his virtually canonical work, The Legal Aspect of Money Notes and Comments on Cases in International Law represents some of the finest of his writing on such diverse topics as Anglo-American Legal Harmony, Bills of Exchange and the Conflict of Laws, the Spycatcher case, Austrian Nationality, and English Procedural Law and Foreign Arbitrations. Throughout his career his case notes were regarded as models of intellectual acuity: constantly stimulating and rigorous in their analysis and style. This new collection of his work will gain a fresh audience for his writing, and should be found on the bookshelves of every lawyer with a serious interest in international law.

  • Henry Purcell's Operas: The Complete Texts

    While understanding the concept of all-sung opera, seventeenth-century English impresarios and their audiences also understood opera to mean spoken plays with a large amount of added music. The works have been given a variety of descriptive titles including `semi-operas', `ambigues', `multi-media spectaculars', and, most appropriately, `dramatick operas'. As well as four big dramatick operas, Henry Purcell also wrote a small all-sung masque, Dido and Aeneas, which is one of the few works of the century which fulfils a modern ideal of `opera'. The music of Purcell's operas has long been studied in detail, but it is only in recent years--and not by all scholars--that the operas have been taken seriously as dramatic entities. Consideration of the pieces have been hampered by the lack of availability of the texts of the operas, for while the music has long been edited and played, the sections of spoken dialogue have been almost entirely ignored. This volume, the first complete collection of the texts, redresses the balance. It presents to the reader the complete entertainment as prepared by the author on each occasion. Included are editions of both the 1689 libretto of Dido and Aeneas and its later incarnation as a series of masques in Shakespeare's Measure for Measure, together with the playtext, the original published texts of Dioclesian, King Arthur, and The Fairy-Queen, and a transcription of the manuscript of The Indian Queen. An appendix to the volume shows the song texts as actually set by Purcell.

  • The Anthropology of Landscape: Perspectives on Place and Space

    This volume offers anthropological perspectives on landscape, a topic of emerging interest not only for anthropologists but also geographers, art historians, and archaeologists. It is proposed that landscape be conceptualized as a cultural process, one situated between "place" and "space". An art historian and nine noted anthropologists exemplify this perspective, drawing on various case studies from around the world, taking in developed and developing countries in the present and the past. This text is intended for scholars and students of anthropology, geography (human or spatial), cultural studies, and aesthetics.

  • The Culture of Secrecy: Britain 1832-1998

    The Culture of Secrecy is the first comprehensive study of the restriction of official information in modern British history. It seeks to understand why secrets have been kept, and how systems of control have been constructed - and challenged - over the past hundred and sixty years. The author transcends the conventional boundaries of political or social history in his wide-ranging diagnosis of the `British disease' - the legal forms and habits of mind which together have constituted the national tradition of discreet reserve. The chapters range across bureaucrats and ballots, gossip and gay rights, doctors and dole investigators in their exploration of the ethical basis of power in the public, professional, commercial and domestic spheres. Professor Vincent examines concepts such as privacy and confidentiality, honour and integrity, openness and freedom of expression, which have served as benchmarks in the development of the liberal state and society.

  • New Perspectives in the Roman Law of Property: Essays for Barry Nicholas

    This collection of essays, contributed by friends and colleagues of Barry Nicholas, is a Festschrift to mark the occasion of his 70th birthday, and it is also an important contribution to the study of a specific area of Roman Law. Barry Nicholas is one of the leading comparatists and Roman lawyers of his day. For many years All Souls Reader in Roman Law, and then Professor of Comparative Law in the University of Oxford, he retires this year after more than 10 years as Principal of Brasenose College.

  • From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis

    Frank Jackson champions the cause of conceptual analysis as a basic method of philosophical inquiry. In recent years conceptual analysis has been undervalued and, Jackson suggests, widely misunderstood; he argues that there is nothing especially mysterious about it and a whole range of important questions cannot be productively addressed without it. He anchors his argument in discussion of specific philosophical issues, starting with the metaphysical doctrine of physicalism and moving on, via free will, meaning, personal identity, motion and change, to the philosophy of colour and to ethics. The significance of different kinds of supervenience theses, Kripke and Putnam's work in the philosophy of modality and language, and the role of intuitions about possible cases receive detailed attention. Jackson concludes with a defence of a version of analytical descriptivism in ethics. In this way the book not only offers a methodological programme for philosophy, but also throws fascinating new light on some much-debated problems and their interrelations.

  • Law as a Social System

    Modern systems theory provides a new paradigm for the analysis of society. In this volume, Niklas Luhmann, its leading exponent, explores its implications for our understanding of law. Luhmann argues that current thinking about how law operates within a modern society is seriously deficient. In this volume he lays out the theoretical and methodological tools that, he argues, can advance our understanding of contemporary society and, in particular, of the identity, performance, and function of the legal system within that society. In systems theory, society is its communications: they are its empirical reality; the items that can be observed and studied. Systems theory identifies how communications operate within a physical world and how different sub-systems of communication operate alongside each other. In this volume, Luhmann uses systems theory to address a question central to legal theory: what differentiates law from other parts of society? However, unlike conventional legal theory, this volume seeks to provide an answer in terms of a general social theory: a methodology that answers this question in a manner applicable not only to law, but also to all the other complex and highly differentiated systems within modern society, such as politics, the economy, religion, the media, and education. This truly sociological approach offers profound insights into the relationships between law and all of these other social systems.

  • The Economics of Social Security

    Recent economic reforms in Great Britain have made changes both in the structure of benefits paid to the poor of working age and in the state pension scheme. Together they constitute the most substantial single set of reforms to the system since the post-war Beveridge proposals which laid the foundations of the modern welfare state in Britain. This volume brings together leading economic authorities to comment on the development, nature and impact of the reforms that have been implemented, to examine some of the underlying conceptual problems of social security provision, and to discuss the economic effects of such provisions. Their contributions cover all areas of this complex field and include comparative evidence from outside the UK.

  • Claire Clairmont And The Shelleys 1798-1879

    This acclaimed biography of Claire Clairmont, stepsister of Mary Shelley and mother of Byron's daughter Allegra, draws on her vivid letters and journals to portray a women of talent and resilience making her way in nineteenth-century Europe.

  • Word Processing in Practice: Office Assignments - Tchrs' Bk. 2

    This course is in two parts. The first part of the course introduces the essential elements for word processing, providing a flexible course for both typing students and non-typists. This second part of the course, "Word Processing in Practice 2: Office Assignments" provides realistic practice in producing and editing business documents of all kinds, and develops file handling and housekeeping skills. Structured exercises introduce more difficult forms of presentation, longer documents and more complex editing instructions. The teacher's manual contains full keys to all the exercises and assignments and teacher's notes. The course is written to work with any make, model or system of word processor and covers syllabus requirements of RSA, Pitman, LCCI, BTEC, SCOTVEC, GCSE and pre-vocational word and information processing courses.

  • Individual Rights and the Law in Britain

    This multi-author work is a source of reference for all scholars and practitioners interested in civil liberties in Britain. The contributors, assembled by the Law Society of England and Wales, have produced comprehensive studies of every area of British civil rights protected under British, European and international law. G. Chambers is the co-author of "Smith and Chambers, Inequality in Northern Ireland".

  • Libel and the Media: The Chilling Effect

    The impact of libel law on the freedom of the press is a subject which interests not only practising media lawyers, law students, and journalists, but also members of the general public who are keen to learn about any perceived threat to the freedom of the press. This book presents all those people with an accessible and jargon-free look at the impact of libel law on the media. It is based on research conducted by Professor Barendt and his collaborators which involved interviewing the editors of national newspapers, journalists, and their lawyers to discover the extent to which libel laws chill press freedom. The authors, a distinguished group of highly respected academics, examine the present state of libel law (including the Neill reforms and the law in Scotland), and go on to explore the impact of libel law on national and regional newspapers, broadcasters, and book and periodical publishers. The result is a lively study which will appeal to journalists, lawyers, and informed members of the general public alike.

  • GCSE Business Studies

    This new edition of an established and popular introductory textbook for Business Studies has been completely updated to meet the requirements of the new syllabuses for GCSE. In addition to new and revised text, including many new case studies, the new edition has been redesigned with up-to-date full colour illustrations throughout - providing the perfect introduction to Business Studies. This book is intended for students of Business Studies at GCSE.

  • Popular Narrative Ballads of Modern Egypt

    Arabic folk literature is a territory long neglected, and therefore still largely unexplored. This book represents the first full-length study in any language (including Arabic) of a genre hardly known in the West, and yet rich in surprises. The author, an academic Arabist who has resided in Egypt for a quarter of a century, has the intimate knowledge of colloquial Arabic needed to deal with material which not only contains linguistic elements unrecorded in any reference work, but also abounds in elaborate puns. In providing not so much an interpretation as an accurate and economical record of facts and direct observations, the book will be of use to more than just linguists and literary historians; folklorists will encounter here a living, many-faceted, and fast changing art, and social scientists will acquire insights into a society whose practices and priorities are seldom reflected in the literature of the elite. In fact, the greater part of the book consists of integral texts, meticulously transcribed and translated, ranging from erotic tales to accounts of contemporary deeds of violence. One of its significant aspects lies in showing how few of the modernistic values of the educated Egyptian elite have percolated to the masses, and how questionable it is to take the literature of this elite as the main indicator of cultural change.

  • Discoveries in the Judaean Desert: Volume XXIII. Qumran Cave 11: 11Q2-18 and 11Q20-31

    Cave 11 at Qumran contained a number of very important and well-preserved manuscripts such as the Temple Scroll and the Palaeo-Leviticus Scroll. The large size of those scrolls necessitated their publication as individual volumes. This volume contains complete editions of the remainder of the Cave 11 manuscripts which include biblical scrolls such as Ezekiel and Psalms, and a collection of important extra-biblical texts such as Jubilees (know previously from the Pseudepigrapha), Berakoth and Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice (both of which were also preserved in copies from Cave 4), Melchizedek and Hymns. In addition the volume also includes a new edition of the Targum of Job.

  • Read Write Inc. Spelling: Practice Book 4 Pack of 5

    A new edition of the highly successful and proven Read Write Inc. Spelling programme. This has been specially developed for the new curriculum by leading primary literacy expert Ruth Miskin and lead author Janey Pursglove. The programme consists of an integral online software subscription, in which spelling rules are introduced and taught by animated characters in an exciting fantasy world; Practice Books with a range of comprehensive, engaging activities; Log Books for children to record individual progress; and a Teaching Handbook with clear, structured support for each lesson. Online practice tests and consolidation sessions will create confident, proficient spellers and prepare every child for the spelling aspect of the Year 6 English Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test. This pack contains five copies of Read Write Inc. Spelling Practice Book 4.

  • Wills, Inheritance and Families

    The Issue of how assets are distributed after death is of increasing significance for larger numbers of people. In this original and path-breaking study, the authors examine the principle means through which people plan to dispose of their assets after death: by the use of wills. By offering an empirical study of 800 English wills, the book identifies significant patterns of bequeathing among a cross-section of the population, and not just among those sections of society who enjoy substantial wealth. This leads us to focus upon what wills tell us about the family and kin relationships, and upon how people transmit their assets across generations: to their families and to institutions and organizations.

  • The Mystery of Crichel Down

    Set in the 1950s in "Crichel Down," a quiet part of the Dorsetshire countryside, this book tells the story of the "Blandford Martyrs," innocent men found guilty by a prejudiced public inquiry held at a time when a lynch mentality prevailed. Through his story of Crichel Down, a town that came to stand for inefficient bureaucracy and the villainy of Civil Servants, I. F. Nicolson presents a vivid picture of the relationships between the public, bureaucrats, and politicians.

  • Ethics and Human Action in Early Stoicism

    Ethics and Human Action in Early Stoicism

  • Workers, Establishment, and Services in the European Union

    The free movement of persons and services are key elements, alongside the free movement of goods and capital, in the fundamental freedoms which underpin the European internal market. In recent years two key themes have emerged from the case law of the European Court of Justice. The first is convergence in the case law on the free movement of goods, persons, and services in order to ensure the operation of the internal market through the prohibition of discrimination and the outlawing of unjustified obstacles to free movement. The second is the case law on the rights which flow from the introduction of citizenship of the European Union, which offer constitutional rights for individuals. The tensions between these two lines of authority can be explained through a fresh approach to the analysis and synthesis of the Treaty rules and secondary legislation of the European Community, and of the case law of the European Court of Justice on free movement of persons and services. This approach is based on distinguishing between those rules which relate mainly to the regulation of business activities in the internal market, and those which are mainly concerned with individual rights for citizens of the European Union. The result is a detailed overview of the law relating to workers, establishment, and services in the EU in this modern context.

  • The Modern Law of Estoppel

    The law of estoppel by representation concerns those critical circumstances when the law will not allow a person to go back on what he has previously said. We might call it the law of consistency. It has developed, from very simple origins, into a complex of ideas, which have proved to be of great practical importance in areas as diverse as land law, contract, and family law. Development continues, as does the interaction with other areas; changes in recent years in the law's conception of contract, and in its approach to problems of family property, as well as the growth of the law of restitution, have all had their impact on estoppel. The Modern Law of Estoppel seeks to explore, explain, and criticize the law of estoppel; to present a logical structure for it; and in particular to analyse the concept of `unconscionability', which is now seen as a basis for the law.

  • History of the British Coal Industry 1946-1982: The Nationalized Industry

    An essential historical context for current discussion of a wide range of issues in public policy. With the assistance of: Pegg, Mark;

  • Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries

    The history of witchcraft and sorcery has attracted a great deal of interest and debate, but until now studies have been largely from the Anglo-Saxon perspective. This book shows how what has hitherto been seen as peculiar to Britain was in fact characteristic of much of northern Europe. In ending the Anglo-Saxon monopoly of witchcraft studies, this book takes into account major new developments in the historiography of witchcraft. An immense amount of archival work by all the contributors has furnished a volume rich in new material and ideas, which will be of considerable interest not only to historians, but also to anthropologists, criminologists, psychologists, and sociologists. Themes treated include the relationship between witchcraft, law, and theology; the origins and nature of the witches' sabbath; the sociology and criminology of witch-hunting; and the comparative approach to European witchcraft. This book will be an indispensable guide to the study of witchcraft.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume VII: 1527-1528

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

    This book is both a theory of monetary policy and an examination of how it has worked in the UK. It first analyzes the behaviour of the banking system, and then the difficulties of central bank control. The authors argue that money creation is an endogenous process, determined partly by the price level, and not vice versa. The book challenges some of the accepted wisdoms of monetary theory, providing a basic explanation of why monetary targets are now being abandoned, and makes proposals for the post-target era.

  • Trade Unions, Employment, and Unemployment Duration

    This is the first volume in a series of studies which will cover both theoretical and empirical material and will provide a forum for scholars to publish applied, policy-oriented research. The book is divided into two parts, each consisting of a substantial paper followed by two shorter papers of comment and discussion. The first part of the text investigates the relationship between levels of wages and levels of unemployment in unionized economies, outlining the theoretical issues involved and providing an analysis of the empirical evidence. The author then concentrates on the duration of umemployment, a vital topic in the context of OECD data, which shows that duration rather than inflow is the main culprit in the secular rise in unemployment.

  • English History 1914-1945

    During ten of the 31 years between 1914 and 1945 the English people were involved in world wars; for 19 of the years they lived in the shadow of mass unemployment. These themes and the politics which sprang from them shape the narrative of this book.

  • Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume I: 1983

    An annual publication which publishes original articles, some of substantial length, on a wide range of topics in ancient philosophy, and review articles of major books.

  • The Blackcoated Worker: A Study in Class Consciousness

    This study documents how the development of class consciousness and trade unionism amongst clerical workers has reflected changes in their economic position, working relationships and social status. A substantial postscript covers developments since 1958.

  • Complete Chemistry for Cambridge IGCSE ® Revision Guide

    Endorsed by Cambridge International Examinations. This updated revision guide provides everything students need to build their exam confidence, including practice questions and answers as well as revision and assessment advice from an experienced teacher. The clear and concise format will support students as they prepare for their exams, as well as throughout the year for independent study or homework. Ensuring all students reach their potential, it includes exercises and practice questions that both challenge higher ability students and support lower ability students. Vocabulary-building activities are included to support students whose first language is not English.

    ***Note: Please note that there is no CD included with this book.***

  • Community and Clergy: Bristol and the Reformation c.1530-c.1570

    This is a study of Bristol during the sixteenth century, when it was the third largest city in England and an important provincial capital. The local focus of the book belies the breadth and innovation it brings to the study of the English clergy, the Reformation, and the early modern city. Martha C. Skeeters examines the clergy of Bristol in its entirety - monks, friars, and the parish clergy - and integrates it into the urban context. Dr Skeeters demonstrates that by the early sixteenth century these various sorts of clergy had become co-operative rather than competitive, and formed a community which was a fundamental part of the city's collective identity. She explores the impact of the Reformation on the clerics of Bristol and its lay citizens in an original and scholarly account which has much to offer both ecclesiastical and urban historians.

  • Self and World

    Self and World is an exploration of the nature of self-awareness. Quassim Cassam challenges the widespread and influential view that we cannot be introspectively aware of ourselves as objects in the world. In opposition to the views of many empiricist and idealist philosophers, including Hume, Kant, and Wittgenstein, he argues that the self is not systematically elusive from the perspective of self-consciousness, and that consciousness of our thoughts and experiences requires a sense of our thinking, experiencing selves as shaped, located, and solid physical objects in a world of such objects. Awareness of oneself as a physical object involves forms of bodily self-awareness whose importance has seldom been properly acknowledged in philosophical accounts of the self and self-awareness. The conception of self-awareness defended in this book helps to undermine the idealist thesis that the self does not belong to the world, and also the claim that the existence of subjects or persons is only a derivative feature of reality. In the final part of the book, Cassam argues that the existence of persons is a substantial fact about the world, and that it is not possible to give a complete description of reality without claiming that persons exist. This clear, original, and challenging treatment of one of the deepest of intellectual problems will demand the attention of all philosophers and cognitive scientists who are concerned with the self.

  • The Idea of Property in Law

    In The Idea of Property in Law, Penner considers the concept of property and its place in the legal environment. Penner proposes that the idea of property as a "bundle of rights" - the right to possess, the right to use, the right to destroy etc. - is deficient as a concept, failing to effectively characterise any particular sort of legal relation, and evading attempts to decide which rights are critical to the "bundle". Through a thorough exploration of property rules, property rights, and the interests which property serves and protects, Penner develops an alternative interpretation and goes on to consider how property interacts with the broader legal system.

  • Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

    In the field of economic analysis, computability in the formation of economic hypotheses is seen as the way forward. In this book, Professor Velupillai implements a theoretical research program along these lines. Choice theory, learning rational expectations equlibria, the persistence of adaptive behaviour, arithmetical games, aspects of production theory, and economic dynamics are given recursion theoretic (i.e. computable) interpretations. These interpretations lead to new kinds of questions being posed by the economic theorist. In particular, recurison theoretic decision problems replace standard optimisation paradigms in economic analysis. Economic theoretic questions, posed recursion-theoretically, lead to answers that are ambiguous: undecidable choices, uncomputable learning processes, and algorithmically unplayable games become standard answers. Professor Velupillai argues that a recursion theoretic formalisation of economic analysisComputable Economicsmakes the subject intrinsically inductive and computational.

  • A European Non-proliferation Policy: Prospects and Problems

    The spread of nuclear weapons is one of the greatest threats to world peace. More efforts must be devoted to containing the danger; where will these efforts come from? For years non-proliferation policy has been seen as a specific American field of action, while US officials and scholars have complained at the lack of allied control over the issue. This book answers the critical question of why Europeans have been slow to join the struggle against the further spread of nuclear weapons. It provides in-depth studies, by scholars with an intimate knowledge of the countries concerned: India, Pakistan, Israel, Iran, Libya, South Africa, Argentina and Brazil. Muller also proposes a blue-print for an effective European policy to block the spread of nuclear weapons.

  • The Phonology of Danish

    The book is the most comprehensive account of the phonology of Danish ever published in any language. It gives a clear analysis of the sound patterns of modern Danish and examines the relations between its speech sounds and grammar. The author develops new models for the analysis of phonology and morphology-phonology interactions, and shows how these may be applied to Danish and to other languages. Danish has an unusually rich vowel system and exhibits radical reduction processes that make it difficult for foreigners to understand. The sound pattern is equally challenging for the analyst. Professor Basboll develops a non-circular model for the sonority syllable and applies it to Danish phonotactics. He presents a radically new and insightful analysis of stod, a syllable accent which has a complex grammatical distribution and is unique among the world's languages. He also describes syllabic and word structures, and stress and intonation. The book is fully referenced and indexed. It will be widely welcomed by phonologists and scholars of Danish, and is likely to become the standard account of Danish phonology.

  • The Application of EC Law by National Courts: The Free Movement of Goods

    The decentralized system for the enforcement of European Community law, and the early development by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) of the dual doctrines of supremacy and direct effect, requires national courts of Member States to play a crucial role in the European legal order. Jarvis's book examines the application of European Community law by the national courts and assesses their increasingly important role in the judicial architecture of the Community. The author focuses on the application of the rules of the EC Treaty concerning the free movement of goods (Articles 30-36), one of the largest and most mature areas of substantive EC law. He has undertaken an exhaustive examination of relevant case law from the national courts of the United Kingdom, France and the Netherlands, while also covering the most significant developments in the courts of other Member States. Jarvis also examines the links between the huge corpus of case law and the implementation of EC law through Directives and national legislation. This ambitious book will be welcomed as a significant advance in our growing understanding of the importance of national courts in the EC legal order. From the authors Preface Selecting the appropriate balance in the title for this book was a difficult task. The dilemma was essentially whether the title should most reflect the emphasis in this work on the more general application of European Community law by national courts, or rather accent the specific area of the free movement of goods provisions within the EC Treaty. Since the issues arising from the application of the free movement of goods provisions by the national courts have such wide implications (being representative of the application of any of the other four freedoms and indeed the application of EC law by the national courts in general) it was felt that this should be reflected in the title. It is hoped that this work will add to the growing awareness of the pivotal role played by the national courts as the Community courts, whilst also providing a thought provoking analysis of the free movement of goods provisions in the EC Treaty

  • Here's Health

    An introductory health education book for pupils of 13 and upwards, especially suitable for pupils with learning difficulties.

  • Leading Cases in the Common Law

    This book offers a collection of essays by arguably the most popular legal historian writing today. Most of the essays have not been previously published, and those which have appeared previously have been re-written to make the collection read more coherently. The collection is centred upon the theme of the leading case - a case where the judgment has established a long-lasting or far reaching precedent in common law, and the author has selected a number of these cases in order to illustrate how the precedents established by the cases have little or nothing to do with the trials themselves.

  • A History of Bel Canto

    Bel canto singing was a historical phenomenon which embraced Italian opera of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It required infinite variety of sound, in particular a lyrical ecstacy, a faultless technique to dispatch the vocal pyrotechnics demanded of it, and earned itself eloquent praise as `the singing which is heard within the soul'. Rodolfo Celletti, who has devoted his whole career to studying the voice from every historical, technical, and musical aspect, offers here a fascinating history of bel canto singing and the voice in operatic literature. He begins by discussing the links of bel canto with the operatic ideals of the baroque, and points out that the style was created as much by operatic composers and their librettists as by their executants, the singers. To this end he undertakes a review of Italian opera of the period, andtraces the development of the style in different composers and their works. There is a chapetr on Castrati - the voice par excellence of bel canto - and the art of singing in their day. The final chapter looks at the history of bel canto since Rossini, charting its death and resurrection.

  • High Inflation: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

    This book looks at very high inflations, exemplified by those suffered by Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Israel, Mexico, and Peru in the eighties and by the Soviet Union today. The authors argue that a better grasp of high inflation processes is necessary in order for countries intricated in it to design stabilization strategies. The extremes of monetary instability can also give a clearer picture of the purpose that money and financial institutions serve under more normal circumstances, thus deepening our understanding of the benefits of monetary stability. The authors examine the financial problems that governments have to wrestle with in high inflation, the private sector's adaptations to high inflation conditions, and the difficulties of finding a policy strategy that can be sustained through disinflation to lasting stabilization. In describing, analysing, and explaining a number of high inflationary experiences, the authors show that standard macroeconomic theory cannot account for the phenomenon of these extreme cases and ask how received inflation theory needs to be changed in order for it to accommodate the various effects on the functioning of the economy. Finally, the authors make a series of policy prescriptions which will help policy-makers to avoid inflationary situations.

  • Animal Welfare Law in Britain: Regulation and Responsibility

    The most detailed and authoritative treatment of the current state of animal welfare law in Britain to date. This book provides a full analysis of the substantive law, considers its objectives, application and effectiveness, the background to the current debate and the arguments for and against further reform. It includes full coverage of key topics such as agricultural production, transportation, scientific procedures, entertainment, domestic pets, wildlife, hunting and enforcement.

  • Spreading the Word : Groundings in the Philosophy of Language

    Provides a comprehensive introduction to the major philosophical theories attempting to explain the workings of language.

  • Immigration and the Judiciary: Law and Politics in Britain and America

    This book explores the roles of the British and American courts in immigration cases, and argues that, in remarkably similar ways, both sets of courts have deviated from general principles of public law when confronted with immigration issues. Legal and political explanations are advanced; thus the book is intended not only for those interested specifically in immigration, but also for students of public law, comparative law, judicial sociology, and the interaction of law and politics.

  • United Nations Operation in the Congo, 1960-1964

    This study illustrates the growing political role of the United Nations in the 1960s, and also the difficulty of implementing decisions on the spot when faced with unexpected developments and obstacles which appeared insurmountable. The work also traces the role of law in influencing the decisions taken in a situation of tremendous complexity.

  • Yearbook of International Environmental Law: Volume 5 1994

    The Yearbook of International Environmental Law provides authoritative as well as a comprehensive review of internationally significant environmental legal developments. A `year-in-review' section summarizes year-by-year trends organized by subject. Each volume features also a documents section, an international legal bibliography, as well as theoretical articles and book reviews.

  • Nasal Vowel Evolution in Romance

    This book provides a complete, comparative, nongallocentric account of nasality in all the Romance languages. It demonstrates the central role of nasality in the history of sound changes in the languages of southern Europe. In doing so, it assembles a large amount of important philological and linguistic data previously dispersed and difficult to access, and organizes it in a way that allows the author (and will allow the reader) to analyse it systematically. Two introductory chapters discuss general principles of nasality and Romance nasalization. Subsequent chapters are then devoted to each language. The author considers all the standard varieties and a substantial range of non-standard varieties, and identifies broad characteristics of vowel nasalization in Romance. In the the final chapter he makes a clear bridge between the data-rich discussion of individual languages and the isolation of language universals. This is will be the standard work in its field for many years. It will be of central interest to linguists and philologists of Romance, as well as to those concerned more generally to understand the causes, patterns, and processes of sound change.

  • The Dutch Republic : Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806

    The Dutch Golden Age, the age of Grotius, Spinoza, Rembrandt, Vermeer, and a host of other renowned artists and writers was also remarkable for its immense impact in the spheres of commerce, finance, shipping, and technology. It was in fact one of the most spectacularly creative episodes in the history of the world. Jonathan Israel gives the definitive account of the emergence of the United Provinces as a great power, and explains the subsequent decline in the eighteenth century. He places the thought, politics, religion, and social developments of the Golden Age in their broad context, and examines the changing relationship between the northern Netherlands and the south, which was to develop into modern Belgium.

  • Introduction to the Problems of Legal Theory: A Translation of the First Edition of the Reine Rechtslehre or Pure Theory of Law

    Hans Kelsen is considered to be one of the foremost legal theorists and philosophers of the twentieth century. His writing made an important contribution to many areas, especially those of legal theory and international law. Over a number of decades, he developed an important legal theory which found its first complete exposition in Reine Rechtslehre, or Pure Theory of Law, the first edition of which was published in Vienna in 1934. This is the first English translation of that work. It covers such topics as law and morality, the legal system and its hierarchical structure, the identity of law and state, and international law.

  • On Nationality

    Nationalism is a dominating force in contemporary politics, but political philosophers have been markedly reluctant to discuss, let alone endorse, nationalist ideas. In this book David Miller defends the principle of nationality. He argues that national identities are valid sources of personal identity; that we are justified in recognizing special obligations to our co-nationals; that nations have good grounds for wanting to be politically self-determining; but that recognizing the claims of nationality does not entail suppressing other sources of personal identity, such as ethnicity. Finally, he considers the claim that national identities are dissolving in the late twentieth century. This timely and provocative book offers the most compelling defence to date of nationality from a radical perspective. Series description Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in contemporary political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy, and also work in applied political theory. The series will contain works of outstanding quality with no restriction as to approach or subject matter.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Twelfth Night

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. Twelfth Night is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE and AS/A level specifications.

  • The United Nations and Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal

    Recent events have thrust human rights into the world spotlight. They have now become "a dominant concern" of international discourses. The pre-eminent human rights challenge for the 1990s is to provide effective procedures and mechanisms both for sustained monitoring and for rapid and constructive responses to violations. Over the past 20 years the United Nations human rights regime has developed very rapidly. Various new treaties have entered into force and many new procedures and monitoring bodies have been created. The complexity of the system is now such that even specialists are sometimes lost in the resulting maze. The time is thus ripe for evaluation, streamlining, and further development of the regime. The essays collected in this volume examine critically the functions, procedures and performance of each of the major UN organs dealing with human rights. They also look at the relationship between the various organs and the potential for major reforms and restructuring.

  • Lexical Semantics without Thematic Roles

    One of the central issues in modern linguistics has been the relationship between syntax and semantics. Within the framework of generative grammar, established by Chomsky in the early 1960s, it has been assumed that syntax is distinct from, and independent of, semantics. This premise has been challenged recently by Chomsky himself; he now proposes semantics, and in particular thematic roles, as the basis for generating syntactic structures. Yael Ravin argues that thematic roles are not valid semantic entities, and that syntax and semantics are indeed autonomous and independent of one another. She advocates a Decompositional approach to lexical semantics, in the spirit of Katz's semantic theory. In the course of her argument she discusses theoretical issues such as indeterminacy and ambiguity, lexical configuration rules, and lexical projection, and analyses the semantic content of event concepts such as causation, action, and change.

  • EC Competition Law and Intellectual Property Rights: The Regulation of Innovation

    This book is concerned with a dynamic area of European law: the tension between intellectual property and EC competition law. It demonstrates how, both under the EC Treaty and as a matter of economic policy, EC competition law must provide a set of outer limits to, and a framework of rules which regulate, the exploitation and licensing of intellectual property rights (IPRs). It provides a template of the EC competition law rules as they relate to IPRs and explores how such a template can be applied to existing IPRs and adapted to new technologies such as telecommunications and information technology. This new paperback edition now makes it accessible to individual academics and students and will have appeal throughout Europe.

  • England 1870-1914

    First published in 1936, this now-classic volume spans a time of rapid and far-reaching change in England--from Gladstone's first ministry, through the great contest with Disraeli, the Home Rule debate, the establishment of the Labour moverment, the Boer War, and the Liberal reforms of 1909-10, to the end of an era marked by the catastrophe of 1914. With stimulating analyses of social and economic developments as well as domestic and foreign policy, Ensor's account serves as a superb introduction to the period it covers and offers insight into the world of the 1930s in which it was written.

  • The Philosophy of Robert Grosseteste

    Setting the thought of Robert Grosseteste within the broader context of the intellectual, religious, and social movements of his time, this study elucidates the evolution of his ideas on topics ranging from the mathematical laws that govern the movement of bodies, God as the mathematical Creator, and human knowledge, to religious experience and the place of humanity within the social, natural, and providential orders.

  • Italian Opera in Late Eighteenth-Century London: Volume 2: The Pantheon Opera and its Aftermath 1789-1795

    Following on from the volume on the King's Theatre, Haymarket (published by OUP in 1995), this interdisciplinary study of opera and ballet now turns to London's Pantheon Opera during the period 1789-98. The discovery of six cartons of previously unknown manuscripts in the possession of the Duke of Bedford makes possible the rewriting of a hitherto dark and little understood chapter in the history of opera in London. The King's Theatre, Haymarket, burnt down in 1789. To replace it, the fifth Duke of Bedford and the Marquis of Salisbury secretly backed a new opera company, to be housed in the Pantheon, an elegant exhibition hall hastily converted to house the venture. Part 1 of this book tells a tale of intrigue, blackmail, bankruptcy, arson, and high-society infighting against a background of exalted artistic aspirations and genuine love of opera. The Pantheon tried to engage Mozart to compete against Haydn, and hired some of the most notable singers and dancers in Europe. Mismanagement led to huge losses, and the theatre burnt in highly suspicious circumstances in 1792. The backers tried to impose an artistic vision and financial controls on the management of the rebuilt King's Theatre, Haymarket, when opera returned there in 1793, but by 1795 their failure was evident. The second part of the book is a detailed analysis of the opera and ballet repertoire, personnel, management, costumes, staging practices, and finances of the company, based on the Bedford archive and a wealth of hitherto unused sources. What emerges is the fullest operational analysis ever published of any pre-nineteenth-century English theatre or opera company.

  • Gentlemen and Tarpaulins: The Officers and Men of the Restoration Navy

    This is the first scholarly study of the Royal Navy during the reigns of Charles II and James II. Historians have long viewed the Restoration Navy through the eyes of Samuel Pepys, the greatest diarist and naval administrator of the age. Perceptive and intelligent as Pepys was, he presented only a one-sided view of the Navy, that of a bureaucrat attempting to reorganize it. J. D. Davies assesses this traditional picture of the Restoration Navy in the light of recent scholarship, using the evidence not only of Pepys but of his contemporaries. He examines the reactions of naval personnel to the demands imposed by Pepys, and analyses the structure of the service. He also explores the lives and attitudes of the men (the `tarpaulins') and their officers - the quests for promotion, enrichment, and glory; the very different problems posed by peace and war; the nature of life at sea; and the role of the Navy in national life. Gentlemen and Tarpaulins provides a fascinating glimpse into the history of the Royal Navy.

  • Innovation in Japan

    In this age of high technology, Japan's success in continuous improvement and innovation in key industries, ranging from steel and automobiles to electronics, has been spectacular, and the unique institutional arrangements that have supported this success have attracted wide attention. Yet, with only a few exceptions, the discussion of Japan's innovation system has tended to be anecdotal. It is the consequent need for a more solid analysis based on fact that this book fills. The chapters in this book investigate Japan's current innovation system through empirical, mostly quantitative, research. These chapters cover a wide range of subjects, including technology importation, industrial standards, product development, R&D personnel management, overseas R&D, and higher education. In addition, detailed industry studies cover the automobile, electrical machinery, semiconductor, and steel sectors. The authors, the leading Japanese scholars on these subjects, reveal the rich and complex nature of the Japanese innovation system, and describe in detail its strengths and weaknesses.

  • The Strength and Weaknesses of Comparative Law

    This book is a unique and stylish reflection on the true value of comparative legal research. Arguing that the presumption of similarity that underlies much comparative legal research is dangerous and faulty, Grossfeld draws examples from the German and American legal systems to discuss legislation, private and public international law, domestic law, culture and law, geography and law, language and law, and religion and law.

  • Enterprise and Competitiveness: Systems View of International Business

    This book develops a new theoretical approach to entrepreneurship in the firm. The author challenges the long-held belief that economics is a discipline that can be adequately pursued in isolation from the other social sciences. He argues that the productivity of economic units - whether families, firms, or nation states - is affected by the degree of cooperation between the members of these units, which cannot be fully understood unless cultural dynamics are considered. Economic and cultural determinants of performance are combined into a single analytical framework, applying theory to a wide range of topical issues which it is hoped will be of major interest to policy-makers and strategists in the US, Europe and Japan. These include the use of corporate culture to engineer a climate of trust within the firm, and the use of joint ventures to extend networks of trust into other firms as well. The book's international perspective highlights the way cultural differences influence innovation and competitiveness at both the corporate and national level.

  • Sebastiano Del Piombo

    This is the first detailed assessment of Sebastiano to have appeared in English. It follows his career through all its stages and provides a detailed study of the works and a re-examination of the artist's own letters.

  • Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993

    Armed Struggle and The Search for State spans an entire epoch in the history of the contemporary Palestinian national movement, from the establishment of Israel in 1948, to the PLO-Israel accord of 1993. Contrary to the conventional view that national liberation movements proceed with state-building only after attaining independence, the case of the PLO shows that state-building may shape political institutionalisation, even in the absence of an autonomous territorial, economic, and social base. This insightful study traces the political, ideological, and organisational evolution of the PLO and its constituent of guerrilla groups. Taking the much-vaunted 'armed struggle' as its connecting there, it shows how conflict was used to mobilise the mass constituency, assert particular discourses of revolution and nationalism, construct statist institutions, and establish legitimacy of a new political class and bureaucratic elite. The book draws extensively on PLO archives, official publications and internal documents of the various guerrilla groups, and over 400 interviews conducted by the author with he PLO rank-and-file. Its span, primary sources and conceptual framework make this the definitive work on the subject.

  • Oxford Playscripts: Johnny & the Dead

    An engaging classroom playscript. Johnny Maxwell, visiting the local cemetery, discovers that he can see the dead. He can talk to them, too - much to his friends' amazement. So when the news breaks that the local council plans to sell the cemetery to a property developer, Johnny learns that there are some things in life (and death) that are worth fighting for...

  • The Origins of the Hundred Years War: The Angevin Legacy 1250-1340

    In this important study of Anglo-French relations in the century before the Hundred Years War, Malcolm Vale examines the legacy of continental rule bequeathed by the Angevin kings of England to their Plantagenet successors. He explores the sources of Anglo-French tension which ultimately led to the breakdown of feudal and diplomatic relations between the two greatest powers in western Europe.

  • 'On Pascha' and Fragments: Reprinted with corrections and revisions, 2012.

    On Pascha' and Fragments Reprinted with corrections and revisions, 2012.

  • Writing to 14

    Written by trusted author Geoff Barton, this new edition of a classroom favourite has been completely rewritten to support the latest Key Stage 3 requirements. The book offers skills-based writing support, with a variety of engaging tasks for students of all abilities. Stand alone activities and resources can be easily built into existing lesson plans or serve as handy cover lessons.

  • Vannes and its Region: A Study of Town and Country in Eighteenth-Century France

    Vannes and its Region A Study of Town and Country in Eighteenth-Century France

  • The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society

    The Culture of Control charts the dramatic changes in crime control and criminal justice that have occurred in Britain and America over the last 25 years. It then explains these transformations by showing how the social organization of late modern society has prompted a series of political and cultural adaptations that alter how governments and citizens think and act in relation to crime. The book presents an original and in-depth analysis of contemporary crime control, revealing its underlying logics and rationalities, and identifying the social relations and cultural sensibilities that have produced this new culture of control. In developing a "history of the present" in the field of crime control, David Garland presents an intertwined history of the welfare state and the criminal justice state, a theory of social and penal change, and an account of how social order is constructed in late modern societies. Drawing on extensive research in the UK and the USA, he shows in detail how the social, economic and cultural forces of the late 20th century have reshaped criminological thought, public policy, and the cultural meaning of crime and criminals. The Culture of Control explains how our responses to crime and our sense of criminal justice came to be so dramatically reconfigured at the end of the 20th century. The shifting policies of crime and punishment, welfare and security - and the changing class, race and gender relations that underpin them - are viewed as aspects of the problem of governing late modern society and creating social order in a rapidly changing social world. Its theoretical scope, empirical range and interpretative insight make this book an indispensable guide to one of the central issues of our time.

  • The Bible and its Rewritings

    Piero Boitani discusses how some of the most fascinating scenes of Old and New Testament -- Genesis, Exodus, Job, the Susanna story, the Gospel of John -- are directly or indirectly rewritten in works ranging from the medieval period to the late twentieth-century: by Milton and Mann; by Chaucer, Dryden, La Fontaine, Orwell, and Kafka; by Faulkner and Tournier; by Shakespeare, T. S. Eliot, and Joseph Roth. Literature resonates with the mystery of recognition between human beings, and between God and humankind. The opening and closing chapters of the book examine this theme: from Abraham and Yahweh at Mamre to Joseph and his brothers, from Helen and Menelaus to Jesus and Mary Magdalene, from Pericles and Marina to Mendel Singer and his son Menuchim. The three central sections of the book discuss the means by which re-scripturing interprets the Scriptures: through truth or fiction; through letter or allegory; through liturgy, exegesis, catacomb frescoes, even churches themselves. This is an illuminating look at the Bible and its medieval and modern rewritings.

  • OCR Gateway Chemistry Online Student Book

    The OCR Gateway GCSE Chemistry Online Student Book is a digital version of the Student Book that can be accessed any time, anywhere and on a range of devices. Students can use the bank of annotation tools to make notes and personalize their book. Oxford's OCR Gateway GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 OCR Gateway GCSE sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades. OCR Gateway GCSE Chemistry Student Book develops students' scientific knowledge and understanding, and helps create lively and relevant science lessons.

  • Shakespeare's Lives/30422

    First published 20 years ago and now available in an updated and abridged edition, this book follows the quest throughout history for knowledge of Shakespeare the man. A wealth of material in collections scattered all over the world yields fresh, sometimes dramatic information about a host of controversial characters and incidents. Beginning with the Shakespeare of documentary record - poet of the London stage and property owner of Stratford - Professor Schoenbaum proceeds to the Shakespeare of legend - deer-poacher, ale-drinker, and valiant lover. Other Shakespeares follow: the playwright as protagonist of a host of biographies; the Shakespeare for whom imaginary histories with forged documents were invented; the Shakespeare who appears in plays and novels; and the Shakespeare who never was: anti-hero of a vast and eccentric literature crediting his works to other writers - Francis Bacon, the Earl of Stafford, or Christopher Marlowe. The author has revised and added new material throughout, including fresh illustrations.

  • Regulation: Legal Form and Economic Theory (Clarendon Law)

    This book draws on economic theory to provide an overview of the legal forms used to regulate industry in the UK. Ogus covers safety legislation, consumer protection, environmental protection, professional licensing, and regulation of privatized utilities, using economic theory to explain and evaluate the law.

  • Oxford Reading Tree Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories Decode and Develop: Level 6: Pack of 6

    This Level 6 Decode and Develop pack contains 6 books, one of each of: Two Left Feet, Land of Letters, On the Stage, The Bigfoot Mystery, The New Year Race, May Morning. Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories: Decode and Develop are an exciting new set of stories from Roderick Hunt and Alex Brychta. Full of humour and drama with a delightful mixture of familiar settings and brand new magic key adventures to inspire young readers. Featuring all your favourite characters, children will enjoy exploring the detailed humorous illustrations and be captivated by the storylines. These phonics-based stories are perfect for embedding and building on children's phonics knowledge. They contain high-interest vocabulary to support language development beyond Phase 5 of Letters and Sounds. Each book contains inside cover notes to help adults read and explore the content with the child, supporting their decoding and language comprehension development. Teaching notes on Oxford Owl support independent reading, guided reading, writing, and speaking, listening and drama activities.

  • Aristotle's First Principles

    Aristotle's reliance on dialectic as a method of philosophy appears to conflict with his metaphysical realist view of his conclusions. This book explores Aristotle's philosophical method and the merits of his conclusions, and shows how he defends dialectic against the objection that it cannot justify a metaphysical realist's claims. The author does not presuppose extensive previous acquaintance with Aristotle. Greek texts are translated, and Greek words transliterated.

  • Surrender, Occupation, and Private Property in International Law: An Evaluation of US Practice in Japan

    The most recent title to appear in the Oxford Monographs in International Law series, Surrender, Occupation, and Private Property in International Law examines the legal situation which arises during periods of occupation in respect of private property which is temporarily used, annexed, or destroyed by occupying forces. It asks what happens to that property after occupation ceases, and addresses the issues of restitution and compensation which may sometimes arise. The author focuses upon the post-war occupation of Japan by American forces as the principal example around which to develop his arguments, and makes extensive use of documents from this period. Relatively little has been written about this crucial period in Japanese history, and the successful linking of the historical and legal aspects in this study will make this book of considerable interest to international lawyers and modern historians.

  • Literature, Criticism and Style: Practical Guide to Advanced Level English Literature

    This text is arranged in three sections to give coverage from induction to A Level English Literature through to the final revision period. It provides approaches to: different genres of literature; the study of key authors and texts; developing critical views on literature; improving written style; practical criticism and unseens; coursework assessment; revision and examination preparation.

  • The Nature of Unemployment in Britain: Studies of the DHSS Cohort

    This is an important contribution to the study of the characteristics and behaviour of the unemployed especially in their search for work. It is based on the analysis of unusually good data on a large cohort of men registering as unemployed in 1978, which enables the authors to overcome many of the problems of measuring the effects of economic, demographic and policy variables on unemployment. The results presented will interest labour economists and anyone involved in the policy debate on unemployment.

  • Read Write Inc. Spelling: Teaching Handbook

    A new edition of the highly successful and proven Read Write Inc. Spelling programme. This has been specially developed for the new curriculum by leading primary literacy expert Ruth Miskin and lead author Janey Pursglove. The programme consists of an integral online software subscription, in which spelling rules are introduced and taught by animated characters in an exciting fantasy world; Practice Books with a range of comprehensive, engaging activities; Log Books for children to record individual progress; and a Teaching Handbook with clear, structured support for each lesson. Online practice tests and consolidation sessions will create confident, proficient spellers and prepare every child for the spelling aspect of the Year 6 English Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test.

  • Selected Literary Criticism of Louis Macneice

    Louis MacNeice has often been read in the shadow of his Anglo-American friend Wystan Auden, because few of his own writings are in print. Alan Heuser has edited the present volume - the first of two annotated selections of the hitherto-uncollected prose - so that MacNeice can be seen in his true light. He emerges as a major Anglo-Irish writer: prolific, intelligent, and accessible. The book includes 56 articles of previously neglected prose criticism from 1930 to 1963 to set beside MacNeice's three full-length critical works: "Modern Poetry" (1938), "The Poetry of W.B. Yeats" (1941), and "Varieties of Parable" (1965). The selection - drawn from reviews, articles, drama criticism, and contributions to books not his own - excludes juvenilia but aims to keep a balance between earlier and later work. The subject-matter ranged widely, from the Classical writers to MacNeice's contemporaries.

  • Exploitative Contracts

    Judges and scholars routinely use concepts such as 'exploitation' in a justificatory way. In the field of contract law, a finding of exploitation may excuse a party from the normal consequences of his or her manifested contractual assent. However, the meaning of exploitation is usually assumed for this purpose, rather than elaborated. In fact, exploitation is a highly contested concept. Exploitative Contracts examines the 'essentially contestable' criteria of interpersonal exploitation claims. It puts forward a conception of exploitation: 'legal contractual exploitation', a form of wrongdoing that arises in connection with the formation of contracts. This notion is shown to underpin traditional heads of relief in contract law, including unconscionable dealing, undue influence, unilateral mistake in equity, and 'lawful act' duress. Importantly, this notion of legal contractual exploitation conforms to the intellectual and institutional forms of order presupposed by the classic liberal conception of the contract. The wrongfulness of an act of exploitation must reside in some characteristic of the processes of contract formation rather than in some quality of the impugned contract itself. The doctrines of unconscionable dealing, duress, and undue influence are examined in detail in the light of what they each reveal about the 'process' conception of legal contractual exploitation. In turn, the volume explains how an understanding of these contract law doctrines can be enhanced by a proper conception of exploitation.

  • Enterprise and Competitiveness: A Systems View of International Business

    Mark Casson demonstrates how the economic effects of culture--social values such as honesty, dedication, and loyalty--can be analysed in a rigorous fashion. He argues that gains from technology in modern society can be offset by high costs stemming from the missing moral dimension which has implications for economic competitiveness and for social and economic institutions. A strong culture reduced transaction costs and enhances performance--the success of an economy thus depends on the quality of its culture.

  • The Golden Metwand and the Crooked Cord: Essays in Honour of Sir William Wade QC

    This is a lively collection of essays by an internationally distinguished group of the world's most respected administrative lawyers. It is a timely work as public law in the United Kingdom is at an extremely interesting stage in its long development. A period of unprecedented expansion in the judicial review jurisdiction and the growing legal impact of membership of the European Community provide an incentive to reflect upon and consolidate existing learning, and assess how public law doctrine and scholarship will progress into the new millenium. There has also been a recent burgeoning of theoretical public law scholarship and the development of more critical and socio-legal approaches to the subject of law and administration. This book takes account of all these factors, and also reflects the international dimension of administrative law issues. The essays are written in honour of Sir Wlliam Wade, who was Professor of English at St John's College Oxford, Rouse Ball Professor of English Law at the University of Cambridge and Master of Gonville and Caius College Cambridge. He is one of the leading scholars of his generation and is justly credited for having contributed hugely to the development of administrative law in Britain through his text Administrative Law (OUP) but also through the Hamlyn lectures and through his work as a member of the English bar, his lectures throughout the world and numerous articles, notes and essays.

  • Foreign Affairs and the United States Constitution

    This is Louis Henkin's classic book, long out of print, in a much-anticipated new edition. Reconceived, reorganized, and updated, this work remains a model of clarity. This new edition is essential reading for all those interested in understanding the United States and its place in world affairs. Professor Henkin takes the reader through the mysteries of the US Constitutional system as it governs US foreign relations. He explains how the US Government acts on the world scene - respective authority of the President and Congress in making foreign policy and conducting foreign relations, conflict and co-operation between them in determining the use of military force, and US policy on arms control, on the sale of arms, on trade, on financial assistance, on human rights. He explains where US treaties stand in US law and policy; the role of the courts in foreign affairs; US policy on the United Nations and other organizations, on international tribunals, what the Constituion requires in respect for individual rights within the US and beyond. Every reader will be able to follow and enjoy the text. For those who are interested there are many pages of rich, scholary notes.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume XII: Indices

    A scholarly edition of letters by Desiderius Erasmus. The edition presents an authoritative text, together with an introduction, commentary notes, and scholarly apparatus.

  • Essays on Contract

    This is a revised edition of the paperback, Essays on Contract which was published by OUP in 1988. With the addition of a further previously unpublished essay, this book can be seen as the most up-to-date and comprehensive account of Professor Atiyah's views on the law and theory of contract. The new essay `Freedom of Contract and the New Right' charts the latest shift in the development of contract law, this time back in the direction of Freedom of Contract. This shift, Professor Atiyah argues, can be traced directly to the growing strength of the `New Right' and its advocacy of political and economic freedom.

  • Industrial Democracy in Europe Revisited

    The Industrial Democracy in Europe project offers a unique opportunity to assess the changes in European industrial relations systems in general, and participation schemes in particular. In 1981 the Industrial Democracy in Europe team (IDE) reported their findings on the extent of industrial democracy in ten European countries during the 1970s. The present volume reports the findings for the subsequent decade. It is particularly useful to have a longitudinal research project that analyses the changes in participation schemes. The research team have looked at ten European countries (including Poland) and also comment on the situation in Israel and Japan. Contributors: B. Wilpert, E. Rosenstein, P. Drenth, R. Peccei, F. Heller, M. Warner

  • Complete Chemistry for Cambridge IGCSE® Online Student Book

    The best-selling Complete Chemistry for Cambridge IGCSE Student Book is trusted by teachers around the world to support understanding and achievement. Now available in an online format, the popular, stretching approach will help students to reach their full potential. Written by an experienced author, it is full of engaging content with up-to-date examples to cover all aspects of the Cambridge syllabus. The step-by-step approach will lead students through the course in a logical learning order building knowledge and practical skills with regular questions and practical activities. Extension material will stretch the highest ability students and prepare them to take the next step in their learning. Practice exam questions will consolidate student understanding and prepare them for exam success.

  • Terrorism in Europe: An International Comparative Legal Analysis

    This is a comparative study of emergency measures - legal, legal-administrative and executive - in a number of European legal systems. It highlights the existence of similarities between the two "families" of legal systems within the EEC framework - common law and civil law - and seeks to justify harmonization and more fluid integration between the relevant states seeking not only a fuller degree of European co-operation but also a prospective single EEC jurisdiction to deal with the challenge of terrorism in the future.

  • Complete Physics for Cambridge IGCSE ® Student book

    The best-selling Complete Physics for Cambridge IGCSE Student Book is trusted by teachers around the world to support understanding and achievement. The popular, stretching approach will help students to reach their full potential. Written by an experienced author, this updated edition is full of engaging content with up-to-date examples to cover all aspects of the Cambridge syllabus. The step-by-step approach will lead students through the course in a logical learning order building knowledge and practical skills with regular questions and practical activities. Extension material will stretch the highest ability students and prepare them to take the next step in their learning. Practice exam questions will consolidate student understanding and prepare them for exam success. Each book is accompanied by a wealth of digital materials, providing extra support for students, including practice exam questions, revision checklists and advice on how to prepare for an examination.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume XI: 1534-1536

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • International Money: Post-war Trends and Theories

    The period since the end of World War II has been an eventful and often disturbing one in the international monetary field. Economic theories have been propounded and modified both to explain events and to influence future choices made by economists. This examination of economic trends outlines the relationship between events and theories. The author considers how theories have been judged and discarded on the basis of their perceived accordance with actuality. He examines exchange rates, deploys his own theory based on the idea of bounded rationality and considers what the future might hold for the international monetary system.

  • Japan's "International Youth": The Emergence of a New Class of Schoolchildren

    This book examines the way in which Japanese schoolchildren have been treated on their return to Japan after spending some time overseas, due to their parents' work. Known as "kikokushijo" or "returnee children", they have been the subject of great interest during the last decade. Roger Goodman examines the assumption that it is inevitable that these children will have problems because Japanese society is historically and socially conditioned to be exclusivist. The study concludes that there must be a fundamental rethinking of the definition of minority groups and marginality, both in Japan, and in a wider context.

  • The Making of the National Poet: Shakespeare, Adaptation and Authorship, 1660-1769

    The century between the Restoration and David Garrick's Stratford Jubilee saw Shakespeare's promotion from the status of archaic, rustic playwright to that of England's timless Bard, and with it the complete transformation of the ways in which his plays were staged, published, and read. But why Shakespeare? And what different interests did this process serve? The Making of the National Poet is the first full-length study since the 1920s of the Restoration and eighteenth century's revisions and revaluations, and the first to consider the period's much reviled stage adaptations in the context of the profound cultural changes in which they participate. Drawing on a wide range of evidence - including engravings, prompt-books, diaries, statuary, and previously unpublished poems (among them traces of the hitherto mysterious Shakespeare Ladies' Club), it examines how and why Shakespeare was retrospectively claimed as both a respectable Enlightenment atuhor and a crucial and contested symbol of British national identity. It shows in particular how the deification of Shakespeare co-existed with and even demanded the drastic and sometimes bizarre rewriting of his plays for which the period is notorious. The book provides, through engaging and informative analysis, the definitive account of the theatre's role in establishing Shakespeare as Britain's National Poet. From reviews of the hardback: 'Dobson . . . is one of the band of recent critics who have viewed the history of Shakespeare's reputation as a political matter. He proves himself to be certainly the wittiest and possibly the most learned and judicious of these critics. He has a marvellous way of unearthing some forgotten adaptation . . . he has a strong grasp of the intricacies of eighteenth-century politics.' Times Literary Supplement 'distinguished book' Shakespeare Survey 'rich in insight' London Review of Books

  • Analysing Musical Multimedia

    Analysing Musical Multimedia is the first study to produce a general theory of how different media - music, words, moving picture, and dance - work together to created multimedia. Though generally associated with contemporary developments, in particular music video and film, a general theory of musical multimedia also encompasses traditional genres such as song and opera. Critical writing in these areas, however, is genre-specific; Nicholas Cook establishes principles, and a terminology for their description, that apply across the whole spectrum of musical multimedia. Beginning with a study of how meaning is mediated in television commercials, Cook concludes with in-depth readings of Fantasia, Madonna's video Material Girl, and Armide (Godard's sequence from the collaborative film Aria). Analysing Musical Multimedia not only shows how approaches deriving from music theory can contribute to the understanding of multimedia, but also draws conclusions from the practice and further development of musical analysis.

  • Twenty First Century Science Physics Online Homework

    Twenty First Century Science Physics Online Homework supports all your students' home learning needs. It provides a ready-to-use bank of homework activities to accompany every week of your GCSE teaching, as well as integrated tools to help you customise and create your own interactive, auto-marked homeworks to match student needs. Online Homework stores all your students' marks on the site so it's easy for you to track their progress. Oxford's Twenty First Century Science is a complete match to the 2011 Twenty First Century Sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades.

  • Managing Intellectual Capital: Organizational, Strategic, and Policy Dimensions

    There is a strong awareness that the new economy has arrived, and that firms and management need to focus on a plethora of new issues at present only dimly perceived. The astute management of technology can advance not only the fortunes of the innovators, but also of society at large. In this book, David Teece considers how firms can exploit technological innovation, protecting their intellectual capital, while staying ahead of the competition. He provides frameworks as well as practical advice, looking in particular at the organization structure most likely to support innovation, and how managerial decision and strategy affect the division of the gains. This will be essential reading for academics, managers, and students alike who want to keep abreast of contemporary strategic challenges.

  • From Courtesy to Civility: Changing Codes of Conduct in Early Modern England

    In any society, a foreigner learning the language must also learn what passes for good manners. The same is true for the historian trying to understand the social rules of a period and why these change. This book explores the nature and development of early modern conceptions of good manners, and examines some of the particular forms of everyday behaviour which these conceptions implied. `Courtesy' and `Civility' were among the values central to Tudor and Stuart assumptions and fears about the social and political order.

  • Philosophical Foundations of Quantum Field Theory

    Quantum field theory is not only one of the most rapidly developing areas of contemporary physics, but it is also full of problems of great theoretical and philosophical interest. This collection discusses quantum field theory from a wide variety of standpoints. The contributors explore its mathematical structure extensively and work throuh its metaphysical and methodological implications in detail. The study is the first systematic attempt at the exploration of the nature and implications of quantum field theory. The contributors are: Michael Redhead, James T. Cushing, Robert Weingard, Rom Harre, Paul Teller, Gordon N. Fleming, Tian-Yu Cao, Ray F. Streater, Simon Saunders. The book should be of interest to philosophers of science, theoretical physicists, and historians of science.

  • The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain

    An illustrated history of Britain since the Roman occupation, which traces its political, social, economic and cultural development.

  • The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

    This book raises questions about the nature of philosophy by examining the source and significance of one central philosophical problem: how can we know anything about the world around us? Stroud discusses and criticizes the views of such philosophers as Descartes, Kant, J.L. Austin, G.E. Moore, R. Carnap, W.V. Quine, and others.

  • Mathematics: w. ans: Revision and Practice

    Intended for use in revision, this book provides answers to mathematics papers for the West African certificate. Text figures are included.

  • Economic Borders of the State

    This volume brings together economists and political scientists to present an assessment of the new government policies, known as "Thatcherism", which have dominated the 1980s. The papers presented here focus on the underlying political economy, and re-examine the role and purpose of the state in the economy. As well as examining the philosophical basis of state intervention, the volume attempts to set new ideas in an historical context and show how they have been translated into practice. To this end, a number of areas of policy - taxation, social security, nationalized industries, macro-economics and local government - are discussed in the latter part of the book.

  • The Chromatic Fourth During Four Centuries of Music

    Despite its rather forbidding name, the `Chromatic Fourth' is one of the most familiar short themes in virtually all western music over the four hundred years before the middle of our century. It is a sequence of six notes that can be heard in a huge variety of ways, most originally, effectively, and beautifully in the work of the greatest composers, from the madrigalists to Stravinsky, from Byrd to Bartok, with telling examples in the operas of Monteverdi, Mozart, and Wagner, or in the keyboard music of Bull, Bach, and Schubert. Although the existence of the chromatic fourth has long been recognized, and occasionally mentioned by music historians, this is the first thorough-going attempt to trace its likely origins and its evolution over four hundred years. With over 200 music examples, Peter Williams demonstrates the theme's wonderful variety, and shows that it was used by composers not only as a means of emotional expression, but also as a structural device.

  • Rules and Government

    This book is the first comprehensive study of the use of non-statutory rules in government. When should government be carried out with rules? What are the alternatives to governing with rules, and are they part of good governmental process? These issues lie at the heart of this book, which focuses on non-statutory rules - such as codes or circulars - their potential and their limitations. It examines how rule-use can be assessed, the success of rule-use and how choices can be made between rules and alternative processes in governmental functions, the analysis in rule-making, and the particular problems of governing with rules within the European Community. From the reviews of the hardback: `Rules and Government is a pioneering attempt at analysing an area of the constitution strangely ignored by both public lawyers and by political scientists. It is a scholarly work of high quality on a subject that is likely to stimulate a good deal of further analysis in the future.' Vernon Bogdanor, The Times Higher Education Supplement `Very well-written and readable... Rules and Government is a valuable and important contribution to the literature of law and government.' Professor Tony Prosser, Modern Law Review `Undoubtedly this book will be an important source of material for anyone interested in regulatory design and the interaction of law and administration - this is a good book. It gives a stimulating and illuminating account of rule-making in practice and presents a mass of material clearly and in an attractive way.' Professor Jack Beatson, Public Law `Rules and Government makes an important contribution to three areas of academic debate. First if feeds into theoretical discussion of administrative justice. Second, it contributes to a body of empirical studies on regulation. Third, it addresses the only recently developing literature on regulation through European Community rules across the disparate administrative regimes of the various member states.... Baldwin succeeds in his aim to set out a middle range theory of legitimacy. Rules and Government does not just address academics but is also relevant for rule-makers who want to improve rule-making.' Bettina Lange, Legal Studies

  • New Literacy Kit: Year 9: Students' Book

    New Literacy Kit is an integrated set of resources for teaching Literacy at Key Stage 3. The series is closely tied into the Framework for Teaching English and is now also ideal for supporting your school's Assessment for Learning policy. With on-the-page starters, the Year 9 units cover all three writing strands, and together with the Assess Your Learning pages offer a comprehensive approach to literacy learning for 11-14 year-olds. Content includes: helpful, student-friendly descriptions of text types and learning objectives; texts closely mapped to all the Framework objectives; texts chosen to appeal equally to both boys and girls; comprehension work (understanding plus interpretation); language analysis activities including grammar; cross-curricular work; writing activities, including extended writing; and opportunities for speaking and listening. The Year 9 Students' Book is supported by a Teacher's Book, a Display Texts Pack, and OHT Pack, and two books of Lesson Starters - one covering Word and one Sentence level.

  • The Law of Money and Financial Services in the EC

    This book relates the development of economic and monetary union in the EC to the development of the single market for financial services. The new edition fully reflects the institutional and legal consequences of the achievement of economic and monetary union in 1999, while taking account also of the continuing flow of Community legislation and case-law in the area of financial services. The transparency resulting from monetary union has shown problems of taxation to be a barrier to market integration, and this is reflected in a new Chapter. On the other hand, this an area in which variable geometry has become a legal reality, and this also is reflected in a new Chapter of the book.

  • After the Euro: Shaping Institutions for Governance in the Wake of European Monetary Union

    Now that the process of full implementation of European Monetary Union has begun, it is time to shift attention away from the process of introduction to the implications that the common currency will have for a wide range of institutions and policy areas. The wider political and social institutions of the European Union are not well developed there is an institutional deficit which parallels the more widely know democratic deficit. Monetary arrangements of nation states are imbedded in a range of political, cultural, economic and historical factors. Will mechanisms of these kinds eventually develop at the European level? Can national structures adapt to meet the challenge? The contributors to After the Euro tackle these questions and in doing so, take the debate beyond the economic and sovereignty questions which have so far dominated the debate.

  • The Oxford Shakespeare: The Tragedy of King Richard III

    Richard III is one of Shakespeare's most popular plays on the stage and has been adapted successfully for film. This new and innovative edition recognizes the play's pre-eminence as a performance work: a perspective that informs every aspect of the editing. Challenging traditional practice, the text is based on the 1597 Quarto which, it is argued, brings us closest to the play as it would have been staged in Shakespeare's theatre. The introduction, which is illustrated, explores the long performance history from Shakespeare's time to the present. Its critical engagement with the play responds to recent historicist and gender-based approaches. The commentary gives detailed explication of matters of language, staging, text, and historical and cultural contexts, providing coverage that is both carefully balanced and alert to nuance of meaning. Documentation of the extensive textual variants is organized for maximum clarity: the readings of the Folio and the Quarto are presented in separate banks, and more specialist information is given at the back of the book. Appendices also include selected passages from the main source and a special index of actors and other theatrical personnel.

  • HIV and AIDS, Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality

    ISSUES IN BIOMEDICAL ETHICS General Editors: John Harris, University of Manchester; S(ren Holm, University of Copenhagen. Consulting Editor: Ranaan Gillon, Director, Imperial College Health Service, London. North American Consulting Editor: Bonnie Steinbock, Professor of Philosophy, SUNY, Albany. The late twentieth century has witnessed dramatic technological developments in biomedical science and the delivery of health care, and these developments have brought with them important social changes. All too often ethical analysis has lagged behind these changes. The purpose of this series is to provide lively, up-to-date, and authoritative studies for the increasingly large and diverse readership concerned with issues in biomedical ethics--not just health care trainees and professionals, but also social scientists, philosophers, lawyers, social workers, and legislators. The series will feature both single-author and multi-author books, short and accessible enough to be widely read, each of them focused on an issue of outstanding current importance and interest. Philosophers, doctors, and lawyers from several countries already feature among the contributors to the series. It promises to become the leading channel for the best original work in this burgeoning field. this book: Testing and screening for HIV and AIDS give rise to ethical, legal, and social issues of the most controversial and delicate kind. An international team of eighteen doctors, philosophers, and lawyers present a fresh and thorough discussion of these issues; they aim to show the way to practical advances but also to give an accessible guide to the debates for readers new to them. The contributors pay particular attention to the sensitive nature of the information yielded by a test for HIV antibody. They consider such questions as these: Are we under an obligation to disclose our HIV status if known? Can there be a moral justfication for the breaching of confidentiality in certain circumstances? Should health care professionals be forced to undergo HIV testing? Is there a right to remain in ignorance of one's HIV status? Consideration of such questions illuminates not only public policy and medical practice in connection with HIV and AIDS, but also broader issues about professional ethics and individual rights in other medical and social contexts. The breadth and depth of the research represented and the lucidity of the arguments put forward make this a key resource for academic researchers and healthcare professionals alike.

  • Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Theory

    In his introduction to these closely linked essays Professor Hart offers both an exposition and a critical assesment of some central issues in jurisprudence and political theory. Some of the essays touch on themes to which little attention has been paid, such as Bentham's identification of the forms of mistification protecting the law from criticism; his relation to Beccaria; and his conversion to democratic radicalism and a passionate admiration for the United States.

  • African Development Report 1999

    This report is a comprehensive annual survey of economic and social progress in Africa. The report's theme this year - infrastructure for development in Africa - examines the state of infastructure in Africa. Africa's infastructure trails the world, in both extent and quality. Poor infastructure is a major obstacle to the region's economic growth, and adversely affects the living standards of its people. The report explores the strategies and policies required to improve infrastructure services in the pursuit of the overarching objectives of private-sector-led growth and poverty reduction. The report also provides economic and social statistics on the Continent. This book is intended for scholars and students of development economies, development studies, African studies, public policy and administration, social policy and sociology.

  • The Edge of the Union: The Ulster Loyalist Political Vision

    On the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Northern Ireland Troubles', Ulster's once dominant unionists are an increasingly alienated people. In this timely assessment of the prospects for peace, Steve Bruce examines the embittered world-view of two key sections of Ulster unionism: the loyalist terrorists and the evangelical supporters of Ian Paisley. To get to the heart of the unionist position Bruce asks how they see the last twenty-five years, what they want from the future, what they think they will get, what they will accept, and what they will fight to oppose. He describes the Troubles as a deeply entrenched ethnic conflict. He argues that a failure to appreciate the strength of Loyalist identity has prevented a proper understanding of the Troubles and that continued neglect of the majority makes strategies for peace pointless or counter-productive.;This book is intended for general readers interested in the Northern Ireland situation; students and scholars in sociology and politics; journalists, politicians, civil servants concerned with the future of Northern Ireland.

  • The Development of Logic

    This book traces the development of formal logic from its origins in ancient Greece to the present day. The authors first discuss the work of logicians from Aristotle to Frege, showing how they were influenced by the philosophical or mathematical ideas of their time. They then examine developments in the present century.

  • Management Accounting: European Perspectives

    Just as Europe consists of countries with different languages, cultures, histories, wealth levels and systems of jurispridence, and exhibits a mosaic of different tastes and preferences, so do accounting's roles and functions differ widely across European countries. Differences in management accounting practices and control approaches abound. the question is no longer whether there is variety but its extent and explanation. In considering European variety in management accounting, it may be asked what trends if any are discernible in management accounting practices generally? What historical factors have conditioned management accounting wherever and in whatever form it exists? Are there links between management accounting research and practice? Are there competing theories within the field which are nation-specific? To what extent is the implementation of emergent cost-management approaches evident within companies? Such issues are explored in this book which also provides some basis for exploring national specifities in management accounting whilst offering room to ponder over its commonalities. Distinguished European commentators provide comprehensive analysis of past and existing management accounting practices and conceptual thinking. The contributors give a sense of whether modern management accounting approaches are evident in enterprises withing their nation and discuss findings of empirical investigations in constructing `country perspectives'. Each chapter successfully presents an informed overview of country features indicative of a rich and diverse European tapestry of management accounting thought and practice. Ultimately the book provides a useful starting point not only for making cross-national comparative observations but also for identifying opportunities and trends in management accounting systems changes.

  • The Competition Act 1998 Law and Practice

    This Supplement to The Competition Act 1998 contains the full and final texts of all relevant procedural rules, exclusion orders, notification forms and other statutory instruments and rules issued in time for the Act's coming into force on 1 March 2000. It also includes comprehensive updating commentary on developments since publication of the main work, and additional annotations of the Act itself. This Second Supplement incorporates the final versions of the material contained in the First Supplement, and thus completely supersedes the First Supplement. It will be an essential purchase for all who already own the Competition Act 1998: Law and Practice main work. The main work and second supplement will also be available as a set (0-19-829933-8 GBP145.00).

  • The Chronicle of John of Worcester: Volume III: The Annals from 1067 to 1140 with the Gloucester Interpolations and the Continuation to 1141

    The chronicle of John of Worcester is one of the most important sources for earlier English history. Completed at Worcester by 1140, it is of considerable interest to historians of both the Anglo-Saxon period and the late eleventh and twelfth centuries. Its annals complement and add significantly to those in the surviving versions of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. It has never been adequately translated and a modern edition has long been needed. In this volume, Dr McGurk uses all the available manuscript evidence, as well as the additions for 1122-41 made in a Gloucester continuation of a manuscript started in Johns own handwriting. Taken with these interpolations, the chronicle offers crucial evidence for the first five years of King Stephens reign. The Chronicle will be published in three volumes. Volume II covers the annals from 450 to 1066, and Volume III from 1067 to 1140. Volume I will be published last, and will contain a general introduction and supplementary material.

  • The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

    Why does public managementDSthe art of the stateDSso often go wrong, producing failure and fiasco instead of public service? What are the different ways in which control or regulation can be applied to government? Why do we find contradictory recipes for the improvement of public services? Are the forces of modernity set to produce worldwide convergence in ways of organizing government? This important new study aims to explore such questions, central to current debates over public management. Combining contemporary and historical experience, it employs grid/group cultural theory as an organizing frame and method of exploration. Using examples from different places and eras, the study seeks to identify the recurring variety of ideas about how to organize public services. And contrary to widespread claims that modernization will bring a new global uniformity, it argues that variety is unlikely to disappear from doctrine and practice in public management.

  • Mergers and Takeovers in the US and UK: Law and Practice

    A detailed and authoritative practitioner work on mergers and acquisitions of companies in the US and UK, this will be an important reference for lawyers on both sides of the Atlantic (including all major companies with dealings in those jurisdictions). It covers law and practice in the US and UK in equal detail: the US chapters cover both federal and key state regulatory regimes; the UK chapters include coverage of the City Code and developments in the European Union. The author combines a strong academic background with extensive experience as a practising lawyer with the US firm Shearman & Sterling, one of the top mergers and acquisitions firms in the world.

  • The Japanese Firm: The Sources of Competitive Strength

    Masahiko Aoki and Ronald Dore have edited an authoritative account of the Japanese firm and the sources of its success, including contributions from some of the best, and best known, scholars in the field. The book represents an attempt to explain and understand aspects of the firm in the Japanese economic system, and to explain the corporate success of Japan. It is interdisciplinary in approach, containing both theoretical and empirical work, and has contributions from the fields of labour economics, comparative institutional analysis, information economics, finance, organizational theory, economic history, political science, and sociology. Chapters range from contemporary descriptions--of training (in overseas subsidiaries as well as Japan), of R&D structures, of product development practices, of finance and corporate governance, of trading relations, especially between small and large firms--to an historical overview of the evolution of Japanese management in the wartime planned economy. The book also situates Japan in the literature of economic analysis and in the on-going debate about trade-offs between equality and efficiency. The contemporary media would have us believe that the Japanese system of management--characterized by lifetime employment, emphasis on long-term, slow consensual decision-making, heavy investments in training, R&D, and quality, close inter-enterprise ties, and short rations for shareholders--is in crisis and about to change fundamentally. This book will enable the reader to decide just how solid the foundations of the Japanese enterprise system are, and to identify the rationale that lies behind it.

  • Strategic Asset Allocation: Portfolio Choice for Long-Term Investors

    Academic finance has had a remarkable impact on many financial services. Yet long-term investors have received curiously little guidance from academic financial economists. Mean-variance analysis, developed almost fifty years ago, has provided a basic paradigm for portfolio choice. This approach usefully emphasizes the ability of diversification to reduce risk, but it ignores several critically important factors. Most notably, the analysis is static; it assumes that investors care only about risks to wealth one period ahead. However, many investors---both individuals and institutions such as charitable foundations or universities---seek to finance a stream of consumption over a long lifetime. In addition, mean-variance analysis treats financial wealth in isolation from income. Long-term investors typically receive a stream of income and use it, along with financial wealth, to support their consumption. At the theoretical level, it is well understood that the solution to a long-term portfolio choice problem can be very different from the solution to a short-term problem. Long-term investors care about intertemporal shocks to investment opportunities and labor income as well as shocks to wealth itself, and they may use financial assets to hedge their intertemporal risks. This should be important in practice because there is a great deal of empirical evidence that investment opportunities---both interest rates and risk premia on bonds and stocks---vary through time. Yet this insight has had little influence on investment practice because it is hard to solve for optimal portfolios in intertemporal models. This book seeks to develop the intertemporal approach into an empirical paradigm that can compete with the standard mean-variance analysis. The book shows that long-term inflation-indexed bonds are the riskless asset for long-term investors, it explains the conditions under which stocks are safer assets for long-term than for short-term investors, and it shows how labor income influences portfolio choice. These results shed new light on the rules of thumb used by financial planners. The book explains recent advances in both analytical and numerical methods, and shows how they can be used to understand the portfolio choice problems of long-term investors.

  • The English Catholic Church in the Nineteenth Century

    The first full-scale account of the English Catholic Church in modern times, this study describes the issues and the individuals at the heart of Catholic affairs during a period when Emancipation, Irish immigration, elucidating how conversions radically changed the nature and role of the Church in English society. Here, Norman shows how the 19th-century English Catholics finally established their first secure base since the Reformation by careful adaptation, successful financing and, above all, by the force of spiritual re-awakening.

  • Oxford Student Texts: John Milton: Paradise Lost Book IX

    One of a series designed to motivate and encourage students who may be working on certain writers for the first time. Each text includes notes to explain literary and historical allusions, tasks to help students explore themes and issues, and suggestions for further reading.

  • Oxford International Primary Geography: Student Book 2

    Oxford International Primary Geography is a complete six year primary geography course that provides an engaging introduction to the subject. Using real life examples from around the globe, the course covers key aspects of both human and physical geography, from the basics of mapping to more complex topics such as the pros and cons of ecotourism and how to meet the resource needs of the world's growing population. Additional Workbooks provide students with the opportunity for further study in the classroom or at home, including suggested research topics and cross-curricular projects. For the teacher, the Teacher's Guide provides step-by-step guidance for each lesson, as well as background knowledge and geographical information for specialist and non-specialist teachers alike.

  • The Florentine Tondo

    This volume explores an important phenomenon in Italian Renaissance art: the 15th- and early 16th-century flowering of the tondo (or circular) form in painting and sculpture, which represented the Renaissance ideal of the perfect form. This text aims to fill a gap in Florentine artistic and cultural history, collating documentary, textual, and artistic material with evidence and discoveries about patronage, location, function, and iconography. It also charts the patterns of tondi production and establishes their meaning within a cultural context. In explaining the iconography of specific tondi, the author illuminates a further facet of Renaissance culture: many of the analyses provide answers to previously puzzling issues. Technical information and bibliography is provided for each tondo, making a significant contribution to the understanding of this specific genre as well as to Italian Renaissance art and culture in general.

  • Contracts, Co-operation, and Competition: Studies in Economics, Management, and Law

    The economic theory of contract is being reshaped in ways which resonate with the findings of socio-legal contract scholars and of industrial economists and sociologists in the Marshallian tradition, who emphasise the 'embeddedness' of organizations within their social and cultural environment. Contractual co-operation is seen as depending on institutional factors which serve to enhance 'trust', and arrangements which in the past were criticized as the product of collusion are being reassessed as potentially efficient responses to market failure. An active debate has begun on how instruments of public policy can best be deployed to arrive at an effective balance between co-operation and competition. This affects both the competitiveness of private sector organizations and the success of deregulatory reforms in the public sphere. These issues are explored within four main areas: developments in private-sector contracting; contract and organization in the public sector; the economics of contract law; and competitiveness and competition policy.

  • Early Modern Europe: An Oxford History

    'Early Modern' is a term applied to the period which falls between the end of the middle ages and the beginning of the nineteenth century. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to Europe in this period, exploring the changes and transitions involved in the move towards modernity. Nine newly commissioned chapters under the careful editorship of Euan Cameron cover social, political, economic, and cultural perspectives, all contributing to a full and vibrant picture of Europe during this time. The chapters are organized thematically, and consider the evolving European economy and society, the impact of new ideas on religion, and the emergence of modern political attitudes and techniques. The text is complemented with many illustrations throughout to give a feel of the changes in life beyond the raw historical data.

  • Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility

    Among members of the legal profession and judiciary throughout the world, there is a genuine concern with establishing and maintaining high ethical standards. It is not difficult to understand why this should be so. Nor is it difficult to see the professional standards are not completely divorced from ordinary morality. Indeed, legal ethics and professional responsibility are more than a set of rules of good conduct; they are also a commitment to honesty, integrity, and service in the practice of law. In order to ensure that the standards established are the right ones, it is necessary first of all to examine important philosophical and policy issues, such as the need to reconsider the boundaries between, on the one hand, a lawyer's obligation to a client and, on the other, the public interest. It is also to be appreciated that conflicts of interest are pervasive and that all too often they are so common that they are not recognized as such. Yet rarely is public policy clearly cut. The underlying themes of this book are: BL that the move to more definite rules is not only inevitable but also desirable BL that existing codes of professional practice cannot simply be treated as a system of specific rules BL that the current set of ethical rules is contestable and requires further refinement, perhaps even radical surgery BL and that legal ethics must be conceived in the more general area of professional responsibility The wider ethical issues of the operation of the legal profession as a whole are now firmly on the agenda. Both law schools and law professionals have a role to play in developing acceptable standards in this area and it is therefore appropriate that the essays in this volume are written by a distinguished group of law teachers and practitioners together with senior members of the judiciary. The book opens with an overview chapter, followed by three chapters analysing the ethical rules pertaining to the judiciary, the Bar, and solicitors, written by, respectively, the Master of the Rolls, Anthony Thornton, and Alison Crawley and Christopher Bramall. The following three chapters look at the specific issues of confidentiality (Michael Brindle and Guy Dehn) and the particular ethical problems in the family and criminal law jurisdictions (Sir Alan Ward and Professor Andrew Ashworth respectively). Chapter 8, by Sir Alan Paterson, discusses the teaching of legal ethics, whilst Chapters 9 and 10, by Marc Galanter, Thomas Palay, and Cyril Glasser put the subject in its wider social and professional context. The book finishes with a chapter which examines what lawyers may learn from looking at the study of medical ethics.

  • Roman Law, Contemporary Law, European Law: The Civilian Tradition Today

    Legal history helps us to understand our modern law. It explains why the law has become what it is. It lays open the premises on which the modern law is based. It constitutes a rich source of experience which is as valuable for the development of modern legal doctrines as for law reform. It may also reveal where a wong turn has been taken and thus prevent us from repeating an error. Today, however, historical legal scholarship has acquired an added significance in view of the Europeanization of private law and private law scholarship. It enables us to see the common ground between our modern national legal sustems and to understand existing differences. It makes us aware of the fact that the law has not developed in national isolation and can, therefore, not properly be understood under purely national auspices. It constitutes the foundation for scholarship in comparative law and paves the way towards re-establishing a European legal culture. The focus of these Clarendon lectures is on the "vital connection that ties the present to the past" (Savigny) and on the link between legal history, modern legal doctrine, and comparative law. They aim to recreate an awareness of a fundamental intellectual unity based on a common tradition. Such awareness is of central importance to sustain the process of a Europeanization of private law which we experience today. Lecture One: The End of an Era: Transformation of Scholarship in Roman Law Lecture Two: The Transition from Civil Law to Civil Code: Dawn of a New Era? Lecture Three: A Change in Perspective: European Private Law and its Historical Foundations

  • Remedies for Breach of Contract: A Comparative Account

    The victim of a breach of contract may resort to one or more of four remedies: specific enforcement, compensation, refusal to perform, and termination. The availability of these remedies may depend on the fault of the party alleged to be in breach. The book discusses these topics from a comparative perspective. The principle contrast is between civil and common law solutions. Contrasts within each group of systems are also pursued, in particular, those between English and American common law and those between French and German civil law. Some related and hybrid systems are also discussed, as are conventions on international sale of goods. The aim is not to give a detailed analysis of particular systems, but rather to identify types of solutions and to consider how far differences in theoretical approach are reflected in practical results.

  • Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-Binding Norms in the International Legal System

    Commitment and Compliance is the first book to evaluate the impact of state behaviour of international norms adopted in forms that are not legally binding. The use of such `soft law' has increased dramatically with the proliferation of international organizations. Whether and how such norms can be used effectively to supplement or substitute for legally binding obligations forms the heart of this discussion. In the study, a project of the American Society of International Law, the authors look at four subject areas in international law: human rights, environment, arms control, and trade and finance, assessing the use of non-binding norms in each field and whether such norms engender state compliance with them. The discussion also generally addresses the nature of international law and the role on non-binding norms in the international legal system.

  • Inside the Cult: Religious Innovation and Transmission in Papua New Guinea

    For the past thirty years, adherents of a millenarian cult in Papua New Guinea, known as the Pomio Kivung, have been awaiting the establishment of a period of supernatural bliss, heralded by the return of their ancestors bearing `cargo'. The author, Harvey Whitehouse, was taken for a reincarnated ancestor, and was thus able to observe the dynamics of the cult from within. From the stable mainstream of the cult, localized splinter groups periodically emerge, hoping to expedite the millennium; the core of this volume concerns the close study of one such group in two Baining villages. The two aspects of the cult studied here - on the one hand a large, uniform, and stable mainstream organization with a well-defined hierarchy demanding orthodoxy of views, and on the other hand a small-scale and temporary movement, emotional and innovative in its views - stand in sharp contrast one to the other, but are here seen as divergent manifestations of the same religious ideology, implemented in differing ways. This original theory of `modes of religiosity' which Whitehouse here develops draws on recent findings in cognitive psychology to link styles of codification and cultural transmission to the political scale, structure, and ethos of religious communities.

  • The Yearbook of Media and Entertainment Law: Volume 1, 1995

    Media and entertainment law is one of the fastest growing sectors of practice in the UK and European Community. Practising lawyers are hungry for information and informed analysis of the latest developments in this fast-moving field. This Yearbook spans the traditional concerns of media lawyers such as free speech and freedom of the press generally, including libel law and contempt of court as well as the core areas of entertainment law practice such as copyright, contracts, licensing and competition. In addition it covers the emerging fields of new technologies, the impact of the much heralded `information highway' upon media law, the effects of European Community initiatives in this area and the ever changing subject of broadcasting regulation. The Yearbook consists of high-quality analytical articles, important annual surveys of developments in all these fields and reviews of recent publications, all of which will be of interest to the practising and academic lawyer.

  • Nicholas Kaldor: The Economics and Politics of Capitalism as a Dynamic System

    Nicholas Kaldor (1908-1986) was one of this century's most original thinkers on economics, his influence on British economic policy second only to that of Keynes. This book traces the development of Kaldor's thought as it underwent a remarkable evolution from his membership of the Austrian neoclassical school to his embracing of radical Keynesianism. He was also extremely quick to grasp essential changes in economic reality and to forge analytical tools to explain them. Although he was innovative from 1938 onwards, much of his seminal work belongs to a coherent project of research which made him, together with Joan Robinson and Micha/l Kalecki, a leading representative of the post-Keynesian school, an outstanding critic of the neoclassical theory of equilibrium, growth, and distribution, and a convinced opponent of the monetarist school. The book also seeks to show how economic policy and political economy were closely connected in Kaldor's work. It was this that made Kaldor one of the most lucid and radical champions of the economic policies which, by blending political freedom with social justice, have been the outstanding feature of the great European tradition of social democracy.

  • How the Laws of Physics Lie

    In this sequence of philosophical essays about natural science, Nancy Cartwright argues that fundamental explanatory laws, the deepest and most admired successes of modern physics, do not in fact describe the regularities that exist in nature. Yet she is not `anti-realist'. Rather, she draws a novel distinction, arguing that theoretical entities, and the complex and localized laws that describe them, can be interpreted realistically, but that the simple unifying laws of basic theory cannot.

  • Labour at War: France and Britain 1914-1918

    Copywriter: include this in European/French History rather than British This is a comparative study of national labour movements in France and Britain during the First World War. Historians of labour in this period have concentrated on pacifism, and on the post-war radicalism and emergent communism to which that contributed. John N. Horne focuses instead on the majorities in both the French and the British labour movements which continued to support the war to its end. He examines the terms of their support, and the broader working-class experience which this reflected, showing how a critical programme of socialist reforms was gradually developed. Labour at War is a genuinely comparative analysis, based on intensive primary research in both countries. It is an important contribution both to labour history, and to the social and political history of the First World War.

  • Fordism Transformed: The Development of Production Methods in the Automobile Industry

    * Topical * Leading Japanese, American, and European scholars * Based on proceedings of prestigious international conference Japan is now the world's largest producer of cars but it only began to catch up with its competitors after the Second World War by studying and modifying the Ford system of mass production implemented first in the USA in the early 20th century. Other countries have also developed the system in their own ways with varying degrees of success. The papers in this volume will examine and compare the experiences of different countries in modifying the system, and the impact of the "quality control movement" and lean production in Japan.

  • Documents of the Baronial Movement of Reform and Rebellion, 1258-1267

    Edited with a facing-page English translation from the Latin text by: Treharne, R. F.;

  • Environmental Regulations and Corporate Strategy: A NAFTA Perspective

    For many firms, the opening-up of trade barriers meant unwelcome exposure to tough international competition. In order to protect themselves, many turned to local and national environmental regulations, forming coalitions which enabled them to force out their opponents, even though they were often contravening international environmental agreements in doing so. With the recent emergence of international trade and environment regimes wielding substantial powers, however, comes the opportunity for outward-facing and innovative firms to utilize these regimes and so challenge the discriminatory obstacles which have been becoming ever more common. This adherence to environmental regulations has promoted a broad array of corporate strategies; a fact most visible in North America where firms are making use of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). In Environmental Regulations and Corporate Strategy, the authors develop a model of complex institutional responsiveness and demonstrate how this can guide firms through this new era of opportunities for international regulatory capture. They apply the model within North America, identifying the implications for Europe and Asia. Their work is based on 300 confidential interviews with senior executives and officials in North American and European companies, national governments, and North American institutions, and analyses 24 cases of firms who have either benefited or suffered from involvement with international institutions.

  • The Coherence of Theism

    This book investigates what it means, and whether it is coherent, to say that there is a God. The author concludes that, despite philosophical objections, the claims which religious believers make about God are generally coherent; and that although some important claims are coherent only if the words by which they are expressed are being used in stretched or analogical senses, this is in fact the way in which theologians have usually claimed they are being used. This revised edition includes various minor corrections and clarifications.

  • MyMaths for Key Stage 3: Teacher Companion 3A

    MyMaths for Key Stage 3 is the brand new course that works with MyMaths to fully deliver the new curriculum, allowing you to finally replace your tired old Framework materials. With a truly differentiated structure so all abilities can access the new curriculum, the course is underpinned by a 'learn it once and learn it well' philosophy that enables coherent teaching and learning. All resources are written by teachers for teachers, so you can be confident that it will work practically in the classroom. This teacher companion is for teachers of low ability students approaching the end of KS3. It contains customisable lesson plans, providing practical guidance based on classroom needs, as well as medium- and long-term plans to offer a viable replacement for the Framework. For the more experienced teacher, the Lesson-at-a-Glance feature provides quick ideas on how to approach a lesson. Furthermore, the unique attainment profiling provides practical guidance on measuring your average ability students' progression. A focus on transition to KS4 ensures all your students have the opportunity to succeed in their future exams; and a focus on mathematical literacy helps ensure students communicate effectively using maths, which is essential for GCSE. Finally the direct links to MyMaths throughout uniquely allow you to integrate this powerful tool into your everyday classroom delivery.

  • Business Performance in the Retail Sector: The Experience of the John Lewis Partnership

    This book investigates how John Lewis's unique ownership and organizational arrangements have enabled it to become one of the largest and longest-surviving employee-owned firms in the Western world. From its emergence in 1864, the John Lewis Partnership has placed its trust in an explicit set of business principles, emphasizing employee share-ownership, employee motivation, and profit-sharing. This study examines the success of these principles and the lessons to be learned from them for successful retailing strategy and competitiveness in the 1990s.

  • Constructibility and Mathematical Existence

    This book is concerned with `the problem of existence in mathematics'. It develops a mathematical system in which there are no existence assertions but only assertions of the constructibility of certain sorts of things. It explores the philosophical implications of such an approach in an examination of the writings of Field, Burgess, Maddy, Kitcher, and others.

  • The Kindness of God: Metaphor, Gender, and Religious Language

    Fathers, sons, brothers, kings. Does the predominantly masculine symbolism of the Biblical writings exclude women or overlook the riches of their spiritual life? If Christ is "the second Adam" and the one on whom all Christian life must be patterned, then what about Eve? This book from a leading scholar of religious language and feminism opens up the Bible's imagery for sex, gender, and kinship and does so by discussing its place in the central teachings of Christian theology: the doctrine of God and spirituality, Imago Dei and anthropology, Creation, Christology and the Cross, the Trinity, and eschatology.

  • Partisans and Mediators: The Resolution of Divorce Disputes

    The great majority of divorcing couples seek help in negotiating a settlement. This book represents the results of five years research studies undertaken over a period of eight years, concerned with that help, and about the partisans and mediators who provide it and uses extracts from conversations with parties to divorce proceedings in order to present a picture of law in action. The first study, the "Special procedure" project was funded by the Joseph Rowntree Memorial Trust. The other four were funded by the Nuffield Foundation. The book covers the legal practitioners, whether solicitors or barristers and their responsibilities which lie exclusively with one party to the conflict. The second group - the new mediators - offer themselves to both sides to the dispute. Their claim to specialist expertise lies in the area of negotiating skill. Many are committed to making divorce proceedings less acrimonious. The author concludes that professional awareness of the limitation of "due process", coupled with the pressure to reduce costs, has brought us to a point where the rationing motif dominates our system of family law. He feels that the prospect of a genuinely non-coercive alternative to legal process is being undermined through this convergence of legal and non-legal forms.

  • The Music of Chopin

    The lasting popularity of Chopin's music has reached `from salon to slum'. He captured and expressed the spirit of the age of Romanticism, its ardour and idealism, its longing and restlessness, its love of spontaneity, with an authority his contemporaries immediately recognized and which successive generations have admired and loved. Much of the Chopin literature in English is biographical, but this book is a critical study of the music itself and of the creative process which is central to the life of any composer. Professor Jim Samson provides a detailed analysis of the style and structure of the music in the light of recent Chopin scholarship on the one hand and recent analytical methods on the other. The early chapters deal mainly with the sources and the characteristic profile of Chopin's musical style, relating his music to a wider context in social and stylistic history. Later chapters look rather at the structure of his music and how it functions, with many examples highlighting the discussion.

  • Oxford Student Texts: Chaucer: The General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales

    One of a series designed to provide a new, accessible approach to the works of great poets and playwrights. Each text includes general notes on the text; discussion of themes, issues and context; and suggestions for further reading.

  • The Excise Crisis: Society and Politics in the Age of Walpole

    The Excise Crisis Society and Politics in the Age of Walpole

  • Trade and Environment Law in the European Community

    This book offers the most up to date and comprehensive overview yet published of the European Community legal mechanisms and rules concerning the relationship between the establishment of the Single European Market and the development of international European and domestic environmental law. The author outlines the legal mechanisms of the EC Treaty and shows how they seek to create a balance between economic and environmental interests. Part one elaborates on the EC Treaty's principles governing the relationship bewteen the Single European Market and domestic environmental policy instruments. Besides the rules governing the free movement of goods (Articles 9, 12, 30-36), including the rules applicable to environmental taces (Article 95), it gives an overview of the EC's policies in the fields of green-state aids (Articles 92 etc) and competeition policies. Part two looks in detail at the harmonization of European environment related policy both for the creation of the Common/Single European Market and the development of a genuine European Environmental policy. It also looks closely at related areas such as agriculture, transport, the common commercial policy, external relations and the all important area of international environmental treaties.

  • Inefficient Markets: An Introduction to Behavioral Finance

    The efficient markets hypothesis has been the central proposition in finance for nearly thirty years. It states that securities prices in financial markets must equal fundamental values, either because all investors are rational or because arbitrage eliminates pricing anomalies. This book describes an alternative approach to the study of financial markets: behavioral finance. This approach starts with an observation that the assumptions of investor rationality and perfect arbitrage are overwhelmingly contradicted by both psychological and institutional evidence. In actual financial markets, less than fully rational investors trade against arbitrageurs whose resources are limited by risk aversion, short horizons, and agency problems. The book presents and empirically evaluates models of such inefficient markets. Behavioral finance models both explain the available financial data better than does the efficient markets hypothesis and generate new empirical predictions. These models can account for such anomalies as the superior performance of value stocks, the closed end fund puzzle, the high returns on stocks included in market indices, the persistence of stock price bubbles, and even the collapse of several well-known hedge funds in 1998. By summarizing and expanding the research in behavioral finance, the book builds a new theoretical and empirical foundation for the economic analysis of real-world markets.

  • A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

    Numbers and other mathematical objects are exceptional in having no locations in space or time or relations of cause and effect. This makes it difficult to account for the possibility of the knowledge of such objects, leading many philosophers to embrace nominalism, the doctrine that there are no such objects, and to embark on ambitious projects for interpreting mathematics so as to preserve the subject while eliminating its objects. A Subject With No Object cuts through a host of technicalities that have obscured previous discussions of these projects, and presents clear, concise accounts, with minimal prerequisites, of a dozen strategies for nominalistic interpretation of mathematics, thus equipping the reader to evaluate each and to compare different ones. The authors also offer critical discussion, rare in the literature, of the aims and claims of nominalistic interpretation, suggesting that it is significant in a very different way from that usually assumed.

  • British Wood-Engraved Book Illustration 1904-1940: A Break With Tradition

    British wood-engraved book illustration from the beginning of the century until the beginning of the Second World War were among the most versatile and inventive of the graphic arts. In a climate of typographical renaissance, various wood-engravers made a significant impact on the appearance of the printed page, transforming good books into works of art and influencing modern standards of book production. This book reveals the methods by which these pioneering artists broke with 19th-century illustrative practices. The author surveys the subject in relation to the cultural and historical background, and within the context of mainstream developments in the visual arts, placing emphasis on the working relationship of illustrators with both private presses and commercial publishers. Detailed study of unpublished material, including art school records, publishers' and print societies' archives, and artists' correspondence, throws new light on the work and practices of the more innovative wood engravers. This book is intended for art historians, book-illustrators, specialists in printmaking and graphic art, curators of museum print departments

  • Action and Value in Criminal Law

    This is a challenging collection of essays on the theory of criminal law by leading philosophers from the UK, USA, and Canada. Ranging across such central issues as moral luck, mistake, and mental illness, Action and Value in Criminal Law aims to reorientate the study of criminal law.

  • Contracting for Health: Quasi-Markets and the National Health Service

    Sweeping changes have taken place in many parts of the world in the provision and organisation of health care, welfare and other 'public' services. The UK's National Health Service (NHS) has been a prime example of this. This multi-disciplinary collection of essays reviews recent evidence from a major research programme, commissioned by the Economic and Social Research Council (ERSC), into the evolution and impact of contracting in the NHS. Each chapter examines a particular aspect of health and social care, including competition between hospitals and the effects of GP fundholding, and discusses the important theoretical implication of experience in the NHS quasi-market. It will be essential reading for anyone interested in the contemporary debate surrounding the issues.

  • The English Plainchant Revival

    This study provides a general introduction to the sources of the plainchant revival in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century England. Part I examines the eighteenth-century Catholic revival, in particular the work of John Frances Wade, a Roman Catholic plainchant scribe and publisher. His work centred on the Roman Catholic foreign embassy chapels in London during the waning years of the recusancy period, and his collaboration with contemporary publishers and musicians is evidenced in numerous contemporary letters, music manuscripts, and printed works. In Part II the starting point for the Roman Catholic revival is Novello's A Collection of Sacred Music and for the Anglican revival, Reinagle's A Collection of Psalm & Hymn Tunes. Pro-Gregorian enthusiasts monitored the progress of the revival well into the nineteenth century, but it was not until the late 1830s that plainchant became a cause celebre in Anglican and Catholic worship alike. A multiplicity of plainchant publications followed well into the 1870s, with Thomas Helmores ranking first among them. By this time plainchant had become an integral, albeit controversial, part of musical worship in both churches. Bennett Zon brings together a host of previously undiscovered or unknown eighteenth- and nineteenth-century sources, drawing mainly upon printed and manuscript works. Contemporary periodical and occasional literature provide further insight into their musical and social contexts. This is as much a source book for ecclesiastical history of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries as it is a chronicling of the plainchant revival, and it will be of interest to ecclesiastical historians, plainchant enthusiasts, church musicians, and bibliographers.

  • In Defense of Legal Positivism: Law Without Trimmings

    In Defense of Legal Positivism is an uncompromising defence of legal positivism that insists on the separability of law and morality. After distinguishing among three facets of morality, Matthew Kramer explores a variety of ways in which law has been perceived as integrally connected to each of those facets. Some of the chapters pose arguments against other major theorists such as David Lyons, Lon Fuller, Joseph Raz, Michael Detmold, Ronal Dworkin, Nigel Simmonds, John Finnis, Philip Soper, Neil McCormick, Gerald Postema, Stephen Perry, and Michael Moore while others extend rather than defend legal positivism; they refine the insights of positivism and develop the implications of those insights in strikingly novel directions. The book concludes with a detailed discussion of the obligation to obey the law - a discussion that highlights the strengths of legal positivism in the domain of political philosophy as much as in the domain of jurisprudence

  • The Popes and European Revolution

    Owen Chadwick describes the effects of the European Revolution of 1789 to 1815 on the Papacy, and compares Catholic Church of the ancient regime to that of the early nineteenth century. The book shows how strongly the Counter-Reformation still worked in Italy during the eighteenth century; how it was the constitutional development of states, rather than the incoming of new ideas, which forced change; how traditional was the Catholic world even in the age of the Enlightenment. It shows reform at work, and the fierce pressure on the Papacy marked first in the forced suppression of the Jesuits and afterwards in the kidnapping of two successive Popes by French governments. It shows how revolution in Italy affected church structures and brought on peasant war, yet encouraged, in a radical form, some improvements of church life towards which the earlier reformers had striven. Finally, it shows the political swing of the Restoration after the fall of Napoleon, the way in which the Church was already associated with the political right, the great difficulties of restoring church life after the evolutionary years, and the persistence, half unnoticed, of the earlier reforming ideas among Catholics.

  • Italian Altarpieces 1250-1550: Function and Design

    Since the 1960s, the Italian altarpiece has attracted much scholarly attention, bringing liturgical, social and technical considerations to bear on the subject. The eight contributors to this book provide a synopsis of the different approaches developed in order to enlarge and deepen knowledge of paintings in terms of their historical functions. Patronage, morphology, religious meaning, visual appearance, reception and spatial setting are all discussed. In several cases, new light is shed on paintings that until a few years ago, were dealt with only as elements within a history of pictorial style. In nearly all the contributions there is a major concern with reconstruction, and much new material is presented concerning the historical significance of a specific category of painting.

  • The Description of Nature: Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Quantum Physics

    Niels Bohr, the founding father of modern atomic physics and quantum theory, was as original a philosopher as he was a physicist. This study explores several dimensions of Bohr's vision: the formulation of quantum theory and the problems associated with its interpretation, the notions of complementarity and correspondence, the debates with Einstein about objectivity and realism, and his sense of the infinite harmony of nature. The author's chief attention is given to Bohr's epistemological lesson, the conviction that all our description of nature is dependent on the words we use and the ways we can unambiguously use them. Against those who would view Bohr as a vague positivist, the author argues here that Bohr is best understood as using transcendental arguments and shaping a kind of descriptive metaphysics in his defence of our abilities to offer a description of the world we live in.

  • The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance

    This book provides information from Church history concerning the recognition of the canonical status of the several books of the New Testament. Canonization was a long and gradual process of sifting among scores of gospels, epistles, and other books that enjoyed local and temporary authority - some of which have only recently come to light among the discoveries of Nag Hammadi. After discussing the external pressures that led to the fixing of the limits of the canon, the author gives sustained attention to Patristic evidence that bears on the development of the canon not only in the West but also among the Eastern Churches, including the Syrian, Armenian, Georgian, Coptic, and Ethiopian. Besides considering differences as to the sequence of the books in the New Testament, Dr Metzger takes up such questions as which form of text is to be regarded as canonical; whether the canon is open or closed; to what extent a canon should be sought within the canon; and whether the canon is a collection of authoritative books or an authoritative collection of books.

  • Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution (Oxford Socio-legal Studies)

    Based on two years of participant observation of the work of two Regional Water Authorities, this book discusses the social and economic regulation of water pollution control. Hawkins focuses on the issue of compliance, the difficulties of enforcement, and the daily routines of protecting water quality.

  • Philosophical Foundations of Quantum Field Theory

    The aim of this volume of essays is to delineate and examine a range of topics which represent a systematic account of the nature and implications of QFT. The contributors, who include Michael Redhead, James T. Cushing, Paul Teller, and Gordon Fleming, approach QFT from a variety of standpoints. Part I offers two different interpretations of the value of studying the foundations of QFT as an area of separate metaphysical research. Parts II and III consider the metaphysical and methodological implications of such issues as the problem of the status of virtual particles; the technique of renormalization; and the role of covariance principles. Part IV examines the mathematical foundations of QFT.

  • Read Write Inc. Spelling: Practice Book 3 Pack of 5

    A new edition of the highly successful and proven Read Write Inc. Spelling programme. This has been specially developed for the new curriculum by leading primary literacy expert Ruth Miskin and lead author Janey Pursglove. The programme consists of an integral online software subscription, in which spelling rules are introduced and taught by animated characters in an exciting fantasy world; Practice Books with a range of comprehensive, engaging activities; Log Books for children to record individual progress; and a Teaching Handbook with clear, structured support for each lesson. Online practice tests and consolidation sessions will create confident, proficient spellers and prepare every child for the spelling aspect of the Year 6 English Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test. This pack contains five copies of Read Write Inc. Spelling Practice Book 3.

  • Values and Valuing: Speculations on the Ethical Life of Persons

    Nerlich argues that normal human animals are naturally endowed with certain attributes for being persons, speakers of an articulate language living in a culture. Language and cultural life require self-appraisal, and hence an evolution, through self-conflict, of desires into values. Thus valuing is seen as a natural process for persons, one which underlies the morals of duty and obligation. Valuing will be good only if it results in values which are authentic to the individual`s nature and to the surrounding culture, and which are objective.

  • International Law and the Rights of Minorities

    The treatment of ethnic and religious minorities by states is a major issue in the closing decade of the twentieth century. Conflict between ethnic groups, and between groups and states colours international relations and politics. The developments in Eastern Europe and the USSR have led to a re-emergence of ethnic and nationalist issues, whilst the problems of national consolidation of new states inevitably raises questions of culture, religiation and language. Minorities rights are difficult to accommodate within the individualist and universalist framework of human rights. International law is required to deal with dilemmas such as individual versus collective rights, passivity on the part of the state towards minority cultures or positive action to promote them, and nation-building as against group self-determination and autonomy. International Law and the Rights of Minorities attempts to explore the response of international law to these major questions through detailed analysis of treaty and customary law, including regional treaties. Areas covered include the prohibition of genocide, Article 27 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the principle of non-discrimination and the related but separable issue of indigenous peoples and international law. Reference is also made to the pre-UN tradition of group protection. International Law and the Rights of Minorities concludes with an assessment of the achievements of international law in these areas and explores the possibilities for future progress.

  • Essays on Religion and Education

    R. M. Hare is one of the most widely discussed of today's moral philosophers. In this volume he has collected his most important essays in the related fields of religion and education, some newly published and others now inaccessible. The book starts with an exposition of his ideas on the meaning of religious language. There follow several essays, theoretical and practical, on the relations between religion and morality, which have deep implications for moral education. The central question addressed in the rest of the volume is how children can be educated to think for themselves, freely but rationally, about moral questions, and the effects on society of failure to achieve this. Professor Hare argues that those who want to dispense with morality are in effect resigning from a vital educational task. Attitudes to euthanasia and to equality of educational opportunity are taken as examples of how our thinking can go wrong.

  • The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective

    The Continuous and the Discrete presents a detailed analysis of three ancient models of spatial magnitude, time, and local motion. Professor White connects the Aristotelian model, which represents spatial magnitude, time, and motion as infinitely divisible and continuous, with the standard ancient geometrical conception of extended magnitude: it is a model which represents the marriage of physical theory and mathematical orthodoxy. In the second half of the book the author discusses two ancient alternatives to the Aristotelian model: `quantum' models, and a Stoic model according to which limit entities such as points, (one-dimensional) edges, and (two-dimensional) surfaces do not exist in (physical) reality. Both these alternative models deny the applicability of standard `Euclidean' ancient geometry to the physical world. A unique feature of the book is the discussion of these ancient models within the context of later philosophical, scientific, and mathematical developments. A basic assumption of the author's approach is that such a contemporary perspective can deepen our understanding not only of ancient philosophy, physics, and mathematics, but also of later developments in the content and methodology of these disciplines.

  • Sufi Mystics of the Niger Desert: Sidi Mahmud and the Hermits of Aïr

    This book is a study of the evidence that exists to this day in the Niger Republic, and in the adjacent regions of Saharan and non-Saharan Africa, about the life of Sidi Mahmud al-Baghdadi, who, it is believed, introduced new doctrines of Oriental Sufism into the Air Massif during the sixteenth century. The teachings of Sidi Mahmud were to reappear recently in the Khalwatiyya Sufi order ( tariqa) in Niger. They are still important for contemporary Islam in that republic which is a bridge between the Arab world and the Muslim states of the African Sahel. There is also evidence to suggest that initiated members of the Mahmudiyya Sufi order were once to be found throughout the entire Southern Sahara, from Timbuctoo to Borno and Lake Chad. This Sufi order was one of the earliest to be founded in the area of Air which was a crossroads of African trade and of rival empires and of conflicting tribes and peoples.

  • The Bodleian Library in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

    This volume traces the Library's uninterrupted development during the first two centuries of its existence.

  • IB Biology Online Course Book: Oxford IB Diploma Programme

    The only DP Biology resource developed with the IB to accurately match the new 2014 syllabus for both SL and HL, this new Online Course Book gives you unparallelled support for the new concept-based approach to learning, the Nature of science. Understanding, applications and skills are integrated in every topic, alongside TOK links and real-world connections to drive inquiry and independent learning. Assessment support directly from the IB, includes practice questions and worked examples in each topic, along with focused support for both the Internal Assessment and Extended Essay. Truly aligned with the IB philosophy, this Course Book gives unrivalled insight and support at every stage. Fully online format, accessible anytime, anywhere Accurately cover the new syllabus - the most comprehensive match, with support directly from the IB on the core, AHL and all the options Fully integrate the new concept-based approach, holistically addressing understanding, applications, skills and the Nature of science Tangibly build assessment confidence with assessment support straight from the IB Build confidence - data-based questions and focused practice support exceptional achievement Written by co-authors of the new syllabus and leading IB workshop leaders Supported by a fully comprehensive and updated Study Guide and Oxford Kerboodle Online Resources The online Course Book will be available on Oxford Education Bookshelf until 2022. Access is facilitated via a unique code, which is sent in the mail. The code must be linked to an email address, creating a user account. Access may be transferred once to an additional user.

  • The Social and Political Thought of Leon Trotsky

    The Social and Political Thought of Leon Trotsky

  • Marxism: Essential Writings

    This selection from the major writings of the most influential Marxist thinkers provides access to the sources of one of the most important ideologies of the twentieth century. Included here are statements of classical and contemporary Marxist theory, from Marx himself, through Engels, Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin, to Mao, Marcuse, Guevera and Cabral. Together these texts give a wide view of the Marxist tradition and of the varieties of contemporary Marxism. The editor has provided each excerpt with lists of further reading and with introductions putting the writers in their historical and political contexts.

  • The Ideologies of Class: Social Relations in Britain 1880-1950 (Clarendon Paperbacks)

    In this incisive analysis of the social character of the British working class, Ross McKibbin examines different aspects of British political, social, and economic history to give an integrated explanation of the development of modern British society and the ideological assumptions on which it is founded.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Midsummer Night's Dream

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. A Midsummer Night's Dream is one of the most popular texts for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent AS/A level specifications.

  • The Oxford History of the Irish Book, Volume IV: The Irish Book in English, 1800-1891

    The Oxford History of the Irish Book is a major new series that charts one of the most venerable book cultures in Europe, from the earliest manuscript compilations to the flourishing book industries of the late twentieth century. For the first time, it offers a history of the Irish book as a created object situated in a world of communications, trade, transport, power, and money, and examines the ways in which books have both reflected and influenced social, political, and intellectual formations in Ireland. It is an important project for the understanding of Ireland's written and printed heritage, and is by its nature of profound cross-cultural significance, embracing as it does all the written and printed traditions and heritages of Ireland and placing them in the global context of a worldwide interest in book histories. Volume IV: The Irish Book in English 1800-1891 details the story of the book in Ireland from the Act of Union, which ended Ireland's lucrative exemption from British copyright, to the Irish revival, with its emphasis on cultural nationalism. Though retaining its own identity during this period the Irish publishing industry also participated in a wider British publishing culture, less perhaps the result of political change than the result of the industrialization of production. The chapters in this volume deal with book production and distribution and the differing of ways in which publishing existed in Dublin, Belfast, and the provinces. The nineteenth century saw a dramatic rise in literacy rates in Ireland, the advent of national education, and the development of new opportunities and spaces for reading that eclipsed previous communal reading practices. Religious publishing was a major enterprise not only because of the rise in devotionalism but also because of the religious controversies that raged in the early part of the century. Literary genres engaged both Irish and British audiences with Irish issues, though they found a publishing outlet largely through London publishers. Scholarly societies of both the antiquarian and scientific varieties sustained a relatively high degree of local publishing, mostly through journals. Medical and musical publishing appeared for quite a while to defy the centralizing pull of British publishing. In spite of the challenges of the times, writers, publishers, readers, and institutions often responded with energy and creativity to a world of extraordinary change. It was a world of considerable diversity and great fascination. Relying on a high degree of original research, both archival and bibliographical, this volume treats both general trends and individual stories.

  • OLC ROMEO & JULIET

    Easy to use in the classroom or as a tool for revision, Oxford Literature Companions provide student-friendly analysis of a range of popular GCSE set texts. Each book offers a lively, engaging approach to the text, covering characters, themes, language and contexts, whilst also providing a range of varied and in-depth activities to deepen understanding and encourage close work with the text. Each book also includes a comprehensive Skills and Practice section, which provides detailed advice on assessment and a bank of exam-style questions and annotated sample student answers. This guide covers Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSEspecifications.

  • Oxford Student Texts: Songs of Innocence and Experience

    One of a series designed to provide a new, accessible approach to the works of great poets and playwrights. Each text includes general notes on the text; discussion of themes, issues and context; and suggestions for further reading.

  • A Geography of Victorian Gothic Fiction: Mapping History's Nightmares

    This is the first major full-length study of Victorian Gothic fiction. Combining original readings of familiar texts with a rich store of historical sources, A Geography of Victorian Gothic Fiction is an historicist survey of nineteenth-century Gothic writing - from Dickens to Stoker, Wilkie Collins to Conan Doyle, through European travelogues, sexological textbooks, ecclesiastic histories and pamphlets on the perils of self-abuse. Critics have thus far tended to concentrate on specific angles of Gothic writing (gender or race), or the belief that the Gothic 'returned' at the so-called fin de siecle. Robert Mighall, by contrast, demonstrates how the Gothic mode was active throughout the Victorian period, and provides historical explanations for its development from late eighteenth century, through the 'Urban Gothic' fictions of the mid-Victorian period, the 'Suburban Gothic' of the Sensation vogue, through to the somatic horrors of Stevenson, Machen, Stoker, and Doyle at the century's close. Mighall challenges the psychological approach to Gothic fiction which currently prevails, demonstrating the importance of geographical, historical, and discursive factors that have been largely neglected by critics, and employing a variety of original sources to demonstrate the contexts of Gothic fiction and explain its development in the Victorian period.

  • European Patent Law: Law and Procedure Under the Epc and Pct

    This book provides a highly structured analysis of European patent law and procedure (including practice under the PCT) that combines detail and accuracy with conciseness of expression. It will be welcomed by experienced European patent practitioners as a first point of reference, and by practitioners outside Europe seeking a concise guide to the European patent system. It is ideal for use by trainee patent attorneys preparing for their European examinations. The book has had two previous highly successful editions in the German language. This first English edition has been translated and fully updated by Ian Muir, an experienced practitioner and EPA examiner. Particular attention has been paid to its internal layout to make information as readily accessible as possible.

  • Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XIV, 1996

    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is an annual publication which includes original articles, which may be of substantial length, on a wide range of topics in ancient philosophy, and review articles of major books.

  • Dumbstruck - A Cultural History of Ventriloquism

    Why can none of us hear our own recorded voice without wincing? Why is the telephone still full of such spookiness and erotic possibility? Why does the metaphor of ventriloquism, the art of 'seeming to speak where one is not', speak so resonantly to our contemporary technological condition? These are the kind of questions which impel Steven Connor's wide-ranging, restlessly inquisitive history of ventriloquism and the disembodied voice. He tracks his subject from its first recorded beginnings in ancient Israel and Greece, through the fulminations of early Christian writers against the unholy (and, they believed, obscenely produced) practices of pagan divination, the aberrations of the voice in mysticism, witchcraft and possession, and the strange obsession with the vagrant figure of the ventriloquist, newly conceived as male rather than female, during the Enlightenment. He retrieves the stories of some of the most popular and versatile ventriloquists and polyphonists of the nineteenth century, and investigates the survival of ventriloquial delusions and desires in spiritualism and the 'vocalic uncanny' of technologies like telephone, radio, film, and internet. Learned but lucid, brimming with anecdote and insight, this is much more than an archaeology of one of the most regularly derided but tenaciously enduring of popular arts. It is also a series of virtuoso philosophical and psychological reflections on the problems and astonishments, the raptures and absurdities of the unhoused voice.

  • The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission, and Limitations

    This study describes all the versions of the New Testament made before A.D. 1000, providing an account of the scholarly investigation, textual analysis and progress of research on each version.

  • Oxford Reading Tree Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories Decode and Develop: Level 8: The Strange Old House

    In The Strange Old House the magic key takes the children to a strange old house at night. They are worried. Who will they find there? Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories: Decode and Develop are an exciting new set of stories from Roderick Hunt and Alex Brychta. Full of humour and drama with a delightful mixture of familiar settings and brand new magic key adventures to inspire young readers. Featuring all your favourite characters, children will enjoy exploring the detailed humorous illustrations and be captivated by the storylines. These phonics-based stories are perfect for embedding and building on children's phonics knowledge. They contain high-interest vocabulary to support language development beyond Phase 5 of Letters and Sounds. Each book contains inside cover notes to help adults read and explore the content with the child, supporting their decoding and language comprehension development. Teaching notes on Oxford Owl support independent reading, guided reading, writing, and speaking, listening and drama activities.

  • Dangerous Enthusiasm: William Blake and the Culture of Radicalism in the 1790s

    Dangerous Enthusiasm considers Blake's prophetic books written during the 1790s in the light of the French Revolution controversy raging at the time. His works are shown to be less the expressions of isolated genius than the products of a complex response to the cultural politics of his contemporaries. William Blake's work presents a stern challenge to historical criticism. Jon Mee's well-received study meets the challenge by investigating contexts outside the domains of standard literary histories. He traces the distinctive rhetoric of the illuminated books to the French Revolution controversy of the 1790s and Blake's fusion of the diverse currents of radicalism abroad in that decade. The study is supported by a wealth of original research which will be of interest to historians and literary critics alike. Blake emerges from these pages as a 'bricoleur' who fused the language of London's popular dissenting culture with the more sceptical radicalism of the Enlightenment. Dangerous Enthusiasm presents a more comprehensively politicized picture of Blake than any previous study. "Mee....places Blake well and correctly...Dangerous Enthusiasm will do much to take Blake out of the somewhat attenuated discourse of analytic academicism and to put his back in a credible place.' 'a general, incontestable conclusion that, whatever their personal relations, Blake's political opinions, expressed in both his writings and his engravings, were much more Paineite than has ever been previously appreciated. Here in these pages Paine grows in stature, with the eager Blake at his side,,, [a] splendid volume...'

  • United Nations, Divided World: The UN's Roles in International Relations

    This book, highly praised as an authoritative assessment of the United Nations and its place in international relations, brings together distinguished academics and senior UN officials in a clear and penetrating examination of how the UN has developed since 1945. It examines the UN's various roles in addressing long-standing and difficult problems in the relations of states in such fields as international security, human rights, international law, and economic development. The book takes into account a wide range of developments in a world which remains very much divided; the rapid expansion of UN peacekeeping and election-monitoring activities; the consequences of the collapse of communism in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union; the 1990-1 Gulf conflict and its aftermath; attempts at settlement of many regional conflicts; UN involvements in fractured societies, including Cambodia, Somalia, and the former Yugoslavia; and the political and resource limits of the UN's capabilities. This edition also takes full account of new sources, writings, and debates. There are four completely new chapters, by Patricia Birnie (environmental protection), Sally Morphet (peacekeeping), Brian Urquhart (post-Cold War security), and Peter Wilenski (the UN's structure). An appendix contains the full text of former Secretary-General Boutros-Ghali's important report, An Agenda for Peace, to which he has added an introduction for this book. United Nations, Divided World is also a key reference work. The appendices include a bibliography and the complete text of the UN Charter, with all amendments. They also include lists of member states and their assessed contributions, Secretaries-General, UN peacekeeping and observer forces, and judgments and opinions of the International Court of Justice.

  • Reviewing Legal Education

    This volume arises out of a seminar on the future of legal education organized by the Society of Public Teachers of Law held at All Souls College, Oxford in May 1994. The debate surrounding legal education, to which this volume makes a distinguished contribution, rages today as it has not done since the early 1970s when the Omrod Report published in 1971 made recommendations for the future of legal education. Nearly a quarter of a century later another great review of legal education is under way under the auspices of the Lord Chacellor's Advisory Committee on Legal Education and Conduct. Its report is expected in Autumn 1995 and it can be reasonably assumed that changes will follow. It is the purpose of this volume to enrich and influence the debate by following the expression of a variety of viewpoints all of which have in common a desire to see legal education which is at once demanding, properly located within the learned tradition of humane scholarship and at the same time fitted to the needs of the modern legal profession.

  • Cataclysms and Earth History: The Development of Diluvialism

    This book explores the development of ideas and theories about enormous floods, both gradual and catastrophic and their role in fashioning the Earth's surface through the centuries, from ancient myths and classical writings, to the Restoration and the Enlightenment. It also studies the late 18th and 19th centuries, when evidence was unearthed which suggested that there had been several grand cataclysms during the course of Earth's history, the most recent of which was identified with the Noachian cataclysm. It is discussed how in the 19th century a gradual inundation of continents was proposed, an idea which was taken up by the proponents of marine regression. The author concludes by studying the possibility of catastrophic flooding has again been raised.

  • Design and Technology: Resistant Materials to GCSE

    Contains all the information and background skills to support coursework projects and help with final year revision.

  • Foundations without Foundationalism: A Case for Second-Order Logic

    Stewart Shapiro presents a distinctive and persuasive view of the foundations of mathematics, arguing controversially that second-order logic has a central role to play in laying these foundations. To support this contention, he first gives a detailed development of second-order and higher-order logic, in a way that will be accessible to graduate students. He then demonstrates that second-order notions are prevalent in mathematics as practised, and that higher-order logic is needed to codify many contemporary mathematical concepts. Throughout, he emphasizes philosophical and historical issues that the subject raises. Foundations without Foundationalism is a key contribution both to philosophy of mathematics and to mathematical logic. 'In this excellent treatise Shapiro defends the use of second-order languages and logic as framework for mathematics. His coverage of the wide range of logical and philosophical topics required for understanding the controversy over second-order logic is thorough, clear, and persuasive. . . . Shapiro recognizes that it is unlikely that he has had the last word on these controversial philosophical subjects. Nevertheless, his book is certainly an excellent place to start work on them.' Michael D. Resnik, History and Philosophy of Logic

  • Handbook of Organizational Design: 1: Adapting Organizations to their Environments

    This comprehensive reference work summarizes and reinterprets research, and suggests applications got the design of organizations. Scholars and professionals, from the United States, Europe, and other countries, present the contributions to organization theory of management science, political science, economics, sociology, systems engineering, psychology, history, and anthropology. The chapters draw examples from a large number of diverse industries and governmental activities, and they discuss design alternatives which should prove valuable for planning, redesign, and the continuing operations of organizations. Volume 1 analyzes the effects of environments on organizations, and discusses the adaptive capabilities of organizations such as planning, forecasting, and innovation. Contributors examine the effects of change, particularly changes in technologies and in legal and political systems.

  • Oxford English Now: Teacher's Book and CD-ROM 1

    Each Teacher's Book provides straightforward, accessible notes for each double page spread in the Students' Book, enabling even non-specialist teachers to support and enhance student participation. The teacher's material on the CD-ROM contains worksheets which can be adapted to suit individual needs. Also on the CD-ROM are interactive activities for students practising crucial skills as well as flexible worksheet activities suitable for whole-class teaching, group work or independent work.

  • The Monteverdi Vespers of 1610: Music, Context, Performance

    This is a thorough-going study of Monteverdi's Vespers, the single most significant and most widely known musical print from before the time of J.S. Bach. The author examines Monteverdi's Vespers from multiple perspectives, combining his own research with all that is known and thought of the Vespers by other scholars. The historical origin as well as the musical and liturgical context of the Vespers are surveyed; similarly the controversial historiography of the Vespers in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is scrutinized and evaluated. A series of analytical chapters attempt to clarify Monteverdi's compositional process and the relationship between music and text in the light of recent research on modal and tonal aspects of early seventeenth century music. The final section is devoted to thirteen chapters investigating performance practice issues of the early seventeenth century and their application to the Vespers, including general and specific recommendations for performance where appropriate. The book concludes with a series of informational appendices, including the psalm cursus for Vespers of all major feasts in the liturgical calendar, texts, and structural outlines for the Vespers compositions based on a cantus firmus, an analytical discography, and bibliographies of seventeenth-century musical and theoretical sources.

  • Auctions Law and Practice

    This specialized work describes the law as it applies to auctions and sales. It should be of interest to anyone connected with the auctioneering world, including agricultural auctioneers, car auctioneers, property auctioneers and fine art auctioneers. This 2nd edition includes analysis of new English cases and the growing body of European and international law affecting auctions. It is both a practical reference and a serious academic study. It is intended for lawyers working for and advising auctioneers and valuers, auctioneers, art collectors, museum administrators and art dealers.

  • Oxford Reading Tree TreeTops inFact: Level 18: The Misadventures of Charles Darwin

    Charles Darwin is one of the most important figures of modern science, but he was also a seasick sailor and a stinky schoolboy! Find out about his misadventures as well as his theories in this funny biography. TreeTops inFact is a non-fiction series that aims to engage children in reading for pleasure as powerfully as fiction does. The variety of topics means there are books to interest every child in this compelling series. The series is written by top children's authors and subject experts. The books are carefully levelled, making it easy to match every child to the right book.

  • Multi-Party Actions

    This is the first practitioner's work to deal in detail with the new rule (19.III) on Group Litigation Orders under the Civil Procedure Rules. Due to come into effect in mid-2000, it introduces for the first time specific provisions dealing with the procedural aspects of managing multi-party actions. The book provides exhaustive analysis of the new rule and relates it to the extensive experience which has been gained from the major multi-party actions of recent years, such as those relating to Opren, Benzodiazepine tranquilizers, the Sellafield radiation claims, the Lloyd's litigation, Norplant, the British Coal Vibration White Finger litigation and the British Coal respiratory disease litigation. The book includes fifteen case studies on these and other major cases, written by the practitioners involved and providing a major factual resource for all tort lawyers. The details of the matters in issue in these cases and their resolution have not previously been easily accessible, nor systematically analysed. Also included are chapters contributed by leading lawyers from the US, Canada, and Australia on their class action rules, which enables useful comparisons to be made on points both of principle and practice. Written by a leading expert in the field, the book provides a uniquely detailed analysis of multi-party actions and their management.

  • Voluntary Euthanasia and the Common Law

    Margaret Otlowski tackles the complex and controversial issue of active voluntary euthanasia and argues convincingly for a reform of the criminal law prohibition in common law jurisdictions. Otlowski critically examines the strict legal situation on euthanasia, which treats medically assisted dying as murder, and contrasts it with the position in practice. By highlighting the leniency shown to the few doctors who have actually been prosecuted for assisting their patients to die, she points to the discrepancy between the law and medical practice and argues for reform. The many arguments raised in the euthanasia debate are considered, as are steps taken towards reform in the UK, USA, Canada, and the Netherlands (where active euthanasia in now openly practised).

  • Ambrose of Milan and the End of the Arian-Nicene Conflicts

    This is a new and provocative study re-evaluating the history of the struggle between orthodoxy and heresy in the early church. Dr Williams argues that the traditional picture of Nicene ascendancy in the western church from 350 - 381 is substantially misleading, and in particular that the conventional portrait of Ambrose of Milan as one who rapidly and easily overpowered his "Arian" opponents is a fictional product derived from idealized accounts of the fifth century. Sources illustrating the struggle between the orthodox pro-Nicenes and "Arians" or Homoians, in the fourth century reveal that Latin "Arianism" was not the lifeless and theologically alien system that historians of the last century would have us believe. Dr Williams shows that the majority of churches in the West had little practical use for the Nicene creed until the end of the 350s - over twenty five years after it was first issued under Constantine - and that the ultimate triumph of the Nicene faith was not as inevitable as it has been assumed. Ambrose himself was seriously harrassed by sustained attacks from "Arians" in Milan for the first decade of his episcopate, and his early career demonstrates the severity of the religious conflict which embroiled the western churches,especially in North Italy. Only after an intense and uncertain decade did Ambrose finally prevail in Milan once the Nicene form of faith was embraced by the Roman empire through imperial legislation and "Arianism" was outlawed as heresy. This is an innovative and challenging book full of illumination new insights on the social, political, and theological entanglements ofthe early church.

  • Views into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence

    The most famous challenge to the aims of cognitive science and artificial intelligence is the philosopher John Searle's 1980 'Chinese Room' argument. Searle argued that the fact that machines can be devised to respond to input with the same output that a mind would give does not mean that mind and machine are doing the same thing: for the latter lacks understanding. Nineteen specially written essays by leading scientists and philosophers assess, renew, and respond to this crucial challenge--fascinating reading for anyone interested in minds and computers.

  • Read Write Inc. Spelling: Practice Book 5 Pack of 5

    A new edition of the highly successful and proven Read Write Inc. Spelling programme. This has been specially developed for the new curriculum by leading primary literacy expert Ruth Miskin and lead author Janey Pursglove. The programme consists of an integral online software subscription, in which spelling rules are introduced and taught by animated characters in an exciting fantasy world; Practice Books with a range of comprehensive, engaging activities; Log Books for children to record individual progress; and a Teaching Handbook with clear, structured support for each lesson. Online practice tests and consolidation sessions will create confident, proficient spellers and prepare every child for the spelling aspect of the Year 6 English Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test. This pack contains five copies of Read Write Inc. Spelling Practice Book 5.

  • The General Principles of Ec Law

    One of the main ways in which the European Court of Justice has influenced the development of the Community legal order is through the elaboration of unwritten general principles of law derived from the fundamental values underlying the national legal systems. This book provides a detailed and systematic account of the general principles as applied by the European Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance. It highlights the various functions fulfilled by the general principles, the diverse contexts in which they are employed, and the varying degrees of judicial scrutiny that they entail. Tridimas focuses on principles such as equality, proportionality, fundamental rights and the right to a hearing. This book also analyses the liability of Member States for breaches of Community Law. It is designed for students, academics and practitioners interested in the wider areas of European law and judicial review. This book is part of the Oxford EC Law Library. The aim of this series is to publish important and original studies of the various branches of European Community Law. Each work provides a clear, concise, and original critical exposition of the law in its social, economic, and political context, at a level which will interest the advanced student, the practitioner, the academic, and government and Community officials.

  • Twenty First Century Science GCSE Chemistry Online Student Book

    The Twenty First Century Science GCSE Chemistry Online Student Book is a digital version of the Student Book that can be accessed any time, anywhere and on a range of devices. Students can use the bank of annotation tools to make notes and personalize their book. Oxford's Twenty First Century Science is a complete match to the 2011 OCR Twenty First Century Sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades. The Twenty First Century Science GCSE Chemistry Student Book develops students' scientific knowledge and understanding, and helps create lively and relevant science lessons.

  • European Capital Markets with a Single Currency

    One of the greatest events in financial history will occur in 1999: the birth of the euro and the emergence of a unified European capital market. This is the first academic text to consider the medium term impact of a single currency on these markets. It tackles several key questions: Once the euro is in place, what is likely to change in European capital markets? How is the structure of the bond, equity, and derivative markets going to be affected? Are these markets going to be integrated? Is the disappearence of exchange rate uncertainty going to affect risk premium on the equity and corporate debt markets? Is the euro going to compete with the US dollar, and does this matter? Is the introduction of the euro likely to change the sources of competitive advantages of financial institutions? What are going to be the key factors for success in the industry? The European Capital Markets Institute commissioned a report to address these issues. Drawn from various countries and fields of research - banking, economics, and finance - the contributors analyse the structural effects of the introduction of euro on European capital markets.

  • Pythagoras Revived: Mathematics And Philosophy in Late Antiquity

    The Pythagorean idea that numbers are the key to understanding reality inspired philosophers in late Antiquity (4th and 5th centuries A.D.) to develop theories in physics and metaphysics based on mathematical models. This book draws on some newly discovered evidence, including fragments of Iamblichus's On Pythagoreanism, to examine these early theories and trace their influence on later Neoplatonists (particularly Proclus and Syrianus) and on medieval and early modern philosophy.

  • Oxford Student Texts: Robert Frost: Selected Poems

    One of a series designed to provide a new, accessible approach to the works of great poets and playwrights. Each text includes general notes on the text; discussion of themes, issues and context; and suggestions for further reading.

  • Roman Monody, Cantata and Opera from the Circles around Cardinal Montalto: Volume 1: Text; Volume 2: Music

    The subject of this book arises from the author's discovery or identification of ten important manuscripts of early seventeenth-century Italian solo song (monody) previously unexplored by modern scholars. Almost by coincidence, the author's research shows that all ten manuscripts preserve portions of Roman repertoire largely by composers associated with the most significant music patron of the period, Alessandro Peretti, Cardinal montalto. Through extensive archival documentation, Cardinal Montalto's patronage of music is set in the broader context of the network of political, economic, and cultural clientela to which Montalto belonged. Hill documents new explanations of the origin of monody, focusing on the roles of Naples and rome and their unwritten traditions. A thorough analysis of the repertoire itself reveals and explains distinct subgenres of monody that have not previously been distinguished. Music for Battista Guarini's last stage work and for the first Roman opera brought forth. Thus, identified, examined, analysed and placed in context, this repertoire and its genesis call forth a fundamental revision of existing narratives and explanations of the early Baroque vocal music in Rome and the rise of the Italian chamber cantata, next to opera, the most significant musical genre of the seventeenth century.

  • Papal Music and Musicians in Late Medieval and Renaissance Rome

    This book collects twelve of the papers given at a conference held at the Library of Congress, Washington D.C., on 1-3 April 1993, in conjunction with the exhibition `Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library and Renaissance Culture'. A group of distinguished scholars considered music in medieval and Renaissance Rome. The volume presents a series of wide-ranging and original treatments of music written for and performed in the papal court from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century. New discoveries are offered which force a radical reevaluation of the Italian papal court as a musical centre during the Great Schism. A series of motets for various popes are subject to close analysis. New interpretations and information are offered concerning the repertory of the papal chapel in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the institutional life of the papal singers, and the individual biographies of singers and composers. Thought-provoking, even controversial, evaluations of the music of composers connected with, or thought to be connected with, Rome and the papal court, such as Ninot le Petit, Josquin, and Palestrina round out the volume.

  • The Hague Convention on International Child Abduction

    The Hague Child Abduction Convention has proved to be one of the most widely ratified treaties ever agreed at the Hague Conference on Private International Law. This book provides a much needed systematic analysis of the way in which the Convention has been applied in England and Scotland, with extensive reference to the case law of Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand and the United States. All the key provisions and terms of the Convention are thoroughly explored. The book also provides broader insights into the role of the Hague Conference and the use of habitual residence as a correcting factor. The aim of the Oxford Monographs in Private International Law series, edited by Peter Carter QC, is to publish works of quality and originality in a number of important areas of private international law. The series in intended for both scholarly and practitioner readers.

  • Rollercoasters: London Eye Mystery Reader

    Rollercoasters novels are known for the wide selection of fiction, appealing to girls, boys and mixed-ability classes. The London Eye Mystery is written in an accessible and engaging style by talented author Siobhan Dowd.Ted and Kat watch their cousin Salim get on board the London Eye. But after half an hour it lands and everyone troops off - no Salim. Where could he have gone? How on earth could he have disappeared? Ted and his older sister, Kat, start to investigate the mystery. Ultimately it comes down to Ted to find the key to the mystery.

  • Explaining and Understanding International Relations

    Are the workings of the international world to be explained scientifically, or are they to be understood through their inward meaning? In Explaining and Understanding International Relations philosopher Martin Hollis and international relations scholar Steve Smith join forces to analyse the dominant theories of international relations and to examine the philosophical issues underlying them. The book has three parts. In the first the authors review the growth of the discipline since 1918, pose the 'level of analysis' problem of whether to account for a sytem in terms of its units or vice versa, and contrast the demand of scientific method with those of interpretative understanding. In the second they apply the contrast to four factors often cited in accounting for international behaviour - the international system, the state, bureaucracies, and decision-making individuals. Rival accounts of the games nations play are offered in readiness for the final part, where the authors propose a theoretical agenda, air their differences, and invite readers to take sides. By tackling deep theoretical issues with lucidity and verve this book will excite debate among theorists and students of international relations while also engaging thought about the philosophical character of the social sciences.

  • Reflections on Sociology and Theology

    Reflections on Sociology and Theology is a collection of essays by a distinguished sociologist exploring the relationship between sociology and religious issues. After laying out the main themes to be explored, David Martin divides the essays into three sections: Part I: Theoretical Considerations have a strong methodological content, and examine the nature of sociology and theology, and their inter-relationship. Part II: Practical Issues discusses sociological and practical issues of interest to theologians, such as peace studies, Christian Unity, and the nature of religious comment on politics. Part III: Addresses to Clergy and to Teachers of Sociology divides into two parts: the first address is directed against the notion of collective guilt as propagated by both religious and secular sources. The second, aimed at the clergy, sets out the empirical situation of western Christianity and suggests a socio-theological response. David Martin presents an elegant, compelling argument that religion and sociology can - and should - co-exist.

  • Fairness in International Law and Institutions

    This book is based on Professor Franck's highly acclaimed Hague Academy General Course. In it he offers a compelling view of the future of international legal reasoning and legal theory. The author offers a critical analysis of the prescriptive norms and institutions of modern international law and argues that international law has the capacity to advance, in practice, the abstract social values shared by the community of states and persons. This book is both thought-provoking and original and as such is essential reading for students of international law and legal theory.

  • The Demographic Transition: Stages, Patterns, and Economic Implications

    This book examines the basic mechanisms behind the modernization of demographic behaviour. The author has marshalled an impressive amount of statistical material relating to 67 countries, half of them less developed, and covering the period 1720-1984. The whole sweep of western demographic experience is dealt with comprehensively and impartially, and though technically sophisticated, the book also covers issues of interpretation and analysis. The author shows how mortality decrease necessarily precedes fertility decline and how so-called exceptions are simply false exceptions; how the decline of fertility is dependent on important and manifold social transformations; and reveals the strong connections between international migration and the course of demographic transition. Chesnais demonstrates that less developed countries are following the same general patterns as MDCs and argues that the theory of demographic transition must include the effect of population changes on the economic progress of society.

  • The Life of Edvard Benes, 1884-1948: Czechoslovakia in Peace and War

    Edvard Benes was a key figure in the history of Czechoslovakia in the first three decades of her existence. He helped Thomas Masaryk to found the state in World War I; and in the 1920s he worked on foreign policy and was briefly prime minister before being elected president in 1935. His presidency saw the loss of the Sudetenland at Munich in 1938, followed by the German occupation in 1939, which forced Benes to form a London-based government-in-exile for the duration of the war. He lived to see a brief period of restored independence (1945-48), and died in 1948, in the year when Czechoslovakia became another satellite state in Stalin's Soviet Union. Benes was an awkwardly successful politician, with a controversial reputation at home and abroad. His loyalty to the first Czech President, Masaryk, was absolute. In return, Masaryk supported Benes' political ambitions, and between them, the two men shaped the domestic and foreign policies of the new state and the ways in which it was run. Benes regarded himself as having been supremely successful in World War I and during the peace conference. After such a surfeit of personal and political success, he never again recovered his composure. He was a fair-weather politician, at his best when things were going well for him. Munich was a blow which deeply upset him, though he staged a remarkable come-back for himself and Czechoslovakia in World War II. After the conclusion of the treaty with Moscow in 1943, Benes briefly recovered his self-confident optimism, only to lose it gradually in the subsequent years. President of a country he'd helped to create, Benes was finally broken by the stresses imposed on him by international circumstances in a central Europe dominated first by Hitler and then by Stalin. He died a disappointed, broken man in 1948.

  • Oxford IB Diploma Programme: Mathematics Higher Level: Statistics Course Companion

    Written by experienced IB workshop leaders and curriculum developers, this book covers all the course content and essential practice needed for success in the Statistics Option for Higher Level. Enabling a truly IB approach to mathematics, real-world context is thoroughly blended with mathematical applications, supporting deep understanding and instilling confident mathematical thinking skills. Exam support is integrated, building assessment potential. Directly linked to the Oxford Higher Level Course Book, naturally extending learning Drive a truly IB approach to mathematics, helping learners connect mathematical theory with the world around them The most comprehensive, accurately matched to the most recent syllabus, written by experienced workshop leaders Build essential mathematical skills with extensive practice enabling confident skills-development Cement assessment potential, with examiner guidance and exam questions driving confidence in every topic Complete worked solutions included online About the series: The only DP resources developed directly with the IB, the Oxford IB Course Books are the most comprehensive core resources to support learners through their study. Fully incorporating the learner profile, resources are assessed by consulting experts in international-mindedness and TOK to ensure these crucial components are deeply embedded into learning.

  • The Pope's Men: The Papal Civil Service in the Renaissance

    This is a study of papal bureaucracy during the Renaissance, a time when the Pope was among the most powerful of European rulers. The men who ran the Renaissance Papacy were an important and talented group, including among their number luminaries of Italian humanist literature and scholarship, distinguished church leaders, and statesmen of far-reaching influence. Based on extensive research in Italian archives, The Pope's Men explores the bureaucracy of an early modern state, and the patronage network which permeated and in many ways controlled it. Peter Partner sets the ruling elite of the Renaissance Papacy in its social and political context, and analyses its composition and the ways it operated. He shows the struggle for power in Rome among the competing Italian regions and families. This is a fascinating and scholarly study of men who could be scholars, poets, thinkers, and patrons of the arts, as well as servants of a state of great spiritual and temporal power.

  • A History of British Trade Unions since 1889: Volume III: 1934-1951

    This is the third and final volume in the authoritative History of the British Trade Unions since 1889. It covers the years between 1934 and 1951. These years saw gradual recovery from the world-wide economic depression, the Second World War, and its aftermath of austerity and development. It was a period of great achievement for the labour movement. Hugh Armstrong Clegg traces the story of the trade unions, their policies, their leaders, and their relations with government. Professor Clegg carefully sets his study against the economic and political background of the period, and provides a wealth of valuable detail. This is a comprehensive and dispassionate account by a leading authority on British trade unions and their history, which will be an important source for all historians of the labour movement in Britain.

  • Project X Origins: Lime Book Band, Oxford Level 11: Underground: Ant Meets the Queen

    Project X Origins is a ground-breaking guided reading programme for the whole school. Action-packed stories, fascinating non-fiction and comprehensive guided reading support meet the needs of children at every stage of their reading development. Max, Cat and Ant explore an ants' nest in Ant Meets the Queen, but they suddenly find themselves in danger when Ant is carried off by the worker ants to meet the queen. Each book contains inside cover notes that highlight challenge words, prompt questions and a range of follow-up activities to support children in their reading.

  • Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals

    The early Eucharist has usually been seen as sacramental eating of token bread and wine in careful or even slavish imitation of Jesus and his earliest disciples. In fact the evidence suggests great diversity in its conduct, including the use of foods, in the first few hundred years. Eucharistic meals involving cheese, milk, salt, oil, and vegetables are attested, and some have argued that even fish was used. The most significant exception to using bread and wine, however, was a `bread-and-water' Christian meal, an ancient ascetic form of the Eucharist. This tradition also involved rejection of meat from general diet, and reflected the concern of dissident communities to avoid the cuisine - meat and wine - characteristic of pagan sacrifice. This study describes and discusses these practices fully for the first time, and provides important new insights into the liturgical and social history of early Christianity.

  • The Age of Regulatory Reform

    The 1970s witnessed a world-wide liberalization of economic markets. This collection of papers not only describes the major changes and sets out the underlying forces leading to them, but also offers analysis of the consequences of reform. The papers embrace national studies (ie the USA, Canada, Australia and the UK) and sectoral studies (relating to aviation, trucking, the bus industry, energy, international and domestic finance and telecommunications). The contents of the book should be of interest not only to academics and policy makers, but also to those involved in the running of industry.

  • Wrapping Culture: Politeness, Presentation, and Power in Japan and Other Societies

    Wrapping Culture is concerned with problems of intercultural communication and the possibilities for misinterpretation of the familiar in an unfamiliar context. Starting with an examination of gift-wrapping, Joy Hendry demonstrates how our expectations are often influenced by cultural factors which may blind us to an appreciation of underlying intent. She then extends this approach to the study of polite language as the wrapping of thoughts and intentions, garments as body wrappings, constructions and gardens as wrapping of space, and even to the ways in which people may be wrapped in seating arrangements, or meetings and drinking customs may be constrained by temporal versions of wrapping. Throughout the book, Dr Hendry considers ways in which groups of people use such symbolic forms to impress and manipulate one another, and points out a Western tendency to underestimate such non-verbal communication, or reject it as mere decoration. The ideas she presents should be valid in any intercultural encounter and demonstrate that Japanese culture, so often thought of as a special case, can supply a model through which we can formulate general theories about human behaviour.

  • Essays on Contract

    P.S. Atiyah is one of the leading theorists in the common law world in the field of contract, and this book brings together many of his essays published over the last twenty years. They have been revised and in some cases rewritten, and the author has also taken the opportunity to answer criticisms previously made of his views. The essays are all concerned with the theory and foundation of contractual liability.

  • International Management of Hazardous Wastes: The Basel Convention and Related Legal Rules

    The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal celebrates its tenth anniversary in 1999. As the only treaty addressing international transfer and environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes at the global level, the Basel Convention has gained universal recognition as the key legal instrument in this field. The anniversary presents an opportunity to assess its evolution , and to consider challenges for the future. Other existing relevant legal instruments have also evolved further, and new ones have been adopted. This book analyses the relationship of the Basel Convention with other pertinent legal rules, and proposes means to form a comprehensive global regulatory regime for hazardous waste management on the basis of the Convention. Since the book was first published, a number of important developments have taken place. Chief among these is the adoption of an amendment to the Basel Convention which provides for a ban on exports of hazardous wastes from OECD to non OECD countries. A tendency to impose similar restrictions can also be observed in other relevant legal instruments. The introduction to this book has therefore been revised by way of a substantial new preface to give an overview of the important developments since 1994, and their impact on the overall analysis.

  • Competitiveness and Cohesion in EU Policies

    Distribution of resources and opportunity has always been an important factor in European integration. As new and economically weaker join the EU in the future, this will become even more crucial. The reduction of inequalities occupies a prominent place on the European political agenda. This volume examines the cohesion impact of all of the main EU policies. Areas covered include the single market, external trade policy, competition and enterprise policies, research and technological development, the common agricultural policy, transport policy, telecommunications policy, social and employment policy, and structural policies. Two common themes emerge from the investigations. The first is the great complexity in the cause and effect relationships that exist between EU policy interventions and their final impact on the ground in different countries and regions, as well as on social groups. The second is the classical conflict that often exists between competitiveness and cohesion, or between efficiency and equity. This is the first comprehensive and thorough assessment of the cohesion impact of EU policies. It will be invaluable for policy advisers, academics and advanced students.

  • Resources, Deprivation, and Poverty

    Poverty alleviation is a central aim of economic and social policy, and yet there is no consensus about what poverty means or how it is best measured. Often, the households below an income poverty line are counted as poor, but there may be no firm basis for concentrating on that particular income level. There may also be wide variations among the households below any income poverty line in terms of their actual living standards. This book explores what poverty means in developed countries, and shows that understanding and measuring it requires widening the focus beyond curent income. By using broader measures of resources and information on living patterns and concrete indicators of deprivation, it shows how those who are effectively excluded from participation in society due to a lack of resources can be more accurately identified, and the processes producing such exclusion better understood. The core issue of this book is how to define and measure poverty in relatively rich countries in a way which is valid, meaningful in the context, and valuable for policy-making. Extensive tables of data from a specially designed survey of a large representative sample of Irish households are used to illustrate this issue.

  • Reason's Nearest Kin: Philosophies of Arithmetic from Kant to Carnap

    How do we account for the truth of arithmetic? And if it does not depend for its truth on the way the world is, what constrains the world to conform to arithmetic? Reason's Nearest Kin is a critical examination of the astonishing progress made towards answering these questions from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. In the space of fifty years Frege, Dedekind, Russell, Wittgenstein, Ramsey, Hilbert, and Carnap developed accounts of the content of arithmetic that were brilliantly original both technically and philosophically. Michael Potter's innovative study presents them all as finding that content in various aspects of the complex linkage between experience, language, thought, and the world. Potter's reading places them all in Kant's shadow since it was his attempt to ground arithmetic in the spatio-temporal structure of reality that they were reacting against; but it places us in Godel's shadow since his incompleteness theorems supply us with a measure of the richness of the content they were trying to explain. This stimulating reassessment of some of the classic texts in the philosophy of mathematics reveals many unexpected connections and illuminating comparisons, and offers a wealth of ideas for future work in the subject.

  • Verdi in Performance

    The number of Verdi's works in the current repertories of the world's opera houses is greater than at any time since the composer's death a century ago. Yet, those responsible for staging and performing these works are faced with many difficult decisions, not least of which is how to make the operas relevant to modern audiences while respecting the composer's intentions. First written for an international conference at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, these lively and stimulating essays by leading Verdi scholars, music and stage practitioners reflect current thinking on matters such as 'authentic' staging, performance practice, Verdi's approach to the ballet, and the role of critical editions. With a chronology of the composer's life and times and also a list of his works, this anthology is essential reading for anyone interested in the performance of Verdi's operas in the new millennium.

  • The Oxford History of the Laws of England Volume II: 871-1216

    This volume in the landmark Oxford History of the Laws of England series, spans three centuries that encompassed the tumultuous years of the Norman conquest, and during which the common law as we know it today began to emerge. The first full-length treatment of all aspects of the early development of the English common law in a century, featuring extensive research into the original sources that bring the era to life, and providing an interpretative account, a detailed subject analysis, and fascinating glimpses into medieval disputes. Starting with King Alfred (871-899), this book examines the particular contributions of the Anglo-Saxon period to the development of English law, including the development of a powerful machinery of royal government, significant aspects of a long-lasting court structure, and important elements of law relating to theft and violence. Until the reign of King Stephen (1135-54), these Anglo-Saxon contributions were maintained by the Norman rulers, whilst the Conquest of 1066 led to the development of key aspects of landholding that were to have a continuing effect on the emerging common law. The Angevin period saw the establishment of more routine royal administration of justice, closer links between central government and individuals in the localities, and growing bureaucratization. Finally, the later twelfth and earlier thirteenth century saw influential changes in legal expertise. The book concludes with the rebellion against King John in 1215 and the production of the Magna Carta. Laying out in exhaustive detail the origins of the English common law through the ninth to the early thirteenth centuries, this book will be essential reading for all legal historians and a vital work of reference for academics, students, and practitioners.

  • Law in Environmental Decision-Making: National, European, and International Perspectives

    This collection of essays adopts a distinctive approach to environmental legal issues. The contributors represent a variety of specialisations, ranging from public law to international law and international relations. Some essays are written from within a UK domestic law perspective, but others adopt a broadly comparative, supra-national or international approach. The contributors do not assume that problems and solutions in 'environmental law' should be perceived as wholly distinct from the preoccupations of existing legal specialisms. New and proposed legal responses inevitably build on or employ established legal techniques, rather than starting completely afresh. The contributors do however, regard environmental problems as posing or at least illuminating significant challenges to received patterns of legal thought. In the light of this, the contributors therefore investigate aspects of law's influnce in environmental decision-making, and consider whether legal institutions and forms of thought can respond adequately to the challenge of environmental change.

  • Inefficient Markets: An Introduction to Behavioural Finance

    The efficient markets hypothesis has been the central proposition in finance for nearly thirty years. It states that securities prices in financial markets must equal fundamental values, either because all investors are rational or because arbitrage eliminates pricing anomalies. This book describes an alternative approach to the study of financial markets: behavioral finance. This approach starts with an observation that the assumptions of investor rationality and perfect arbitrage are overwhelmingly contradicted by both psychological and institutional evidence. In actual financial markets, less than fully rational investors trade against arbitrageurs whose resources are limited by risk aversion, short horizons, and agency problems. The book presents and empirically evaluates models of such inefficient markets. Behavioral finance models both explain the available financial data better than does the efficient markets hypothesis and generate new empirical predictions. These models can account for such anomalies as the superior performance of value stocks, the closed end fund puzzle, the high returns on stocks included in market indices, the persistence of stock price bubbles, and even the collapse of several well-known hedge funds in 1998. By summarizing and expanding the research in behavioral finance, the book builds a new theoretical and empirical foundation for the economic analysis of real-world markets.

  • EC Agricultural Law

    While much has been written on the Common Agricultural Policy from the perspectives of political science and agricultural economics, it is as true now as it was in 1988 when the first edition appeared to say that little has been written in English on the specifically legal issues which arise from the CAP. Despite this apparent neglect, the CAP lay behind many of the institutional developments in the EC, as well as its system of finance, and it is also an area where the introduction of the euro has had a particularly marked effect. Agricultural goods formed the first single market in the EC, and agricultural legislation forms the background to much of the European Court's case-law on the relationship between EC law and national law, and it is also within this context that the Court has developed (and is developing) many of the general principles of EC law. Furthermore, the CAP is an area which has more recently been influenced by broader international agreements, notably the WTO Agreement on Agriculture, but it is also an area in which EC policy has in fact been found to conflict with WTO law, notably with regard to the market in bananas, and with regard to the prohibition on hormones in beef. The aim of this book is to explore the legal issues arising from the CAP at a time when it has undergone a major change of emphasis from product support to producer support, and to set out the principles underlying what remains a complex web of legislation.

  • Aesthetics: Volume 1

    In his Aesthetics Hegel gives full expression to his seminal theory of art. He surveys the history of art from ancient India, Egypt, and Greece through to the Romantic movement of his own time, criticizes major works, and probes their meaning and significance; his rich array of examples gives broad scope for his judgement and makes vivid his exposition of his theory. The substantial Introduction is Hegel's best exposition of his general philosophy of art, and provides the ideal way into his Aesthetics. In Part I he considers the general nature of art: he distinguishes art, as a spiritual experience, from religion and philosophy; he discusses the beauty of art and differentiates it from the beauty of nature; and he examines artistic genius and originality. Part II provides a sort of history of art, divded into three periods called Symbolic (India, Persia, Egypt), Classical (Greece), and Romantic (medieval and post-medieval up to the end of the eighteenth century). Part III deals individually with architecture, scuplture, painting, music, and literature.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Hamlet

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. Hamlet is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes.

  • Derivations and Constraints in Phonology

    For the first time in over thirty years a revolution is happening in phonology, with the advent of constraint-based approaches which directly oppose the rule-and-derivation tradition of mainstream Generative Phonology. The success of Optimality Theory and the rapidity of its spread since its official launch in 1993 is remarkable even by the general standards of most post-1950s linguistics. Many phonologists appear to have been caught up in the whirlwind, as witnessed in the substance of many current working papers and conferences the world over, and the recent contents of well-established journals. Two questions naturally arise: What is Optimality Theory about? In what way is Optimality Theory superior to traditional theory, if indeed it is? In this book, leading specialists and active researchers address these issues directly, and focus deliberately on the evaluation of the two competing approaches rather than on simple displays of their applicability to limited bodies of data.

  • English Pronunciation in the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Spence's 'Grand Repository of the English Language'

    Thomas Spence (1750-1814) was a native of Newcastle upon Tyne who is best known for his political writings, and more particularly for his radical `Plan' for social reform involving common ownership of the land. One hitherto neglected aspect of Spence's Plan was his proposal to extend the benefits of reading and of `correct' pronunciation to the lower classes by means of a phonetic script of his own devising, first set out and used in Spence's Grand Repository of the English Language (1775). The Grand Repository was one of many English pronouncing dictionaries produced in the late eighteenth century to satisfy the growing demands for a clear guide to `correct' pronunciation. It differs from its contemporaries firstly in that it was intended primarily for the lower classes, and secondly in that it is the only eighteenth-century pronouncing dictionary of English to use a truly `phonetic' script in the sense of one sound = one symbol. In this fascinating and unique account, Beal pays particular attention to the actual pronunciations advocated by Spence and his contemporaries with a view to reconstructing what was felt to be `correct' pronunciation in eighteenth-century Britain. With broad appeal to linguists and historians alike, this study highlights the importance of pronouncing dictionaries as a resource for the historical phonologist, and provides a valuable addition to the limited body of knowledge on eighteenth-century pronunciation.

  • The Quality of Life (WIDER Studies in Development Economics)

    The idea of the quality of life is central to economic and social assessment and also to public policy, social legislation, and community programs. However, the commonly used indicators of economic success such as per capita income are at best crude measures of the quality of life. There is a strong need for a systematic exploration of the content, reach, and relevance of the concept of the quality of life, and ways of making it concrete and usable. In this collection of essays, some leading economists and philosophers rise to that challenge and provide a wide-ranging investigation. The essays include examinations of recent attempts to replace incomes and utilities by the concept of capability and also an exploration of the classic Aristotelian accounts of human flourishing, which provide insights into capability-based assessment of the quality of life. Some underlying methodological problems are also examined, including cultural relativism and utility as a measure of advantage. Possibilities of application are discussed in the context of important practical problems, such as correcting gender-based inequalities, determining medical priorities, and promoting living standards. The overall result is a major contribution to the understanding and use of the idea of the quality of life.

  • Product Liability

    Product Liability explains the circumstances in which manufacturers, retailers and others may be held liable to compensate persons who are injured, or who incur financial loss, when the products which they manufacture or sell are defective or not fit for their purpose. The text contains detailed discussion of relevant aspects of the law of negligence and of the strict liability provisions of the Consumer Protection Act 1987 and the E.C. Directive on liability for defective products on which the Act is based. In any such case, the defect may originate in the production process; be one of design; or be grounded on an alleged failure to issue an adequate warning or directions for safe use. Businesses are increasingly concerned with the public relations implications of such product defects and so this book provides all the necessary information for practitioners to achieve fast, effective solutions for their clients. Although the majority of cases involve pharmaceuticals and medical devices, in recent English cases the allegedly defective products have been as diverse as a child's buggy, an All Terrain Vehicle, and even a coffee cup. Many cases are brought as group actions, and the book examines the rights of those who are injured by defective products. This major text provides comprehensive coverage of the law as it has developed in the UK, and also contains detailed discussion of case law from other jurisdictions including the USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, France and Germany. Readers will welcome this comparative approach which is complemented by a detailed and authoritative discussion of issues which arise in transnational litigation involving problems of jurisdiction and the choice of laws. A chapter with detailed coverage of the conflict of laws has been contributed by Professor Jonathan Harris, University of Birmingham.

  • Dalcroze Today: An Education through and into Music

    This is an English translation of La Rhythmique Jaques-Dalcroze by Marie-Laure Bachmann, first published in Switzerland in 1984. The book was commissioned by the Institut Jaques-Dalcroze in Geneva and is the first to give a comprehensive account of the work and ideas of Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, 1865-1950, educational pioneer, musician, and creative artist. With its detailed and copious references to archive material the book gives us a fascinating insight into the inception and development of Jaques-Dalcroze's work, from the end of the last century up to the present day. It traces his growing ideas on the use of movement and of improvisation in the process of music learning, and the application of these ideas to the vital experiencing of musical material, both for children and adults. Dalcroze's work begins with the primacy of individual response, the right of all to develop their individual minds through interpretative gesture; this, among other outcomes, enables a process of stringent self-monitoring in the development of the musical ear. The experience of overt physical response, which may involve the whole body, is seen to take precedence in the learning process, unequivocally and at all ages, over information gathering and problem solving. The principles of Jaques-Dalcroze are salutary and more relevant now than ever before. Indeed, many areas of musical activity would by enriched by an understanding application of his ideas, for example pre-instrumental learning, the training of young instrumentalists, performing, music therapy, and of course, the whole domain of music education.

  • Social Mobility and Class Structure in Modern Britain

    Originally published in 1980, but out of print for some time, this book is now again available.

  • MyMaths for Key Stage 3: Student Book 3B

    MyMaths for Key Stage 3 is the brand new course that works with MyMaths to fully deliver the new curriculum, allowing you to finally replace your tired old Framework materials. With a truly differentiated structure so that all abilities can access the new curriculum, the course is underpinned by a 'learn it once and learn it well' philosophy that enables coherent teaching and learning. All resources are written by teachers for teachers, so you can be confident that it will work practically in the classroom. This student book is for middle ability students nearing the end of Key Stage 3, and allows them to prepare for GCSE. Its emphasis on visible progression and visual engagement, combined with a focus on fluency, reasoning and problem-solving, makes this book an essential resource in your Key Stage 3 maths delivery. The innovative features My Summary, My Review, My Practice and My Assessment all provide a clear emphasis on students' appreciation of their own attainment, and engaging case studies show how maths is relevant to the students' world. With the unique direct links throughout to the MyMaths site, this book will help to bring maths alive for your average ability students.

  • Walton's Lives: Conformist Commemorations and the Rise of Biography

    This book argues that Walton's practice, in his Lives, was crucial in shaping modern expectations of biography: how it should be organised, how it should treat evidence, how seriously it should regard narrative coherence, and most particularly in the modern expectation of an intimate relationship between author, reader, and subject. Dr Martin considers Walton's biographical ethics in relation to the tributary genres influencing him as they emerged from post-Reformation commendatory practice after 1546, most particularly classical funeral oratory and the emergent Protestant funeral sermon, the Plutarchan parallel, the didactic Character, martyrological narrative, and finally Walton's direct model, the exemplary biographical commemoration of the conformist minister. Dr Martin considers how Walton develops his literary inheritance, arguing that his lay status required him to initiate a different kind of mediation between reader and subject from the straightforwardly imitative. Walton presents himself as a channel for the words and acts of an authoritative subject, a preference implicitly followed both in his stress on personal connections with his subjects (which spectacularly particularizes his portraits) and in his very extensive use of their own writings. His Lives attempt posthumous autobiography. They are also considered as prominent and accomplished examples of the many politically intended narratives which exploit a consensual interpretation of private virtue to support, without having to argue for, a sectarian interpretation of public rectitude.

  • Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume VI: 1988

    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is an annual publication which includes original articles, some of substantial length, on a wide range of topics in ancient philosophy, and review articles of major books. Contributors include Mary Margaret Mackenzie, Aryeh Finkelberg, Charles H. Kahn, Christopher Shields, Paul Woodruff, Christopher Gill, Rosalind Hursthouse, G.E.R Lloyd, Henry Maconi, and David Bostock.

  • Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium 1996: World Inventories, Capabilities and Policies

    Plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) are the basic materials used in nuclear weapons. Plutonium also plays an important part in the generation of nuclear electricity. Knowing how much plutonium and HEU exist, where and in which form is vital for international security and nuclear commerce. Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium 1996 is a thorough revision of the World Inventory of Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium 1992. It provides a rigorous and comprehensive assessment of the amounts of plutonium and HEU in military and civilian programmes, in nuclear and non-nuclear weapon states, and in countries seeking to acquire nuclear weapons. The capabilities that exist for producing these materials around the world are examined in depth, as are the policy issues raised by them. Containing much new information, it is indispensable to all those concerned with the great contemporary issues in international nuclear relations: arms reductions in the nuclear weapon states, nuclear proliferation, nuclear smuggling, the roles of plutonium and enriched uranium in the nuclear fuel-cycle, and the disposition of surplus weapon material.

  • Yearbook of Copyright and Media Law: Volume V, 2000

    Up to date and informative, the Yearbook of Copyright and Media Law is now well-established as a key source of information and analysis for all copyright, media and entertainment law professionals. It is is designed to respond to practical developments and problem areas such as the Internet and Multimedia while also making a serious contribution to copyright and media law as a legal discipline. The central feature of the Yearbook is the range of annual surveys prepared by expert practising lawyers. Covering all issues from copyright, trademarks, licensing societies and new technology to libel, contempt of court and music contracts, the surveys contain considered and thorough analysis of the most recent developments in the UK, the EC, and beyond. The special survey in this yearbook focuses on definitions of film and there are in-depth articles on subjects of particular topicality such as the Microsoft judgment and the impact of The Human Rights Act and the Data Protection Act.

  • Managing the Unions: The Impact of Legislation on Trade Unions' Behaviour

    One of the major intentions of the Conservative governments of the 1980s was to redraw the landscape and map of industrial relations. They aimed to achieve this through a combination of measures: political initiatives and campaigning; a changed economic and social environment; and most directly a programme of industrial relations legislation that increasingly curtailed the role and influence of trade union. This book examines the policies and associated legislation directly intended to change union behaviour. It considers origins, purpose and impact on union behaviour and structure, focusing on the role of ballots as the central mechanism chosen for changing union decision-making. The changes that occurred as a consequence of this legislation are placed in the wider union context and the relative influence of the balloting legislation is assessed against other developments affecting union behaviour, including the strategies adopted by the unions' leaders. It finds the results were not always as intended by the Conservative governments. In a concluding chapter the authors ask whether the framework created in the UK will be an exemplar or exceptional case when compared with developments in other European countries. The book itself is the result of research carried out over almost a decade by a highly experienced and respected team who base their analysis on interviews, detailed analysis of legislation and union rule books, and a series of in-depth case studies. This richly detailed and authoritative book will be essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand how the changing framework of labour relations affected changes in union behaviour. the book will thus appeal to students and academics working in industrial relations, human resource management, labour law, labour economics and politics. Employee relations practitioners and policy makers - managers and trade unionists - will also find it useful for increasing their understanding of the purpose and effect of the legislation.

  • The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades

    `Undertake this journey for the remission of your sins - assured of the imperishable glory of the kingdom of heaven.' When Pope Urban II made his famous speech in 1095 launching the First Crusade, he set in motion a movement that would involve every country in Europe, touch almost every aspect of life, the economy, and society, and have an enduring influence on the history of the Islamic world and the Baltic region. It is a story of popes and peasants, holy wars and barbarian invasions, sieges and slaughters, warriors whose names - Saladin, Richard the Lionheart - have entered the realm of legend. This richly illustrated book presents a readable, authoritative, and comprehensive history of the Crusades, from the preaching of the First Crusade in 1095 to the legacy of crusading ideals and imagery today. Written by a team of leading Crusade scholars, it covers crusading in many different theatres of war. The ideas of apologists, propagandists and poets, and the perceptions and motives of the crusaders themselves are described, as are the reactions of the Muslims to Christian holy war. The book highlights the remarkable art and architecture associated with the Crusades, and offers fascinating insights into the history of knightly orders, such as the Knights Templar and the Knights of St John. Including detailed reference material - maps, chronology, a guide to further reading, and a full index - this volume will be welcomed by anyone interested in the ideals and history of the Crusades. Contributors : Jonathan Riley-Smith; Marcus Bull; Simon Lloyd; Michael Routledge; Jonathan Phillips; Jaroslav Folda; Denys Pringle; Alan Forey; Robert Irwin; Norman Housley; Peter Edbury; Anthony Luttrell; Elizabeth Siberry This book is intended for anyone interested in the Crusades, military history, or medieval history.

  • The Law of Obligations: Essays in Celebration of John Fleming

    The late John Fleming, emeritus Professor of Law in the University of California at Berkeley, was the pre-eminent torts lawyer of the age; his Law of Torts has influenced generations of students and scholars, and remains a classic of legal literature. In this volume, distinguished academics and judges from around the world pay tribute to him in a collection of essays which range widely across tort law, legal theory, legal history and comparative law. Topics discussed include: tort and human rights; the duty of care in negligence; codification of the law of obligations in Europe; the basis of strict liability in particular and of responsibility generally in tort law; and aspects of products liability. These stimulating essays have much to say about the past, present and future of the law of obligations and will be of great interest to scholars and lawyers of all legal systems. From the editors' preface John Fleming was one of the most influential writers on the law of torts and comparative law in the English-speaking world this century. His towering contribution to scholarship is evidenced not only by the great prestige his work attracts in academic circles but also by the frequency and high respect with which his work is cited by judges in appellate courts of many jurisdictions. The authors of this collection of essays on the law of obligations intend it as a tribute to his achievements.

  • Zionism: The Formative Years

    This sequel to David Vital's The Origins of Zionism (Clarendon Press, 1980) traces the emergence of the Zionist movement through which the Jews were, to a large extent, re-formed as a political people. It concentrates on the decade following the launch of the Zionist movement by Herzl in 1897, when its main ideas and central institutions were established, along with its modes of political, social, and economic action, and its internal ideological and party-political divisions on such issues as religious orthodoxy and socialism. Originally published in 1982, this book won the Jewish Chronicle Prize and the 'Present Tense' Literary Award for history. Professor Vital's major three-volume study of Zionism was completed in Zionism: The Crucial Phase (CP, 1987).

  • Regional Problems, Problem Regions, and Public Policy in the United Kingdom

    This book examines regional development problems in the UK in the mid-1980s both nationally and from the perspective of the major problem regions. The last decade has seen major changes in policies aimed at reducing regional and urban inequality in the UK. Conventional regional policies have been progressively reduced while a variety of area-based economic initiatives have been introduced by both central and local government. The geography of growth and decline has also changed with many formerly prosperous areas experiencing rapid decline in their industrial fortunes. Of equal significance has been the transformation in the political climate within which questions of regional development and inequality are framed and debated. This book begins with a review of the significant national economic and policy changes which have affected regional development since the 1960s. The various authors contribute to a region-by-region approach, revealing the diversity of experience and of current views about regional policy and how government should respond to regional and local economic problems. The book is aimed at practitioners in the field of local and regional economic development whether as politician or planner, as well as senior first-degree students taking courses in political and economic geography, regional economics, or urban and regional studies in departments of planning or social policy.

  • Issues in Contemporary Legal Philosophy: Influence of H.L.A. Hart

    This is a collection of essays on themes of legal philosophy which may all be described as being generated or affected by Hart's work. It includes contributions by the most prominent scholars in Hart-related legal philosophy today. The book is not meant to be a systematic introduction into Hart's own work. Rather it pays Hart the tribute of the teacher and mentor that he has been to this field by reflecting the variety of his interests, the breadth of his contribution, and the immense, stimulating efforts of his work and his personality. In a nutshell, the book shows how indispensable Hart's work is in contemporary legal philosophy, how on many points his vision is still the "ruling" one, and how on others he has helped us formulate better, richer and more sophisticated positions. The book is based on a conference held in Jerusalem in March 1984. It is thus structured by papers and comments. It covers topics in legal theory, responsibility, and enforcement of morals. Readership: academic lawyers and advanced students with an interest in the philosophy of law and legal theory.

  • AQA GCSE Physics Online Homework

    AQA GCSE Physics Online Homework supports all your students' home learning needs. It provides a ready-to-use bank of homework activities to accompany every week of your GCSE teaching, as well as integrated tools to help you customise and create your own interactive, auto-marked homeworks to match student needs. Online Homework stores all your students' marks on the site so it's easy for you to track their progress. Oxford's AQA GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 AQA GCSE Sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades.

  • Pornography: Women, Violence, and Civil Liberties

    This book is not a diatribe against eroticism or a moral crusade to stamp out sex. Rather, it is an attack on the international industry in pornography which, in abusing and degrading women desensitizes people to the routine discrimination and violence that its opponents claim it engenders. Including contributions by Catherine A. Mackinnon, Michael Moorcock, Andrea Dworkin, and Ray Wyre, these challenging, uncompromising, and passionate essays examine such topics as the different types of pornographic material, the possible links between pornography and rape, child abuse, and discrimination, the ineffectiveness of the Obscene Publications Act, and the need for legislation against pornography without censorship: to enable victims of pornography-related harm to seek redress and for an equivalent to the Race Relations Act to permit the prosecution of cases of incitement to sexual hatred and violence. Contributors: Peter Baker, Deborah Cameron, James V. P. Check, Andrea Dworkin, Michele Elliott, Aminatta Forna, Elizabeth Frazer, H. Patricia Hynes, I-Spy Productions, Catherine Itzin, Susanne Kappeler, Liz Kelly, Catharine A. MacKinnon, Michael Moorcock, Janice Raymond, Diana E. H. Russell, John Stoltenberg, Corinne Sweet, Tim Tate, James Weaver, and Ray Wyre.

  • Images of Youth: Age, Class, and the Male Youth Problem 1880-1920

    This is a study of the debate on male youth in the period 1880-1920. During these years, male working-class youth was regarded as posing a serious problem, not only economically, but also morally and socially. Harry Hendrick investigates the `making' of this problem, examining attitudes towards youth and its behaviour, contemporary perceptions of `boy labour', and the `discovery' of the working-class adolescent. He goes on to consider the attempts to solve the problem and create adaptable and efficient citizens, by measures including philanthropy (the youth movement), collectivism (a juvenile labour exchange and vocational guide system), and further education (part-time day continuation schools). Images of Youth demonstrates the significance, long underestimated, of the male adolescent in British society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Dr Hendrick's carefully researched and thorough study illuminates such major issues as poverty, unemployment, race, class conflict, industrial unrest, and the nature of democracy. Drawing in a further dimension, he charts the development of child and adolescent psychology and its contribution to the definition and perpetuation of the youth problem. He argues that the images of youth forged in this period had important and far-reaching consequences for age and class relations. Today the study of youth is of major importance; this book provides us with a comprehensive picture of its beginnings.

  • Practical Reason and Norms

    Practical Reason and Norms focuses on three problems: In what way are rules normative, and how do they differ from ordinary reasons? What makes normative systems systematic? What distinguishes legal systems, and in what consists their normativity? All three questions are answered by taking reasons as the basic normative concept, and showing the distinctive role reasons have in every case, thus paving the way to a unified account of normativity. Rules are a structure of reasons to perform the required act and an exclusionary reason not to follow some competing reasons. Exclusionary reasons are explained, and used to unlock the secrets of orders, promises, and decisions as well as rules. Games are used to exemplify normative systems. Inevitably, the analysis extends to some aspects of normative discourse, which is truth-apt, but with a diminished assertoric force.

  • Common Heritage or Common Burden?: The United States Position on the Development of a Regime for Deep Sea-bed Mining in the Law of the Sea Convention

    Common Heritage or Common Burden? contains a comprehensive and authoritative assessment of the US role in the negotiations on the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and particularly in the negotiations on one of the remaining commons, the ocean floor beyond national jurisdiction. The author first examines the US view of the lawfulness of deep seabed mining under international law. He reviews the bureaucratic struggles, within the US Administration and the Congress, concerning the options to be pursued at the Conference; analyses the US position in the seabed negotiations from 1974 to 1980; and casts a fresh look both on the Reagan Administration's `policy review' of 1981-1982 which threatened the Conference's outcome, and current US oceans policy which remains an impediment to the Convention's early entry into force. The study suggests that despite significant compromises negotiated between the US and developing countries at the Conference up to 1980, the emerging seabed regime was not as widely endorsed by US officials as is generally assumed. Drawing on material collected from interviews with many key negotiators, the study contributes to a better understanding of domestic and international decision-making procedures and the dynamics of international negotiations.

  • Richelieu and his Age

    This study of Cardinal Richelieu's career as chief minister to Louis XIII of France presents the original research of eight experts in the field. Linking their work is the belief that Richelieu's ministry was a significant moment in the history of early modern France. The authors reject the traditional picture of Richelieu as the single-handed creator of the French absolute state and the original exponent of Realpolitik. Instead they paint a collective portrait of a statesman politically astute but none the less devout. The Richelieu who emerges is in many respects a conservative figure, but one driven by a genuine desire to establish a more just and peaceful society (both in France and in Europe). The emphasis here then is on Richelieu the Cardinal, not Richelieu the secular statesman. The tragedy and irony of his ministry, as the authors also show, was that in order to maintain himself in power, Richelieu had to behave more like a Renaissance prince than a Counter-Reformation prelate.

  • The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks)

    Gareth Evans, one of the most brilliant philosophers of his generation, died in 1980 at the age of thirty-four. He had been working for many years on a book about reference, but did not complete it before his death. The work was edited for publication by John McDowell, who contributes a Preface.

  • Grammar to 14

    A new edition of Don Schiach's bestselling grammar guide, this classroom favourite has been updated with fresh examples and a modern look. It includes targeted skills support for students of all abilities and is an ideal resource for the new curriculum.

  • IB Chemistry Online Course Book: Oxford IB Diploma Programme

    The only DP Chemistry resource developed with the IB to accurately match the new 2014 syllabus for both SL and HL, this new Online Course Book gives you unrivalled support for the new concept-based approach to learning, the Nature of science. Understanding, applications and skills are integrated in every topic, alongside TOK links and real-world connections to truly drive independent inquiry. Assessment support straight from the IB includes practice questions and worked examples in each topic, alongside support for the Internal Assessment and Extended Essay. Truly aligned with the IB philosophy, this Course Book gives unparalleled insight and support at every stage. Fully online format, accessible anytime, anywhere Accurately cover the new syllabus - the most comprehensive match, with support directly from the IB on the core, AHL and all the options Fully integrate the new concept-based approach, holistically addressing understanding, applications, skills and the Nature of science Tangibly build assessment confidence with assessment support straight from the IB Build confidence - data-based questions and focused practice support exceptional achievement Written by co-authors of the new syllabus and leading IB workshop leaders Supported by a fully comprehensive and updated Study Guide and Oxford Kerboodle Online Resources The online Course Book will be available on Oxford Education Bookshelf until 2022. Access is facilitated via a unique code, which is sent in the mail. The code must be linked to an email address, creating a user account. Access may be transferred once to an additional user.

  • Fauvel Studies: Allegory, Chronicle, Music and Image in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale MS Français 146

    The manuscript Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale, fonds francais 146 is an unparalleled witness to the politics, society, and culture of the French royal court in the early fourteenth century. It contains an interpolated version of the Roman de Fauvel, completed by Gerves du Bus in 1314, that uniquely combines the Old French text with music setting poetry in French and Latin, high-quality illuminations (including early depictions of the architecture of medieval Paris), and further literary elaborations and additions. The narrative finds a place within several literary traditions, serving as a satire on Enguerran de Marigny, a fallen minister of Philip IV (d. 1314), and also as admonition or advice for the new king Philip V (crowned 1317). Alongside the Roman de Fauvel, fr. 146 also includes French and Latin narrative dits (the latter edited here for the first time), the complete known works of Jehannot de Lescurel, and an important French verse chronicle. Fauvel's short refrains and chant pieces are also newly collected and catalogued. Leading medievalists and younger scholars from a wide range of fields have contributed to this exciting interdisciplinary venture. Their essays reveal the extraordinary range of material and contexts touched by Fauvel and its interpolations, adding to our understanding of political satire, of the processes of literary or musical composition, and of patronage in the medieval period, amongst numerous other topics, advancing knowledge and enriching contexts on many fronts. Generously illustrated, this volume includes essential new reference material for medievalists in political, social and urban history, art and architectural history, musicology, the history of the book and codicology, and medieval languages and literatures, principally Old French and Latin.

  • Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

    Radical Construction Grammar presents a profound critique of syntactic theory and argumentation, and offers a genuinely new approach to syntax based on the fact of grammatical diversity. Recent syntactic theories are essentially formal models for the representation of grammatical knowledge and posit complex syntactic structures in the analysis of sentences. The result has been a endless cycle of new and revised theories of syntactic representation. Radical Construction Grammar argues that this approach to syntax is incompatible with the grammatical variation found within and across languages. This book defends three fundamental theses: (i) constructions are the primitive units of syntactic representation, and grammatical categories are defined by constructions, not the other way around; (ii) the only syntactic structures are the part-whole relations between a construction and the syntactic elements that make it up; (iii) not only are grammatical categories construction-specific, but constructions are language-specific. In other words, syntactic structure is almost entirely language-specific; attempts to find a universal formal model are doomed to failure. Radical Construction Grammar integrates concepts from typological theory and construction grammar to uncover the genuine universals of grammar. Constructions are represented as complex symbolic units pairing form and meaning. The semantic map model of typological theory is used to map category distributions on a largely universal conceptual space. Universals of grammar are found in the mapping of meaning onto form. Systematic patterns of grammatical variation provide evidence for the topography of conceptual space, which in turn reflects the geography of the human mind.

  • Oxford International Primary Geography: Student Book 3

    Oxford International Primary Geography is a complete six year primary geography course that provides an engaging introduction to the subject. Using real life examples from around the globe, the course covers key aspects of both human and physical geography, from the basics of mapping to more complex topics such as the pros and cons of ecotourism and how to meet the resource needs of the world's growing population. Additional Workbooks provide students with the opportunity for further study in the classroom or at home, including suggested research topics and cross-curricular projects. For the teacher, the Teacher's Guide provides step-by-step guidance for each lesson, as well as background knowledge and geographical information for specialist and non-specialist teachers alike.

  • Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

    This is the first full-length presentation of a republican alternative to the liberal and communitarian theories that have dominated political philosophy in recent years. The author's eloquent, compelling account opens with an examination of the traditional republican conception of freedom as non-domination, contrasting this with established negative and positive views of liberalism. The book examines what the implementation of the ideal would imply for substantive policy-making, constitutional and democratic design, regulatory control and the relation between state and civil society. Professor Pettit's powerful and insightful new work offers not only a unified, theoretical overview of the many strands of republican ideas, it also provides a new and sophisticated perspective on studies in related fields including the history of ideas, jurisprudence, and criminology. The author had included a new postscript to this paperback edition, which offers a sketch of the crucial republican ideas, and to reinforce the argument that the republican tradition deserves more attention than it has generally received among contemporary political theorists.

  • Human Rights in the Private Sphere

    This study challenges several traditional assumptions concerning human rights. In particular, the book challenges the presumption that the fundamental rights and freedoms contained in the European Convention on Human Rights are irrelevant for cases which concern the sphere of relations between individuals. It asks whether victims should be protected from non-state actors, and attempts to develop a coherent approach to "human rights in the private sphere". It concentrates on the rights contained in the European Convention on Human Rights and their enforcement: in the courts of the United Kingdom and at the European level; at the European Commission and Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg; and at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. In addition, some constitutional cases are examined from the United States and Canadian legal orders. The application of international human rights law to the private sphere has implications for the worlds of labour relations, race relations, discrimination and violence against women, and for victims of indignities everywhere. This book shows that respect for privacy need not mean excluding wrongs in the private sphere from the world of human rights.

  • A Revision of Demand Theory

    When A Revision of Demand Theory was first published in 1956, the late Harry Johnson described it as "elegant in the extreme, probably the last word there is to be said on this aspect of demand theory." This landmark work by Nobel Prize winner J.R. Hicks is now available again.

  • Yearbook of International Environmental Law: Volume 8 1997

    Established in 1990, the Yearbook of International Environmental Law has fast established itself as a vital source of information and analysis in an increasingly important legal field. For Volume 8 there are two new general editors - Jutta Brunnee (University of British Columbia, Canada) and Ellen Hey (Erasmus University, Netherlands) - adding to the Yearbook's very 'international' feel. The contributors for this volume are drawn from experts across the world who, together with the new expert team of editors, have created the best source of information on world-wide events in this field. The article section contains top-quality essays on topical subjects; the year-in-review section offers a round-up of legal developments in every part of the world. There is also a Bibliography and a newly reinstated book review section.

  • GCSE English for London Examinations

    This second edition of this revision guide serves the EDEXCEL GCSE English syllabuses from year 2000 onwards. The content is updated to relate to the free "Tracks 2" anthology.

  • Markets and Famines

    This is a study of the economics of famine. Famines have often presented a challenge to economic thought. Past debates have concerned the importance of aggregate food availability and the role of markets and governments in allocating limited food. This book applies some modern methods of economic investigation to these issues. A theory is presented which shows how the sharp increases in mortality observed during famines can arise without a decline in aggregate food availability. Much of the book is devoted to a detailed empirical study of the causes of the adverse changes of food distribution which led to high mortality during the 1974 famine in Bangladesh. The results throw new light on the way markets work during famines and on the effects of policies aimed at famine relief or prevention.

  • The Old Latin Gospels: A Study of their Texts and Language

    This book is the first overall study of the texts and language of the Old Latin Gospels, the versions of the four Gospels that predate the Vulgate of Jerome. In this book three main questions are addressed. Do the various extant manuscripts represent the remains of many originally separate versions, or local variants of a single main tradition? How do we analyse the translation techniques used to produce these texts? What do these translations tell us about the development of post-classical, non-literary Latin, and vice versa? Dr Burton approaches the issue of monogenesis versus polygenesis through a systematic analysis of the vocabulary of each individual Gospel. He reassess the traditional description of these Gospels as 'literal' and 'vulgar', examining the extent to which these terms are meaningful and applicable.

  • Tarnished Vision: Crime and Conflict in the Inner City

    Once a group of young people (reformed street robbers) had a vision. To transform their poor divided community. But the vision was tarnished by harsh reality, violent feuds and factional strife, corrupt and ineffective leaders, and youths involved in networks of criminality. "Tarnished Vision" is the story of the rise and fall of a utopian community project told against a background of crime and delinquency in a troubled neighbourhood. This vivid and authentic account of life in "Satellite City" is set in the 1980s, a decade when the promises of the enterprise culture failed to deliver, and the conditions were created for a generation hooked on crime. Tarnished Vision depicts the 1980s inner city cycle of social tragedy followed by inept societal response, followed by social tragedy. But this is not only a story for the 1980s. The message is that programmes to save the inner cities, however well-resourced, cannot afford to ignore the destructive frustrations of urban male youths who are involved in crime. Community action programmes can be no more than window dressing to camouflage these realities. This book should be of particular use to general readers interested in the social problems found in British inner-city areas. It will be of particular interest to anyone with an interest in race relations, crime, youth, Afro-Caribbean peoples in the UK, and to people who are interested in/active in London politics and local government.

  • The Wine Song in Classical Arabic Poetry: Abú Nuwás and the Literary Tradition

    The classical period of Arab civilization produced the most extensive and highly developed bacchic tradition in world literature, In this book, the author traces the history of classical Arabic wine poetry from its origins in sixth century Arabia to its heyday in Baghdad at the turn of the ninth century. The focus is on the greatest and perhaps most likeable of Arabic poets, Abu Nuwas. Although wine poetry is only one of the many genres for which he is known, it is the one that has ensured his fame, and the one on which this book concentrates. The wine songs of the poet are analysed and their connections with poetics, ethics, and religion are explored. The author also puts Abu Nuwas in perspective by comparing him with his most important predecessors and contemporaries and by discussing his interaction with other poetic genres such as amatory, invective, ascetic, or gnomic verse.

  • The Bishops, Kings, and Saints of York

    The Bishops, Kings, and Saints of York

  • Advanced Business Studies Through Diagrams

    These highly successful revision guides have been brought right up-to-date for the new A Level specifications introduced in September 2000. "Oxford Revision Guides" are highly effective for both individual revision and classroom summary work. The unique visual format makes the key concepts and processes, and the links between them, easier to memorize. Students will save valuable revision time by using these notes instead of condensing their own. In fact, many students are choosing to buy their own copies so that they can colour code or highlight them as they might do with their own revision notes.

  • The Law of Marine Insurance

    The law of marine insurance constitutes a major branch of the law of international trade and shipping law which is of considerable importance throughout the world. This new textbook offers a detailed and rigorous analysis of this dynamic area of commercial law, embracing not only the constantly evolving case law but also the standard clauses of the Institute of London Underwriters, including the 1995 revision of the hulls and freight clauses, and the roles of mutual insurance associations. After an introductory chapter, contract formation and placement of cover are considered before a series of chapters analyses the scope of cover, including causation issues and various categories of perils. Duration of cover, insurers defences and rights of third parties are examined before the book concludes with chapters relating to claims and measures of indemnity. Appendices reproduce relevant legislation, standard forms and clauses and mutual insurance association rules.

  • Notion and Object: Aspects of Late Mediaeval Epistemology

    The early 16th century was a time of intense intellectual activity. This book analyzes ideas central to disputes between reformers and traditionalists, and the preoccupation with the question: "What is knowledge?". The author focuses on the distinction between sensory and intellectual cognition and on the concept of "notion" central to epistemological debates of the period. He pays special attention to the doctrines of John Mair, David Cranston, Gilbert Crab, George Lokert and Gervaise Waim, who were all philosophers at the University of Paris between 1500 and 1530.

  • The British Brass Band: A Musical and Social History

    The British Brass Band is based on an earlier volume, Bands, published by Open University Press (1991) as part of its Popular Music in Britain Series. It was hailed as the most detailed and scholarly treatment of its subject. For the present volume, the original chapters have been heavily revised and an additional three chapters added, together with new and extensive appendices, numerous illustrations, a bibliography, and a new introduction. The new material includes studies on brass band repertoire, performance practices, and the bands of the Salvation Army. The contributors are the pre-eminent authorities on the subject. The work as a whole can be taken as a study of both a unique (and often misunderstood) aspect of British music, and its interaction with broader spheres of social and cultural history. It is the most detailed and definitive study of the subject.

  • New Literacy Kit: Year 7: Teacher's Book

    New Literacy Kit is an integrated set of resources for teaching Literacy at Key Stage 3. The series is closely tied into the Framework for Teaching English and is now also ideal for supporting your school's Assessment for Learning policy. With on-the-page starters, the Year 7 units cover all three writing strands, and together with the Assess Your Learning pages offer a comprehensive approach to literacy learning for 11-14 year-olds. Content includes: detailed support for all the work in the students' books, including Assessment for Learning; help with teaching strategies and management issues; model answers for all questions; photocopiable/printable writing frames/grids/activities. The Year 7 Teacher's Book is supported by a Students' Book, a Display Texts Pack, and OHT Pack, and two books of Lesson Starters - one covering Word and one Sentence level.

  • Activate Chemistry Student Book

    Activate is a new Key Stage 3 Science course for the 2014 curriculum, designed to support every student on their journey through Key Stage 3 to Key Stage 4 success. This student book will spark students' curiosity in chemistry, whilst gradually building the maths, literacy and working scientifically skills vital for success in the new KS4 qualifications. This chemistry book has three chemistry units (C1, C2, and C3) with working scientifically integrated throughout. This new area of the curriculum also has its own introductory chapter and activities, so you can be sure students receive maximum support. Use C1 and C2 to cover the Programme of Study in two years. Use C3 for a contextual consolidation and extension of content.

  • British Slave Emancipation: The Sugar Colonies and the Great Experiment 1830-1865

    This is a study of the West Indies in the mid-nineteenth century. William A. Green draws together the experiences of more than a dozen different sugar colonies and forms them into a coherent historical account. The first part of the book examines the West Indies on the eve of emancipation in 1830; the second explores the politics and society of the islands during the period 1830-1865, a key passage in West Indian history. Professor Green presents a clear general picture of the sugar colonies, and places British governmental policy towards the region in the context of Victorian attitudes towards colonial questions. His lucid and comprehensive account is an important contribution to Caribbean history.

  • The Book of St Gilbert

    The Book of St Gilbert was written by a canon of the Order of Sempringham and is presented here in its first, full, critical edition. It contains all the documents of the canonization process of St Gilbert and his life, including a dossier of letters concerning a major crisis of his rule, the revolt of the lay brothers; a detailed account of the canonization process; and two collections of his miracles. The book is especially revealing of the procedures of canonization at a crucial stage in its formation and provides a central body of material for the history of the Order in its first sixty years.

  • Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramifications

    This, the first volume, begins with a Section on Church and State, the theology and political theory justifying their alliance, the wealth of the Clergy and their Assemblies voting taxation, their role in the official life of the nation, from the Court at Versailles to army barracks, warships, and prisons. Then comes a presentation of the complex structure of dioceses and parishes, and the vast variety of monastic institutions (where the enjoyment of misapplied wealth contrasted with the austere dedication which ensured the education of the children and the care of the sick throughout the land). There is an evocation of the life-style of the clergy from the palaces of the aristocratic bishops and the cathedral closes of comfortable canons to the humblest tumbledown nunnery, with a gallery of portraits analysing clerical motives and vocations. A multitude of lay folk come onto the scene, aristocrats battening on monastic revenues, lawyers threading the labyrinth of benefice law, estate managers, musicians, vergers and officials of every kind; many families' whole way of existence was postulated on the assumption of the availability of ecclesiastical offices for their children--the differential privileges of the classes in the hierarchy of society being reflected in an institution devoted to spiritual and unworldly ends.

  • Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

    This book aims to answer the question: 'why, and by what right do some people punish others?' The author argues that the justification of punishment must be embedded in a substantive political and moral theory. Matravers questions why it is that recent theories of distributive justice have had so little to say about the punishment and retributive justice. His answer is that contemporary theories of justice cannot explain the relationship of justice and morality more broadly conceived. As this is also the relationship that a theory of punishment needs to explain, it is in examining the problem of punishment that the limitations of contemporary theories of justice are most starkly exposed. Moreover, the limitations are such as to undermine these accounts of justice. The claim is that it is through the discussion of punishment that the inadequacies of contemporary theories of justice is demonstrated and it is therefore through the discussion of punishment that those inadequacies can be rectified. Matravers argues for a genuinely constructivist account of morality-constructivist in that it rejects any idea of objective, mind-independent moral values, and seeks instead to construct morality from non-moral human concerns and human wills, and genuinely constructivist in that, in contrast to the faux constructivisim of Rawls and cognate approaches, it does not take as a premise the equal moral worth of persons. He argues that a genuine constructivism will show the need for and justification of punishment as intrinsic to morality itself.

  • German History 1770-1866

    Now available in paperback, this is a uniquely authoritative study of Germany from the mid-eighteenth century to the formation of the Bismarckian Reich. James J. Sheehan gives an extensive account of social and cultural, as well as political developments, and shows that the creation of a Prussian-led nation-state should not be seen as `natural' or inevitable. He shows how German history in this period was shaped by three separable yet closely linked developments: the rise of sovereign territorial states, the expansion of economic activity and social mobility, and the emergence of a literary culture.

  • The Statutory Regulation of Business Tenancies

    This book provides a uniquely detailed examination of the statutory regime for the regulation of business tenancies. Part II of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 is of central importance. The Act gives business tenants the general rights to remain in occupation, following up from the original lease, and to obtain a new lease. Meanwhile the landlord is entitled to a market rental income and, in certain prescribed circumstances, can override the tenant's claim for possession. The tenant who fails to obtain a new tenancy may be able to claim compensation for disturbance. Compensation for improvements, on quitting the premises, is available under Part I of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1927. The book aims to provide a clear and in-depth analysis of the complex and technical workings of the 1927 and 1954 acts. It also offers a detailed and up-to-date consideration of case law, both reported and unreported. The policy factors which initially brought about the legislative controls, and continued to shape its development, are identified and prospective reforms discussed. The new Civil Procedure Rules are incorporated into the text. A comparison is drawn with the legislative code contained in the Northern Ireland (Business Tenancies) Order 1996.

  • Indirect Procedures: A Musician's Guide to the Alexander Technique

    The problems of a musician may have many causes and many possible solutions. While working conditions, stress, and instrument and furniture design are all significant factors, the most important aspect of a musician's life remains not what is done to them, but what they do to themselves. F.M. Alexander (1869-1955) saw the individual as a whole, and talked not of `the body' but of `the self'; not of `posture', but of `use'. The aim of his technique is not to teach you to do what is right, but to help you stop doing what is wrong, through a series of practical procedures which awaken your awareness and allow you to develop your innate potential. The Alexander Technique applies to all areas of musical activity, from technique, sound production, and interpretation, to daily practice, rehearsal routines, and the mitigating of stage fright and health problems. This book, by an experienced professional musician and Alexander teacher, is the first to deal specifically with the applications of the Technique to music making.

  • The Art of the Trumpet-Maker: The Materials, Tools, and Techniques of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries in Nuremberg

    This is a study of the manufacture of brass instruments, particularly the trumpet, in Nuremberg during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The book begins with a brief history of the instrument and the city where it was made, and an introduction to the changes in style, shape, and ornamentation which occurred over more than two hundred years. The techniques of extraction and purification, and the chemical and physical structure of the metals are discussed, especially in relation to the use of authentic materials in reproductions. A separate chapter deals with solders for brass and silver and their use in the workshop. The tools and workshop facilities are identified and detailed using contemporary illustrations and examples from the author's workshop. The longest chapter, which is highly illustrated, deals with the techniques of fabrication as practised today, and draws parallels between them and historical practice. The book concludes with a discussion of the philosophy, ethics, and practicality of using historical instruments or accurate facsimiles in modern performance.

  • The Letters and Poems

    Edited and translated by: Behrends, Frederick;

  • The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

    Studies causation both as a concept and as it is 'in the objects.' Offers new accounts of the logic of singular causal statements, the form of causal regularities, the detection of causal relationships, the asymmetry of cause and effect, and necessary connection, and it relates causation to functional and statistical laws and to teleology.

  • Denying Divinity: Apophasis in the Patristic Christian and Soto Zen Buddhist Traditions

    The classical texts of Christianity and Zen Buddhism contain resources with potent appeal to contemporary spirituality. The 'apophatic', or 'negative', may offer a means to integrate the conservation of traditional religious practices and beliefs with an openness to experience beyond the limits of doctrine and of rational thought. Denying Divinity argues for a new understanding of what is meant by apophatic theology, supported by extensive analysis of the texts of Dionysius the Areopagite, St Maximus the Confessor, and Zen Master Dogen. It demonstrates how an apophatic spirituality might inform personal and communal spiritual development; and sketches out the contribution it can offer to modern debate on theology and postmodernism, entropy, and interfaith dialogue, and to development of an active theological commitment to humanity.

  • ANSON'S LAW OF CONTRACT. 27th edition

    Anson's Law of Contract, first published in 1879, has had a fundamental influence on the law of contract, its hallmark being a clear structure, succinctness, and concentration on general principles rather than the peculiarities of special contracts. In the fourteen years since the publication of the twenty-sixth edition, almost every part of the law of contract has been affected by significant developments in the common law and by legislation. This twenty-seventh edition has been completely revised to take account of these developments, providing a modern account of the law of contract whilst preserving the clarity and concentration on general principles. This new edition will be an invaluable text for all students of contract law, offering a comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date account of this important area of law. This book is intended for first and second year students studying contract law.

  • Western Plainchant: A Handbook

    Plainchant is the oldest substantial body of music that has been preserved in any shape or form. It was first written down in Western Europe in the wake of the Carolingian renaissance of the 8th and 9th centuries. Many thousands of chants have been sung at different times or places in a multitude of forms and styles, responding to the differing needs of the church through the ages. This book provides a clear and concise introduction, designed both for those to whom the subject is new and those who require a reference work for advanced studies. It begins with an explanation of the liturgies which plainchant was designed to serve. All the chief genres of chant, different types of liturgical book, and plainchant notations are described. The later chapters are complemented by plates, with commentary and transcriptions. After an exposition of early medieval theoretical writing on plainchant, a historical survey follows the constantly changing nature of the repertory through from the earliest times to the restoration of medieval chant a century ago. The historical relations between Gregorian, Old-Roman, Milanese, Spanish, and other repertories is considered. Important musicians and centre of composition are discussed, together with the establishment of Gregorian chant in all the lands of medieval Europe, and the reformations and revisions carried out by the religious orders and the humanists. Copiously illustrated with over 200 musical examples transcribed from original sources, the book highlights the diversity of practice and richness of the chant repertory characteristic of the Middle Ages. As both a self-contained summary and also, with its many pointers to further reading, a handbook for research, it will become an indispensable reference book on this vast subject.

  • Trial by Fire and Water

    An examination of the workings of trial by ordeal from its first appearance in the barbarian law codes, tracing its use by Christian societies to its last use as a test for witchcraft in modern Europe and America. Trial by ordeal has been an important legal procedure in many periods and regions. This work discusses various recent theories about the operation and decline of the practice. The author also considers some of the general historical problems of understanding a society in which religious beliefs were so fundamental.

  • Indian Music and the West

    Indian Music and the West examines perceptions and representations of Indian music in the West over a period of two hundred years, ranging from orientalist studies of Indian history and culture in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, to the adoption of elements from Indian music in Western popular culture in the latter half of the twentieth century. Gerry Farrell charts the place of Indian music within the context of colonialism, the use of Indian imagery in Western popular songs and on the stage, and the use of the early days of the gramophone in India. Farrell also demonstrates how Indian music has been discovered and re-discovered in the West during the period discussed, and how these discoveries have reflected changing cultural, social, and political relations between India and the West.

  • British West Indian Slavery, 1750-1834: The Process of Amelioration

    The attempts made by British West Indian planters to improve the treatment of their slaves, partly in response to the rise of the anti-slavery movement, are examined in this new study. The measures taken, Dr Ward argues, had a considerable effect in raising both the standard of living and the productive efficiency of the sugar estates's labour force. Nevertheless, 'amelioration' also suffered serious weaknesses, which ultimately made it ineffective as a means to defend the institution of slavery. This is the first account of Caribbean slavery to be based on the detailed analysis of plantation records from several different sugar colonies. Although focused on the British West Indies, its main theme - the potential for reform and economic development in slave-based societies - has a wider significance.

  • Contemporary Issues in Corporate Governance

    The origins of this book lie in the Second Oxford Law Colloquium held in September 1992 and organized by the Faculty of Law of the University of Oxford and Allen & Overy. The subject of this volume, corporate governance, is one that is currently highly topical but which has a long intellectual pedigree. Ever since the formation of the first joint stock company there has been a continuing debate about the structure of corporate governance and the controls, both legal and institutional, that are, or should be, exercised over corporate management. The essays contained in the volume explore the debate from a variety of perspectives, but each keeps in mind that a clear understanding of the wider commercial and financial context is necessary before examining the relevant legal structures and rules. This wider picture is examined at both a national and comparative level, and the attitudes and practices of managers and investors are considered as part of the backdrop to competing theories on corporate governance. The contributors, drawn from the practising and the academic worlds, bring their own specialist knowledge to bear in a volume which will be required reading for all those interested in the subject. Contributors: Robin Leigh-Pemberton, Eddy Wymeersch, Sir Adrian Cadbury, Paul Rutteman, Paul Davies, Lord Alexander of Weedon, Paddy Linaker, Martin Lipton, Alan Paul, Theodor Baums, Geoff Stapledon

  • The Right to Private Property

    Can the right to private property be claimed as one of the `rights of mankind'? This is the central question of this comprehensive and critical examination of the subject of private property. Jeremy Waldron contrasts two types of arguments about rights: those based on historical entitlement, and those based on the importance of property to freedom. He provides a detailed discussion of the theories of property found in Locke's Second Treatise and Hegel's Philosophy of Right to illustrate this contrast. The book contains original analyses of the concept of ownership, the ideas of rights, and the relation between property and equality. The author's overriding determination throughout is to follow through the arguments and values used to justify private ownership. He finds that the traditional arguments about property yield some surprisingly radical conclusions.

  • Metaphysical Personalism: An Analysis of Austin Farrer's Metaphysics of Theism

    How can we, or should we, talk about God? What concepts are involved in the idea of a Supreme Being? This book is about the search to reconcile modern metaphysics with traditional theism - focusing on the seminal work of Austin Farrer who was Warden of Keble College, Oxford, until his death in 1968, and one of the most original and important philosophers of religion of this century.

  • Studies in International Space Law

    This book consists of a collection of studies in international space law by a leading authority in international law, air law, and space law. Those that have been previously published are thoroughly revised and updated. Publication coincides with the thirtieth anniversary of the first ever multilateral treaty on outer space, which established an agreed international legal framework for the exploration and use of outer space. The books twenty-six articles examine the major developments and issues of the law governing human activities in space, ranging from television broadcasts, the regulation of space junk, and the governance of State activities on the moon to the legal status of astronauts, the nationality of spacecraft, and arms control. Articles also examine the effect and influence of UN Treaties in this area. The author has, in his examination of this exciting branch of the law, drawn from it valuable lessons for the future development of international law in general.

  • France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944

    In this monumental new account of the Vichy years, Julian Jackson examines French experiences of Occupation during the 'Black Years' of 1940-4. Pulling together previously separate 'histories' of occupation, resistance, and collaboration he presents a definitive history of the period. This is a more complex history than the traditional dichotomy between 'collaboration' and 'resistance', one in which the ideological frontiers between Vichy and the Resistance were often blurred. This study ranges from the politics of Marshal Petain's regime to the experiences of the ordinary French people, from surrender in 1940 to the purges of liberation. The author restores the organized Resistance to a more central role than has been customary in recent years and presents a new social history of the resistance which takes in the roles of foreigners, women, Jews, and peasants. He uncovers the long term roots of the Vichy regime in political and social conflict and cultural crisis stretching back to the Great War and concludes by tracing the lasting legacy and memory of Occupation since 1945.

  • Politics and Culture in Wartime Japan

    This analysis of the politics and culture of Japan during the period of the Second World War argues that the wartime regime, repressive as it was, was very different from contemporary totalitarian states.

  • The Music of Stravinsky

    Stravinsky is one of the most original creative musicians of the 20th century. In a career spanning six decades he composed a glittering sequence of works of astonishing diversity, from the three, vividly colourful early Russian ballets, through the sharp wit and purity of his `neo-classical' scores and the powerful spirituality of works like the Symphony of Psalms and the Mass, to the highly individual application of serialism in the late works. Here is a critical survey of Stravinsky's entire output in chronological order from an authoritative lucid guide. Its author, Stephen Walsh, has effortlessly assimilated the new literature on the composer, has examined many of Stravinsky's letters and sketches, and is able, in continuously questioning received views, to provide fresh insight into Stravinsky's works. He argues persuasively that Stravinsky needs to be seen as a whole, and that the works are more closely connected in style and method than is generally acknowledged, with changes in stylistic posture secondary in importance.

  • Applied Macroeconometrics

    This text provides graduate students of macroeconomics, econometrics, and monetary economics with discussion and practical illustrations of the techniques used in applied macroeconometrics. Until the 1970s, there was consensus regarding both the theoretical foundations and the empirical specification of applied macroeconometric modelling, commonly known as the Cowles Commission approach. This is no longer the case: the Cowles Commission approach broke down in the 1970s, to be replaced by a number of prominent competing methods--the LSE (London School of Economics) approach, the VAR approach, and the intertemporal optimization/Real Business Cycle approach. 'Applied Macroeconometrics' examines the empirical research strategy of these alternatives by interpreting them as attempts to solve the problems observed in the Cowles Commission approach. The different research strategies are illustrated with specific reference to real-world examples, particularly with respect to the monetary transmission mechanism. A common US dataset is used in these examples, thus allowing the reader easy comparisons. The presentation is based on the view that identification, a central concept in econometrics, provides a natural framework in which to discuss the alternative strategies currently dominating research. The first part of the book introduces time-series models and details the importance of their identification. The second part illustrates, chapter by chapter, the alternative approaches, providing detailed applications of each methodology. Data used in the applications are available in a variety of formats from the author's web site, and will be supplemented by exercises for the reader to perform.

  • God's World and the Great Awakening: Limits and Renewals 3

    In God's World and the Great Awakening, Professor Clark's main concern is with the way we can `turn aside' to the Truth from the normal delusions of self-concern. He restates a traditional, Neoplatonic metaphysics as the proper context for scientific and religious practice, and defends a serious Platonic realism against both scientism and anti-realism. Neither scientism, which identifies Truth with what can be revealed to the objectifying gaze, nor fashionable anti-realism, which equates Truth simply with what `we' choose to take seriously, offer an adequate ground for our scientific or religious faith. The primary faith of humankind is that there is a real world which is more than an obsequious shadow of our desires and fancies, and this real world can be discovered through right reason. The defence of this faith requires a properly worked, Platonic metaphysic of just the kind discernible in Christian orthodoxy. The other two volumes are: Civil Peace and Sacred Order (1989) and A Parliament of Souls (1990).

  • The Early Porcelain Kilns of Japan: Arita in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century

    This volume documents the porcelain pieces made in Japan in the first half of the 17th century, an era that encompasses the origins of the Japanese porcelain industry and the time of the export trade to Europe and the Near East. The book also offers a comprehensive reconstruction of the working practices of Japanese potters in the 17th century, assessing the individual kilns of Arita, where the porcelain was made, and looking at the workshop methods of today in order to throw light on possible 17th-century conditions. There are many photographs of fine examples, as well as of kiln-damaged pieces retrieved from kiln-sites, to show which kilns were working when producing which type of porcelain within the genre. The author thus demonstrates that the problematic porcelain of Old Kutani is nearly all of Arita manufacture.

  • Oxford English Now: Teacher's Book and CD-ROM 2

    Each Teacher's Book provides straightforward, accessible notes for each double page spread in the Students' Book, enabling even non-specialist teachers to support and enhance student participation. The teacher's material on the CD-ROM contains worksheets which can be adapted to suit individual needs. Also on the CD-ROM are interactive activities for students practising crucial skills as well as flexible worksheet activities suitable for whole-class teaching, group work or independent work.

  • The Rationality of Religious Belief: Essays in Honour of Basil Mitchell

    The essays in this book represent an important contribution to modern philosophical theology. Written to honour Basil Mitchell, they begin with an appreciation of his work and move on to discuss the role of reason in the justification of Christian theism. Within this broader discussion special attention is given to the nature of informal reasoning in religion and science. Thereafter the focus changes to an examination of particular arguments and problems generated by specific religious concepts and doctrines. Topics covered include the problem of evil, conspicuous sanctity, atonement, and the eucharist. The book should be of interest to philosophers of religion and theologians.

  • John Locke: Locke on Money: Volume II

    Locke on Money presents for the first time the entire body of the philosopher's writings on this important subject (other than `Two Treatises of Government'). Accurate texts, together with an apparatus listing variant readings and significant manuscript changes, record the evolution of Locke's ideas from his original 1668-74 paper on interest to the three pamphlets on interest and coinage published in the 1960s. The introduction Patrick Hyde Kelly establishes the wider context of Locke's writings in terms of contemporary debates on these subjects, the economic conditions of the time, and the circumstances of writing and publication. It shows, notably, that Locke's supposed responsibility for the 1696 is a myth. The account of what Locke derived from Mercantilist writings and of how he reformulated these in accordance with his philosophy illuminates his contribution to the evolution of economics, and will aid reappraisal of `Two Treaties'. The picture that emerges confirms Locke's status as a major economic thinker, contrary to the prevalent view of recent decades. There are two volumes in the present edition. The first contains the introductory matter, and the texts of `The Early Writings on Interest, 1688-74' and `Some Considerations'. The second comprises `Short Observations', `Further Considerations', and the Appendices, Bibliography, and Index.

  • Organizing Jainism in India and England

    Although the Jains have a religious history spanning two-and -a-half millennia Western scholars have shown little interest in them until recently. Drawing on fieldwork conducted among Jains in the Indian state of Gujarat and a migrant Gujarati Jain group in Leicester, England, Marcus Banks aims to provide an understanding of contemporary Jain identity through an examination of their social and religious organizations. The first part of the book describes the array of religious and caste organizations found among Jains in the Indian city of Jamnagar and how Jains from Jamnagar and elsewhere in Gujarat migrated to East Africa, transforming their organizations in the process. The second part looks at the new forms of organization that have developed among the Jains who came to Leicester from East Africa and the part these have played in changing perceptions of Jainism itself. Throughout the book Dr Banks plays special attention to the use and transformation of urban space by religious and other groups, and he concludes with comments on the definition of religion and religious identity. This is one of the first book-length studies of the Jains as a migrant group overseas, where they are studied in their own right rather than simply as an ethnic minority. It will be valuable both for its documentation of a small but influential population and for its direct comparison of aspects of communal and religious organization in India and the UK.

  • Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c.1075-c.1125

    This is a study of the books of Salisbury Cathedral and their scribes in the late eleventh and early twelfth centuries. These manuscripts form the largest collection to have survived from any English centre in the period following the Norman Conquest, and they bear witness to the energetic scribal and scholarly activities of a community of intelligent and able men. Teresa Webber traces the interests and activities of the canons of Salisbury Cathedral from the evidence of their books. She reveals to us a lively Anglo-Norman centre of scholarship and religious devotion. Her study combines detailed palaeographic research with a keen understanding of medieval cultural and intellectual life. It is a distinguished contribution to medieval studies.

  • The Maritime Trade of the East Anglian Ports, 1550-1590

    This book offers an account of the inland and foreign trade of East Anglian ports, from King's Lynn to Ipswich, during the reign of Elizabeth I. Drawing on state papers, customs documents and other original sources, it gives a general picture of the economic life of the region. The survey is not confined to general statements, statistical tables or movements of commodities, but includes sketches of individual merchants, pirates and smugglers. The author argues that the significance of provincial trade at this time has been undervalued in comparison with that of London, and that the East coast ports have been neglected by historians in comparison with those of the West Country. The author was winner of the Royal Historical Society's Whitfield Prize.

  • Elements of International Political Theory

    In this study Michael Donelan provides a general theory of world politics by displaying five approaches to the subject and showing how these lead to distinct attitudes on critical issues. In the first part of the book, five imaginary spokesmen outline their case: a Natural Law theorist, for whom the world is one political community; a Realist, who sees world affairs as an ordered anarchy; a Fidelist, for whom the true believer eternally confronts the infidel; a Rationalist, who holds that the clashing interests of countries can be brought into harmony by following reasonable procedures; and a Historicist, who advocates, in debate with nationalists and Marxists, continuity with tradition. These positions are then debated by their exponents, each point of view being confronted with the best objections the opposition can muster. The discussion covers five main aspects of world politics: conflict, alliances, intervention, war and commerce. Throughout, the author marshalls the arguments in such a way as to enlist the reader's sympathy for the competing claims, while finally leaving him free to make his own judgement on their relative merits. His book aims to aid our understanding of the basic philosophical ideas that underlie our opinions and decisions on world problems.

  • Law, Liberty, and Justice: The Legal Foundations of British Constitutionalism

    The book makes a fresh appraisal of the main principles of constitutional law, seeking to stimulate renewed debate about the fundamentals of British constitutionalism. Rejecting a purely fromal concept of the rule of law, Allan argues that public law should more fully and openly reflect the principles of liberty and justice which constitute the underlying point and substance of the rule of law. The connection between law and justice is ultimately secured by the primary role of the individual conscience in making judgements about what the law requires. And just as no court is ever an infallible arbiter of legal obligation - the individual may sometimes have to stand by his own conscientious reading of the law - Parliament cannot be accorded unqualified authority to change the law. The sovreignty of Parliament is necessarily limited by residual principles of leberal constitutionalism; any other view would contradict the rule of law. Standard comparisons between written and unwritten constitutions, and traditional accounts of the separarion of powers, ovscure more than they reveal. The interpretation and application of statutes must always be a matter of judicial deliberation and judgement, just as the application of government policies and administrative orders is ultimately subject to the requirements of justice in particular cases.

  • Lexicography and Physicke: The Record of Sixteenth-Century English Medical Terminology

    Medical practitioners of the sixteenth century had their own body of special terms, just like the doctors of this century. McConchie examines medical terminology used in a selection of thirteen medical works published between 1547 and 1612, and compares it with treatment of these words in the Oxford English Dictionary and other dictionaries of today, showing how well - or ill - the specialist terminology of sixteenth-century medical practitioners has been recorded. He compiles a corpus of new data from a selection of medical texts ranging from scholarly tomes to homely handbooks. The study of this corpus reveals errors, omissions, and biases which raise questions for lexicographical tools in general. Are existing dictionaries adequate in their investigation of Renaissance English? Has current understanding been more biased and more deficient than we thought? If so, how are we to redress the problem? This book uses a specialist semantic domain to raise important issues for lexicographers, and historians of early modern English and medicine.

  • Conservative Century: The Conservative Party since 1900

    The Conservative Party has been the dominant force in twentieth-century British politics. On its own or as the predominant partner in a coalition it has held power for more than sixty years since 1900. Despite this it has been the most neglected and misunderstood of all the main parties. This book is the first systematic attempt to survey the history and politics of the Conservative Party across the whole of the twentieth century from the `Khaki' election of 1900 to John Major's victory of 1992 and beyond. Traditional boundaries between history and political science have been ignored, with each of the authoritative team of contributors pursuing an important theme within three main areas; the composition and structure of the Party; its ideas, policies and actions in government; and its public image and sources of support in the country. The essays are based upon new research, in particular in the Conservative Party archives. Conservative Century will be essential reading for both students and specialists, and it offers a mine of fascinating information for anyone interested in British politics.

  • The Audit Society: Rituals of Verification

    This book is the first systematic exploration of audit as a principle of social organization and control. The author critically examines the reasons, means, and consequences of this audit explosion. He raises important questions about the efficacy of audit processes, suggests that the consequences of this must be evaluated, and contrasts these theories and practices of Trust.

  • A Fractured Society: The Politics of London in the First Age of Party, 1688-1715

    The Glorious Revolution marked the beginning of a politically turbulent quarter-century in London, as urban society became aroused and divided over such issues as the expansion of overseas trade, the scale of continental warfare, the emancipation of religious dissenters, and the widespread political involvement of a newly-informed public. This work takes a fresh look at the origins and consequences of party conflict in late Stuart London and sets city politics in a national context. De Krey also offers an in-depth analysis of the particular make-up and ideological transformation of each party.

  • IB Mathematics Higher Level Option Discrete: Oxford IB Diploma Programme

    Written by experienced IB workshop leaders and curriculum developers, this book covers all the course content and essential practice needed for success in the Discrete Option for Higher Level. Enabling a truly IB approach to mathematics, real-world context is thoroughly blended with mathematical applications, supporting deep understanding and instilling confident mathematical thinking skills. Exam support is integrated, building assessment potential. - Directly linked to the Oxford Higher Level Course Book, naturally extending learning - Drive a truly IB approach to mathematics, helping learners connect mathematical theory with the world around them - The most comprehensive, accurately matched to the most recent syllabus, written by experienced workshop leaders - Build essential mathematical skills with extensive practice enabling confident skills-development - Cement assessment potential, with examiner guidance and exam questions driving confidence in every topic About the series: The only DP resources developed directly with the IB, the Oxford IB Course Books are the most comprehensive core resources to support learners through their study. Fully incorporating the learner profile, resources are assessed by consulting experts in international-mindedness and TOK to ensure these crucial components are deeply embedded into learning.

  • Theories of Primitive Religion

    The Sir D. Owen Evans Lectures delivered at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, in 1962.

  • Phenomenology of Spirit

    This brilliant study of the stages in the mind's necessary progress from immediate sense-consciousness to the position of a scientific philosophy includes an introductory essay and a paragraph-by-paragraph analysis of the text to help the reader understand this most difficult and most influential of Hegel's works.

  • Aspects of Semantic Opposition in English

    Antonymy is recongized as an important type of meaning relation in natural languages, yet there are very few detailed empirical studies of the topic. Through an analysis of a corpus of 43 contemporary English-language novels Dr Mettinger isolates ten syntactic frames within which antonyms are regularly found: these serve as a useful heuristic tool for eliciting opposites from texts. He argues that there are two kinds of antonyms: systemic opposites which have meaning relations definable in strictly semantic terms, and non-systemic opposites which require contextual and encyclopaedic knowledge for an interpretation of their relationship. The author analyses systemic opposites within an autonomous semantics framework based on semantic field theory, using semantic features, semantic dimensions, and archisememes as descriptive tools. His analysis of 350 pairs of antonyms taken from Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases yields a typology of meaning-opposition in English based on syntacticosemantic criteria such as gradability and scalarity which stands in contrast to standard logic-based typologies. Among the specific topics covered are `negative' prefixes, the problem of markedness, and the treatment of meaning-opposition from a cognitive point of view.

  • Well-being: Its Meaning, Measurement, And Moral Importance

    The author offers answers to three central questions about well-being: the best way to understand it; whether it can be measured; and where it should fit in moral and political thought. Graduate students and above in philosophy; also scholars in political theory, economic theory, and jurisprudence.

  • Complete Biology for Cambridge IGCSE® Revision Guide

    Fully matched to the latest Cambridge syllabus, this updated revision guide provides everything students need to build exam confidence, including practice questions and answers as well as revision and assessment advice from an experienced teacher. The clear and concise format will support students as they prepare for their exams, as well as throughout the year for independent study or homework. Ensuring all students reach their potential, it includes exercises and practice questions that both challenge higher ability students and support lower ability students. Vocabulary-building activities are included to support students whose first language is not English.

  • Human Rights Approaches to Environmental Protection

    This collection of essays explores links between the environment and human rights, and responds to the growing debate among activists, lawyers, academics and policy-makers on the legal status of environmental rights in both international and domestic law, and on the proposals for a human right to a satisfactory environment. The collection is an original and timely contribution to the existing literature on this subject, and offers a sustained analysis which addresses both the conceptual and practical problems of environmental rights. The conceptual dimensions are particularly rich, raising fundamental questions concerning the human/environment relationship as well as more general issues regarding the form, content and limitations of international and domestic human rights law. The first part of the book deals mainly with the protection of the environment in international human rights law and EC law, while part two concentrates on problems and experience in developing countries, some of which have already incorporated environmental rights and international constitutional law and from which a growing jurisprudence has emerged. This is where at present human rights approaches seem to be of greatest value. Each chapter is written by an author well qualified in the field. The volume will have a wide appeal to anyone interested in environmental law and human rights.

  • The High Price of Money: An Interpretation of World Interest Rates

    The argument of this monograph is that, contrary to prevailing opinion, high interest rates are not a fact of economic life. The authors argue that this is a conventional assumption rooted in the expectations of financial markets. World economic evidence from the last 20 years indicates that conscious policies are, in fact, capable of altering interest rates in the short term, without heavy costs. Such policies must be devised and pursued if we are to come out of recession.

  • Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries

    Both livelihoods and diversity have become popular topics in development studies. The livelihood concept offers a more complete picture of the complexities of making a living in rural areas of low income countries than terms formerly considered adequate, such as subsistence, incomes, or employment. Diversity recognizes that people manage by doing many different things rather than just one or a few things. This book sets out the rural livelihoods approach within the larger context of past and current themes in rural development. It adopts diversity as its principal theme and explores the implications of diverse rural livelihoods for ideas about poverty, agriculture, environment, gender, and macroeconomic policy. It also considers appropriate methods for gaining quick and effective knowledge about the livelihoods of the rural poor for project and policy purposes.

  • Trademark Dilution

    What remedy does a car manufacturer have to prevent the use of its trade mark for cosmetics, confectionery, office furniture, or any one of a number of dissimilar uses? Except in cases of public deception, the answer was none until the doctrine of trade mark dilution was first introduced into English law and into much of Europe with the advent of the Trade Marks Act 1994 and the EC Trade Marks Directive. This doctrine, 'misunderstood, misconstrued, and misapplied' since it was introduced into American law nearly 70 years ago, exists to prevent one trader taking unfair advantage of the name or mark, usually well established, of one business and using it for the exploitation of goods in areas in which the well-known trader is not presently active. This controversial and complex area of law is now of very considerable interest to lawyers, trade mark and patent agents and their business clients throughout the European Union where specific anti-dilution provisions have been widely introduced. Its appearence is timely given the uncertainty about the relevant provisions of the Trade Marks Act 1994 and there can be no doubt that practitioners in the field will be eager to buy and read this book.

  • Capital Markets and Corporate Governance

    Contributors: N. Dimsdale, J. Kay, P. Marsh, J. Charkham, A. Sykes, D. McWilliams, A. Sentance, M. Middleton, D. Lomax, C. Mayer, A. Beecroft, A. Hughes, M. Prevezer, M. Ricketts, J. Edwards, E. Schneider-Lenne, J. Corbett, S. Masuyama, K. Fischer Written by leading academics, bankers, and consultants, this book discusses major issues in corporate governance. The papers concentrate upon the financing of corporations, and the role of the banks and stock markets in the United Kingdom, Germany, and Japan. A central theme of the book is a constant awareness of the links between the accountability of senior managers, the system of corporate governance, and the performance of a company. The contributors examine the role of shareholders, company boards, and managers under a market-based system as in the UK and USA, in comparison with the `insider' system found in Japan and, to a lesser extent, Germany. They discuss the view that this UK system leads to a preoccupation with short-term corporate performance and a greater likelihood of hostile takeovers. The contribution of the banks to corporate finance and control is also examined, including a discussion of the spcial problems of small forms. The Japanese and the German financial and corporate systems are authoritatively analysed.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume IV: 1519-1521

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • Comprehension to 14 Answer Book

    Written to accompany trusted author Geoff Barton's student book, Comprehension to 14, the book provides answers to all activities as well as advice about differentiation and assessment.

  • Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries: Volume 2: Abbotsford - Keele

    Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries Volume 2: Abbotsford - Keele

  • William Whewell Philosopher of Science

    William Whewell was one of the most prolific and influential writers of early Victorian England. His two seminal works, "History of the Inductive Sciences from the Earliest to the Present Time " (1830) and "Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences Founded upon their History" (1840), form the cornerstone of his intellectual undertaking. They are unique in that they presented for the first time a full-blown and comprehensive history of the sciences, and, founded upon that, a systematic and detailed theory and methodology of science, designed explicitly to counter Francis Bacon's influential "Novum Organum". The author reconstructs the historical origins of Whewell's two works, and evaluates their philosophical claims. In the last part of the book he gives a critical appraisal of Whewell's mature philosophical position, having first traced the development of his thought. Whewell emerges as the only writer of his generation to have risen fully to the philosophical challenge of the mathematical physics of his day, and to have established in response a theory of science intriguingly akin to the new theories of emergence which were being offered by Lyell and Darwin. The work should appeal to philosophers interested in the history of philosophy and philosophy of science, scientists interested in the history of science and the history and philosophy of mathematics, and historians with an interest in the history of ideas.

  • The History of the British Coal Industry: Volume 1: Before 1700: Towards the Age of Coal

    This is the eagerly awaited first volume of the definitive History of the British Coal Industry. Well before 1700 Britain had become heavily dependent upon coal for its fuel, and coalmining had taken its place among the nation's staple industries. John Hatcher traces the production and trade of coal from the intermittent small-scale activity which prevailed in the Middle Ages to the rapid expansion and rising importance which characterized the early modern era. Thoroughly grounded in a formidable range of sources, the book explores the economics and management of mining, the productivity and profitability of colliery enterprise, and the progress of technology. Dr Hatcher examines the owners and operators of collieries and the sources of mining capital, as well as the colliers themselves, their working conditions and earnings. He argues that the spectacular growth of coal output in this period was achieved more through evolutionary than revolutionary processes. This is a scholarly, detailed, and comprehensive study, which will be an essential source for all historians of the medieval and early modern economy, and fascinating reading for anyone with an interest in the British coal industry.

  • Project X Origins: Lime Book Band, Oxford Level 11: Trapped: Get Me Out of Here!

    Project X Origins is a ground-breaking guided reading programme for the whole school. Action-packed stories, fascinating non-fiction and comprehensive guided reading support meet the needs of children at every stage of their reading development. In Get Me Out of Here! something nasty is ruining Uncle John's flowers. Max, Cat, Ant and Tiger try to help but the greenhouse is full of unexpected dangers. Each book contains inside cover notes that highlight challenge words, prompt questions and a range of follow-up activities to support children in their reading.

  • Criminal Attempts

    This book reflects the belief that a careful study of the Law of Attempts should be both interesting in itself, as well as being a productive route into a number of larger and deeper issues in criminal law theory and in the philosophy of action. By identifying the legal doctrines which courts and legislatures have developed or adopted, the author goes on to ask whether and how they can be rationalized or rendered persuasive. Such an approach involves paying detailed attention to cases. The book is also unusual in that it grapples with English, Scots and US law, showing great breadth of research as well as philosophical sophistication. This is a work which is likely to become a seminal study and a major contribution to the study of law and legal philosophy.

  • ATLASES PRIMARY ATLAS

    The Oxford Primary Atlas is a clear, bright and informative atlas for all 7-11 year olds. It is a completely new, up-to-date atlas with accurate, easy-to-read and colourful mapping, presented in a tidy visual layout based on evidence for children's thinking with maps. It has been specially designed to include key curriculum themes such as mountains, water, settlements, connections, and environments. It incorporates easy-to-use features including innovative grid codes to help children find places listed in the index, many colourful photographs to aid children's understanding of map symbols, attractive artwork to provide a 'sense of place', and stimulating graphics to make large numbers easy to understand. The exciting new content includes map literacy and numeracy, country data files, and flags of the world at a usable size.

  • The Epistolae Vagantes of Pope Gregory VII

    The Epistolae Vagantes of Pope Gregory VII

  • A Debate Over Rights: Philosophical Enquiries

    The authors of this volume engage in essay form in a lively debate over the fundamental characteristics of legal and moral rights. Each author considers whether rights essentially protect individuals' interests or whether they instead essentially enable individuals to make choices. The book addresses many questions including: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a right? What is the connection between the existence and the enforcement of a right (i.e., between rights and remedies)? Does the identification of rights inevitably involve value judgements? To what extent can rights be in conflict? The answers to these and related questions can illuminatingly clarify, though not finally resolve, some of the present-day controversies over abortion, euthanasia, and animal rights. Anyone interested in the basic nature of rights and other entitlements will profit from reading this book.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Macbeth

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. Macbeth is one of the most popular texts for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE specifications.

  • Utilitarianism and Distributive Justice: Jeremy Bentham and the Civil Law

    In this book Dr Kelly presents the first full-length exposition and sympathetic defence of Jeremy Bentham's unique utilitarian theory of justice. He rescues Bentham's reputation from crude nineteenth- and twentieth-century caricatures, and develops a sophisticated and subtle interpretation of Bentham's moral theory which places him at the heart of the British Liberal tradition. Drawing heavily on Bentham's unpublished civil and distributive law writings, classic and recent Bentham scholarship, and contemporary work in moral and political philosophy, Dr Kelly shows how Bentham developed a moderate welfare-state liberal theory of justice with egalitarian leanings, the aim of which was to secure the material and political conditions of each citizen's pursuit of his own conception of the good life in co-operation with others. This strikingly original interpretation makes a valuable contribution to the growing literature on Bentham's legal and political thought, and develops a utilitarian theory of justice which offers much to contemporary political philosophy.

  • Myths of the Nation: National Identity and Literary Representation

    Myths of the Nation focuses on the construction of forms of historical consciousness in narratives, or schools of narrative. The study seeks to underscore what goes behind the writing of `true' and `authentic' histories by treating historical fiction as the literary dimension of nationalist ideology. It traces nationalism from its abstract underpinnings to its concrete manifestation in historical fiction which underwrites the Indian freedom struggle. The construction of identity through mythicized conceptions of India is examined in detail through Raja Rao's first novel, Kanthapura. The key concept governing the subject is that of representation. Since the `fictional reality' of the nation is a much debated issue, the study examines how history slides into fiction. The author shows how orientalist, nationalist, Marxist, subalternists, and poststructuralists, have all, in their own celebratory ways, used the disenfranchised sub-proletariat in their works. What she finds useful in poststructuralist practices, however, is that subaltern identities are imbued with heterogeneity, thus splitting open an authoritarian and reactionary nationalism, and a continuing neo-colonialism.

  • Case-Law of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal: Volume II

    The World Bank Administrative Tribunal is an institution which in the twelve years of its existence has acquired considerable importance and a reputation for consistency and impartiality in the exercise of its judicial function. Its case-law reveals much about the structure and working of not only the World Bank but other important international organisations. This second volume of the comprehensive digest of the WBAT's case-law which deals with cases decided between January 1988 and June 1991, like the first volume, will be of much use to the those working in and studying international organisations as well as those simply interested in the World Bank Administrative Tribunal. The author cites those parts of judgments which pertain to a particular issue so that the reader has first-hand access to the Court's actual decisions on that issue. The pronouncements are thus arranged so as to give a clear picture of the contribution each has made to the law governing the international civil service.

  • Set-Off

    This text seeks to explain out the principles governing the law of set-off, a subject which, although often ignored, is extremely important to the legal and business community. The book is based primarily upon English case and statute law, though it also covers significant case developments in Australian and New Zealand law and extends to coverage of international and cross-border set-offs.

  • Beveridge and Social Security: An International Retrospective

    The Beveridge Report of 1942 captured the public imagination with its principles of universal social insurance in Britain. Beveridge's idea was to use universal benefits to remove the poverty caused by certain contingencies, such as unemployment or disability. This book considers the influence of Beveridge's ideas on social security and argues that the reality, over the subsequent fifty years, has been very different from the principles and from the vision he expressed. The first group of papers in this volume examines the recommendations of the Beveridge Report, the concessions that were made before implementation was possible, and the history of the postwar social insurance system. His biographer, Jose Harris, explains how Beveridge's beliefs were formed in the years preceding the War. The important aspects of the social insurance system are considered in depth, such as the state pension, and the principle of flat-rate rather than means-tested benefits. The second group of papers deals with the adoption or dismissal of Beveridge's recommendations in several countries: Germany, Poland, Holland, Israel, Sweden, and Australia. The authors generally conclude that there has, in Britain, been a move away from universally available benefits to means-tested income support. Despite this, the editors argue that Beveridge's important legacy has been the notion of a national minimum income: a safety net covering all. This idea has substantial present-day relevance as the countries of the European Community debate the issue of political as well as economic convergence. Contributors: John Hills, John Ditch, Howard Glennerster, Brian Abel-Smith, Jose Harris, Peter Baldwin, Martin Evans, John Macnicol, John Veit-Wilson, Rodney Lowe, Fritz Grundger, Maciej Zukowski, Saskia Klosse, Teun Jaspers, Mies Westerveld, Abraham Doron, Tor E. Eriksen, Edward E. Palmer, Bettina Cass, John Freeland

  • Oxford Playscripts: The Canterbury Tales

    An engaging classroom playscript. Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer is dead! In a dramatic attempt to bring him back to life, four medieval alchemists invite a group of Chaucer's best-known pilgrims - the Knight, the Wife of Bath, the Pardoner, the Nun's Priest, and the Miller - to tell their Canterbury Tales. New, innovative activities specifically tailored to support the KS3 Framework for Teaching English and help students to fulfil the Framework objectives. Activities include work on Speaking and Listening, close text analysis, and the structure of playscripts, and act as a springboard for personal writing.

  • The Chronicle of Battle Abbey

    Edited with a facing-page English translation from the Latin text by: Searle, Eleanor;

  • The Aesthetics of Music

    Now available in paperback, this is perhaps the first comprehensive account of the nature and significance of music from the perspective of modern philosophy, and the only treatment of the subject which is properly illustrated with music examples. The book starts from the metaphysics of sound, distinguishes sound from tone, analyses rhythm, melody, and harmony, and develops a novel account of music, as the intentional object of an imaginative perception. The argument explores the various dimensions of musical organization and musical meaning, and shows exactly how and why music is an expressive medium. The Aesthetics of Music explains and criticizes many fashionable theories in the philosophy and theory of music, and mounts a case for the moral significance of music, its place in our culture, and the need for taste and discrimination in both performer and listener. The various schools of musical analysis are subjected to a critical examination, and recent criticism of tonality, as the foundation of musical order, are rehearsed and rejected. Scruton defends the objectivity of aesthetic values, lays down principles of criticism, and ends with an energetic critique of modern popular music.

  • Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe: 900-1300

    Contending that medieval attitudes and behavior have been too readily defined in terms of hierarchical structures of government, clerical thought, and a narrow notion of kinship, Reynolds streses the powerful horizontal bonds of association that permeated the lay societies of England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Italy between the 10th and 13th centuries, and offers a stimulating new approach to medieval European history.

  • Conducting Elgar

    This is the final book in the magnificent series of advice on conducting the repertoire that Norman Del Mar had been writing until his death in February 1994. As with the previous books, each chapter is devoted to a specific work, and once again all the major orchestral works of this important composer are covered. The book culminates in an important study of The Dream of Gerontius, and it was in the middle of this chapter that Norman was forced to lay down his pen. His son, Jonathan, himself a conductor, was with him in hospital helping him, and knew what line the chapter should take. He has now completed this and seen the whole book through the press with authority and devotion. Norman Del Mar renowned in his generation as the principal interpreter of English music and in particular for his understanding of Elgar. His explanations of the subtleties of guiding an orchestra through these magnificanet scores will be a lasting memorial to his lifework and invaluable help to all those who seek to clarify this elusive music. Elgar's own recordings are frequently drawn upon, but by no means always accepted, the changing fashions of interpretation being a constantly changing subject.

  • Proprietary Interests in Commercial Transactions

    One of the most pressing problems now facing commercial lawyers is to explain the principles which determine when a remedy is proprietary and when it is not. This book provides a broad overview of the subject. It examines representative business transactions which commonly give rise to legal or equitable interests in personal property. Its aim is to distil the fundamental principles understanding the relevant legal analyses. The result is to provide a more theoretically rigorous analytical framework for proprietary interests in personal property. The practical advantages of this are potentially twofold: new commercial transactions can be more effectively structured; in addtion, disputes between contracting parties can be more reliably resolved. Two features of the analysis are significant. The first is the elastic nature of proprietary interests in personal property. Although proprietary interests can be broadly classified as ownership or security interests, these are relative concepts which may be affected significantly by impinging contractual arrangements. The second feature is the necessary and intimate integration of law and equity. Equitable proprietary interests are remarkabldy prevalent; this prevalence is directly related to the apparent ease with which equity is able to convert particular personal obligations into proprietary interests.

  • A History of Private Law in Europe

    In this book Franz Wieacker tells how legal thinking, writing and teaching started in Europe and how it developed. He begins in the High Middle Ages and describes how the Glossators laid down the foundations by applying methodical criticism and exegesis to the Digest of Justinian. As Reinhard Zimmermann's foreword shows, Wieacker's way of telling the history of European legal thought from its origins in medieval Bologna down to the present day and of elucidating the intellectual conditions for its development is a stunning achievement. One of the great strengths of the book lies in its demonstration of the constant interaction between the thinking of lawyers and the general philosophical ideas of their time: between Scholasticism and medieval legal science, between the enlightenment and the Law of Reason, between Classicism (and Romanticism) and Savigny's Historical School of Law. It is hardly surprising that so ambitious and erudite a work should have become a classic since 1952, when it was first published in German. Now Tony Weir's brilliant translation makes the seond and final edition accessible to English-speaking scholars the world over.

  • The Tax System in Industrialized Countries

    This volume is the only book to provide a comparative and systematic analysis of the tax systems of the major industrialized nations (the G7 plus Netherlands, Spain, and Sweden) over the last decade. An introductory chapter compares the tax levels, structures, and systems of the ten, notes differences between government preoccupations in mid-1980s and mid-1990s, and unusual tax features of particular countries, before speculating on likely changes in the remaining years of the century. In the ten main chapters, individual national experts providein a standardized format to facilitate comparisondetails of all the significant taxes and important changes in relation to specific policy considerations such as fiscal deficits, savings and investment incentives, income distribution effects, and administrative and compliance costs. The country chapters conclude with a summary of recent and prospective tax reforms, which in each case takes account of the underlying economic conditions and political climate.

  • Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

    This book provides a framework for thinking about economic instiutions such as firms. The basic idea is that institutions arise in situations where people write incomplete contracts and where the allocation of power or control is therefore important. Power and control are not standard concepts in economic theory. The book begins by pointing out that traditional approaches cannot explain on the one hand why all transactions do not take place in one huge firm and on the other hand why firms matter at all. An incomplete contracting or property rights approach is then developed. It is argued that this approach can throw light on the boundaries of firms and on the meaning of asset ownership. In the remainder of the book, incomplete contacting ideas are applied to understand firms' financial decisions, in particular, the nature of debt and equity (why equity has votes and creditors have foreclosure rights); the capital structure decisions of public companies; optimal bankruptcy procedure; and the allocation of voting rights across a company's shares. The book is written in a fairly non-technical style and includes many examples. It is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students, academic and business economists, and lawyers as well as those with an interest in corporate finance, privatization and regulation, and transitional issues in Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, and China. Little background knowledge is required, since the concepts are developed as the book progresses and the existing literature is fully reviewed.

  • European Integration, Monetary Co-Ordination, and the Demand for Money

    Can monetary integration in Europe be improved? The tensions which periodically surfaced within the European Monetary System and which exploded in the 1992-3 Exchange Rate Mechanism crisis do not demonstrate that the thorny issue of the co-ordination of monetary policies is obsolete. Rather, they show the difficulty of identifying and implementing effective schemes of monetary co-ordination. At the heart of this difficulty is the complexity of reaching agreement on the sharing of the cost of macroeconomic adjustment between participants in the system; that is, of finding a solution to the problem of its symmetry. The theoretical and empirical analysis of this book proposes an innovative perspective on the issue of improving monetary integration, written from the privileged viewpoint of central bank experience. After reviewing the ERM experience and the importance of the issue of the system's symmetry in shaping its evolution, the authors identify the economic conditions underlying the choice of the optimal scheme of monetary co-ordination under an exchange rate agreement, and show that one of the key conditions is the stability of the area-wide demand for money relative to the stability of national money demand functions. The analysis then turns to the methodological problems involved in the definition of monetary aggregates for open economics (with special attention to the selection of measures of money for areas comprising several countries), and in the estimation of area-wide money demand equations. On this basis, empirical exploration of the properties of demand for money for the European Union as a whole is carried out by testing several definitions of money and following various approaches, including two - the buffer stock approach and the Currency Equivalent method - which have never been applied to a group of countries. The results show that EU-wide money demand equations are already at least as stable and predictable as the best performing national equations. The empirical findings presented here support the case for the adoption of a scheme of monetary co-ordination which relies on the control of area-wide money supply, and which would employ a mutually beneficial solution to the problem of symmetry.

  • The Townshend Duties Crisis: The Second Phase of the American Revolution, 1767-1773

    This is a study of American colonial resistance to British policy in the late 1760s, in particular to the taxes imposed by Charles Townshend; and of the response to this resistance among British politicians. Professor Thomas contends that the origins of the Revolution lie in the years following the Stamp Act Crisis, with the British government's refusal to accept the growing political claims of the colonies. The consequent hardening of attitudes on both sides, he argues, turned the confrontation of the 1760s into an insoluble problem by 1773.

  • Reading Critics Reading: Opera and Ballet Criticism in France from the Revolution to 1848

    This book is among the first to examine French opera and ballet criticism during the first half of the nineteenth century both as a historical and a literary phenomenon. It thus provides a new and badly needed perspective for scholars and other commentators who have often been willing to treat the journalistic responses to such musical genres chiefly as a simple source of factual information. The essays, taken from a conference in Oxford in 1996, explore the kinds of problem encountered and the types of methodology that might be employed in trying to interpret these critical responses; they throw light on such aspects as the cultural attitudes underlying the writers' rhetoric, the aesthetic stances and ideological agendas at play, and how modes of production influenced content.

  • International Monetary Law: Issues for the New Millennium

    This unique collaboration between the top academic and practitioner monetary lawyers from around the world takes the first steps towards filling the current gap in the literature for a truly systematic text on the modern international monetary law system. It tackles all of the key issues for practitioners in the field today, drawing upon the experience of its expert contributors, many working within the most important international banking institutions. An essential purchase for all lawyers worldwide specialising in international monetary law, it will also appeal to those from other professions and disciplines with an interest in financial institutions or the international monetary system.

  • Wrapping in Images: Tattooing in Polynesia

    Wrapping in Images is the first comparative analysis of tattooing in Polynesia in its original setting, based on a comprehensive survey of both written and visual documentary sources. Drawing on modern social theory, psychoanalysis, and contemporary anthropology, Alfred Gell shows how tattooing formed part of a complex array of symbolic techniques for controlling sacredness and protecting the self. He uses this framework to examine the iconographic meaning of tattoo motifs, the rich corpus of mythology surrounding tattooing in some Polynesian societies, and the complex rituals associated with the tattoing operation. he also demonstrates how not all ancient Polynesian societies placed an equal emphasis on tattooing, or exploited the basic metaphors in the same way. Gell's wide-ranging, comparative political analysis shows consistent correlations between forms of political structure and different tattooing institutions, offering a new perspective on Polynesian comparative sociology.

  • Grammar in Context: Students' Book

    Grammar in Context hit the headlines on publication because of its up-to-date and relevant material, such as Earl Spencer's speech at the funeral of his sister, Diana, Princess of Wales. Now you can see for yourself what makes this book such a popular and lively way of teaching grammar.

  • Electronic Text: Investigations in Method and Theory

    Since the 1950s, when Roland Barthes re-expressed the formalist ideal of an open-ended text, there has been much interest among literary critics and theorists of text in the question of what text is and what it gives us access to. The computer storage and electronic dissemination of texts adds a new controversy to the debate: what is the significance of the electronic text for the representation and transmission of knowledge? In its functions as multi-text storer and in its capacity to weave, unweave, and reweave text, the computer lends itself to a variety of later twentieth-century theoretic and cultural practices, from the decomposing strategies of deconstructive criticism to the date-dense contextualism of criticisms of postmodernism, coming from new historicism, cultural anthropology, and post-Marxism. The contributors to this book examine the impact of electronic technology on literary and textual studies. They ask how the computer is being used to reshape ideas of text, of authorship, of a literary canon, of authenticity and value as embodied in the edited work. They combine approaches from literary theory, the philosophy of text, feminist theory, and textual criticism. Topics include interactive Shakespeare, the poetry of Laetitia Landon, Mark Twain and hypertext, and the Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers.

  • AIDS in the UK: The Making of Policy, 1981-1994

    Fifteen years ago the AIDS `epidemic' did not exist on the public agenda. In just over a decade the public and official response to the disease has resulted in the development of a whole network of organizations devoted to the study, containment, and practical treatment of AIDS. In this important and original analysis of AIDS policy, Virginia Berridge examines the speed and nature of the official (and unofficial) response to this new and critical historical event. The policy reaction in Britain passed through three stages. From 1981-1986 the outbreak of a new contagious disease led to public alarm and social stigmatization, with a lack of scientific certainty about the nature of the disorder. AIDS was a new and open policy area - there were no established departmental, local, or health authority mechanisms for dealing with the problem. This was a period of policy development from below, with relatively little official action and many voluntary initiatives behind the scenes. This phase was succeeded in 1986-1987 by a brief stage of quasi-wartime emergency, in which national politicians and senior civil servants intervened, and a high-level political response emerged. The response was a liberal one of `safe sex' and harm minimization rather than draconian notification or isolation of carriers. The author demonstrates that despite the `Thatcher revolution'in government in the 1980s, crisis could still stimulate a consensual response. The current period of `normalization' of the disease sees panic levels subsiding as the rate of growth slows and the fear of the unknown recedes. Official institutions have been established and formal procedures adopted and reviewed; paid professionals have replaced the earlier volunteers. The 1990s have seen change in the liberal consensus towards a harsher response and the partial repoliticization of AIDS. In this fascinating and scholarly account, Virginia Berridge analyses a remarkable period in contemporary British history, and exposes the reaction of the British political and medical elites, and of the British public to one of the most challenging issues of this century.

  • Anglo-Scottish Relations 1174-1328: Some Selected Documents

    Anglo-Scottish Relations 1174-1328 Some Selected Documents

  • Oxford International Primary Geography: Student Book 5

    Oxford International Primary Geography is a complete six year primary geography course that provides an engaging introduction to the subject. Using real life examples from around the globe, the course covers key aspects of both human and physical geography, from the basics of mapping to more complex topics such as the pros and cons of ecotourism and how to meet the resource needs of the world's growing population. Additional Workbooks provide students with the opportunity for further study in the classroom or at home, including suggested research topics and cross-curricular projects. For the teacher, the Teacher's Guide provides step-by-step guidance for each lesson, as well as background knowledge and geographical information for specialist and non-specialist teachers alike.

  • Oxford Reading Tree Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories Decode and Develop: Level 8: Pack of 6

    This Level 8 Decode and Develop pack contains 6 books, one of each of: The Beehive Fence, The Ogre's Dinner, A Lucky Find, The Strange Old House, A Good Turn, The Secret Pop Star. Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories: Decode and Develop are an exciting new set of stories from Roderick Hunt and Alex Brychta. Full of humour and drama with a delightful mixture of familiar settings and brand new magic key adventures to inspire young readers. Featuring all your favourite characters, children will enjoy exploring the detailed humorous illustrations and be captivated by the storylines. These phonics-based stories are perfect for embedding and building on children's phonics knowledge. They contain high-interest vocabulary to support language development beyond Phase 5 of Letters and Sounds. Each book contains inside cover notes to help adults read and explore the content with the child, supporting their decoding and language comprehension development. Teaching notes on Oxford Owl support independent reading, guided reading, writing, and speaking, listening and drama activities.

  • British Social Reform and German Precedents: The Case of Social Insurance 1880-1914

    This is a study of one of the central themes of pre-1914 British history - the move towards social reform and the accompanying growth of collectivism and bureaucracy. It focuses on the conditions under which Britain was willing to borrow political devices from imperial Germany and the problems inherent in borrowing from a different political culture. Compulsory social insurance had been pioneered by Germany in the 1880s to deal with the consequences of industrial injury, sickness, infirmity and old age for the working class. What interest did policy-makers in Britain take in this German innovation? Why did they initially consider it irrelevant? Why and to what extent did attitudes change? How could a German institution be adapted to British circumstances? These are the questions with which Dr Hennock is concerned in his study of British social reform. He examines British policy on compensation for industrial accidents, old age pensions and national insurance, and in a wide-ranging introduction compares this with developments in such other spheres as technical education and town planning in which German precedents had also challenged accepted ways. British Social Reform and German Precedents deliberately raises questions about innovation and resistance to innovation from abroad which are still relevant as Britain seeks to adapt to membership of the European Economic Community.

  • Regulation and Deregulation: Policy and Practice in the Utilities and Financial Services Industries

    Regulation and Deregulation is a revised version of papers presented at the Oxford Law Colloquium held at St John's College, Oxford, in March 1998. The Colloquium, organised by the Norton Rose M5 Group and the Faculty of Law of the University of Oxford, provided a meeting place for discussion between practitioners and academics interested in regulation. This book makes available to a wider audience the fruits of those discussions. Current themes in the debate about how best to regulate are explored, concentrating in particular on the regulation of utilities and of the banking and financial services industry. Regulation and deregulation are of considerable, and increasing, importance in Britain and the wider world. This stimulating book will be welcomed by practising and academic lawyers in the regulations field, especially those concerned with the books particular areas of focus.

  • Cartesian Method and the Problem of Reduction

    Cartesian method, construed as a way of organizing domains of knowledge according to the `order of reason', was a powerful reductive tool. Descartes produced important results in mathematics, physics, and metaphysics by relating certain complex items and problems back to simpler elements that serve as starting points for his inquiries. However, his reductive method also impoverished these domains in important ways, for it tended to restrict geometry to the study of straight line segments, physics to the study of ambiguously constituted bits of matter in motion, and metaphysics to the study of the isolated, incorporeal knower. This book examines in detail the impact, negative and positive, of Descartes's method on his scientific and philosophical enterprises, exemplified by the Geometry, the Principles, the Treatise of Man, and the Meditations.

  • Taxing Capital Income in the European Union: Issues and Options for Reform

    Following the introduction of the euro, the European Union has started to debate the desirability and feasibility of more co-ordination in the field of capital income taxation. In contrast with product taxes, the EU Treaty does not provide for explicit authority to harmonize income taxes. So far, little co-ordination has taken place, even though the capital income tax base is much more mobile and hence more difficult to tax than is, for instance, consumption (and labour). There is much discussion on a minimum withholding tax on interest and on a code of conduct for business income taxes, but in practice little real progress is being made in aligning the various capital income taxes. More fundamentally, a broad, tax-policy type of discussion on whether, where, and how capital income should be taxed is lacking. The papers in this volume try to fill this void. Roger Gordon addresses the question of whether or not capital income should be taxed. Subsequently, Peggy Musgrave and Richard Bird / Scott Wilkie try to come to grips with the question of where capital income should be taxedDSin the member state of source or the member state of residence. Michael Devereux and Harry Huizinga / Soren Bo Nielsen then analyse various issues that arise in taxing equity income and imposing a withholding tax on interest. Next, Stephen Bond and Sijbren Cnossen discuss specific comprehensive proposals for taxing capital income in open economies. Finally, Scott Newlon and Charles McLure / Joann Weiner look at the difficulties of and alternatives to maintaining separate corporate income taxes in the EU. This introductory chapter summarizes the various papers and briefly discusses the basic issues and solutions.

  • Politics: Books I and II

    BL Contains a clear, accurate translation of Books I and II, together with a philosophical commentary Aristotle's Politics is a key document in Western political thought; it raises and discusses many theoretical and practical political issues which are still debated today. This edition is well suited to the requirements of students, including those who do not know Greek.

  • The English Gentleman in Trade: The Life and Works of Sir Dudley North 1641-1691

    In a pre-industrial economy dominated by small family firms, economic growth could not have occurred without the skill, persistence, and initiative of individual businessmen like Sir Dudley North. North was not only a celebrated merchant and economist, but an important and controversial servant of Charles II and James II. Richard Grassby exploits the extraordinary wealth of documentation available to establish how North made a fortune in the Levant commodity trade and through usury. He explores his character, beliefs, and intentions, and the diverse technical and personal reasons for his success. As the younger son of a peer, his domestic life and his relationships with his family and the world of business demonstrate both the mobility of English society and the close integration of town and country. His works, which are here published in full for the first time, reveal the breadth of his intellectual interests. Although a man of exceptional personality, North confronted the same obstacles and opportunities as other merchants of his day, and this study of his life offers us unique and valuable insights into the seventeenth-century business world.

  • Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

    How did BMW recover from the verge of bankruptcy to become one of Europe's strongest companies? Why did Saatchi and Saatchi's global strategy bring the company to its knees? Why has Philips' outstanding record in innovation not been translated into success in the market? What can be learned from the marriage contract about the conduct of commercial negotiations? Drawing on his own business experience and concepts in economics, legal theory, and sociology, John Kay presents a fresh approach to questions of business strategy. He rejects the military analogy that underpins much strategic thinking, in which success depends on size and share, on vision and leadership, on shifting patterns of mergers and alliances. Kay argues that outstanding businesses derive their strength from a distinctive structure of relationships with employees, customers, and suppliers, and explains why continuity and stability in these relationships is essential for a flexible and co-operative response to change. By integrating organizational and financial perspectives on the performance of the firm, the book not only offers insights into the creation of effective business strategies, but also sheds lights on the success, and failure of national economies. Now that the single market is upon us, this lively, perceptive book is probably the most important European contribution to strategic thinking for many years.

  • Anti-Realism and Logic: Truth as Eternal

    Anti-realism is a doctrine about logic, language, and meaning with roots in the work of Wittgenstein and Frege. In this book, the author clarifies Dummett's case for anti-realism and develops his arguments further. He concludes by advocating a radical reform of our logical practices.

  • Food Science and Technology

    Designed to supplement GCSE courses in Home Economics, this textbook examines aspects of food production, processing and packaging and takes a scientific look at the preparation and cooking of food and the relationship between food and health, illustrated with many food surveys.

  • The Witches of Lorraine

    Based on perhaps the richest surviving archive of witchcraft trials to be found in Europe, The Witches of Lorraine reveals the extraordinary stories held within those documents. They paint a vivid picture of life amongst the ordinary people of a small duchy on the borders of France and the Holy Roman Empire, and allow a very close analysis of the beliefs, social tensions, and behaviour patterns underlying popular attitudes to witchcraft. Intense persecution occurred in the period 1570-1630, but the focus of this book is more on how suspects interacted with their neighbours over the years preceding their trials. One of the mysteries is why people were so slow to use the law to eliminate these supposedly vicious and dangerous figures. Perhaps the most striking and unexpected conclusion is that witchcraft was actually perceived as having strong therapeutic possibilities; once a person was identified as the cause of a sickness, they could be induced to take it off again. Other aspects studied include the more fantastic beliefs in sabbats, shapeshifting, and werewolves, the role of the devins or cunning-folk, and the characteristics attributed to the significant proportion of male witches. This regional study makes a vital contribution to historical understanding of one of the most dramatic phenomena in early modern Europe, and to witchcraft studies as a whole, as well as illuminating related topics in social and religious history.

  • Youth and Authority: Formative Experiences in England 1560-1640

    It is now well-known that there was a separate age of youth in sixteenth-and seventeenth-century society (and before) but in much of the writing on this subject, youth has emerged as a passive construct of the adult society, lacking formative experiences. Paul Griffiths seeks to redress this imbalance by presenting a more `positive' image of young people, showing that they had a creative presence, an identity, and a historical significance which has never been fully explored. The author looks beyond the prescriptive codes of moralists and governors to survey the attitudes and activities of young people, examining their reaction to authority and to society's concept of the `ideal place' for them in the social order. He sheds new light on issues as diverse as juvenile delinquency, masculinity, the celebration of Shrovetide, sexual behaviour and courtship, clothing, catechizing, office-holding, vocabularies of insult, prostitution, and church seating plans. His research reveals much about the nature of youth culture, religious commitment, and master/servant relations, and leads to the identification of a separate milieu of `masterless' young people. Contemporary moralists called youth `the choosing time', a time of great risks and great potential; and the best time to incalculate political conformity and sound religion. Yet the concept of choice was double-edged, it recognized that young people had other options besides these expectations. This ambiguity is a central theme of theis book which demonstrates that although there was a critical politics of age during this period, young people had their own initiatives and strategies and grew up in all sorts of ways.

  • Secured Lending in Eastern Europe: Comparative Law of Secured Transactions and the EBRD Model Law

    This new work is the first comparative study of central and eastern European secured transactions laws to be written in English. It gives a valuable insight into the legal reforms taking place in the transition economies of central and eastern Europe (and elsewhere), explaining the general mechanics of secured transactions laws in a helpful and practical way. The book will explore the characteristics that make security law useful from a practical point of view, the purpose being not merely to describe existing rules on security but to concentrate on the question of how those rules can apply in practice. The author concentrates on seven central and eastern European secured transactions laws in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation and the Slovak Republic. These laws are contrasted with the EBRD's Model Law on Secured Transactions and the EBRD's Core Principles for a Modern Secured Transactions Law. In addition, English, German and US law (which, among others, influenced the EBRD's work) are used as further reference sources.

  • IB Biology Print and Online Course Book Pack: Oxford IB Diploma Programme

    The most comprehensive coverage of the 2014 syllabus, this resource pack includes a print and online Biology Course Book, for fully flexible learning. Giving you unparalleled support for the new concept-based approach to learning, the Nature of science, understanding, applications and skills are integrated in every topic, alongside TOK to drive inquiry and independent learning. Assessment support directly from the IB includes practice questions and worked examples in each topic, along with focused support for both the Internal Assessment and Extended Essay. Truly aligned with the IB philosophy, this Course Book gives unrivalled insight and support at every stage. Accurately cover the new syllabus - the most comprehensive match, with support directly from the IB on the core, AHL and all the options Fully integrate the new concept-based approach, holistically addressing understanding, applications, skills and the Nature of science Tangibly build assessment confidence with assessment support straight from the IB Build confidence - data-based questions and focused practice support exceptional achievement Written by co-authors of the new syllabus and leading IB workshop leaders Supported by a fully comprehensive and updated Study Guide and Oxford Kerboodle Online Resources This pack includes one print Course Book and one online Course Book. The online Course Book will be available on Oxford Education Bookshelf until 2022. Access is facilitated via a unique code, which is sent in the mail. The code must be linked to an email address, creating a user account. Access may be transferred once to an additional user.

  • Science at Oxford, 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University

    Oxford University has not always possessed the high reputation in the sciences for which it is now renowned: it was not until the period between this centurys two world wars that science was firmly established in a university previously noted for its devotion to arts subjects. By 1939, despite only modest increases in the numbers of fellows or undergraduates in science, Oxford had developed an important new research identity. This transformation took place in the face of considerable opposition. The powers of the colleges, the poverty of the University relative to collegiate wealth, and the heightened individualism endemic in a polycratic university combined to produce academic conservatism which even in the early twenties, could argue that Oxford should cede science to Cambridge and concentrate on its more traditional strengths in the arts. Jack Morrell shows how the innovators in the sciences coped with these idiosyncrasies and mustered a variety of resources, including government departments, leading industrialists, philanthropic trusts, and individual benefactors, to overcome academic inertia and to promote their subjects. Those interested in the institutionalization of science will find this study particularly important: it is the first book in English to examine the development of all the sciences in a major university of the twentieth century.

  • International Environmental Law, Policy and Ethics

    The concern of this book is the question of why the environment is protected in the international arena. This question is rarely asked because it is assumed we all want to achieve the same ends. However, in this study of international environmental ethics, Alexander Gillespie explodes this myth. He shows how nations, like individuals, are creating environmental laws and policies which are continually inviting failure since such laws are riddled with inconsistencies and are ultimately contradictory in purpose. Specifically, he seeks a nexus between the reasons why nations protect the environment, how these reasons are reflected in law and policy, and what complications arise from these choices.

  • Naval Weapons Systems and the Contemporary Law of War

    This book provides the first comprehensive critical analysis of the regulation of naval weapons during armed conflict. It examines the experience this century with the use of naval mines, submarines and anti-ship missiles, the three main naval weapons. The sources of international law relevant to an assessment of the law, that is the extant conventions, state practice, military manuals, war crimes prosecutions, and the opinions of publicists, are each extensively examined so that a clear picture of the law emerges. The book examines the impact of agreements drawn up in peacetime on wartime conduct and focuses on the growth of law through customary practice. While stating the law as it is today, it also provides suggestions for the practical development of the law.

  • Plural Ownership

    Plural Ownership is a thorough and thought-provoking analysis focusing on the principles underlying two areas of property law: concurrent ownership and successive ownership. Smith first considers the range of rights recognised by the law and the ways in which these rights operate, (in particular severance of joint tenancies). The book then moves on to survey the regulation of these rights, principally by statute, providing a detailed examination of the Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996, and exploring the principles behind the Act. He provides an in-depth investigation of this legislation, together with the cases discussing it, and the ways in which it relates to earlier principles and authorities.

  • The Scientific Image (Clarendon Library Of Logic And Philosophy)

    In this book Van Fraassen develops an alternative to scientific realism by constructing and evaluating three mutually reinforcing theories.

  • Accountability: A Public Law Analysis of Government by Contract

    Many government bodies relate to each other through contracts: government departments and agencies; government departments and the Treasury; National Health Service (NHS) purchasers and NHS Trusts. These 'internal contracts' are not, in general, regulated or enforced by the law. This book explores the practical problems encountered by the parties to internal contracts, drawing on evidence from an empirical case study of NHS contracts. It uncovers difficulties in defining the parties' roles; in maintaining good working relationships; and in securing compliance with contractual terms. It then examines the possibility of solving these problems through law. Some commentators, particularly public lawyers, have condemned the law's failure to keep pace with the rise of 'government by contract', but few have made specific proposals for reform. The book develops an original public law analysis of internal contracts, interpreting them as mechanisms of accountability from service providers to purchasers. It proposes norms which would help the parties to use their contracts as fair and effective mechanisms of accountability. It also suggests reforms to the institutional framework for internal contracts. The book will be of interest not only to academics working in the fields of law and public administration, but to policy-makers concerned with the contractualisation of public services. It also has wider implications for the regulation of other types of government contract, and should stimulate debate among public lawyers on the neglected issue of 'government by contract'.

  • Food Tables and Labelling: Combined Edition

    This title is a combined edition of two existing titles, "Food Tables" and "Food Labelling". It contains detailed analyses of the energy and nutrients - fats, carbohydrates, fibre, protein, vitamins and minerals - in over 800 fresh and processed foods and drinks, from raw vegetables to fast-food take-away meals. It also provides an explanation of what these tems mean, and how to understand the labels. These tables should be of value to teachers, college students and school pupils, from Key Stage 3 of the National Curriculum through GCSE, A-level, and NVQ, to GNVQ, Diploma, and degree courses. They may be used to support work in home economics, food technology, chemistry, biology and other subjects that involve nutrition and food science. The tables and explanatory notes are arranged in six sections: the need for food -energy and protein requirements; the need for food - vitamins and minerals - the nutrient content of foods; food labelling; height, weight and growth; miscellaneous tables, including equivalence of metric, imperial and household measures, and equivalence of temperatures.

  • Wagner's Das Rheingold

    Richard Wagner's opera Das Rheingold is a milestone in the composer's outlput and in the history of music in general. It marked Wagner's return to operatic composition after a hiatus of five years, and signified his definitive break with earlier operatic conventions. it also represents a reconsideration of the whole question of dramatic-musical form, and the role of tonality in articulating this form. Warren Darcy traces here the genesis of Das Rheingold through the various textual and musical sketches and drafts to the full score, and also develops a theoretical framework within which the opera may be meaningfully analysed. Using Wagner's manuscripts as a point of departure, Darcy discusses the formal, harmonic, and linear structure of the work. In so doing, he challenges a number of contemporary views about the opera, including those of Curt von Westernhagen and Carl Dahlhaus.

  • Jews in the German Economy: The German-Jewish Economic Elite, 1820-1935

    Jewish entrepreneurs played an important part in the development of the German economy, yet with a few notable exceptions little is known about them. This study of German-Jewish bankers, merchants and industrialists, and their activities, assesses the nature of their contribution to German economic development at the level of the economic "elite", and examines specific features of that contribution within the context of the overall German economy.

  • F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

    F. D. Maurice (1805-72) was one of Victorian Britain's most controversial thinkers. Although he came from a Unitarian family and counted leading Unitarians as his friends, their influence on his work has never been seriously examined. The purpose of this new book is to look at his life and teaching in the light of Unitarianism. Maurice's faith had a distinctly Christological emphasis, but he continued to value his Unitarian heritage. His concern with the Fatherhood of God and the dignity of the human race owes much to his family background. Dr Young's study opens with a compact history of Unitarianism during the lives of F. D. Maurice and his father, a Unitarian minister. A series of biographical sketches draws on hitherto unpublished material to set Maurice's work in its historical context. The final chapters compare the central themes of his theology with the teaching of his Unitarian contemporaries.

  • Social Contract, Free Ride: Study of the Public Goods Problem

    This study provides a novel account of the public goods dilemma. The author shows how our present system, in its quest for fairness, helps to breed the parasitic "free riding" it is meant to suppress. He assesses alternatives such as spontaneous group co-operation, which would imply some degree of free riding, and suggests that these groups would eventually drift from voluntary to compulsory solutions. Professor de Jasay argues that these perverse incentives are the principal cause of the poor functioning of organized society. Anthony de Jasay is also the author of "The State".

  • Liability for Products: English Law, French Law, and European Harmonization

    The EU has been active in attempting to harmonize the laws of product liability and sale of goods to consumers, with the aim of promoting fair competition, developing the internal market, and protecting consumers. But how do the resulting laws relate to existing national laws of liability and compensation? Is the resulting harmonization genuine or merely formal? Has implementation of the EC directives changed the law, but left claimants and defendants as differently treated as ever in different Member States? This comparative study considers the French and English laws governing all those who may be liable for products: their producers, their suppliers, their users and their regulators. To do so, it examines in each system the private law of tort and contract and aspects of the civil process which are important in determining liability; the administrative law concerning failures to regulate or control product safety; and the liability for products of suppliers of public services, such as water or healthcare. It considers how the substantive criminal offences affecting product safety, whether particular to products or under more general law, relate to civil liability or to compensation. The emerging picture reveals two complex and significantly different patterns of liability for products in the English and French systems, cutting across the traditional boundaries of private law, public law and criminal law. Implementation of the Product Liability Directive and Consumer Guarantees Directive required the insertion into these patterns of new elements, disharmonious with existing wider legal strategies and techniques. This study considers various problems of these directives' implementation in the French and English systems, the main issues of their proper interpretation, and the relationship of the new laws which they create with existing bases of liability. It explains the different significances given to 'fault,' 'negligence' and 'defect' (whether of safety or of contractual conformity); the relationship between judicial institutions and legal procedures in the determination of substantive legal issues; and the different relationships in the two laws studied between public and private, civil and criminal law. It concludes by offering wider comments on legal harmonisation based on the French and English experience in relation to these two directives.

  • Freedom's Law: The Moral Reading of the American Constitution

    "The Constitution is America's moral sail, and we must hold to the courage of the conviction that fills it, a conviction that we can all be equal citizens of a moral republic. That is a noble faith, and only optimism can redeem it." So writes Ronald Dworkin in the introduction to this characteristically robust and provocative new book in which Dworkin argues the fidelity to the constitution and to law demands that judges make contemporary judgements backed on political morality, and why it encourages, or ought to encourage, an open display of the true grounds of judgement. The book discusses almost all of the great constitutional issues of the last two decades including abortion, affirmative action, pornography, race, homosexuality, euthanasia and free-speech and in doing so consistently offers a liberal view of the American Constitution. Dworkin's "moral reading" proposes that we all, judges, lawyers, citizens - interpret and apply the abstract language of the Constitution on the understanding that they invoke moral principles about political decency and justice. The "moral reading" therefore brings political morality into the heart of constitutional law. The various chapters of this book were first published seperately; now drawn together they bear all the hallmarks of Dworkin's legal and philosophical sophistication, his acute understanding of political process and his understanding of history. principles

  • Pension Schemes and Pension Funds in the United Kingdom

    Dr Blake provides an up-to-date analysis of the historical development of pensions, the characteristics of current pension schemes, and the investment behaviour and performance of pension funds. He explains how the government has influenced the development of private schemes, and examines the full range of pension schemes operating in the UK today. Some important public policy issues facing pension schemes are investigated: the demographic time-bomb, the future of tax benefits enjoyed by schemes, the ownership of pension assets and surpluses, and the differential treatment of men and women. The author explores the consequences of pension fund behaviour and performance for capital markets. Developments taking place in Europe and the US are also examined.

  • Mental Condition Defences in the Criminal Law

    Mental condition defences have been used in several high-profile and controversial criminal trials in recent years. indeed, mental abnormality is increasingly an important yet complex source of defence within the criminal trial process. The author offers a detailed critical analysis of those defences within the Criminal Law where the accused relies on some form of mental abnormality as a source of defence. Topics covered include: the defences of automatism, insanity, diminished responsibility, and infanticide; self-induced incapacity; and the doctrine of fault. It also includes a chapter on unfitness to plead, which although not a defence has been included because of its important relationship to mental disorder within the criminal process. Drawing upon a wide variety of legal, psychiatric, and philosophical sources, this is a timely contribution to a controversial and complex topic.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume V: 1522-1524

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • Theory and Theology in George Herbert's Poetry: `Divinitie, and Poesie, Met'

    In seventeenth-century England the poet George Herbert became known as `Divine Herbert', his poetry a model for those aspiring to the status of inspired Christian poet. This book explores the relationship between the poetry of George Herbert and the concept of divine inspiration rooted in devotional texts of the time. Clarke considers three very different treatises read and approved by Herbert: Savonarola's De Simplicitate Christianae Vitae, Juan de Valdes's The Hundred and Ten Considerations, and Francois de Sales's Introduction to the Devout Life. These authors all saw literary production as implicit in a theological argument about the workings of the Holy Spirit. Clarke goes on to offer a new reading of many of Herbert's poems, concluding that implanted in Herbert's poetry are many well-established codes which to a seventeenth-century readership signified divine inspiration.

  • Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

    Mary Anne Warren explores a theoretical question which lies at the heart of practical ethics: what are the criteria for having moral status? In other words, what are the criteria for being an entity towards which people have moral obligations? Some philosophers maintain that there is one intrinsic property--for instance, life, sentience, humanity, or moral agency. Others believe that relational properties, such as belonging to a human community, are more important. In Part I of the book, Warren argues that no single property can serve as the sole criterion for moral status; instead, life, sentience, moral agency, and social and biotic relationships are all relevant, each in a different way. She presents seven basic principles, each focusing on a property that can, in combination with others, legitimately affect an agent's moral obligations towards entities of a given type. In Part II, these principles are applied in an examination of three controversial ethical issues: voluntary euthanasia, abortion

  • The Philosophy of Time

    This volume provides a balanced set of reviews which introduce the central topics in the philosophy of time. This is the first introductory anthology on the subject to appear for many years; the contributors are distinguished, and two of the essays are specially written for this collection. In their introduction, the editors summarise the background to the debate, and show the relevance of issues in the philosophy of time for other branches of philosophy and for science.

  • Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

    This book seeks to trace the main dimensions of recent conflicts between central departments of governments and local authorities and to reveal something of their significance. It does so by focusing on the role of law in shaping the central-local government relations which is neglected in many contemporary studies and yet is of vital importance in identifying the character of that relationship. Precisely why they should be so is not self-evident. The main objective of this introduction therefore is to highlight the importance of this dimension to the study of central-local relations and then to explain the way in which the key themes of the study are to be addressed. One highly significant aspect of the study is the identification of a process of juridfication which is only gradually becoming clear. This has not only been a major undertaking, it has also been a highly complex, ambiguous, confusing, and frustrating activity. This has caused problems for government and for the judiciary and not surprisingly there have been expressions of discomfort on all sides. This book helps to explain where the process may have gone wrong and why ultimately it may be an objective which cannot be realised. Ultimately what the book seeks to demonstrate is that the issues raised by the government of central-local relations transcend the institution of local government and are directly linked to our system of parliamentary democracy. Furthermore the author argues that the system of central-local government relations has evolved in such a way that it reveals a great deal about our tradition of public law. An examination of these issues through an explication of the themes of legality and locality therefore requires the reader to address basic questions about the nature of contemporary British government.

  • St Symeon the New Theologian and Orthodox Tradition

    This book is a study of the mystical nature of tradition, and the traditional nature of mysticism, and of St Symeon as both a highly personal and very traditional ecclesiastical writer. The teachings of St Symeon (late tenth to early eleventh century) created much controversy in Byzantium and even led to a short-lived exile to Asia Minor. For the first time in modern scholarship St Symeon's attitude to Scripture and to church worship, his relations with his spiritual father, Symeon the Studite, and the Studite tradition in general are examined. Separate chapters are dedicated to Symeon's cycle of daily reading, to his attitude to hagiographical literature, to his trinitarian theology, ecclesiology, anthropology, and mysticism. Special attention is also paid to the links between Symeon and preceeding authors such as Gregory Nazianzen. In this book Dr Alfeyev aims to redress the balance existing in the modern scholarly approach to Symeon and, more generally, to the Byzantine mystical tradition. By examining Symeon from within the tradition to which both he and the author belong Dr Alfeyev breaks new ground in original research.

  • Aristotle's Two Systems

    Each of the two major approaches to Aristotle--the unitarian, which understands his work as forming a single, unified system, and the developmentalist, which seeks a sequence of developing ideas--has inherent limitations. This book proposes a synthetic view of Aristotle that sees development as a change between systematic theories. Setting theories of the so-called logical works beside theories of the physical and metaphysical treatises, Graham shows that Aristotle's doctrines fall into two distinct systems of philosophies that are genetically related. This study--the first major alternative to the unitarian approach since Jaeger pioneered the developmentalist method in 1923--provides a sweeping reappraisal of Aristotle's science and metaphysics and a new approach to the problem of substance presented in the Metaphysics.

  • Read Write Inc. Fresh Start: Modules 1-5 Pack of 5

    Read Write Inc. Fresh Start is a specially adapted literacy programme for all students in Years 5 and above who are working below National Curriculum Level 3. Like Read Write Inc. Phonics for pupils in the early years, the scheme starts with phonics lessons which introduce students to all the letter sounds through use of the Speed Sounds Cards and the Green and Red Word Cards. The Modules are specially written to help students to catch up on and develop their reading and writing skills. Each Module provides practice of the graphemes and sounds that have been taught in phonics lessons. There is a fiction or non-fiction text and a variety of comprehension and writing activities. The Modules should be completed sequentially, with the Introductory Module first, followed by the other 33 Modules.

  • The Essential Turing: Seminal Writings in Computing, Logic, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life plus The Secrets of Enigma

    Alan Turing was one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. In 1935, aged 22, he developed the mathematical theory upon which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modeled. At the outbreak of hostilities with Germany in September 1939, he joined the Goverment Codebreaking team at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire and played a crucial role in deciphering Engima, the code used by the German armed forces to protect their radio communications. Turing's work on the version of Enigma used by the German navy was vital to the battle for supremacy in the North Atlantic. He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as 'Fish' which were used by the German High Command for the encryption of signals during the latter part of the war. His contribution helped to shorten the war in Europe by an estimated two years. After the war, his theoretical work led to the development of Britain's first computers at the National Physical Laboratory and the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at Manchester University. Turing was also a founding father of modern cognitive science, theorizing that the cortex at birth is an 'unorganized machine' which through 'training' becomes organized 'into a universal machine or something like it' He went on to develop the use of computers to model biological growth, launching the discipline now referred to as Artificial Life. The papers in this book are the key works for understanding Turing's phenomenal contribution across all these fields. The collection includes Turing's declassified wartime 'Treatise on the Enigma'; letters from Turing to Churchill and to codebreakers; lectures, papers, and broadcasts which opened up the concept of AI and its implications; and the paper which formed the genesis of the investigation of Artifical Life.

  • Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres And Peripheries

    Until now studies on the history of witchcraft and sorcery have been largely from the Anglo-Saxon perspective. This study attempts to show how that approach has blurred our understanding and definition of the issues involved, and sheds new light on witchcraft in England. What had hitherto been seen as peculiar to England is now shown to be characteristic of much of northern Europe. In ending the Anglo-Saxon monopoly of witchcraft studies, this book takes into account major new developments in the historiography of witchcraft - in methodology and in the chronological and geographical scope of the studies.

  • The Correspondence of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury 1162-1170

    This new edition of the 329 letters written or received by Archbishop Thomas Becket in the years 1162-1170 entirely supersedes the edition of the 1880s in the Rolls Series. Provided with extensive biographical, biblical, and legal notes, a full English translation, and a completely revised chronology, it will enable scholars for the first time to follow the great dispute with King Henry II, from its origins to the eve of Becket's murder, on the basis of letters and reports written at the time. The controversy raised fundamental questions about papal authority and the respective limits of royal and ecclesiastical jurisdictionDSmatters of concern for the whole Latin Church. These issues, and the European status of Henry II, as lord of the 'Angevin Empire', gave the dispute a European dimension, and Becket's correspondents included not only Pope Alexander III and the College of Cardinals, but the rulers of England, France, and Sicily, and archbishops, bishops, and ecclesiastics across Europe.

  • Definition

    The purpose of this book is to clarify the concept of definition and improve defining activities.

  • The Yearbook of Copyright and Media Law: 1999

    Formerly known as the Yearbook of Media and Entertainment Law, from 1999 this well-established Yearbook is renamed the Yearbook of Copyright and Media Law to emphasise its ever-growing level of copyright and intellectual property law coverage. To cement this new emphasis, Alison Firth joins Eric Barendt as joint General Editor of the Yearbook, while new survey sections feature the implementation of the EC Directive on the Term of Copyright, and annual reviews of Trade Mark cases and developments affecting Collective Licensing. The Yearbook is designed to respond to practical developments and problem areas such as the Internet and Multimedia while also making a serious contribution to copyright and media law as a legal discipline. The central feature of the Yearbook is the range of annual surveys prepared by expert practising lawyers. Covering all issues from copyright, trademarks, licensing societies and new technology to libel, contempt of court and music contracts, the surveys contain considered and thorough analysis of the most recent developments in the UK, the EC, and beyond. In a global industry, this comparative and international approach is vital. In addition, each edition of the Yearbook contains a special survey and in-depth articles on subjects of particular topicality. A further feature is the review of recent publications. Up to date and informative, the Yearbook is now well-established as a key source of information and analysis for all copyright, media and entertainment law professionals.

  • Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

    First published in hardback in August 1985, Professor Fishbane's book offers the first comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon of textual analysis in ancient Israel. It explores the rich tradition of exegesis prior to the development of biblical interpretation in early classical Judaism and the earliest Christian communities, and examines four main categories of exegesis: scribal, legal, aggadic, and mantological. In studying this subject, it emerges that the Hebrew Bible is not only the foundation document for the exegetical culture of Judaism and Christianity, but an exegetical work in its own right. Professor Fishbane, who has added new material in appendices to this paperback edition, has been awarded three major prizes for this work: the National Jewish Book Award 1986, the Biblical Archaeological Society 1986 Publication Award, and the Kenneth B. Smilen Literary Award.

  • The Writings and Speeches of Edmund Burke: Volume V: India: Madras and Bengal 1774-1785

    A scholarly edition of the writings and speeches of Edmund Burke. The edition presents an authoritative text, together with an introduction, commentary notes, and scholarly apparatus.

  • Morgan Grenfell 1838-1988: The Biography of a Merchant Bank

    This is the arresting 150-year story of one of the oldest and most illustrious merchant banks and of the men who made it. Founded in 1838 by an American, George Peabody, Morgan Grenfell quickly became the most important American banking house in London, and by the turn of the century held an unrivalled position as part of the most powerful investment bank in the world. The book chronicles its role in financing the overseas purchases of Britain and her allies during the First World War, in taking the lead amongst the private London bankers in reconstructing Europe during the 1920s, and in pioneering the new field of corporate finance. In the 1980s Morgan Grenfell took off with a substantial rise in profits and an extraordinarily powerful Corporate Finance Department: an epilogue summarises recent events to the end of 1988 when it decided to exit from securities in London and to concentrate on developing its areas of traditional strength. Based on a wide range of original sources, this book is unmatched as a banking history: no other book combines the unrestricted access to the bank's archives afforded to the author with a narrative of events up to the 1980s.

  • The Hastening that Waits: Karl Barth's Ethics

    This book offers a fresh and up-to-date account of the ethical thought of one of the twentieth century's greatest theologians: Karl Barth. In it, the author seeks to recover Barth's ethics from some widespread misunderstandings, and also presents a picture of it as a whole. Drawing on recently published sources, Dr Biggar construes the ethics of the Church Dogmatics as it might have been had Barth lived to complete it. However, The Hastening that Waits is more than apology and description. For it recommends to contemporary Christian ethics the theological rigour with which Barth expounds the good life in terms of the living presence of God-in-Christ to his creatures; his conception of right human action as that which is able to hasten in the service of humanity precisely by waiting prayerfully upon God; and his discriminate openness to moral wisdom outside the Christian church. Among particular topics treated are: the concept of human freedom and of created moral order; moral norms and their relation to individual vocation; the relative ethical roles of the Bible, the Church, philosophy, and empirical science; moral character and its formation; and the problem of war.

  • Current Developments in International and Comparative Corporate Insolvency Law

    The last decade has witnessed an unprecedented growth in insolvency law in many parts of the world. A deep and prolonged recession in Europe, the US, Japan, and beyond has fuelled the development of sophisticated and conceptually complex sets of laws aimed at coping with the consequences of business failure. The existence of an almost simultaneous programme of reform proposals and pressure for further changes in a number of jurisdictions is therefore not mere coincidence, but reflects the global character of the problems caused by corprorate collapse. It is of immense importance to lawyers and insolvency practitioners that they are able to understand recent developments in insolvency law in a number of jurisdictions, and that they are aware of what is happening internationally to improve procedures and methods to deal with new problems. This collection of essays covers recent developments in a number of jurisdictions and looks, also, at developments of the leading corporate insolvency specialists in the US, UK, Australia, Japan, and Canada. This volume will be a vital source of reference on up-to-date matters of law for insolvency specialists everywhere in the world. Contributors: Nick Segal, Axel Flessner, Lawrence P. King, Ron Harmer, Dan Prentice, Fidelis Oditah, Lynn M. LoPucki, George G. Triantis, Richard F. Broude, Harry Rajak, Theodore Eisenberg, Shoichi Tagashira, Stuart C. Gilson, Ellen L. Hayes, Ian F. Fletcher, Morris G. Shanker, R. H. McLaren, R.C.C. Cuming, Yukiko Hasebe, Susan J. Cantlie, Jacob S. Ziegel, F.H. Buckley, L. S. Sealy, Abe Herzberg, John Farrar, Ronald Daniels, Christopher Grierson, Evan D. Flaschen, Ronald J. Silverman, Koji Takeuchi, Jay Lawrence Westbrook, Donald Trautman, Yasuhei Taniguchi, Douglass Boshkoff, Timothy Powers, Michael Bogdan, Hal S. Scott, Judge James L. Garitty, Jr., Justice James Farley, Justice R. A. Blair

  • The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

    Is `artificial intelligence' a contradiction in terms? Could computers (in principle) model every aspect of the mind, including logic, language, and emotion? What of the more brain-like, connectionist computers: could they really understand, even if digital computers cannot? This collection of classic and contemporary readings (which includes an editor's introduction and an up-to-date reading list) provides a clearly signposted pathway into hotly disputed philosophical issues at the heart of artificial intelligence.

  • A Political Theory of Rights

    Rights are basic building blocks of the contemporary state and yet their rigorous justification is notoriously difficult. This book provides a thorough analysis of this central topic in modern political discourse. The book challenges the orthodox view that rights are a type of property claim in one's body. Drawing on the tradition of the social contract as well as the wealth of recent work in political theory the book argues for a different conception of rights. Rights are conceived as a certain type of political claim, justified by a Kantian ideal of autonomy. Moreover, that justification provides a moral basis for rights that, while independent of law and custom, is also tied to an image of citizenship particularly suited to the pluralistic nature of contemporary liberal society.

  • Realism in Mathematics

    When engaged in mathematics, most people tend to think of themselves as scientists investigating the features of real mathematical things, and the wildly successful application of mathematics in the physical sciences reinforces this picture of mathematics as an objective study. For philosophers, however, this realism about mathematics raises serious questions: What are mathematical things? Where are they? How do we know about them? Penelope Maddy delineates and defends a novel version of mathematical realism that answers the traditional questions and refocuses philosophical attention on the pressing foundational issues of contemporary mathematics.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Othello

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. Othello is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE and AS/A level specifications.

  • Public Services and Citizenship in European Law: Public and Labour Law Perspectives

    The operation of public services at both domestic and European levels is becoming a subject of considerable interest to researchers and policy makers alike. This book examines the economic and political implications of public services alongside a detailed analysis of their legal impact. Through this analysis, a new concept of constitutional citizenship is identified; a concept which would give consumers, as well as employees, new rights. The book also examines the new doctrine of services of general economic interest, as enshrined in the Amsterdam Treaty, and the impact it will have on public services. The privatization of public services and the resulting impact on consumers is also dealt with.

  • Gesta Henrici Quinti: The Deeds of Henry the Fifth

    Edited with a facing-page English translation from the Latin text by: Taylor, Frank;

  • Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume

    Historians of philosophy and political theory; philosophers of law and politics; moral philosophers. In this book, Stephen Buckle provides a historical perspective on the political philosophies of Locke and Hume, arguing that there are continuities in the development of 17th and 18th century political theory which have often gone unrecognized. He begins with a detailed exposition of Grotius's and Pufendorf's modern natural law theory, focussing on their accounts of the nature of natural law, human sociability, the development of forms of property, and the question of slavery. He then shows that Locke's political theory takes up and develops these basic themes of natural law. The author argues further that, rather than being a departure from this tradition, the moral sense theory of Hutcheson and Hume represents a not entirely successful attempt to underpin the natural law theory with an adequate moral psychology.

  • For the Sake of Simple Folk: Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation

    In this book R. W. Scribner provides the first detailed analysis of the forms of propaganda - such as illustrated broadsheets, picture books, title pages, and book illustrations - which were aimed at the illiterate and semi-literate during the Reformation, and reproduces many of the vast corpus of prints which still survive in scattered locations in Germany. Dr Scribner advances new and original interpretations of these illustrations, revealing how visual propaganda exploited popular belief and the coarser aspects of popular culture, while at the same time being a product of them. This, he suggests, explains why the Reformation appealed to the broad masses of sixteenth-century people, even though the propaganda was unable to educate them in the more complex theological aspects of the Reformation message. As well as raising important questions about the Reformation as a religious phenomenon, the book is a contribution to the understanding of early modern popular culture, and the nature of propaganda in a pre-industrial society; it is also a detailed historical study of the sixteenth-century woodcut. In develolping an interdisciplinary analysis combining the methods of iconography, semiology, sociology, and folklore, Dr Scribner presents a fruitful new approach to the study of popular mentalities. Hailed as a pioneering study of great importance on its original publication in 1981, For the Sake of Simple Folk is now available in paperback for the first time, with a new Introduction and additional chapter. 'The reproduction of such a formidable body of "documentation" in the text is a major achievement . . . important and pioneering study', Journal of Ecclesiastical History

  • AQA GCSE Chemistry Online Student Book

    The AQA GCSE Chemistry Online Student Book is a digital version of the Student Book that can be accessed any time, anywhere and on a range of devices. Students can use the bank of annotation tools to make notes and personalize their book. Oxford's AQA GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 AQA GCSE sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades. AQA GCSE Chemistry Student Book develops students' scientific knowledge and understanding, and helps create lively and relevant science lessons.

  • Oxford Literature Companions: Macbeth

    Easy to use in the classroom or as a tool for revision, Oxford Literature Companions provide student-friendly analysis of a range of popular GCSE set texts. Each book offers a lively, engaging approach to the text, covering characters, themes, language and contexts, whilst also providing a range of varied and in-depth activities to deepen understanding and encourage close work with the text. Each book also includes a comprehensive Skills and Practice section, which provides detailed advice on assessment and a bank of exam-style questions and annotated sample student answers. This guide covers Macbeth by William Shakespeare, is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSEspecifications.

  • Oxford IB Diploma Programme: Rights and Protest Course Companion

    Drive critical, engaged historical learning. Helping learners more deeply understand historical concepts, the student-centred approach of this new Course Book enables broader, big picture understanding. Developed directly with the IB and fully supporting the new syllabus for first examination 2017, the clear, structured format helps you logically and easily progress through the new course content. Cover the new syllabus in the right level of depth, with rich, thorough subject content Developed directly with the IB, with the most comprehensive support for the new syllabus Truly engage learners with topical, relevant material that convincingly connects learning with the modern, global world Streamline your planning, with a clear and thorough structure helping you logically progress through the syllabus Decipher source evaluation, refine and progress analytical thinking and fully embed vital Paper 1 skills, strengthening exam performance Integrate approaches to learning with ATLs like thinking, communication, research and social skills built directly into learning Help learners think critically about improving performance with extensive examiner insight and samples based on the latest exam format Build an advanced level, thematic understanding with fully integrated Global Contexts, Key Concepts and TOK Also available as an Online Course Book

  • Begotten or Made?

    Begotten or Made?

  • Passion and Pathology in Victorian Fiction

    In what was once described as 'the century of nerves', a fascination with the mysterious processes governing physical and psychological states was shared by medical and fiction writers alike. This elegant study offers an integrated analysis of how medicine and literature figured the connection between the body and the mind. Alongside detailed examinations of some of the century's most influential neurological and physiological theories, Jane Wood brings readings of both major and relatively neglected fictions - a range which includes work by Charlotte Bronte and George MacDonald, George Eliot and Wilkie Collins, Thomas Hardy and George Gissing. Stepping into an already lively area of interdisciplinary debate, Passion and Pathology is distinguished by its recognition of the intellectual and imaginative force of both discourses: it extends our understanding of the interaction between science and literature in the wider culture of the period.

  • The Morality of Freedom

    Ranging over central issues of morals and politics, this book discusses the nature of freedom and authority. It examines the role of value-neutrality, rights, equality, and the prevention of harm in the liberal tradition, and relates them to fundamental moral questions such as the relation of values to social forms, the comparability of values, and the significance of personal commitments.

  • Machines and Thought: The Legacy of Alan Turing, Volume I

    This is the first of two volumes of essays in commemoration of Alan Turing, whose pioneering work in the theory of artificial intelligence and computer science continues to be widely discussed today. A group of prominent academics from a wide range of disciplines focus on three questions famously raised by Turing: What, if any, are the limits on machine 'thinking'? Could a machine be genuinely intelligent? Might we ourselves be biological machines, whose thought consists essentially in nothing more than the interaction of neurons according to strictly determined rules? The discussion of these fascinating issues is accessible to non-specialists and stimulating for all readers. Also available in paperback is the companion volume: Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology, edited by Andy Clark and Peter Millican. While Volume 1 concentrates on Turing's main innovations in artificial intelligence, Volume 2 looks more broadly at his intellectual legacy in philosophy and cognitive science.

  • The Challenge of the Third Reich: The Adam Von Trott Memorial Lectures

    In this volume eight contributors re-examine the continuing question of the significance of the Third Reich in German and international history more than 50 years after the Nazis came to power. The contributors are David Astor, Karl-Dietrich Bracher, Martin Broszat, Hedley Bull, Klemens von Klemperer, Peter Ludlow, Timothy Mason, Hans Mommsen. This book should be of interest to scholars and students of German and European history to the 20th century, especially the political and social history of the Third Reich.

  • Communitarianism and its Critics

    Many have criticized liberalism for being too individualist, but few have offered an alternative that goes beyond a vague affirmation of the need for community. In this entertaining book, written in dialogue form, Daniel Bell fills this gap, presenting and defending a distinctively communitarian theory against the objections of a liberal critic. In a Paris cafe Anne, a strong supporter of communitarian ideals, and Philip, her querulous critic, debate the issues. Drawing on the works of such thinkers as Charles Taylor, Michael Sandel, and Alasdair MacIntyre, Anne attacks liberalism's individualistic view of the person by pointing to our social embeddedness. She develops Michael Walzer's idea that political thinking involves the interpretation of shared meanings emerging from the political life of a community, and rebuts Philip's criticism that this approach damages her case by being conservative and relativistic. She goes on to develop a justification of communal life and to answer the criticism that communitarians lack an alternative moral vision. The book ends with two later discussions, by Will Kymlicka and Daniel Bell, in which Anne and another friend, Louise, criticize the book's earlier debate and put it in perspective.

  • An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law

    Jewish law has a history stretching from the early period to the modern State of Israel, encompassing the Talmud, Geonic and later codifications, the Spanish Golden Age, medieval and modern response, the Holocaust and modern reforms. Fifteen distinct periods are separately studied in this volume, each one by a leading specialist, and the emphasis throughout is on the development of the institutions and sources of the law, providing teachers with the essential background material from which a variety of sources, from many different perspectives, may be taught. Most chapters are written to a common plan, with treatment of the political background of the period and the nature of Jewish judicial autonomy, the character (literary and legal) of the sources, the legal practice of the period, its principal authorities, and examples of characteristic features of the substantive law (especially in family law).

  • The Conception of Value

    The works of Paul Grice collected in this volume present his metaphysical defence of value, and represent a modern attempt to provide a metaphysical foundation for value. Value judgements are viewed as objective; value is part of the world that we live in, nonetheless it is constructed by us. We inherit or seem to inherit, the Aristotlelian world in which objects and creatures are characterized in terms of finality features, namely, what they are supposed to do. We are thereby enabled to evaluate by reference to function and finality. This is not surprising. The most striking part of Grice's position, however, is his contention that the legitimacy of such evaluations rests ultimately on an argument for absolute value. The collection includes Grice's three previously unpublished Carus Lectures on the Conception of Value, delivered in 1983. The work is aimed at scholars interested in metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of psychology, and of mind.

  • Poland's Last King and English Culture: Stanislaw August Poniatowski, 1732-1798

    The attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-95) 'to create anew the Polish world' was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the eighteenth century. None started in less promising circumstances. Politically the King was trapped between a Russian protectorate and a nobility wedded to its anarchic liberty. The beginnings of the Polish Enlightenment had yet to make more than ripples on the stagnant waters of Polish culture. Yet by 1791, Poland-Lithuania had made a huge cultural advance, and had given herself a constitution admired across Europe. Tragically for Poland, her neighbours then destroyed much of these achievements and partitioned the country out of existence. Stanislaw August died in exile, cursed by most of his compatriots to this day. In Poland's Last King, Richard Butterwick reassesses the achievement of Poland's last and most controversial king. He shows how Stanislaw's radical plans for reform of Poland's constitution and culture were profoundly influenced by his love of England, and examines the successes and limitations of the Polish Enlightenment.

  • The Idea of History

    "The Idea of History" was originally published posthumously in 1946, having been reconstructed from the late R.G. Collingwood's manuscripts, many of which were subsequently destroyed. In this revised edition, Collingwood's lectures on the philosophy of history are published; the texts have been prepared by Jan van der Dussen from manuscripts that have only recently become available. These lectures contain Collingwood's first comprehensive statement of his philosophy of history; they are important for an understanding of his thought and for a correct interpretation of "The Idea of History" itself. An introduction is included which explains the background to this new edition and surveys the scholarship of the last 50 years.

  • Yugoslavia in Crisis

    This is a study of the Yugoslavian economic system, its failure to raise standards of living and the implications of that failure for the future of socialism in both the East and West. In the 1970s there were high hopes raised by the idea of "self-management" and claims were made that it was a superior system of economic management to that of any other East European country. However, since 1979 Yugoslavia has been in a state of stagnation and steady economic decline, with inflation at over 150 per cent and real wages down by 25 per cent. Within the country there is increasing social and political tension, industrial unrest, and, in a population of 23 million where there are five major languages spoken, inter-ethnic relations have deteriorated. Faith in the system is weakened and the ruling party is looking for new ways to yield better economic results without threatening its own hold on power. Professor Lydall builds his analysis on the findings of his earlier book "Yugoslav Socialism - Theory and Practice", and suggests that if the Yugoslavian government and people are able to remove the mental and material strait-jacket of their economic ideology, they could rapidly create a thriving and prosperous society.

  • Japanese Imperialism 1894-1945

    Studying the development, expansion, and eventual collapse of Japanese imperialism from the Sino-Japanese war of 1894-1895 through 1945, Beasley here discusses the dynamic relationship between a successful industrial economy and the building of an empire. The only country in Asia to build such a strong political and economic foundation in modern times, the Japanese empire has become known as one of the most remarkable exploits of the 20th century.

  • Principles of Geographical Information Systems

    This book is a completely new version of the highly successful Principles of Geographical Information Systems for Land Resources Assessment which was first published in 1986. GIS are not just used for electronic map-making but today are major tools for the management of our physical and social environment. GIS are used to assist political decisions and play a part in market research, in the management of utility services, in automated navigation systems and in many other fields. This book presents a strong theoretical basis for GIS, which is often lacking in other texts. Spatial data are usually based on two, dichotomous paradigms, exactly defined entities in space, such as land parcels, or the continuous variation of single attributes, such as temperature or rainfall. Methods for modelling both kinds of phenomena and storing them in spatial databases are described in detail, including the use of geostatistics for interpolating from points to continuous fields. Examples of how spatial data and an analysis of their spatial interactions are used to solve a wide range of practical problems ranging from site-location analysis through land degradation, the optimizing of timber extraction from forests and the redistribution of Chernobyl radioactivity by floods are explained clearly and in detail. Much attention is paid to the problems of data quality and how statistical errors in spatial data can affect the results of spatial modelling based on the two paradigms of space. Fuzzy logic and continuous classification methods are presented as methods for linking the two spatial paradigms. The book concludes with an investigation of current developments in providing spatial data for the whole world over the Internet. As such the new volume provides a comprehensive and concise introduction to the theory and practice of Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Targeted at undergraduates, graduates, and professionals in disciplines such as physical and human geography, hydrology, geology, environmental science, cartography, epidemiology, radioecology, agriculture, spatial planning, land tenure, and land evaluation the book explains why spatial data and the information systems based on them are important in the modern world.

  • MyMaths for Key Stage 3: Student Book 3C

    MyMaths for Key Stage 3 is the brand new course that works with MyMaths to fully deliver the new curriculum, allowing you to finally replace your tired old Framework materials. With a truly differentiated structure so that all abilities can access the new curriculum, the course is underpinned by a 'learn it once and learn it well' philosophy that enables coherent teaching and learning. All resources are written by teachers for teachers, so you can be confident that it will work practically in the classroom. This student book is for higher ability students approaching the end of Key Stage 3, and allows them to prepare for achieving the highest grades at GCSE. Its emphasis on visible progression and visual engagement, combined with a focus on fluency, reasoning and problem-solving, makes this book an essential resource in your Key Stage 3 maths delivery. The innovative features My Summary, My Review, My Practice and My Assessment all provide a clear emphasis on students' appreciation of their own attainment, and engaging case studies show how maths is relevant to the students' world. With the unique direct links throughout to the MyMaths site, this book will help to bring maths alive for your higher-level students.

  • Cultural Stability and Economic Stagnation: India C1500 Bc-Ad 1980

    This book looks at the broad sweep of Indian history to provide a wide-ranging, novel and controversial interpretation of the evolution of Indian society, its economy and its politics. It argues that to understand India's current economic problems it is necessary to examine the demographic, ecological and political conditions in which the ancient Hindus fashioned a social and economic equilibrium that has remained relatively stable - despite repeated attempts to change it - for thousands of years. By providing explanations for the resilience of its social and cultural system, the book tries to show how, despite its failure to achieve its full economic potential, India has remained a relatively open and democratic society. It therefore provides an appraisal of the past and a diagnosis of current Indian social and political problems which is at variance with conventional wisdom. The second volume of "The Hindu Equilibrium" is subtitled "Aspects of Indian Labour". Narrower in scope than the first volume, it is a technical study of Indian labour markets and economic development.

  • The Korean Economies: A Comparison of North and South

    This monograph sets out to analyze and to compare the parallel developments of two rival economies. North and South Korea went separate ways in 1950, ignoring common historical and economic homogeneity - one establishing autarkic socialism and the other a market-orientated capitalism. Hwang analyzes the Koreas' traditional interdependence and the economic consequences of the fratricidal war, giving a comparison of the two economies in terms of both the macroeconomic index and of living standards. Hwang considers public finance within the economies, and reveals state expenditure distribution between military and other uses. The two Koreas' external transactions has recently proven increasingly more effective than the North's self-sufficiency. The final two chapters concentrate upon economic contacts between the North and South since September 1991, when the two Koreas became regular members of the United Nations. Hwang argues that this will serve as the beginning of an era of mutual economic and political interaction, given the existing and potential comparative advantages of each, and within the context of NorthEast Asian economic co-operation. This book provides statistical information which is an objective and consistent analysis of the respective economic performances, and useful for those studying Korea, or the economies of NorthEast Asia.

  • Nature, Change, and Agency in Aristotle's Physics: A Philosophical Study

    An investigation into Aristotle's metaphysics of nature as expounded in the Physics. It focuses in particular his conception of change, a concept which is shown to possess a unique metaphysical structure, with implications that should engage the attention of contemporary analysis. First published in hardback in 1982, the book is now available for the first time in paperback. 'A powerful and appealing explanatory scheme which succeeds on the whole in drawing together a great many seemingly disparate elements in the Physics into a neat unitary stucture.' Canadian Philosophical Review

  • IB Chemistry Print and Online Course Book Pack: Oxford IB Diploma Programme

    The most comprehensive coverage of the 2014 syllabus, this resource pack includes a print and online Chemistry Course Book, for fully flexible learning. Giving you unparalleled support for the new concept-based approach to learning, the Nature of science, understanding, applications and skills are integrated in every topic, alongside TOK to drive inquiry and independent learning. Assessment support directly from the IB includes practice questions and worked examples in each topic, along with focused support for both the Internal Assessment and Extended Essay. Truly aligned with the IB philosophy, this Course Book gives unrivalled insight and support at every stage. Pack includes Course Book in print and fully online format, for the most flexible support Accurately cover the new syllabus - the most comprehensive match, with support directly from the IB on the core, AHL and all the options Fully integrate the new concept-based approach, holistically addressing understanding, applications, skills and the Nature of science Tangibly build assessment confidence with assessment support straight from the IB Build confidence - data-based questions and focused practice support exceptional achievement Written by co-authors of the new syllabus and leading IB workshop leaders Supported by a fully comprehensive and updated Study Guide and Oxford Kerboodle Online Resources This pack includes one print Course Book and one online Course Book. The online Course Book will be available on Oxford Education Bookshelf until 2022. Access is facilitated via a unique code, which is sent in the mail. The code must be linked to an email address, creating a user account. Access may be transferred once to an additional user.

  • Philosophical Foundations of Tort Law

    This exceptional collection of nineteen original essays on the philosophical fundamentals of tort law assembles many of the worlds leading commentators on this particularly fascinating conjunction of law and philosophy. The contributions range broadly, from inquiries into how tort law derives from Aristotle, Aquinas, and Kant to the latest rights-based and economic theories of legal responsibility. One group of essays examines how intent and blameworthiness bear on responsibility for harm, while another explores how causation interconnects responsibility and harm. Some essays probe philosophically into the great divides separating the law of torts from the law of contracts and the law of crimes, a number inquire into the types of harm properly redressable in tort, and one examines the role of a victims fault in responsibility theory. This is truly an Anglo-American production, with contributions from several distinguished Oxford scholars and over a dozen prominent experts in the field from the United States and Canada, as well as one from Israels leading tort theorist. Most of the authors are legal scholars interested in philosophy, and the collection offers a tantalizing invitation to philosophers to join the exploration of this intriguing interdisciplinary borderland between the all-too-separate fields of law and philosophy. This collection will be of great interest to lawyers everywhere, particularly those interested in the philosophical groundwork of tort law. A provocative closing essay by one of the worlds leading moral philosophers illuminates how tort law enables philosophers to observe the abstract theories of their discipline put to the concrete test in the legal resolution of real-world controversies based on principles of right and wrong.

  • Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

    Most studies of law enforcement deal with police work, and many are concerned with underenforcement of selective enforcement as problems. This book shifts the focus to social and economic regulation and the issue of compliance.

  • Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting

    Elbow Room The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting

  • Severus of Minorca: Letter on the Conversion of the Jews

    This book provides an edited text, introduction, and the first English translation of a central document in the history of religious coercion in late antiquity: Severus of Minorca's Letter on the Conversion of the Jews. The Letter describes the forced conversion of the Jews of Minorca to Christianity in AD 418, allegedly under the influence of St Stephen's relics. Although ostensibly a hagiographical work, the Letter is fundamentally an anti-Jewish document, and therein lies its interest for historians. It offers a fascinating perspective on Jewish-Christian relations in a Mediterranean town, and on the motives for religious intolerance in the unsettled ages of the Germanic invasions. In addition, its wealth of information about a diaspora Jewish community in the western empire makes it unique among the surviving sources.

  • Restructuring Networks in Post-Socialism: Legacies, Linkages and Localities

    This book is about change in Central and Eastern Europe, and how we think about social and economic change, more generally. In contrast to the dominant 'transition framework' that examines organizational forms in Eastern Europe according to the degree to which they conform to, or depart from, the blueprints of already existing capitalisms, this book examines the innovative character, born of necessity, in which actors in the post-socialist setting are restructuring organizations and institutions by redefining and recombining resources. Instead of conceiving these recombination as accidental aberrations, it explores their evolutionary potentials. The starting premise of Restructuring Networks is that the actual unit of entrepreneurship is not the isolated individual personality but the social networks that links firms and the actors within them. Drawing insight from evolutionary economics and from the new methods of network analysis, leading sociologists economists and political scientists present their findings from Hungary, Poland, Eastern Germany, Russia and the Czech Republic.

  • Shakespeare and Modern Popular Culture

    Shakespeare and Superman? Shakespeare and The Twilight Zone? Shakespeare and romance novels? What is Shakespeare doing in modern popular culture? In the first book-length study to consider the modern 'Shakespop' phenomenon broadly, Douglas Lanier examines how our conceptions of Shakespeare's works and his cultural status have been profoundly shapes by Shakespeare's diffuse presence in such popular forms as films, comic books, TV shows, mass-market fiction, children's books, kitsch, and advertising. Shakespeare and Modern Popular Culture offers an overview of issues raised in Shakespeare's appropriation in twentieth-century popular culture, amd argues that Shakespeare's appearances in these media can be seen as a form of cultural theorizing, a means by which popular culture thinks through its relationship to high culture. Through a series of case studies, the book examines how popular culture actively constructs, contests, uses, and perpetuates Shakespeare's cultural authority.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume I: 1484-1514

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • Introduction to a Philosophy of Music

    Philosophy of music has flourished in the last thirty years, with great advances made in the understanding of the nature of music and its aesthetics. Peter Kivy has been at the centre of this flourishing, and now offers his personal introduction to philosophy of music, a clear and lively explanation of how he sees the most important and interesting philosophical issues relating to music. Anyone interested in music will find this a stimulating introduction to some fascinating questions and ideas.

  • Suing Judges: A Study of Judicial Immunity

    Judicial errors, deliberate or otherwise, often cause damage to litigants. Sometimes the damage suffered by the litigant is irreversible. In England and many other common law countries the injured person will normally have no redress because of the privilege of immunity from suit enjoyed by judges. This result also normally follows when the complaint is against the actions of someone acting in a quasi-judicial capacity. The situation then raises a number of questions, including questions about civil rights, the redress of wrongs, and the whole foundation of judicial independence. As more people resort to the courts and other judicial tribunals for the resolution of their disputes the question of the proper approach to injurious judicial errors becomes more important, especially since every participant in judicial proceedings is a potential victim. This book presents an in-depth study of the substantive, procedural and theoretical issues that arise when a judge is to be sued. The material is drawn mainly from English and American Federal case law. The study however also incorporates some Canadian, Australian and New Zealand case law.

  • Economic Reform and State-Owned Enterprises in China 1979-87

    This book is an investigation into China's reform process during the period 1979 to 1987, with especial reference to the effect of the process on the industries (mostly manufacturing) that are still owned by the state. The data on which this book is based results from a large-scale study in which the authors collaborated with the Institute of Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing. This was a survey of the managers of about 380 enterprises, documenting their responses to the new environment created by the reforms. The statistical information gained has been used as the basis for detailed econometric analysis. This book analyses, drawing on the authors' expertise in industrial economics, virtually every aspect of enterprise behaviour DS production and costs, employment, profit margins and profitability, finance, investment decisions, and autonomy. It asks whether the reform programme was successful in the state-owned sectors, and concludes that the answer is a qualified `yes', and that in many respects the enterprises began in the eighties to behave like Western firms. Hay and Morris also construct a model of Chinese state-owned enterprise, and use it to simulate the results of further reform programmes. The authors conclude that state-ownership remains a major constraint on market-led behaviour and efficiency. They argue that the next stage of reform must be to transfer these large enterprises to share- rather than state-ownership.

  • A History of the Common Law of Contract: The Rise of the Action of Assumpsit

    The Common Law is one of the two major and successful systems of law developed in Western Europe, and in one form or another is now in force not only in the country of its origin but also in the United States and large parts of the British Commonwealth and former parts of the Empire. Perhaps its most typical product is English Contract Law, developed continuously since the birth of the common law almost wholly by judicial decision. Although in its modern form primarily a product of the nineteenth century, the common law of contract as we know it developed around the action of assumpsit which evolved at the close of the fourteenth century, and many of its characteristic doctrines first emerged in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This book, which takes the story up to 1677 (the date of Statute of Frauds) forms the first part of the history of contract law, and is written primarily from a doctrinal standpoint.

  • The Law of Subrogation

    This book seeks to rationalize the position of the doctrine of subrogation within the general law of restitution. Within a systematic analytical framework, it gives a full account of the developing English and Commonwealth law of subrogation, and a selctive use is also made of United States decisions. A number of false assumptions which have entered the case-law are exposed, and the principles upon which subrogation should be awarded are set on a regular basis. Subrogation is a remedy which can be awarded in many different contexts, and this definitive account will be useful not only to restitution lawyers, but also to academics and practitioners concerned with the law of property, commercial law (in particular, the law of insurance, bills of exchange, and principal and surety), and even family law.

  • The Forced Loan and English Politics, 1626-1628

    This detailed account of English politics between the Parliaments of 1626 and 1628 uses the forced loan as the focus for a series of broader studies. These include an examination of Privy Council politics and policy-making which helps to set in perspective the role and attitudes of Charles I; an investigation of relations between central and local government which highlights the significance of bargaining and cooperation; a study of political ideas which illustrates the nature of ideological divisions; and an account of the responses of local governors and subsidymen which demonstrates the extent of their involvement with national politics and national issues. The events of this period constituted the first major crisis of Charles's reign, the nature and implications of which have been much debated by historians. Drawing on extensive research in central and local archives, this book throws new light on these events and provides a fresh analysis of the causes of conflict.

  • European Industrial Policy: The Twentieth-Century Experience

    At the end of the 20th century with stagnating industrial output, unemployment in many European countries has climbed to levels not seen since the 1930s. Interventionist industrial policies thus find new popularity after the gentle flirtation with liberalization in the early 1990s. Under the Maastricht Treaty, the European Union was granted industrial policy powers for the first time. The present study aims to contribute to an understanding of European industrial policy by introducing an historical perspective. National policy continuities and the considerable time over which industrial performance responds to changed environments emerge with greater clarity in the long run. The chapters in this book take a broad view of industrial policy, including those policies that establish the `framework', such as competition law, as well as sector for firm specific policies. The overall conclusion is that improved framework policies, such as liberalization and re-regulation, are still essential. Monetary union in the `core' will increase tensions arising from economic inflexibility. Although there are often strong political barriers blocking implementation of appropriate industrial policies, they will be even more necessary under monetary union.

  • Doing the Business: Entrepreneurship, the Working Class, and Detectives in the East End of London

    Doing the Business looks at the culture of London's East End and its relationship with the Criminal Investigation Department of the Metropolitan Police. The cultures of both the East End and the CID are examined in terms of their relationship with the market place and the emergent strategies of negotiation, trading, and, most importantly, entrepreneurship. The author breaks new ground in several crucial areas. He asks how well traditional notions of working class culture fit the East End, and argues convincingly that they do not. His model of an entrepreneurial working class culture (a shadow economy) is a departure from the routine 'them and us' picture of class relationships in Britain. He links the working class ethos peculiar to the East End with the occupational culture of detectives in an illuminating analysis of the working identity of plain clothes policing. There is also much of interest and originality in his theories of crime and delinquency, and in his documentation of the history of detective work in London. This is a highly original and at times controversial piece of work that contributes not only to our knowledge of culture and sub-culture, but also to the sociology of policing, and the study of class relations and organizations.

  • False Consciousness

    This book is a contribution both to analytical philosophy of mind and to Marxist philosophy. Marxists see pervasive irrationality in the conduct of human affairs, and claim that people in a class-divided society are prone to a variety of misconceptions. They say that we can suffer from `false consciousness' in our views about what inspires our behaviour and in our judgements about what is good for us. Denise Meyerson uses the techniques of analytic philosophy to investigate this picture. She argues that Marxism is committed to the idea of motivated belief, and that the idea is philosophically defensible. She shows that there are other philosophically defensible claims which are congenial to Marxism: that there are facts about interests that are not based on wants; that a desire can be contaminated by its history; that our judgements about our interests do not automatically motivate us; and that beliefs can survive the evidence that they are false. In doing so she throws light on certain puzzling psychological phenomena which confront everyone in their everyday political experience.

  • A Theory of Constitutional Rights

    In any country where there is a Bill of Rights, constitutional rights reasoning is an important part of the legal process. As more and more countries adopt Human Rights legislation and accede to international human rights agreements, and as the European Union introduces its own Bill of Rights, judges struggle to implement these rights consistently and sometimes the reasoning behind them is lost. Examining the practice in other jurisdictions can be a valuable guide. Robert Alexy's classic work, available now for the first time in English reconstructs the reasoning behind the jurisprudence of the German Basic Law and in doing so provides a theory of general application to all jurisdictions where judges wrestle with rights adjudication. In considering the features of constitutional rights reasoning, the author moves from the doctrine of proportionality, procedural rights and the structure and scope of constitutional rights, to general rights of liberty and equality and the problem of horizontal effect. A new postscript written for the English edition considers critiques of the Theory since it first appeared in 1985, focusing in particular on the discretion left to legislatures and in an extended introduction the translator argues that the theory may be used to clarify the nature of legal reasoning in the context of rights under the British Constitution. This book will be of central interest to all legal and constitutional theorists and human rights scholars.

  • Polish Logic 1920-1939

    Polish Logic 1920-1939

  • The Various Arts: (De Diversis Artibus)

    As far as is known, Theophilus's was the only treatise on almost all the major arts that was produced during the thousand years of the Middle Ages. In his preface he presents the philosophical attitudes to the visual arts of a thinking man of the time. In his main text, which he divides into three Books, he explains the contemporary techniques of making wall-paintings, manuscripts paintings, stained glass windows, ivory carvings, and various kinds of metalwork. The first references to oil painting and paper occur in the treatise, which also gives the earliest known instructions for making an organ. Theophilus's treatise has been of interest to scholars for some centuries. It was referred to by Cornelius Agrippa in the sixteenth century, and was the basis of an article by Lessing in the eighteenth. The original autograph manuscript has not survived, but the reconstruction of it by Professor Dodwell is now considered to provide its only definitive text: this comprehensive edition includes an English translation on facing pages and full introductory and textual commentary.

  • China's Legal Reforms

    Since the early 1980s, the People's Republic of China has been building legal institutions where no meaningful ones had existed before. This collection of essays by leading international scholars of Chinese law analyses the accomplishments of Chinese law reform and the problems that confront the Chinese leadership and the Chinese people in their struggle to define the role of law in China. Chinese economic reforms have led to a dramatic rate of economic growth, and have also made China the world's leader in attracting foreign capital. A sound legal system is not only essential for continued economic growth and foreign investment, but its future development will express and reflect the evolution of China's post-totalitarian political institutions. These essays focus on the changing Chinese conceptions of the role of law in shaping family relationships; the effectiveness of the courts in civil litigation; the operation of the criminal process; judicial decision-making; the evolution of a legislative process; the growth of a legal profession; the legal framework of foreign direct investment in China; and China's record as a member of the international community. An overview by the editor identifies the emerging functions performed in Chinese society by the new legal institutions and tries to analyse likely major influences on them in the near future, including, among other contradictory forces, increased consciousness of individual rights and a tenacious insistence by the Chinese Communist Party on maintaining its power.

  • The Seventh-Day Men: Sabbatarians and Sabbatarianism in England and Wales, 1600-1800

    "Seventh-day men" was the name given to a 17th-century body of Christians who believed in the strict observance of Saturday, not Sunday, as the Sabbath. This is a fully documented study of a movement that was in its heyday the centre of debate and controversy among the leading writers of the age. The study provides clear evidence that this Sabbatarian body was far more extensive than has so far been recognized, and establishes its considerable significance within the history of the Church in the period.

  • Sound Recording Practice

    The book covers every aspect of sound recording, both technological and operational techniques, from the studio through to the final product. Each of the authors is an expert in his field. The book is both practical and up-to-date. This fourth edition has been comprehensively updated to take account of the many rapid advances in recording techniques, computer-controlled equipment, new digital recording formats, and the proliferation of consumer audio/video media. Radio and T.V. broadcasting are covered from the sound recording point of view, as are video and film.

  • Manuel García (1775-1832): Chronicle of the Life of a bel canto Tenor at the Dawn of Romanticism

    This is the first comprehensive biography of one of opera history's most glorious Spanish tenors. Apart from being renowned as the opening-night tenor in Rossini's Barber of Seville, Garcia was an important popularizer of other Rossini roles as well as those of Mozart (in particular, Don Giovanni) in Paris and London during the 1820s. As one of the first intercontinental superstars, Garcia directed the initial professional Italian opera performances in New York City in 1825 and in Mexico City in 1827. Apart from his extraordinary singing career, Garcia was also an important composer. His early operettas were extremely popular in Madrid, his Il califfo di Bagdad achieved success in Naples and Paris, and his La mort du Tasse was premiered at the Paris Opera. Garcia's Spanish compositions, in particular, had an impact on French Romantics such as George Sand and Victor Hugo, and ultimately influenced the music of Bizet's Carmen. As a singing teacher, Garcia was beyond comparison. Foremost among his many successful pupils were the tenor, Adolphe Nouritt, and his three children, Maria Malibran, Pauline Viardot- Garcia, and Manuel Patricio Garcia. James Radomski gathers, for the first time, all pertinent information surrounding Garcia and sets vividly the operatic scene of the period. The musicians life is chronicled from his earliest years in Seville until his death in Paris in 1832. With substantial reference to previously undiscovered reviews and letters, this biography also includes discussions of Garcia's compositions and teaching through musical examples and illustrations.

  • A Chronology and Calendar of Documents Relating to the London Book Trade 1641-1700: Volume I: 1641-1670

    The Chronology and Calendar of Documents relating to the London Book Trade 1641-1700 presents abstracts of documents relating to the book trade and book production between 1641 and 1700. It brings together in one sequence edited abstracts of entries referring to named books, printers, and booksellers selected from the manuscripts of the Stationers' Company Court Books; all references to printing, publishing, bookselling, and the book trade occurring in major historical printed sources (Calendar of State Papers Domestic; the Journals of the Houses of Lords and Commons; Reports of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts) ; and entries for contemporary pamphlets. The labour records of the printing and bookselling trades probably represent the fullest account of any work force in early modern England and the printed products of the trade survive in such great numbers that they enable us to examine them for evidence not only of who made and sold them but also of how they were made. These volumes constitute a reference work of importance not only for literature specialists, bibliographers, and historians of book production but also for economic, social, and political historians. Not only do they bring together records from a variety of separate printed sources, thereby making explicit their interconnections, but also they make accessible some less well-known manuscript sources, notably from the Stationers' Company archives. Most importantly the Chronology and Calendar extends the earlier work of Arber, Greg, and Jackson on the earlier seventeenth century. As a chronological sequence the volumes meet the need for a preliminary narrative history of the trade in the later seventeenth century; and the provision of title, name, and topic indexes renders this an indispensable reference tool for research into the social, political, and economic contexts of the book trade, its personnel, and its printed output.

  • The Management of Innovation

    First published in 1961, The Management of Innovation is one of the most influential books of organization theory and industrial sociology ever written. The central theme of the book is the relationship between an organization and its environment - particularly technological and market innovations. Based on first-class scholarship and engagingly written, the book presents the authors' now famous and ubiquitous classicifications of "mechanistic" and "organic" systems. For this it has become justly famous, but the book is also a penetrating study of social systems within organizations and organizational dynamics.

  • GCSE Business

    This text is part of the "Oxford Revision Guides" series, which are reissues of the two series, "GCSE Revise Through Diagrams" and "Advanced Revision Handbooks", now combined with newly branded covers. The GCSE titles have extra 16-page sections on revision techniques and sample questions for the new GCSE syllabuses, first examined in June 1998. This book covers the GCSE business studies syllabus and can be used for group work or individual study. Each topic is summarized on a single page and diagrams and concise notes help students to revise.

  • Interpreting Bach at the Keyboard

    The ever-increasing number of performances of Bach's music is a sign of its enduring vitality. Yet there exists a diversity of interpretation of a magnitude that probably applies to no other composer. Assessing the varying merits of these interpretational approaches, and getting to grips with the sources and documents on which they are based, can be extremely difficult for a modern performer. Paul Badura-Skoda, who has been studying and performing Bach's keyboard music for more than forty years, here presents a host of valuable new insights drawn from his deep knowledge of the sources and of the problems of interpretation. He looks in detail at the various aspects of Bach's music, providing chapters on rhythm, tempo, articulation, and dynamics. He also examines the instruments for which Bach's music was intended, and discusses interpretational issues arising from this, as well as problems of sonority. The second part of the book is devoted to a comprehensible discussion of ornamentation with a detailed examination of the signs and symbols used by Bach. This discussion is prompted not only by its central importance to baroque music in general, but also because the author believes so much of Bach's ornamentation in current performance practice is monotonous and fails to correspond to the baroque style at all. Sometimes contentious, always stimulating, Paul Badura-Skoda's text conveys a passion for an informed interpretation of Bach's music based upon a recognition and respect for Bach's musical and intellectual intentions. Copiously illustrated throughout with music examples, Interpreting Bach at the Keyboard will take its place as a standard work for all students and performers of Bach's keyboard music.

  • War Crimes Law Comes of Age: Essays

    In this edited collection, Theodor Meron, the world's most important author on issues of international humanitarian law, brings together a fascinating collection of his essays on war crimes and related areas, together with a new concluding chapter, from which the book takes its title, which brings together the themes explored in the essays. The rapid and fundamental developments in the last few years on the establishment of individual criminal responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law have been such that now more than ever is an appropriate time to assess their principal features. This book will be welcomed by all scholars in the field as a useful and significant contribution to our understanding of international humanitarian law.

  • Oliver Franks: Founding Father

    If Britain were a republic, it was said, Oliver Franks would have to be president: no one else would do. Oliver Franks: Founding Father is the first biography of this remarkable man, written by a leading historian and specialist in international relations. Franks lived a long life and a good one. A moral philosopher by training and inclination, he was thrust into a leading role in transforming events in the mid-twentieth century: supplying the war against Hitler, securing the post-war recovery of Europe, negotiating the Atlantic alliance -- all the whil tending that delicate growth, the Anglo-American `special relationship'. Faced with the need for an official inquiry, Government consitently reacted in the same way, by inviting Franks to inquire into everything from Official Secrets to Oxford University. This is a scrupulously researched and finely written study of an exceptional life. A combination of sharp insight and meticulous scholarship illuminates one of the most influential public servants of our time.

  • Vagueness in Law

    Vagueness leads to indeterminacies in the application of the law in many cases. This book responds to the challenges that those indeterminacies pose to a theory of law and adjudication. The book puts controversies in legal theory in a new light, using arguments in the philosophy of language to offer an explanation of the unclarities that arise in borderline cases for the application of vague expressions. But the author also argues that vagueness is a feature of law, and not merely of legal language: the linguistic and non-linguistic resources of the law are commonly vague. These claims have consequences that have seemed unacceptable to many legal theorists. Because law is vague, judges cannot always decide cases by giving effect to the legal rights and obligations of the parties. Judges cannot always treat like cases alike. The ideal of the rule of law seems to be unattainable. The book offers a new articulation of the content of that ideal. It argues that the pursuit of justice and the rule of law do not depend on the idea that the requirements of the law are determinate in all cases. The resolution of unresolved disputes is an important and independent duty of judges--a duty that is itself an essential component of the ideal of the rule of law.

  • European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550-1750

    Joint winner of the Wolfson Literary Award for History. This is the first survey history of Jewish life and culture in early modern Europe to concentrate on the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries as a radically new phase in Jewish history. Professor Israel argues that the rapidly expanding Jewish role in political and economic spheres in much of Europe from the 1570s was the first fundamental emancipation of European Jewry.

  • The Monarchy and the Constitution

    In the increasingly questioning world of the 1990s, the role of the monarchy in a democracy is again coming under scrutiny. Its critics argue that the monarchy is a profoundly conservative institution which serves to inhibit social change; that it has outlived its usefulness; that it symbolizes and reinforces deference and hierachy; and that its radical reform is therefore long overdue. Rejecting these arguments Vernon Bogdanor makes a powerful case for the positive role that monarchy plays in modern democratic politics. Ranging across law, politics, and history he argues that far from undermining democracy, the monarchy sustains and strengthens democratic institutions; that constitutional monarchy is a form of government that ensures not conservatism but legitimacy. The first serious examination of the political role of the monarchy to appear in many years, this book will make fascinating reading for all those interested in the monarchy and the future of British politics.

  • Critical Essays in Monetary Theory

    Critical Essays in Monetary Theory

  • Bank Collections and Payment Transactions: A Comparative Legal Analysis

    This is a study of the law governing the bank-customer relationship pertaining to the disposition of funds by cheques and credit transfers, covering both paper-based and electronic payments. The work addresses, with various degrees of detail, common law, civilian, and `mixed' jurisdictions, particularly, Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Africa, Switzerland and the United States. In addition to the description of the law in these jurisdictions, the book contains an in-depth analysis of the common issues and the responses to them, in light of desired policies. Accordingly, an evaluation of the various rules and proposals for reform are integral parts of the study. The book is divided into four parts. Part I is an overview of the various legal systems and fundamentals in banking and payment law, in an overall historical context. Part II deals with the banking relationship, within which collections and payments occur. It highlights the customer contract, the deposit transaction, the mandate authorizing bank collections and payments, and the debt resulting from entries to the current account. Part III covers the performance of the mandate. It discusses extensively laws governing the payment and collection of cheques and credit transfers, in the context of actual clearing and settlement mechanisms, particularly large-value transfer systems in developed countries. Part IV is on payment systems misuse through fraud, either in the initiation payments or in misdirecting them. It discusses cheque forgery, unauthorized electronic funds transfers, forged cheques indorsements, and misdirected funds transfers. A unique feature of the work is the integration of a cohesive analytic perspective, both doctrinal and policy-oriented, into a comparative descriptive framework. The book searches for a universal `law merchant' transcending the boundaries of the various legal systems. It is aimed at the banking and payment law specialist and student as well as to the general comparative lawyer. Its focus on both present law and reform makes it useful to both the academic and practising lawyer.

  • Monetary Economics

    In this textbook Mervyn Lewis and Paul Mizen cover all the material required for a complete course on monetary economics. Their book integrates all the immense changes of recent years. Taking the UK as their starting point, the authors have written a clear and interesting account of both theoretical and practical aspects of money's role in the economy. authors combine practical expertise with distinguished academic records both authors are experienced textbook writers international data incorporated to illuminate key concepts. grounded in theory throughout helpful chapter conclusions summarize the key ideas of each topic area

  • Victorian Feminists

    This is a study of Victorian feminism which focuses on four leading feminists: Emily Davies, Frances Power Cobbe,Josephine Butler, and Millicent Garrett Fawcett. This approach enables Barbara Caine to uncover the range, diversity, and complexity of Victorian feminism, and to examine the relationship between personal experience and feminist commitment. Professor Caine sets her carefully researched biographical studies of the four women, each with her own fascinating history, in the context of the Victorian feminist movement. She explores the ideas and strategies of feminists in the late nineteenth century, analysing the tensions which arose as they sought to achieve their aims. In particular, she traces the complex relationship between party politics and feminist commitment. Barbara Caine's insight into the vision and beliefs of these Victorian feminists is balanced by her scholarly understanding of the society within which they worked. She gives us vivid and perceptive portraits of four very different individuals, who nevertheless shared a commitment to improving the lot of women.

  • The Historia Pontificalis

    Edited and translated by: Chibnall, Marjorie;

  • The Piano Quartet and Quintet: Style, Structure, and Scoring

    Designed as a companion volume to the author's acclaimed earlier study, The Piano Trio, this book surveys the development of the piano quartet and quintet from their beginnings in the mid-eighteenth century to the present day. Developments during the first four decades of the nineteenth century resulted not only in Schubert's renowned Trout Quintet, but also in works of much brilliance by Dussek, Hummel, Weber, and others in which the piano predominates in a concerto-like role. Subsequently, Schumann's epoch-making quintet of 1842 initiated a broadly "symphonic" style, with large-scale structures and closely integrated textures, which was taken up by many later composers, including Brahms, Dvorak, Cesar Franck, Faure, and Elgar. The author also examines the numerous changes in the nature of the genres which have occurred in recent times, and gives special consideration to a number of works by leading twentieth-century composers, in which "mixed" media are formed by combining wind instruments with the normal strings-and-piano ensembles.

  • The English Hymn: A Critical and Historical Study

    D.H. Lawrence, writing of the poems that had meant most to him, said that they were `still not woven so deep in me as the rather banal Nonconformist hymns that penetrated through and through my childhood'. It is not easy to account for this, and most writing about hymns has not helped because it has concentrated on their content and function in worship and liturgy. In the present book the author tries to account for feelings like Lawrence's by examining the hymn form and its progress through the centuries from the Reformation to the present day. He begins by discussing the status of a hymn text and relates it to the demands made upon it by the needs of singing. A chronological study then traces the development of the English hymn, from the metrical psalms of the Reformation, through the seventeenth century and Isaac Watts to the Wesleys, Cowper, Toplady, and others, and then to the great flood of hymn writing that occurred during the Victorian period, together with the great success of Hymns Ancient and Modern . There are chapters on American hymnody and women's hymn writing, and sections on gospel hymns and the translation of German hymnody. This book is intended for scholars of theology, history of religion, and literary criticism.

  • Cross-border Security and Insolvency

    This volume analyzes the legal and practical issues that arise in cross-border transactions involving the taking and enforcement of security over movable and intangible property. Having analyzed the domestic law of security in the UK, US, France and Germany, it then focuses upon the private international law and insolvency law issues. Contributions come from leading legal, insolvency and banking specialists drawn from the relevant jurisdictions, providing a comparative perspective on each topic discussed. Coverage includes a focused, practical, case-study plus input from banking and insolvency professionals.

  • Government and Politics in Western Europe: Britain, France, Italy, Germany

    This is the first volume in the "Comparative European Politics" series. It offers an analysis of four major European democratic systems - those of the UK, France, Italy and Germany - which combines theoretical approaches with empirical material. Organized around themes rather than countries, the book includes chapters on political cleavages, political parties and pressure groups, governmental institutions and constitutional courts, and is illustrated with many concrete examples. This edition has been revised and updated to take account of the events in Europe since 1990. Other titles by Yves Meny include "Center-Periphery Relations in Western Europe" (co-edited with Vincent Wright) and "The Politics of Steel".

  • The Thought of Thomas Aquinas

    Thomas Aquinas was one of the greatest Western philosphers and one of the greatest theologians of the Christian church. In this book we at last have a modern, comprehensive presentation of the total thought of Aquinas. Books on Aquinas invariably deal with either his philosophy or his theology. But Aquinas himself made no arbitrary division between his philosophical and his theological thought, and this book allows readers to see him as a whole. It introduces the full range of Aquinas' thinking; and it relates his thinking to writers both earlier and later than Aquinas himself.

  • Franz Schubert: A Biography

    Franz Schubert (1797-1828) was born in Vienna of immigrant parents. During his short life he produced an astonishing amount of music. Symphonies, chamber music, opera, church music, and songs (more than 600 of them) poured forth in profusion. His 'Trout' Quintet, his 'Unfinished' Symphony, the three last piano sonatas, and above all his song cycles Die Schone Mullerin and Winterreise have come to be universally regarded as belonging to the very greatest works of music. Who was the man who composed this amazing succession of masterpieces, so many of which were either entirely ignored or regarded as failures during his lifetime? In her new biography, Elizabeth Norman McKay paints a vivid portrait of Schubert and his world. She explores his family background, his education and musical upbringing, his friendships, and his brushes and flirtations with the repressive authorities of Church and State. She discusses his experience of the arts, literature and theatre, and his relations with the professional and amateur musical world of his day. Schubert's manic-depressive temperament became of increasing significance in his life, and McKay shows how it was partly responsible for his social inadequacies, professional ineptitude, and idiosyncracies in his music. She examines Schubert's uneven physical decline after he contracted syphilis, traces its effects on his music, his hedonism, and sensuality, and investigates the cause and circumstances of his death at the age of 31.

  • The Future for the Global Securities Market - Legal and Regulatory Aspects

    This book consists of the proceedings of the most recent Oxford Law Colloquium which was concerned with the global regulation of the securities market. It is particularly topical in the light of recent regulatory failures in financial markets, notably the collapse of Barings Bank. the contributors to this volume, experienced lawyers and economists from the USA and the UK, have produced essays which review and analyse recent developments and approaches to the legal and regulatory challenges.

  • Oxford Reading Tree inFact: Level 6: Who Eats Who?

    Who Eats Who? looks at animals and plants that are part of food chains. Read this book to discover who eats who! Oxford Reading Tree inFact is a non-fiction series that aims to engage children in reading for pleasure as powerfully as fiction does. The variety of topics means there are books to interest every child in this compelling series. The series is written by top children's authors and subject experts. The books are carefully levelled, making it easy to match every child to the right book.

  • The New Industrial Organization: Market Forces and Strategic Behaviour

    This is a survey of recent developments in the new theoretical-industrial economics. Each chapter deals with a specific topic - market mechanisms, oligopoly, barriers to entry, organizational structures, industrial policy, and society models - providing a critical survey of the literature which has appeared mainly in journals, over the last ten years. The author presents the differing views on industrial economics which underlie recent work in the field, and makes the reader think again about the evolution of our economic systems.

  • Riches and Renunciation: Religion, Economy, and Society among the Jains

    How can one live by impossible ideals and values? The Jains of India are a flourishing and prosperous community, but their religion is focused on the teaching and example of ascetic renouncers, whose austere regime is actually dedicated to ending worldly life and often culminates in a fast to death. This book draws upon a detailed study of an urban Jain community in Jaipur, north-west India, to offer the fullest account yet given of Jain religious belief and practice. It shows how renunciation and asceticism play a central part in the life of a thriving business community, and how world-renunciation combines for Jain families with the pursuit of worldly happiness. The book is in five parts. Part I introduces the vivid mythology and doctrine of Jainism, and the traditions of Jain renouncers. Part II discusses the relations of Jains with other groups in Indian society, the politics of leadership on Jain communities, and the history, character, and composition of the Jain community in Jaipur. Part III contains detailed analyses of lay ascetic practices such as fasting and confession, traditions of imagery and iconography, and key religious ideas, such as the paradoxical doctrine of 'non-violence' (ahimsa). These are shown to turn on complex conceptions of the body and contrasting moral topographies of self. Part IV concerns relations between lay Jains and renouncers, and draws on recent writing on exchange and value to analyse the pivotal place of alms-giving in the Jain religion. Part V describes some of the closest connections between riches and renunciation, and shows how the pan-Indian festival of Diwali is adapted to distinctively Jain values and concerns.

  • The Oxford History of Poland-Lithuania: Volume I: The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union, 1385-1569

    The history of eastern European is dominated by the story of the rise of the Russian empire, yet Russia only emerged as a major power after 1700. For 300 years the greatest power in Eastern Europe was the union between the kingdom of Poland and the grand duchy of Lithuania, one of the longest-lasting political unions in European history. Yet because it ended in the late-eighteenth century in what are misleadingly termed the Partitions of Poland, it barely features in standard accounts of European history. The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union 1385-1569 tells the story of the formation of a consensual, decentralised, multinational, and religiously plural state built from below as much as above, that was founded by peaceful negotiation, not war and conquest. From its inception in 1385-6, a vision of political union was developed that proved attractive to Poles, Lithuanians, Ruthenians, and Germans, a union which was extended to include Prussia in the 1450s and Livonia in the 1560s. Despite the often bitter disagreements over the nature of the union, these were nevertheless overcome by a republican vision of a union of peoples in one political community of citizens under an elected monarch. Robert Frost challenges interpretations of the union informed by the idea that the emergence of the sovereign nation state represents the essence of political modernity, and presents the Polish-Lithuanian union as a case study of a composite state. The modern history of Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Belarus cannot be understood without an understanding of the legacy of the Polish-Lithuanian union. This volume is the first detailed study of the making of that union ever published in English.

  • Virtue by Consensus: The Moral Philosophy of Hutcheson, Hume, and Adam Smith

    Some of the most important achievements in the field of empiricist ethics were made by the School of Moral Sentiment, comprising Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, and Adam Smith. This book throws new light on their consensus theory of virtue. Hope works some of their ideas into a merit theory of rights applicable to conventional rights, defends ethical cognitivism, and analyzes pleasure.

  • Caudillos in Spanish America 1800-1850

    The caudillo of Spanish America was both regional chieftain and, in the turbulent years of the early nineteenth century, national leader. His power base rested on ownership of land and control of armed bands. He was the rival of constitutional rulers and the precursor of modern dictators. His is a dominant figure in Latin American history. John Lynch explores the changing perception of the caudillo - bandit chief, guerrilla leader, republican hero - and examines his multi-faceted role as regional strongman, war leader, landowner, distributor of patronage, and the `necessary gendarme' who maintained social order. Professor Lynch traces the origins and development of the caudillo tradition, and sets it in its contemporary context. His scholarly analysis of this central theme in the history of Spanish America is underpinned by detailed case-studies of four major caudillos: Juan Manuel de Rosas (Argentina), Jose Antonio Paez (Venezuela), Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (Mexico), and Rafael Carrera (Guatemala). This is an important contribution to our understanding of political and social structures during the formative period of the nation-state in Spanish America.

  • Aspect and Predication: The Semantics of Argument Structure

    This book investigates the systematic correspondences between syntactic structure and semantic interpretation in the domain of predicate-argument relationships. It takes as its starting point the striking effects of nominal argument interpretation on aspectual semantics, pursuing the intuition that these effects are not quirky or exceptional, but are in fact the most visible reflexes of a more pervasive and systematic interaction between the aspectual event structure of a predicate and its arguments. The Scottish Gaelic language is the empirical base of the investigation, as it exhibits a set of predicational structures which interact in a highly visible way with its aspectual system. The book provides a detailed working out of a semantic system of argument classification which moves away from lexically-driven thematic roles in the traditional sense and towards a more constrained, syntactically motivated, set of primitives.

  • Deducting Benefits from Damages for Personal Injury

    This book examines an area of personal injuries law that has been largely neglected by other writers, but which is of vital importance in practical terms when establishing quantum of damages for personal injuries. It provides detailed coverage of the law as it works in practice, but also important insights into the underlying legal principles and policy. There is comprehensive analysis of the rules relating to the deduction of social security benefits, including the Social Security (Recovery of Benefits) Act 1997 and the new rules concerning recovery of NHS costs from insurers. The book also explains in detail how the deduction of private insurance payments, gifts and charitable payments, benefits relating to employment, benefits related to the cost of care, and benefits accruing to dependants all impact upon the awards made by the Courts.

  • Of Mixed Blood: Kinship and History in Peruvian Amazonia

    Of Mixed Blood is an ethnography of the native people of the Bajo Urubamba river in Peruvian Amazonia. The people of this region appear very acculturated when compared to better-known indigenous Amazonian peoples. Peter Gow's analysis focuses on features of social organization which would seem to demonstrate this most clearly: the role of schools and recent land reform laws in the definition of the community, and native people's claim to be `of mixed blood'. By stressing that these claims are made by native people themselves, he challenges the dominant vision of them as passive victims of history. Dr Gow argues that when native people's claims are viewed from the perspective of their own values, and in the context of their creation of life through the productive transformation of the forest and the commodity economy, they can be seen to form a coherent part of kinship. Historical change is thus revealed as interior to the ongoing creation of kinship for native people, rather than alien to it. This study offers a new approach to the issue of historical and ethnographic analysis of Amazonian cultures.

  • The Management of International Acquisitions

    This book addresses three important areas of concern for managers and management researchers. What are the management challenges involved in the acquisition of a foreign subsidiary? Which post-acquisition changes lead to better performance among acquired companies? What scope is there for the retention of national styles of management when building international networks through acquisition? In addressing these questions, the authors examine acquisitions by foreign companies in the UK. They discuss the theoretical background to the debate over the significance of national management practices as opposed to international norms of 'best practice' shaped by global forces transcending national boundaries. They then compare and contrast the management practices of the five countries from which the acquirers covered in this book originate: the UK, the USA, Japan, France, and Germany. The authors' research indicates that while considerable convergence is taking place on many dimensions of management practice, distinct national management styles still exist among acquiring companies. The findings also show that although some policies are generally associated with better post-acquisition performance across the board, no one national approach is more successful than another, so long as it is implemented with confidence, determination, and consistency. Failure tends to follow from a lack of these qualities, rather than from having the 'wrong' management style.

  • Knowledge Assets: Securing Competitive Advantage in the Information Economy

    It is now widely recognized that the effective management of knowledge assets is a key requirement for securing competitive advantage in the emerging information economy. Yet the physical and institutional differences between tangible assets and knowledge assets remain poorly understood. In the case of knowledge, the ownership and control of assets are becoming ever more separate, a phenomenon that is actually exacerbated by the phenomenon of learning. If we are to meet the challenges of the information economy, then we need a new approach to property rights based on a deeper theoretical understanding of knowledge assets. Max Boisot writes clearly and in accessible language providing some of the key building blocks which are needed for a theory of knowledge assets. He develops a powerful conceptual framework, the Information-Space or I-Space, for exploring the way knowledge flows within and between organizations. This framework will enable managers and students to explore and understand how knowledge and information assets differ from physical assets, and how to deal with them at a strategic level within their organizations.

  • Ethics and Human Action in Early Stoicism

    This book presents a detailed reconstruction of the older Stoic theory of the psychology of action, which is discussed in relation to Aristotelian, Epicurean, Platonic, and some of the more influential modern theories. The role of the Stoic theory of action as the basis for their ethics is examined, after the main outlines of the reconstruction of the theory have been described. Important Greek terms are transliterated and explained, and a knowledge of Greek is not required. Classicists and philosophers interested in history of ethics, in action theory, or in Aristotelian and Stoic traditions.

  • The Origins of Zionism

    This first volume of Vital's trilogy traces the roots of the movement from its source in Jewish tradition, concentrating on the crucial formative period from the onset of the great East-West migration of European Jews in 1881 to the first World Congress of Zionists in 1897, which marked the emergence of Zionism as an organized political force.

  • Oxford Reading Tree Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories Decode and Develop: Level 9: Princes in the Tower

    Biff and Wilma meet two princes trapped in a tower in Princes in the Tower. Why are the boys there? Can the girls help them to escape? Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories: Decode and Develop are an exciting new set of stories from Roderick Hunt and Alex Brychta. Full of humour and drama with a delightful mixture of familiar settings and brand new magic key adventures to inspire young readers. Featuring all your favourite characters, children will enjoy exploring the detailed humorous illustrations and be captivated by the storylines. These phonics-based stories are perfect for embedding and building on children's phonics knowledge. They contain high-interest vocabulary to support language development beyond Phase 5 of Letters and Sounds. Each book contains inside cover notes to help adults read and explore the content with the child, supporting their decoding and language comprehension development. Teaching notes on Oxford Owl support independent reading, guided reading, writing, and speaking, listening and drama activities.

  • Land-Locked and Geographically Disadvantaged States in the International Law of the Sea

    At the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, the land-locked countries of the world, together with their geographically disadvantaged counterparts, made a determined effort to obtain special recognition in the Law of the Sea Convention. As members of the so-called LLGDS Group, they challenged the position of coastal States in several areas and introduced proposals which are yet to be fully assessed in the literature on the Law of the Sea. Published at a time when many intriguing questions on the Law of the Sea remain the subjects of intense controversy, this book charts the LLGDS effort at the UNCLOS III and critically examines the extent to which the 1982 Convention and the customary law reflects the perspective of the LLGDS Group. It also offers detailed consideration of many key issues in the law and politics of the sea.

  • Reform as Routine: Organizational Change and Stability in the Modern World

    Large contemporary organizations seem to be in an almost continual state of change. Whether in public or private organizations, managers are trying to implement new organizational forms, introduce new procedures or systems, or change the attitudes of employees. Such reforms often yield disappointing results, and so new reforms are deemed necessary. In this book, Nils Brunsson considers why reform takes place. He looks at why reforms occur when they do, why they propagate certain ideas to the exclusion of others, and what their consequences are. He emphasizes the role of social institutions, fashions, and hope. He argues that reform represents not only change but also stability, and that a failure to implement reforms is sometimes a solution rather than a problem for organizations. Nils Brunsson has long been one of the most probing analysts of organizational life, often taking unorthodox approaches. He draws on both European and American traditions to develop a distinctive voice and stance of his own. Based on extensive empirical studies in private and public organizations, Brunsson's new book will be of interest to academics and advanced students of organizational change, organizational theory, and public management.

  • Families, Politics, and the Law: Perspectives for East and West Europe

    The family has become a political battleground in both East and West. In the West, interventionist policies designed to encourage equality of opportunity and to eliminate the problems encountered by disadvantaged members of the traditional family (usually women, children and the elderly) have been replaced by a fresh quest for individual freedom from interference by the State. Once again inequality of economic power is determining decisions such as whether or if at all to seek divorce or abortion in situations where previously the State regulated by means of offering economic support. The process of 'rolling-back' the influence of the State has been dubbed 'privatisation' of the family, and the consequences of this shift by the State are here examined in considerable detail by a group of experts. The same examination of family in the East throws up similar terminology ('privatisation' for instance appears frequently) but the motivating forces and processes are intriguingly different. In the East concern to retain welfare provision, to reject the past, and to reflect national values without reducing individual liberty now requires a balancing act of extreme delicacy. State withdrawal from the family, leaving the family as a private sphere seems to be accompanied by a new emphasis on fundamental religious roles, which tend to stress differences between gender roles and to limit access to divorce or abortion in order to strengthen the 'traditional' family. The authors of this book examine this evolutionary process and ask what can be found of value in the exaggerated collectivism of the former communist regimes.

  • Good Faith and Fault in Contract Law

    This collection of essays brings together the work of many of the world's leading Contract Law scholars. It focuses upon a common central theme---the question of good faith and fair dealing in the Law of Contract. The book is divided into several parts: the first part is an Introduction; Part II examines the requirement of good faith and its role in the formation of contracts; Part III is concerned with contractual obligations; Part IV examines Breach of Contract and Remedial Issues. The work will be of widespread interest to scholars of Private Law in both Common and Civil Law jurisdictions.

  • The Illustrated History of Oxford University

    This richly illustrated book traces the story of Oxford University from its origins in the Middle Ages to the present day. Written by a team of scholars, all authorities in their fields, it spans 800 years of learning and incident to give a uniquely authoritative history of the University for the general reader. Since the Middle Ages, Oxford University's part in learning has always been significant and colourful. Many future leaders of the nation have been educated there. The architecture of the University and colleges has become one of the glories of Europe, and its libraries and museums house a number of major collections. But most importantly, a university must be judged by its attachment to scholarship - a theme which runs throughout this book. Students have been drawn to Oxford from all over the world, and today the University is internationally recognized for its contribution to research, both in the sciences and in the liberal arts. Authoritative, scholarly, and informative, this book captures the richness and diversity of Oxford University, and its contribution to the nation and to the world. In addition to over 200 illustrations, including 24 full-colour plates, specifically chosen to complement the wide-ranging text, there are also 5 maps, a chronology, annotated guides to further reading, and a full index.

  • Keyboard Duets from the 16th to the 20th Century for One and Two Pianos: An Introduction

    Piano duets, whether for one or two, are among the most enjoyable forms of music-making in which pianists, professional or amateur, can take part. Moreover, they provide invaluable practice in ensemble-playing. It is often thought that the duet repertoire consists entirely of arrangements of classical symphonies, overtures, and chamber music, but this is not the case. A great many works, often of the finest quality, were originally written for one medium or the other. This book is divided into three main sections. Part I describes the chronology of piano duets and music for two pianos, from their earliest beginnings in the 16th century to the present day; Part II discusses some of the special technical problems that arise when playing them; Part III provides a selective list of original duets that have genuine musical or historical interest.

  • Oxford IB Diploma Programme: Global Politics Course Companion

    Equipping teachers and learners to succeed in Global Politics from day 1, this student Course Book has been developed directly with the IB. Helping to develop politically engaged learners who can think critically about the changing 21st Century world, you can rely on it providing the most comprehensive coverage of this subject. Embracing a truly concept-based approach, fully in line with the syllabus, and structured around the central theme of People, Power and Politics, it ensures learners develop critical understanding of big picture political issues, problems and solutions. Fully cover the syllabus - written by syllabus developer and UNESCO Chair in Human and Cultural Rights Max Kirsch and developed directly with the IB Adopt a fully concept-based approach - the truly concept-based structure drives trans-disciplinary understanding Build critical thought - student-centered activities drive exploration and analysis Relate politics to the real world - a rich base of current, engaging case-studies ensures subject material is immediately relevant to learners own experiences Equip learners for assessment - assessment support directly from the IB accurately prepares students to achieve in exams

  • Private Enforcement of Antitrust Law in the EU, UK and USA

    This book provides the first detailed examination of how private individuals and companies can enforce their rights under competition law against other private parties in the EU and UK. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the legal basis for private antitrust enforcement both under EC and the new UK law, and of the available procedures and remedies. The book then goes on to systematically survey all of the key issues of law and practice that arise in private antitrust litigation in the USA, such as locus standi, antitrust injury, methods of proof of damage, types of damage for which compensation is recoverable, and the principles of antitrust damage calculation. In each case, the author draws upon his experience of such litigation as a practitioner in the USA to set out detailed practical conclusions as to how the same issues should be addressed in the EU and UK.

  • The Writings and Speeches of Edmund Burke: Volume VII: India: The Hastings Trial 1789-1794

    This key volume specifically completes the collection of Edmund Burke's Indian Writings and Speeches which is set within the series, and is both an exposition of Burke's views on India from his coverage of the Hastings trial, and his views on maintaining the rule of a universal justice. The texts for the items, which have appeared in previous editions of Burke's Works, have been reconstructed, largely by the use of manuscripts. Indeed many of the shorter speeches appear here in print for the first time. The volume includes a key speech which introduced one of the main charges in the trial of Warren Hastings on an impeachment from 1789-1794, and an important report on the conduct of the trial. It closes with the enormously lengthy and significant speech in which Burke summed up the prosecution's case over nine days. However, this volume is not only a full exposition of Burke's views on India but contains much of great interest about other aspects of his thought. In particular, Burke saw himself in these years as being engaged in a battle against the lawless disruption of society, both in Europe and in Asia, in order to maintain the rule of a universal justice, a main theme of this volume.

  • The Seas of Language

    Michael Dummett is one of the most important and influential of contemporary philosophers; this book covers his work in the closely related fields of metaphysics and the philosophy of language.

  • The Gesta Guillelmi of William of Poitiers

    William of Poitiers began his career as a knight before studying in the schools of Poitiers and entering the Church. He became a chaplain in the household of William the Conqueror, and was able to give a first-hand account of the events of 1066-7. The Gesta Guillelmi, his unfinished biography of the king, is particularly important for its detailed description of William's campaigns in Normandy, the careful preparations he made for the invasion of England, the battle of Hastings and the establishment of Norman power after the Conquest. It is a mine of information of military tactics and the conduct of war in the eleventh century. Though written from the point of view of the Norman court, it gives what is probably the most authentic account of these momentous events. This edition, by the late R. H. C. Davis and Marjorie Chibnall, with facing-page English translation of the Latin text, provides the first complete English translation, as well as a full historical introduction and detailed notes.

  • Con che soavità: Studies in Italian Opera, Song, and Dance, 1580-1740

    Music in 17th and early 18th century Italy was wonderfully rich and varied: in theatrical and secular vocal chamber music alone, we saw the rise of the solo song and cantata, and the birth and growth of opera, all establishing important new structural and expressive paradigms. But this was also a complex time of uncertainty and change, as 'old' and 'new' interacted in subtle and often surprising ways. There is still much to document, explore and explain in terms of composers and repertories and their multi-layered contexts. This collection of essays by European, British and American musicologists seeks to consolidate the recent growth interest in seventeenth century studies. It includes discussions of leading composers (d'India, Monteverdi, Rovetta, Steffani, Albinoni, Vivaldi and Handel), repertories (chamber laments, staged balli and operatic mad-scenes), geographical issues (the arrival of Neapolitan opera in Venice), institutional contexts, and iconography. Inspiration for the book was drawn from the poineering research of Nigel Fortune, to whom the volume is dedicated on his 70th birthday.

  • Oxford Playscripts: Dracula

    An engaging classroom playscript. He is Nosferatu, the Undead. He can walk through locked doors, change his shape. Sometimes he looks like a man, sometimes a huge wolf-like dog, or a bat. He never grows ill, never dies And if you invite him into your home, he will take your life and your soul. New, innovative activities specifically tailored to support the KS3 Framework for Teaching English and help students to fulfil the Framework objectives. Activities include work on Speaking and Listening, close text analysis, and the structure of playscripts, and act as a springboard for personal writing

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Much Ado About Nothing

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. Much Ado About Nothing is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE specifications.

  • Dynamic Econometrics

    This book confronts the practical problems of modelling aggregate time series data, in a systematic and intergrated framework. The main problem in econometric modelling of time series is discovering sustainable and interpretable relationships between observed economic variables. The primary aim of this book is to develop an operational econometric approach which allows constructive modelling. Professor Hendry deals with methodological issues (model discovery, data mining, and progressive research strategies); with major tools for modelling (recursive methods, encompassing, super exogeneity, invariance tests); and with practical problems (collinearity, heteroscedasticity, and measurement errors). He also includes an extensive study of US money demand. The book is self-contained, with the technical background covered in appendices. It is thus suitable for first year graduate students, and includes solved examples and exercises to facilitate its use in teaching.

  • Oxford International Primary Geography: Workbook 2

    Oxford International Primary Geography is a complete six year primary geography course that provides an engaging introduction to the subject. Using real life examples from around the globe, the course covers key aspects of both human and physical geography, from the basics of mapping to more complex topics such as the pros and cons of ecotourism and how to meet the resource needs of the world's growing population. These additional Workbooks provide students with the opportunity for further study in the classroom or at home, including suggested research topics and cross-curricular projects. For the teacher, the Teacher's Guide provides step-by-step guidance for each lesson, as well as background knowledge and geographical information for specialist and non-specialist teachers alike.

  • Europe's Population in the 1990s

    This study presents a contemporary picture of Europe's population, detailing birth rates, immigration, mortality, family formation and dissolution. Illustrated with numerous tables and graphs, it considers some of the causes of observed trends, such as economic pressures, the spread of new values, and the importance of family policies in creating an ageing Europe threatened by population decline.

  • Yearbook of International Environmental Law: Volume 9 1998

    Established in 1990, the Yearbook of International Environmental Law has fast established itself as a vital source of information and analysis in an increasingly important legal field. The contributors for this volume are drawn from experts across the world who, together with the expert team of editors, have created the best source of information on world-wide events in this field. The article section contains top-quality essays on topical subjects; the year-in-review section offers a round-up of legal developments in every part of the world.

  • International Law and the Administration of Occupied Territories: The Two Decades of Israeli Occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The ... by al-Haq in Jerusalem in January 1988

    This collection of essays results from a conference held in 1988, organized to draw attention to legal problems arising out of the occupation, by Israel, of the area of Palestine known as the `West Bank'. Contributors include many internationally-renowned experts on international law and human rights law as well as a number of `local' Palestinian lawyers actively engaged in promoting interests of indigenous Palestinians. International concern over the future of the `West Bank' is as strong now as in 1988, and this book makes an important contribution to the legal literature on the situation in the Occupied Territories.

  • Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

    In this study, Clare Palmer challenges the popular conception that process thinking offers an unambiguously positive contribution to the philosophical debate on environmental ethics. She critically examines the approach to ethics which may be derived from the work of process thinkers such as A. N. Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne, pointing out questions about justice and respect for individual integrity which are raised. With these questions in mind, she compares process ethics to a variety of other forms of environmental ethics, as well as deep ecology. This comparative study reveals a number of difficulties associated with process thinking about the environment. Although some reformulations of process philosophy in the light of these difficulties are offered, the author suggests that a question mark should remain over the contribution which process philosophy can make to environmental ethics.

  • Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825-1875

    Law and English Railway Capitalism, 1825-1875 is the first large scale historical treatment of the relationship between English law and the rise of a leading sector of 19th century industrial enterprise. The book examines the impact of English common law and lawyers on the early steam railway industry. Grounded in a wide variety of legal and industrial source materials, the studys eight analytical narrative chapters examine a range of interactions between early railway capitalism and the evolving culture, doctrine, and procedures of Victorian lawyers. Subjects considered in depth include the legal ramifications of the great railway manias. law and the infiltration of the English countryside, railway accidents, corporate monopolism, and the organization of Englands first corporate legal departments. Each chapter contributes to the books ambitious general interpretation of the profound but ambiguous engagement of an antiquated but powerful legal system with a dynamic new industry.

  • The Law of Tracing

    The law of tracing is a complex subject which has struggled to find a home in works on property, equity, commercial law and restitution. Broadly speaking, it addresses the question of when rights held in an asset can be asserted in another asset despite changes in form or attempts to 'launder' the initial asset. Properly understood this area of study is composed of several distinct topics. This book explores all the areas covered by the law of tracing in a degree of detail not previously reached in more general works.

  • Land and Maritime Zones of Peace in International Law

    This book is a scholarly and comprehensive treatment of the attempts made in the past few decades both inside and outside the UN to create 'Zones of Peace' in various parts of the world. It analyses current declarations and proposals for both land and maritime zones of peace, and adumbrates some of the legal questions to which they give rise. A first book of this kind on this relatively little explored area of international law, it examines the creation and status of zones of Peace in the light of state Practice and the relevant principles of international law. This book identifies, through a thorough analysis of certain already extant and emerging rules of international law, situations under which both land and maritime zones of peace could be created.

  • The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976-1993

    The Treasury is at the heart of British Government, responsible for deciding how much to spend and on what. Both the institution and the public expenditure process are the focus of `The Treasury and Whitehall', a tour de force of contemporary policy analysis. Based on research undertaken with the cooperation of the Treasury and Whitehall departments, it shows how the key decisions of planning, allocating and controlling public expenditure are made. With unique access to treasury Expenditure Controllers and senior financial officials in the main spending departments, the book provides a detailed and authoritative account of the roles, relationships and inter-actions of the key players in Whitehall Expenditure Community as they confront each other in annual rituals of the Expenditure 'Survey'. Thain and Wright explain how the rules of the expenditure game were re-drawn in the 1980s in the relentless search for cuts, greater economy and efficiency in the design and delivery of public services, and the creation of a more enterprising administrative culture. The authors explain how and why the Treasury was rarely able to impose its constitutional authority to stem the tide of rising public expenditure through the turbulent years of the Thatcher and Major Governments. They show that the Treasury is locked into a system of mutually constrained power-relationships with the Whitehall departments, and obliged to negotiate discretionary authority to control their spending.

  • Grammar to 14 Answer Book

    Written to accompany Don Schiach's student book, the book provides answers to all activities.

  • Edward Elgar: A Creative Life

    Edward Elgar is among the greatest of all English composers, and this major biography, the culmination of twenty years' work, is probably the most complete and perceptive study of the composer to date. Drawing on the vast amount of source material, much of it previously unpublished, Jerrold Northrop Moore presents Elgar's life and works as inseparable parts of a single creative career. This classic study, unavailable for many years, is here reissued as a Clarendon Paperback.

  • Peter Abelard: Collationes

    Peter Abelard (1079-1142) is widely recognized as one of the most important writers of the twelfth century, famed for his skill in logic as well as his romance with Heloise. Even among Abelard's writings, the Collationes - or Dialogue between a Christian, a Philosopher, and a Jew - are remarkable for their daring and intellectual imaginativeness. Written probably c.1130, the work contains the fullest exposition of many aspects of abelard's ethics, the only statement of his unusual eschatological theory, and some of his most interesting ideas about faith and the relationship between theism and revealed religion This is the first full critical edition of the Collationes. Based on an entirely new collation of the manuscripts, it provides a facing-page English translation, detailed notes, and an extensive historical and philosophical introduction.

  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Approaches to his Music

    Many books have been written about Beethoven but it is rare to find one which seeks an alternative to the tendency of academia, on the one hand, to fragmentation, and of popular biographical writing, on the other, to a superficial overview. In this volume, the late Carl Dahlhaus combines the interpretations of individual works with excursions into the musical aesthetics of the period around 1800, an age which was not only a `classical' period in the history of the arts but also one in which aesthetics carved itself a place in the centre of philosophical attention. The theme of the book is the reconstruction of Beethoven's `musical thinking' from the evidence in the works themselves and their context in the history of ideas. A table entitled `Chronicle' places the references to biographical data in their historical context. The selective bibliography includes comments to assist readers to find their way in the labyrinth of the literature about Beethoven.

  • Marshalling of Securities: Equity and the Priority-ranking of Secured Debt

    This book provides an extensive analysis of the equitable doctrine of marshalling as it applies to secured debt. There is detailed and systematic reference to the application of marshalling in the United Kingdom, in particular the conditions that must be satisfied before marshalling will assist a secured creditor and the limitations imposed on its effective operation. There is also substantial comparative material, with extensive analysis of Commonwealth law and selected US authorities. This book will appeal equally to those specialists working in equity, finance and insolvency law and to commercial lawyers more generally.

  • Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

    This is a definitive statement of Professor Afriat's achievements in the field of choice and value in economics, an area in which he has contributed more than most. As the topics covered, which include optimal programming, social and individual choice, production, and the market, are both central and fundamental, the book forms a source on basic and current topics in economic theory and mathematical economics for any advanced student of the subject. The work is in six parts: the first four discuss generalities about choice and representative economic topics; the final two are more concerned with straight forwardly mathematical subjects that have an application in economics. A characteristic of the book is its conceptual clarifications for choice, value, and price theory generally, and, for special topics, the novelties and simplifications that are uncovered in already well-trodden ground. Professional economists and economics theorists.

  • Life of St AEthelwold

    The Life of St AEthelwold is one of the most important and interesting sources for the history of Anglo-Saxon England and for the religious movements of western Europe in the tenth century. It was written around the year 1000 by Wulfstan of Winchester, who had been a student of AEthelwold; the Life, therefore, provides a firsthand account of the activities of the man who was the central force in the Benedictine reform movement of the later tenth century. It also reveals the nature of AEthelwold's education and contacts with continental monasticism, and shows why Winchester became a focal point of late Anglo-Saxon culture. The present book, by two well-known authorities in the field of Anglo-Latin literature, provides the first critical edition of Wulfstan's Life. It is accompanied by a translation, extensive historical notes, and a substantial introduction which treats both Wulfstan and Aethelwold in the light of recent scholarly research. Appendices provide editions of other texts relevant to the study of AEthelwold, including a Latin Life by his pupil AElfric, some verses by a twelfth-century Ely poet, and a previously unprinted Middle English poem on the saint. This is a valuable edition of a major source, which will be welcomed by all students of Anglo-Saxon England.

  • Southern Cross: Civil Law and Common Law in South Africa

    This book provides a history of some of the main institutions of South African private law and in so doing explores the process through which integration of the English common law and the continental civil law came about in that jurisdiction. Here is a book aimed at both European and South African audiences. For European lawyers it provides a stimulating insight into the way the process of harmonization of private law has occurred in South Africa and may occur within the European Union. By analysing the historical evolution of the most important institutions of the law of obligations and the law of property the book demonstrates how the two legal traditions have been accommodated within one system. The starting point for each essay is the "pure" Roman-Dutch law as it was transplanted to the Cape of Good Hope in the years following 1652 (and as it has been examined in considerable detail in another volume edited by Robert Feenstra and Reinhard Zimmerman, published in 1992). the analysis focuses on how the Roman-Dutch law has been preserved, changed, modified or replaced in the course of the nineteenth century when the Cape became a British colony; and on what happened after the creation of the union of South Africa in 1910. Each essay therefore attempts, in the field of law with which it is dealing, to answer questions such as: what was the level of interaction between the civil law and the common law? What were the mechanisms that brought about the particular form of competition, coexistence or fusion that exists in that area of law? Is the process complete or is it still continuing? Is it possible to observe the emergence, from these two routes, of a genuinely South African private law? How is the result to be evaluated? In establishing reception patterns at the level of specific areas of law, they go beyond generalization about the compatibility of the two traditions and present evidence of a possible symbiosis of English and Continental law. For South African readers the principal value of the book is that it offers essays by the most prominent South African private lawyers refelecting on the history of their subjects. It therefore constitutes the first stage in the writing of a history of substantive private law in South Africa. So far the focus has mainly been on the so called "external history" of South African law, and such texts as there are on the development of the institutions of private law are often in Afrikaans and mainly to be found in unpublished theses. Thus this book fulfils a real need for those teaching South African private law and legal history. Although the volume investigates a specific aspect of the making of modern South African law it is imperative not to lose sight of the fact that private law in that country, as every way else did not develop in a vacuum, but as part of a wider political and social prcess. For this reason the book opens with an essay which contextualizes the contributions that follow, giving a view of the "setting" in which the development of South Africa took place: colonial domination, cultural imperialism, and racial and nationalistic ideologies. Two further introductory essays pay specific attention to the impact of the procedural framework on the substantive private law and to the "architects" of the mixed system.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Merchant of Venice

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. The Merchant of Venice is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE specifications.

  • Criminal Justice in Europe: A Comparative Study

    This new book is the product of a six years association between the Willem Pompe Institution for Criminal Law and Criminology at the University of Utrecht and the Law Schools of the University of Wales at Aberystwyth and Cardiff. It contains eighteen comparative studies on criminal justice in the Netherlands, England, and Wales, concentrating on the central themes of the convergence of the adversarial - British - and inquisitorial - Dutch - system of justice and the increasing `Europeanization' of each by an ever-increasing body of European law.

  • Mission and Conversion: Proselytizing in the Religious History of the Roman Empire

    This book tackles a central problem of Jewish and comparative religious history: proselytization and the origins of mission in the Early Church. Why did some individuals in the first four centuries of the Christian era believe it desirable to persuade as many outsiders to join their religious group, while others did not? In this book, the author offers a radical new explanation of the origins of mission in this period, arguing that mission is not an inherent religious instinct, that in antiquity it was found only sporadically among Jews and pagans, and that even Christians rarely stressed its importance in the early centuries. In the first half of the book, Dr Goodman makes a detailed and radical re-evaluation of the evidence for Jewish missionary attitudes in the late Second Temple and Talmudic periods, overturning many commonly held assumptions about the history of Judaism, in particular the view that Jews proselytized energetically in the first century AD. This leads him on to take issue with the common notion that the early Christian mission to the gentiles imitated or competed with contemporary Jews. Finally, the author puts forward some novel suggestions as to how the Jewish background to Christianity may nonetheless have contributed to the enthusiastic adoption of universal proselytization by some followers of Jesus in the apostolic age.

  • The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

    Childbed fever was by the far the most common cause of deaths associated with childbirth up to the Second World War throughout Britain and Europe. Otherwise known as puerperal fever, it was an infection which followed childbirth and caused thousands of miserable and agonising deaths every year. This book provides the first comprehensive account of this tragic disease from its recognition in the eighteenth century up to the second half of the twentieth century. Examining this within a broad history of infective diseases, the author goes on to explore ideas from past debates about the nature of infectious diseases and contagion, the discovery of bacteria and antisepsis, and charts the complicated path which led to the discovery of antibiotics. The large majority of deaths from puerperal fever were due to one micro-organism known as Streptococcus pyogenes, and the last chapter presents valuable new ideas on the nature and epidemiology of streptococcal disease up to the present day.

  • Oxford IB Diploma Programme: Authoritarian States Course Companion

    Drive critical, engaged learning and advanced skills development. Enabling comprehensive, rounded understanding, the student-centred approach actively develops the sophisticated skills key to performance in Paper 2. Developed directly with the IB for the 2015 syllabus, this Course Book fully supports the new comparative approach to learning. Cover the new syllabus in the right level of depth, with rich, thorough subject content Developed directly with the IB, with the most comprehensive support for the new syllabus with complete support for the comparative approach Truly engage learners with topical, relevant material that convincingly connects learning with the modern, global world Streamline your planning, with a clear and thorough structure helping you logically progress through the syllabus Build the advanced-level skills learners need for Paper 2, with the student-led approach driving active skills development and strengthening exam performance Integrate approaches to learning with ATLs like thinking, communication, research and social skills built directly into learning Help learners think critically about improving performance with extensive examiner insight and samples based on the latest exam format Build an advanced level, thematic understanding with fully integrated Global Contexts, Key Concepts and TOK Also available as an Online Course Book

  • A History of the Land Law

    An account of the historical development of the common law of landed property. Work published since the first edition (1961) is taken into account, and the treatment of the nineteenth century period has been enlarged.

  • Read Write Inc. Spelling: Practice Book 2B Pack of 5

    A new edition of the highly successful and proven Read Write Inc. Spelling programme. This has been specially developed for the new curriculum by leading primary literacy expert Ruth Miskin and lead author Janey Pursglove. The programme consists of an integral online software subscription, in which spelling rules are introduced and taught by animated characters in an exciting fantasy world; Practice Books with a range of comprehensive, engaging activities; Log Books for children to record individual progress; and a Teaching Handbook with clear, structured support for each lesson. Online practice tests and consolidation sessions will create confident, proficient spellers and prepare every child for the spelling aspect of the Year 6 English Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test. This pack contains five copies of Read Write Inc. Spelling Practice Book 2B.

  • The Crimes of Women in Early Modern Germany

    'The Crimes of Women in Early Modern Germany' is a fascinating study of 'deviant' women. It is the first scholarly account of how women were prosecuted for theft, infanticide, and sexual crimes in early modern Germany, and challenges the assumption that women were treated more leniently than men. Ulinka Rublack uses criminal trials to illuminate the social status and conflicts of women living through the Reformation and Thirty Years War, telling, for the first time, the stories of cutpurses, maidservants' dangerous liaisons, and artisans' troubled marriages. She provides a thought-provoking analysis of labelling and sentencing processes, and of the punishments inflicted on those found guilty. Above all, she brilliantly engages with the way 'ordinary' women experienced authority and sexuality, household and community.

  • Henry V: Oxford School Shakespeare

    Our well established and popular series which helps all your students to understand and enjoy Shakespeare's plays, has been improved even further. BLRevised students' notes are clearer, with detailed explanations of difficult words and passages, plot synopses, summaries of individual scenes,and notes on the main characters BLFeaturing a host of new photographs of stage productions BLNew,attractive cover design BLComplete and unabridged texts

  • The Waters of the Nile: Hydropolitics and the Jonglei Canal, 1900-1988

    This is a study of the evolution of proposals to develop the Nile Basin to ensure the best use of its precious waters. The hydropolitics of the Nile Valley is the most important issue today for the future of the inhabitants of Egypt, the Sudan, Ethiopia, and East Africa. The story of `Nile Control' is the product of British, Egyptian, and Sudanese engineers and hydrologists, whose designs have determined the way of life of the millions who depend upon the Nile waters for their survival.

  • Mural Painting in Britain 1840-1940: Image and Meaning

    This substantial survey discusses state, civic, commercial, church, private, and other murals and includes detailed case analysis of major schemes. Written by the leading authority in Britain on mural painting post 1800, it is a pioneering study and definitive reference book which covers work by over 400 artists, and numerous murals never previously documented or illustrated. British murals are set in their historical, cultural and international contexts, and the book also includes a supplementary inventory of representative examples in a wide range of locations.

  • The Oxford Shakespeare: Volume II: Comedies

    Here in a handy paperback format are all Shakespeare's Comedies (there are companion volumes of the Histories and Tragedies), with excellent brief introduction, and the texts established by the Complete Oxford Shakespeare, which was re-edited afresh from the original editions. Critics acclaimed it as `the most ambitious edition of the works ever attempted' (Times Higher Education Supplement) and `the most interesting edition of Shakespeare since the First Folio ... here are the plays as they were acted by Shakespeare's company' (John Carey, Sunday Times).

  • The London Diaries of William Nicolson, Bishop of Carlisle 1702-1718

    A scholarly edition of The London Diaries of William Nicolson, Bishop of Carlisle, 1702-18 by Clyve Jones and Geoffrey Holmes. The edition presents an authoritative text, together with an introduction, commentary notes, and scholarly apparatus.

  • Public Debt Management

    The choice of currency denomination, indexation, and maturity structure of public debt is an increasingly important aspect of policy in a world of high debts and and financially integrated markets. This book surveys theories and evidence on public debt composition and debt returns with the goal of emphasizing the main policy issues. The effects of debt management on financial markets, risk-sharing, policy credibility, interest costs, and taxation are evaluated within a unified theoretical framework. The analysis clarifies the trade-off involved in policy decisions and shows how to use theory and evidence to answer practical policy problems. This book is a valuable reference to researchers and satisfies the increasing demand by policymakers for sound economic principles to guide the choice of debt instruments.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume VIII: 1529-1530

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • The Legal Aspect of Money: With Special Reference to Comparative Private and Public International Law

    First published in 1938, The Legal Aspect of Money has become the foremost authority on the law of money throughout the world. The fifth edition has been revised and updated to include discussion of recent changes in international (especially European) law. Although originally intended primarily as a reference work on the English law of money, the comparative methodology established in the original edition has been maintained, and readers will find the combination of new material plus established scholarship an indispensable guide to the financial and legal systems of the world. The 6th edition edited by Charles Proctor is also available with ISBN 978-0-19-826055-4.

  • Smart Regulation: Designing Environmental Policy

    Despite decades of policy experimentation, the ultimate goal of efficient and effective environmental regulation has continued to elude policy-makers and regulatory theorists. The less than satisfactory performance of both government and market approaches to environmental protection has led to the introduction of a broader range of policy mechanisms, such as education, information-based strategies, economic instruments and self-regulation. Yet these various policy instruments are usually treated as alternatives to one another rather than as complementary. Drawing from studies in North America, Europe and Australia, the authors show how the design of complementary combinations of policy instruments, tailored to particular environmental goals and circumstances, will produce more effective and efficient policy outcomes. They also confront the critical problem of how, at a time of fiscal constraint and small government, environmental policy might still be designed in ways that improve outcomes both for the environment and for business.

  • Human Dignity in Bioethics and Biolaw

    The concept of human dignity is increasingly invoked in bioethical debate and, indeed, in international instruments concerned with biotechnology and biomedicine. While some commentators consider appeals to human dignity to be little more than rhetoric and not worthy of serious consideration, the authors of this groundbreaking new study give such appeals distinct and defensible meaning through an application of the moral theory of Alan Gewirth. In Part One, the book seeks to bring human dignity more clearly into focus. It sketches two opposed conceptions, 'human dignity as empowerment', which treats human rights as based on the intrinsic dignity of humans, identified with individual autonomy, and 'human dignity as constraint', which acts as an umbrella for a number of duty-driven approaches. While viewing human dignity primarily as empowerment, the authors argue that it is not autonomy as such, but vulnerable agency around which dignity as the basis of human rights is to be analyzed. Alongside this, they develop the idea of dignity as a virtue, specifically as a practical attitude to be cultivated in the face of human finitude and vulnerability. At its sharpest, dignity as a virtue indicates the aspirational path of responsible and rational agency in the context of the existential anxiety that is part and parcel of the human condition. During this analysis they pay particular attention to the similarities and differences between Kantian and Gewirthian theory. In Part Two, the authors apply their analysis of dignity as generating rights and responsibilities to a range of activities (such as pre-natal selection, commodification of the human body, cloning, and euthanasia) running from birth with dignity through to death with dignity, and subject the use of 'human dignity' in existing regulatory frameworks to critical scrutiny.

  • Britain's Persian Connection 1798-1828: Prelude to the Great Game in Asia

    In 1801 and again in 1809 the British made a treaty with the Qajar regime of Persia. The two treaties and the attempts to define and to protect Great Britain's interests in the Middle East were known at the time as the Persian Connection. Edward Ingram's scholarly and extensively researched study shows how the British expected the Persian Connection to help them win the Napoleonic Wars and to enable them to enjoy the fruits of empire in India. Professor Ingram examines British policies and activities in the Middle East and Central Asia during the early nineteenth century, and traces the course of Anglo-Russian diplomatic relations during this period. The Persian Connection, he argues, was a measure of the status and reputation of Britain as a Great Power; the history of its first twenty years illustrates the limits to British power, as well as having much light to shed on the creation of the Indian Empire.

  • The EU Structural Funds

    The EU Structural Funds is a pioneering book that provides the first systematic and critical examination of the role of the EU Structural Funds and other financial instruments in European integration. The examination is important because of the substantial sums of money involved and shows that these sums are not necessarily being used effectively or efficiently. Total Structural Fund spending from 1994 to 1999 is to be almost Euro 170 billion and this sum represents around 33 per cent of the Union budget and around 0.4 per cent of the Union gross domestic product. For the years 2000 to 2006 spending of up to Euro 218.4 billion is proposed. The issues raised by Andrew Evans are highly topical because of the challenges to established practice entailed by the introduction of a single currency, the `Euro', and by plans for the future accession of several countries of Central and Eastern Europe to the Union.

  • Opera in Dublin, 1798-1820: Frederick Jones and the Crow Street Theatre

    This study traces the history of the Crow Street Theatre in Dublin under the management of Frederick Jones. Drawing upon reports in newspapers and journals of the time, Dr Walsh chronicles two decades of theatrical and operatic life in Dublin. This was a period which saw the decline of the English Ballade opera and pasticcio, and the rise of Italian opera and "bel canto". Such famous singers of the time as Anglica Catalani, John Braham, Giuseppe Naldi, Giuseppe Ambrogetti, Michael Kelly, Teresa Bertinotti Radicati and Catherine Stephensare the subject of many descriptions and anecdotes. Technical advances in the theatre, from the "few hundred gallons of spermaceti oil" required in 1800 to the installation of gas in 1819, form an important part of the story. The reader interested in the social history of Dublin at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, and the student of operatic and theatrical conditions in a transitional age should be interested in this book. T.J. Walsh is the author of "Opera in Dublin 1705-1797: The Social Scene", "Monte Carlo Opera 1879-1909", "Second Empire Opera: The Theatre Lyrique, Paris 1851-1870" and "Monte Carlo Opera 1910-1951".

  • IB Physics Online Course Book: Oxford IB Diploma Programme

    The only DP Physics resource developed with the IB to accurately match the new 2014 syllabus for both SL and HL, this new Online Course Book gives you unrivalled support for the new concept-based approach to learning, the Nature of science. Understanding, applications and skills are integrated in every topic, alongside TOK links and real-world connections to truly drive independent inquiry. Assessment support straight from the IB includes practice questions and worked examples in each topic, alongside support for the Internal Assessment and Extended Essay. Truly aligned with the IB philosophy, this Course Book gives unparalleled insight and support at every stage. Fully online format, accessible anytime, anywhere Accurately cover the new syllabus - the most comprehensive match, with support directly from the IB on the core, AHL and all the options Fully integrate the new concept-based approach, holistically addressing understanding, applications, skills and the Nature of science Tangibly build assessment confidence with assessment support straight from the IB Build confidence - data-based questions and focused practice support exceptional achievement Written by co-authors of the new syllabus and leading IB workshop leaders Supported by a fully comprehensive and updated Study Guide and Oxford Kerboodle Online Resources The online Course Book will be available on Oxford Education Bookshelf until 2022. Access is facilitated via a unique code, which is sent in the mail. The code must be linked to an email address, creating a user account. Access may be transferred once to an additional user.

  • Organizational Participation: Myth and Reality

    Team-working, partnership, quality circles, works councils, industrial democracy, empowerment - are they distinct and innovative arrangements or is it a case of new wine in old bottles? In the post war period we have seen numerous forms of organizational participation sometimes as experiments, sometimes as negotiated expediency, and sometimes as hype. Different ideas have emerged from different parts of the world, in different industries, at different times with different objectives. In this book four experienced international analysts take the longer view and look at the changing forms of - and changing debates around - orgnaizational participation. The review an extensive literature of experiments and practical experiences through a critical evaluation of the available data to reach balanced conclusions about the importance and utility of this concept for organizations now and in the future.

  • Oxford Reading Tree Read with Biff, Chip & Kipper: Level 3 Phonics & First Stories: Ouch! and Other Stories

    Search for 'Read with Oxford' to find out more about an exciting NEW range of levelled readers for children aged 3-8 This Read with Biff, Chip & Kipper Level 3 Collection is great value, containing 4 books in 1! It includes the stories Ouch!, Monster Hunt, Teds in Beds and The Duckling. Level 3 First Stories have been specially written to introduce and practise a range of key everyday words and to develop early reading skills through simple stories. Level 3 Phonics practise sounds and letters, just as children learn to do in school, with the help of Biff, Chip, Kipper and Floppy. This collection focuses on combining sounds (single letters and letter pairs) to read simple words and sentences. These engaging stories include tips for reading together and for talking about the story, puzzles and fun activities. Written by Roderick Hunt and beautifully illustrated by Alex Brychta, they are the perfect introduction to learning to read! This series also provides free support for parents through www.oxfordowl.co.uk. Visit the Oxford Owl for practical advice for helping children learn to read, all you need to know about phonics and lots of fun activities and free eBooks. Read With Biff, Chip and Kipper is the UK's best-selling home reading series, it's based on the Oxford Reading Tree which is used in 80% of primary schools.

  • Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Romance Writings

    Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762) is one of the most important women writers between Aphra Behn and Jane Austen, and one of her period's most provocative and entertaining writers of either sex. The narratives in this volume, with the exception of one juvenile piece, have never been printed before. They show the author experimenting with the genres of fiction and autobiography, more influenced by French models than by English, but always working experimentally against the grain of her various traditions. Besides page-turning narrative, these works offer the rare opportunity of a completely fresh take on literary movements, cross-cultural relations, gender ideologies, and other literary debates of the early eighteenth century. Our existing picture of what was once possible in literature and what was possible for women at this time cannot remain unchanged once these writings appear.

  • The Colombian Caribbean: A Regional History 1870-1950

    This is a study of the role of regions in the development of modern nations in Latin America. Eduardo Posada-Carbo focuses on the Colombian Caribbean between 1870 and 1950. He examines the achievements and shortcomings of arable agriculture and the significance of the livestock industry, the link between town and countryside, the influence of foreign migrants and foreign capital, the relationship between local and national politics, and the extent to which regionalism represented a challenge to the consolidation of the national state in Colombia. This original study opens up the area to scholarly scrutiny for the first time, and has wider implications for Latin American historiography.

  • Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence

    A study of the origins and early development of Islamic law, this book illuminates the social, political, and intellectual background of the earliest works of Muslim jurisprudence. The author grounds his argument in a series of representative passages from the earliest juristic works, many of them translated here for the first time. Succeeding chapters demonstrate the creativity of early Muslim civilization in literary forms, juristic norms and hermeneutic technique. Drawing on the tradition of Islamic scholarship represented by such names as Ignaz Goldziher, Joseph Schacht, and John Wansborough, Dr Calder is sensitive to the development of methodology and technique in the parallel fields of Biblical and Rabbinical studies. His approach, however, is eclectic. Grounding all his major generalizations in precise textual detail, he evokes the social, political and intellectual concerns of Muslim civilization in its most formative period. Dr Calder demonstrates that many of the usual connotations are not appropriate to the understanding of early Muslim jurisprudence. This emerged in a literary world characterized by the organic growth of texts within communities, the institutional preservation of traditional meterial, sequential reactions and ongoing reformulations of argument and norm. The surviving texts constitute a lively record of how the early Muslim community created the major symbols of its own identity.

  • OCR Gateway GCSE Chemistry Online Homework

    OCR Gateway GCSE Additional Science Online Homework supports all your students' home learning needs. It provides a ready-to-use bank of homework activities to accompany every week of your GCSE teaching, as well as integrated tools to help you customise and create your own interactive, auto-marked homeworks to match student needs. Online Homework stores all your students' marks on the site so it's easy for you to track their progress. Oxford's OCR Gateway GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 OCR Gateway GCSE Sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades.

  • The Archetypal Actions of Ritual: A Theory of Ritual Illustrated by the Jain Rite of Worship

    Religious rituals can provoke a deeply ambigious reaction in those who practise them. What happens in religious traditions when the nature of the ritual is questioned, but the practice of performing rituals is not itself abandoned? This book draws on the authors' observations of such reactions among Jains in western India, and asks why they can tell us about ritual as a universal mode of human action. Most anthropologists have assumed that ritual is a special kind of happening, which requires a special kind of interpretation. The authors argue that 'ritual' is a quality which can in principle apply to any kind of action. The question they try to answer is: what is distinctive about actions which are ritualized? They reject the common view that ritual carries intrinsic meaning, and explore the apparent paradox that ritualization, which makes action in an important sense non-intentional, is itself the result of an intentional act - the adoption by the actor of what the authors call the 'ritual commitment'.

  • Industrial Organization: A European Perspective

    Industrial Organization: A European Perspective presents a clearly explained and stimulating introduction to the basic theoretical models of industrial economics (including perfect competition, monopoly, Bertrand and Cournot competition) and to the most relevant topics in the field, including collusion, dominance, innovation, and international trade. The book contains up to date and accessible discussions of the determinants of firm structure (asset specificity), innovation, and static market performance. Whilst covering international trade policy and market performance, the book focuses especially on the EU. For instance, the various policy issues raised by collusion and dominant firm behaviour are analysed with particular reference to EU competition policy. There is also substantial discussion of performance in and policy toward imperfectly competitive international markets. The final chapter then looks at market integration in the European Union. The book is accompanied by a website providing case studies, extra information on specific topics, biographical material on economists relevant to the history of the discipline, and an invaluable list of links to other useful sites.

  • Our Global Neighbourhood: The Report of the Commission on Global Governance

    Five decades after World War II and in the aftermath of the Cold War, a new world is taking shape. Which path the world takes in the 21st century will depend on the extent to which people and their leaders develop the vision of a better world - and the strategies, the institution and the will to achieve it. Our Global Neighbourhood suggests approaches to the governance of our increasingly interdependent human society. It makes recommendations to promote the security of people, manage economic interdependence, strengthen international law, and reform the United Nations and other international institutions. It also examines what common values should guide the people, and nations of the `global neighbourhood'. The Commission on Global Governance was established in 1992 to suggest ways in which the world community could improve cooperation in the post Cold War environment. Our Global Neighbourhood is the collective thinking of the 28 eminent international figures forming the commission, written up to present a clear account to both the general and specialist reader.

  • The Structure of Resurrection Belief

    Faith in the resurrection of Jesus Christ is absolutely central to the Christian religion. This book deals critically with some of the more serious attempts of the world's leading theologians over the past hundred years to handle the resurrection of Christ conceptually, testing for logical coherence the works of B.F. Westcott, Wolfhalt Pennenberg, Karl Barth, Rudolf Bultmann, Edward Schillebeeckx, Willi Marxsen, Geoffrey Lampe, John Knox and others. Beyond this, the book attempts to articulate-- positively and constructively--a logically coherent epistemology of faith in the resurrection of Christ, respecting the authority of the scriptural traditions as they are now understood by contemporary New Testament theologians, while remaining true to the transcendental dimensions of the resurrection as a divine mystery.

  • The Archetypal Actions of Ritual: A Theory of Ritual Illustrated by the Jain Rite of Worship

    Religious rituals can provoke a deeply ambigious reaction in those who practise them. What happens in religious traditions when the nature of the ritual is questioned, but the practice of performing rituals is not itself abandoned? This book draws on the authors' observations of such reactions among Jains in western India, and asks why they can tell us about ritual as a universal mode of human action. Most anthropologists have assumed that ritual is a special kind of happening, which requires a special kind of interpretation. The authors argue that 'ritual' is a quality which can in principle apply to any kind of action. The question they try to answer is: what is distinctive about actions which are ritualized? They reject the common view that ritual carries intrinsic meaning, and explore the apparent paradox that ritualization, which makes action in an important sense non-intentional, is itself the result of an intentional act - the adoption by the actor of what the authors call the 'ritual commitment'. This book is intended for scholars and postgraduates in social and cultural anthropology, and religious and cultural studies; South Asia specialists; philosophers.

  • Oxford and Empire: The Last Lost Cause?

    Wherever he went in the Empire, Cecil Rhodes observed, he found Oxford men on top. This scholarly and entertaining book examines how and why Oxford dominated Imperial policy and administration through its network of classical graduates; how Oxford's Imperialists and anti-Imperialists conducted their arguments in light of the history of Greece and Rome; and how proconsuls, missionaries, and teachers carried her traditions abroad. The conflicting hopes of what various groups in the University sought to obtain in the name of Empire are explored as well as the often bewildering impact of Oxford on the colonials who went there to study.

  • The Sanctity-Of-Life Doctrine in Medicine: A Critique

    Unprecedented advances in medicine's ability to sustain life raise troubling questions of whether all human lives, irrespective of quality or kind, should always be prolonged, or whether there are times when a patient should be allowed - or helped - to die. In this book, which examines the ideas and assumptions behind this view, Helga Kuhse argues against the traditional view that allowing someone to die is morally different from killing, and shows that quality-of-life judgements are ubiquitous. The author urges us to reject the sanctity-of-life view and provides a sketch of a quality-of-life ethics based on the belief that there is a profound difference between merely being alive and life being in a patient's interest. The book is a comprehensive critique of the "sanctity-of-life" doctrine in medicine. It shows that the doctrine is flawed and leads to indefensible practical consequences - such as the making of life and death decisions on morally irrelevant grounds. Philosophers with a particular interest in ethics, doctors, and theologians should all find the book of interest.

  • Governing High Seas Fisheries: The Interplay of Global and Regional Regimes

    The legal and political difficulties of managing fish stocks that straddle both national waters and the high seas were not abolished by the introduction of exclusive economic zones. Here leading scholars of international law and international relations explain the wave of bitter disputes that arose in the 1990s over such straddling stocks. They show how regional responses to those challenges shaped the negotiation of a 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement and helped strengthen the global high seas fisheries regime. Keen attention is paid to whether and how evolving regimes meet the scientific, regulatory and compliance-related tasks of effective management - and the significance of regime interplay in this regard. Certain developments in international fisheries law, particularly crucial to effective management of high seas fisheries, are examined: reconceptualization of the freedom of the high seas; legal measures to control the harvesting of vessels flying flags-of-convenience; the dispute settlement apparatus; and emerging procedures for compliance-control activities by others than the flag state. These global developments are related to six regional case studies featuring management of straddling stocks in the Grand Banks off Canada, the Southern Ocean, the Doughnut Hole of the Bering Sea, the Peanut Hole of the Okhotsk Sea, the Loophole of the Barents Sea, and the Banana Hole of the Northeast Atlantic.

  • The Collected Letters of Katherine Mansfield: Volume 5: 1922

    The fifth and final volume of the Collected Letters of Katherine Mansfield covers the almost thirteen months during which her attention at first was firmly set on a last chance medical cure, then finally on something very different - if death came to seem inevitable, how should one behave in the time that remained, so one could truly say one lived? Mansfield's biographers, like her friends, have wondered at the seemingly extraordinary decision to ditch conventional medicine, for the bizarre choice of Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man at Fontainebleau. These letters show the clarity of mind and will that led to that decision, the courage and distress in making it, and the gaiety even once it was made. She went against what her education, her husband, and most of her friends would regard as reasonable, as she opted to spend her last months with Russian emigres and a strange assortment of Gurdjieff disciples (which she was not). But Fontainebleau give her the space and the incentive to shake free from the intellectualism that she thought the malaise of her time, as she worked at kitchen chores, took in the details of farm life, tried to learn Russian, and attempted to reach total honesty with herself. 'If I were allowed one simple cry to God,' she wrote in one of her last letters, that cry would be I want to be REAL.'

  • An Astrological Diary of the Seventeenth Century: Samuel Jeake of Rye, 1652-1699

    Samuel Jeake (1652-1699) was a merchant and nonconformist of Rye in Sussex with a passionate interest in astrology. His diary is here published for the first time; in it he not only recorded the events of his life in detail but subjected them to astrological scrutiny, interspersing his text with horoscopes. The resulting work is one of the most interesting seventeenth-century diaries to be published this century, throwing new light on the history both of astrology and on the topics with which this is juxtaposed in the course of the book - commercial, medical, religious, and intellectual. The text is prefaced by a lengthy and illuminating introduction which sets the diary in context. Apart from giving a full account of this little-known personality, it makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the preoccupations and priorities of Jeake's age, and not least the rationale and affiliations of astrology in the age of the Financial Revolution.

  • Storytelling In Organizations: Facts, Fictions, and Fantasies

    Myths, stories, and folklore are part of the fabric and life of all organizations, enabling us to understand, identify, and communicate the character of the organization - its ambitions, conflicts, and peculiarities. Drawing on extensive fieldwork of storytelling in five organizations, this book argues that stories open valuable windows into the emotional and symbolic lives of organizations. By collecting stories in different organizations, by listening and comparing different accounts, by investigating how narratives are constructed around specific events, by examining which events in an organization's history generate stories and which ones fail to do so, researchers can gain access to deeper organizational realities, closely linked to their members' experiences. In this way, stories enable researchers to study organizational politics, culture, and change in uniquely illuminating ways, revealing how wider organizational issues are viewed, commented upon, and worked upon by their members. The book's first part develops the theory of storytelling by building on various approaches, including narrative, folkloric, ethnographic, symbolic, social constructionist, and psychoanalytic, while the second offers a set of four studies which make use of stories in exploring particular aspects of organizational life.

  • The Phonology of Norwegian

    A the end of the fourteenth century, Norway, having previously been an independent kingdom, became by conquest a province of Denmark and remained so for three centuries. In1814, as part of the fall-out from the Napoleonic wars, the country became a largely independent nation within the monarchy of Sweden. By this time, however, Danish had become the language of government, commerce, and education, as well as of the middle and upper classes. Nationalistic Norwegians sought to reestablish native identity by creating and promulgating a new language based partly on rural dialects and partly on Old Norse. The upper and middle classes sought to retain a form of Norwegian close to Danish that would be intelligible to themselves and to their neighbours in Sweden and Denmark. The controversy has gone on ever since. One result is that the standard dictionaries of Norwegian ignore pronunciation, for no version can be counted as 'received'. Another is that there has been considerable variety and change in Norwe

  • Shamans and Elders: Experience, Knowledge, and Power among the Daur Mongols

    Shamans and Elders is a major study of Mongolian shamanism and society, past and present. It presents a wealth of new information, and offers a fresh understanding of the widespread phenomenon of shamanism. This unique and detailed analysis of a fascinating subject combines a discussion of Urgunge Onon's memories of shamanism with Caroline Humphrey's text- and field-based analytical knowledge of Central and North Asian shamanism. It covers among other things: notions of gender in Mongolian society, including male and female traditions in ritual, female shamans, and goddess worship; attitudes to death, and funeral rituals; the importance of old men and of ancestors; and Daur notions of landscape within their direct experience (the importance of the sky, of the mountains, of the forest, rivers, etc.) and beyond. In covering these diverse areas, the authors depart from the general cultural models usually offered in discussions of shamanism, providing a new vision of 'shamanism' as made up of fragmentary, non-formularized parts. It presents much-needed insight on a little-known world, and points to an original new way of doing anthropology.

  • Just Business: Business Ethics in Action

    Just Business: Business Ethics in Action is a ground-breaking book, which has changed the way business ethics is considered by both the business community and philosophers. Employing a powerful, original explanatory framework, Just Business offers substansive answers to questions of business ethics, resolving key problems of personnel, finance and corporate governance. Even more significantly Just Business supplies an Ethical Decision Model which can be used to manage businesses' ethical problems whenever and wherever they arise, in all their real -life complexity and variety. By introducing conceptual clarity to business ethics, Just Business provides solid arguments for rebutting trendy but unethical demands for 'social responsibility' and 'stakeholding' in business. Just Business demonstrates that business's correct ethical concern is just. As presented in Just Business, business ethics is not an extraneous anti-business option: it is rigorous, analytical business tool. Just Business provides a systematic, jargon free argument to show that it is not necessary either to emasculate or to adulterate business for business to be moral. Combining business realism with philosophical rigour, and employing a global pespective, Just Business should be of use to all who have dealings with business, whether as employees or directors, customers or lenders, shareholders or formulators of public policy.

  • Capitalism, Culture, and Economic Regulation

    Regulation is a universal feature of modern economic life. However, regulating the economies of advanced capitalist nations is a uniquely complex activity, crossing the boundaries between law, politics, and economics, and involving problems which affect both the regulator and the regulated. For this book, eminent lawyers and political scientists have contributed essays which analyse these problems by examining in detail the experience of regulation in different economies and diverse industries in capitalist Western Europe.

  • Selected Poems: Robert Frost

    This selection of Frost's poetry contains forty poems spanning his early and mature collections including choices from A Boy's Will, North of Boston, West-Running Brook, A Further Range, and In the Clearing. This edition has comprehensive notes on the poems and an Approaches section offering commentary and activities on key themes and techniques within the poetry, such as Frost's pastoral imagery, his friendship with Edward Thomas, and his narrative and lyric voices.

  • Ethics

    An edition with introduction, English translation, and notes by D. E. Luscombe.

  • The Chronicle of John of Worcester: Volume II: The Annals from 450 to 1066

    The chronicle of John of Worcester is one of the most important sources of earlier English history. The chronicle, which was written at Worcester by 1140, is of considerable interest to historians of both the Anglo-Saxon period and of the late eleventh and twelfth centuries. Its backbone is a translation of an Anglo-Saxon chronicle with varied connections, and this edition makes possible the detailed examination of these allegiances. Its annals for the second half of the ninth century provide one of the earliest surviving witnesses to the text of Asser's Life of Alfred. The author had access to otherwise unrecorded sources of events in the eleventh century, and the chronicle's value as a contemporary source for the reign of Stephen has long been acknowledged. Dr McGurk has completed the edition of the work left unfinished by R. R. Darlington on his death in 1977. The chronicle will be published in three volumes. Volume II covers the annals for 450 to 1066, and volume III the annals from 1067 to 1140. Volume I will be published last, and will contain a general introduction and supplementary material.

  • The Philosophy of Vacuum

    BL Contains a hitherto untranslated paper by Einstein. The vacuum is fast emerging as the central structure of modern physics. How is this possible? What is the vacuum concept, and why is it so important? This collection brings together philosophically-minded specialists who engage these issues in the context of classical gravity, quantum electrodynamics, and the grand unification programme. The vacuum emerges as the synthesis of concepts of space, time, and matter; in the context of relativity and the quantum this new synthesis represents a structure of the most intricate and novel complexity. The Philosophy of Vacuum is unashamedly a project in metaphysics. The science of our time has transformed the concepts of space and time and of force and matter, yet the philosophy of Bohr and his school has found small purchase on the contemporary concerns of physics, and there are few guidelines to be found within the empiricist tradition of contemporary philosophy. However slippery the conundrums of metaphysical realism, the message of contemporary science remains the same: concepts and heuristics are grounded in consideration of what exists in the world. Here, then, is a work in modern metaphysics, in which the concepts of substance and space interweave in the most intangible of forms, the background and context of our physical experience: vacuum, void or nothingness.

  • Górecki

    The Polish composer Henry Gorecki (born 1933) achieved world-wide renown in 1992 when his Third Symphony, written in 1976, was recorded on CD and became an international bestseller. It is now one of the best known musical compositions of recent years, yet Gorecki's other music is still relatively little known. This study, the first detailed account of his works in any language, provides biographical information as background to the music, and is by a leading enthusiast of Gorecki's music. Adrian Thomas discusses Gorecki's position as leader of the Polish avant-garde in the late 1950s, and his subsequent discovery of the folk and church music of Old Poland, notably that of the Podhale region in southern Poland. He describes Gorecki's unmistakable musical world, from the large orchestral scores (Scontri, Refrain, the Symphonies) and the choral works (Beatus Vir, commissioned by and dedicated to Pope John Paul II), to the more modest church songs and folk-song arrangements. There is a complete list of works since 1955 with details of instrumentation and recordings, and a select bibliography.

  • Numicon: Number, Pattern and Calculating 6 Explorer Progress Books ABC (Mixed pack)

    Numicon builds a deep understanding of maths through a multi-sensory approach, developing children's fluency, reasoning and problem-solving. The Numicon Number, Pattern and Calculating 6 Explorer Progress Books support the activities in the Numicon Number, Pattern and Calculating 6 Teaching Resource Handbook and are a great assessment tool, allowing teachers to gather evidence of children's achievements. The books contain fun and engaging activities for children to complete. Each activity links to a topic from the Teaching Resource Handbook, offering you opportunities to assess individual children's understanding and monitor progress. Children have the freedom to record their answers in their own way, allowing you to see their thinking. The use of real-life contexts allows you to assess children's ability to apply their mathematics learning when faced with 'non-routine' problems. The Numicon Number, Pattern and Calculating 6 Explorer Progress Book ABC mixed pack contains 1 copy of : - Numicon Number Pattern and Calculating 6 Explorer Progress Book A - Numicon Number Pattern and Calculating 6 Explorer Progress Book B - Numicon Number Pattern and Calculating 6 Explorer Progress Book C.

  • Economic Policy in Emu: A Study by the European Commission Services

    With the advent of the third and final phase of European and Monetary Union (EMU), the debate over European monetary unification is at the top of the political and economic agenda. Much has been written over the past five years about whether EMU is justified given the various expected benefits and prospective costs, but there has been little detailed material on how EMU will work and what the practical implications of it will be for Europe as a whole. Economic Policy in EMU is a comprehensive look at the mechanisms involved, likely effects on monetary and budgetary policy, and the ways in which monetary union will deal with and affect business cycles and regional differences. It combines rigorous analysis of how the European economy works with an insider view of how this will change after 1999: as such, it is vital reading for all involved in the most important topic facing Europe today.

  • New National and Post-colonial Literatures: An Introduction

    New National and Post-colonial Literatures provides a comparative and up-to-date introduction to colonial, new national and post-colonial literatures, and related criticism. While free of jargon and intended as an introduction to those new to the subject, the collection of original essays contributes to the ongoing discussion about the new literatures, and will also interest the specialist. Many of the contributors are acknowledged leaders in their fields. Besides examining the main concerns, opinions, and theories that have shaped discussion in this area, there is also a detailed bibliography of primary and secondary sources. The approach is comparative and by topic. The essays range from discussion of colonial literatures through nationalism to the internationalization of literature, multiculturalism, writing by post-colonial women, and analysis of the literature of the native peoples of Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Most of the essays discuss creative writers and critics, including V. S. Naipaul, Derek Walcott, Chinua Achebe, Vikram Seth, Fred D'Aguiar, Anita Desai, and Jamaica Kincaid. Three essays discuss the history, development, and problems of theories of post-colonialism. New National and Post-colonial Literatures also centres upon the problems of categorizing literatures, and their politicization, and recognizes that in a time of massive migration, rapid international communication, and increased demands by minorities, national cultures are less stable than in the past and the very notion of national identity is changing.

  • Performance or Compliance?: Performance Audit and Public Management in Five Countries

    Performance audit, as practised by national audit offices, is a relatively recent and rapidly developing set of activities. Auditors claim to have moved beyond issues of compliance and regularity and to be able directly to investigate the efficiency and effectiveness of public programmes, projects, and institutions. These are developments with considerable implications for both democratic accountablility and managerial efficiency. Until now they have received little independent scrutiny, but in this book an international team of researchers analyses the growth of performance audit in five countries: France, Finland, The Netherlands, Sweden, and the UK. It is argued that audit offices face a series of strategic choices, and that in different countries they have thus far chosen somewhat different trajectories.

  • Legal Ethics and Legal Practice: Contemporary Issues

    This is the first collection of essays on legal ethics which addresses the subject comparatively. There is no similar work in the US. The empirical research from which the conference originally sprang remains a rare example of collaborative research between academic and practising lawyers. From the professor's side, public concern at the cost and quality of justice is forcing them to look beyond practitioners' manuals and the trade press for ideas. From the academic side there is great interest in the study of ethics and culture in the legal profession and the answers which this study may provide to wider questions concerning the content and practice of law at the access to justice debate.

  • Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

    In this work, the author has fashioned out of the logical and linguistic theses of his earlier books a full-scale but readily intelligible account of moral argument.

  • MyMaths for Key Stage 3: Student Book 2B

    MyMaths for Key Stage 3 is the brand new course that works with MyMaths t to fully deliver the new curriculum, allowing you to finally replace your tired old Framework materials. With a truly differentiated structure so that all abilities can access the new curriculum, the course is underpinned by a 'learn it once and learn it well' philosophy that enables coherent teaching and learning. All resources are written by teachers for teachers, so you can be confident that it will work practically in the classroom. This student book is for middle ability students moving through Key Stage 3, and allows them to build on knowledge acquired earlier in the key stage. Its emphasis on visible progression and visual engagement, combined with a focus on fluency, reasoning and problem-solving, makes this book an essential resource in your Key Stage 3 maths delivery. The innovative features My Summary, My Review, My Practice and My Assessment all provide a clear emphasis on students' appreciation of their own attainment, and engaging case studies show how maths is relevant to the students' world. With the unique direct links throughout to the MyMaths site, this book will help to bring maths alive for your average ability students.

  • A Theory of Production: Tasks, Processes, and Technical Practices

    This book presents a new theoretical framework for the analysis of production processes. It is based on a rigorous reconstruction of the intellectual heritage of economics, but also considers issues traditionally left aside by economists, such as the distinction between three dimensions of the production process (tasks, capabilities, and materials in process), the organizational approach to scale and size, and the idea that different institutional set-ups may be compatible with the same objective standard of efficiency.

  • The French Communist Party in the Fifth Republic

    This up-to-date analysis of the French Communist Party reveals it as an entirely unconventional political force: not a normal party vying for office, but a Leninist bureaucracy armed with an apocalyptic mission to deliver humanity from capitalism. Its interests have been defined as part of an outpost of a world revolutionary movement; and whilst its strategies may have varied, they have done so in order to serve Soviet foreign policy purposes. D.S. Bell and Byron Criddle trace the history of the Communist Party in France from its origins. They focus in particular on the period since 1958 and explore the Party's unique organizational structures and international loyalties. They examine structure and ideology, relations with the Socialist party, electoral performance, and the 1980s decline in the Party's fortunes.

  • Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

    This book focuses on the causes of starvation in general and famines in particular. The traditional analysis of famines is shown to be fundamentally defective, and the author develops an alternative analysis.

  • Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

    In the last 25 years, Europe has experienced a reduction in growth and an explosion in unemployment. At a time when this and the continuing existence of the welfare state are top of the European agenda, it has become increasingly popular to blame the globalization of the world economy for current problems. This book provides the first comprehensive set of studies on the impact of trade with developing countries on the European labour market. It argues that the evidence does not point to trade with developing countries as a major cause of European unemployment. Instead, technological change and domestic policy choices are the main causal factors. As a result, the contributors argue against protectionist trade polices, whose benefits to employment would be limited at best, but whose risk to world growth due to trade wars is immense. The next ten years are a critical period for European integration and expansion: Trade and Jobs in Europe will be of crucial importance to all those at the heart of the current debate: advisers, policy-makers, and researchers alike.

  • Blake's Critique of Transcendence: Love, Jealousy, and the Sublime in The Four Zoas

    Blake's Critique of Transcendence is the first full-length book to examine in any detail or consistency the relation between Blake's text and the visual designs in The Four Zoas, one of the most important works in Blake's oeuvre. It uncovers a Blake deeply engaged with the cultural discourses of his time, in profound dialogue with Swedenborg, Locke, and Young. In the course of this conversation, Blake anatomizes a remarkable variety of cultural practices (including religion, science, and art) designed to achieve transcendence. He focuses in particular on the fate of the body in cultures of transcendence, developing perhaps the first theory of sexual sublimation. Blake's radical visual and verbal strategies in this poem are part of an attempt to defer the movement of transcendence, long enough for the reader to see the warring elements of the fallen world as the dismembered body of humanity.

  • Patterns of American Jurisprudence

    This unique study offers a comprehensive analysis of American jurisprudence from its emergence in the later stages of the nineteenth century through to the present day. The author argues that it is a mistake to view American jurisprudence as a collection of movements and schools which have emerged in opposition to each other. By offering a highly original analysis of legal formalism, legal realism, policy science, process jurisprudence, law and economics, and critical legal studies, he demonstrates that American jurisprudence has evolved as a collection of themes which reflect broader American intellectual and cultural concerns.

  • OCR Gateway GCSE Physics Online Homework

    OCR Gateway GCSE Additional Science Online Homework supports all your students' home learning needs. It provides a ready-to-use bank of homework activities to accompany every week of your GCSE teaching, as well as integrated tools to help you customise and create your own interactive, auto-marked homeworks to match student needs. Online Homework stores all your students' marks on the site so it's easy for you to track their progress. Oxford's OCR Gateway GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 OCR Gateway GCSE Sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades.

  • The Thirteenth Century 1216-1307

    The Thirteenth Century 1216-1307

  • Words and Deeds: Problems in the Theory of Speech Acts

    Words and Deeds Problems in the Theory of Speech Acts

  • Arvo Pärt

    The music of the Estonian-born composer Arvo Part is a unique and powerful voice in the contemporary world. Using a tonal idiom based on a mixture of scales and triads, Part created a style that he calls `tintinnabuli'. Listening to it, one is reminded of the passionate and tranquility of some Russian icon, or of certain memorable scenes in the films of Andrei Tarkovsky. In this book, the first full-length study of Part, Paul Hillier explores the tintinnabuli works in considerable depth. He also examines the music of Part's earlier, somewhat neglected serial period, and charts the composer's steady evolution towards the `abstract tonality' of his later years. In addition, a biographical chapter and discussion of topics such as Russian Orthodox spirituality, minimalism, and the influence of early music, combine to make this a substantial introduction to Part's music. Hillier also draws on his own experience of working with the composer to offer thoughts on various performance issues.

  • A Man of Honour: Adam Czartoryski as a Statesman of Russia and Poland 1795-1831

    This is a study of the extraordinary political career of Prince Adam Czartoryski, a Polish patriot who rose to become foreign minister of the Russian Empire under Tsar Alexander I. A controversial figure in both Poland and Russia, he played a leading role in the struggle against Napoleon and was instrumental in the establishment of a Polish state at the Congress of Vienna. This scholarly and perceptive account, based on intensive research, explores the personal, political, ideological, and economic bases of Czartoryski's long association with Russia. It assesses his role in international relations during the Napoleonic era, and examines his contribution to the cause of enlightened reform. Czartoryski emerges as an intellectualizing statesman, a committed opponent of Napoleonic imperialism, an advocate of a new European order based on nationality and liberal constitutionalism, and an early exponent of Pan-Slavism. A Man of Honour sets Czartoryski in his context as a major figure in the political history of early nineteenth-century Europe and deepens our understanding of the complex elements at work in the emergence of modern Poland.

  • Dutch Primacy in World Trade, 1585-1740

    Despite its small size and population, the Dutch Republic functioned as the hub of world trade, shipping, and finance for nearly two centuries. This is the first detailed account of that hegemony from its sixteenth-century origins to the final collapse of the Dutch trading system in the eighteenth century.

  • Audit, Accountability and Government

    This book explains, from a public law perspective, the constitutional purpose and significance of audit, a topic which has been largely neglected, and casts light on important aspects of accountability in the British system of government. The book suggests that audit, as an accountability mechanism, has been underplayed to date and that greater significance should be attributed to its role in delivering both democratic accountability and, within government, managerial accountability. The focus of the book is central government audit in Britain, but the constitutional role of audit at a local level and at a European Union level is also considered. The book begins by explaining, in a non -technical way, the basic concepts of accounting and audit, and sets audit in its historical context. The different types of audit and the institutional framework within which audit is conducted are then analysed. Any shortcomings in each area are identified and suggestions for change are explored. The constitutional significance of the changes to the role of audit that are currently taking place are analysed, as are the effects of developments, such as the creation of agencies, contracting-out, and more recently, resource accounting and budgeting and devolution, on the constitutional role of audit. The fundamental principles, both institutional and substantive, of public sector audit are identified and new tasks that audit could fulfil at central government level are proposed.

  • Pronouncing Arabic 2

    This book complements and extends the author's "Writing Arabic" and "Pronouncing Arabic 1", and so completes an introductory trilogy on the Arabic language. The learner, faced with a seemingly boundless variety of living Arabic speech, stands in need of a generalized framework within which to listen and respond. "Pronouncing Arabic 2" aims to answer this need. Professor Mitchell familiarizes the reader with regional and stylistic variation in colloquial speech outside the strict confines of Classical and so-called Modern Standard Arabic, and provides a uniquely comprehensive survey of the "accents" of various representative vernaculars. He gives guidance to consonants, vowels, accentuation, and intonation, paying special attention to Moroccan, Cyrenaican bedouin, Egyptian, Palestinian, Syrian, Jordanian, Iraqi, and Kuwaiti Arabic. A special feature of the book is his analysis of the pervasive interweave of vernacular Arabic and Modern Standard Arabic known increasingly as Educated Spoken Arabic, by means of which the educated speaker avoids sounding, on the one hand, illiterate or outlandish, and, on the other, bookish and pedantic.

  • Political Violence in Ireland: Government and Resistance Since 1848

    'a most skilful gathering of the relevant facts which are laid before the reader in a concise, absorbable form.' Irish Post 'Townshend's analysis and presentation of the events leading up to the Rising of 1916 is the best I have ever read.' Irish Times 'From start to finish the work is high in quality, sustained in consciousness, and consistent in exposition...It makes for compelling reading.' Irish Independent

  • Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle

    Reissued in 1997 with corrections and a new Afterword, this book fully explores for the first time an idea common to Plato and Aristotle, which unites their treatments - otherwise very different - of love and friendship. The idea is that although persons are separate, their lives need not be. One person's life may overflow into another's, and as such, helping another person is a way of serving oneself. The author shows how their view of love and friendship, within not only personal relationships, but also the household and even the city-state, promises to resolve the old dichotomy between egoism and altruism.

  • Barricades and Borders: Europe 1800-1914

    This is a comprehensive survey of European history from the coup d'etat of Napoleon Bonaparte in France to the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand at Sarajevo, which led to the First World War. It concentrates on the twin themes of revolution and nationalism, which often combined in the early part of the century but which increasingly became rival creeds. Going beyond traditional political and diplomatic history, the book incorporates the results of recent research on population movements, the expansion of markets, the accumulation of capital, social mobility, education, changing patterns of leisure, religious practices, and intellectual and artistic developments. The work falls into three chronoligical sections. The first, starting in 1800 (rather than the more usual 1815) follows the build-up of the revolutionary currents which were eventually going to erupt in the `Year of Revolutions' 1848. The second, from 1850 to 1880, deals with the golden age of capitalism, the successful culmination of struggles for national unification, and the threat of anarchism. The concluding chapters look at the social and political stresses caused by socialism and national minorities, at new attempts by government to order society, imperial rivalry, and the descent into a war which was to mark the end of nineteenth-century Europe. For this second edition, Dr Gildea has substantially revised the text, including a new section on feminism,and completely updated the bibliography. This book is intended for students of nineteenth-century European history (1st, 2nd, and 3rd year undergraduate).

  • Discretionary Powers: A Legal Study of Official Descretion (Clarendon Paperbacks)

    In modern legal systems, power is conferred upon government officials and agencies to be exercised in their discretion according to policy considerations, rather than according to precise legal standards. This legal and jurisprudential analysis of discretionary power emphasizes the consequences of discretion in the relationship between the individual and the state.

  • Keeping Good Company: A Study of Corporate Governance in Five Countries

    It matters to all of us that companies should be governed effectively. The prosperity of many of those associated with the company - whether directly as managers and employers, or indirectly as shareholders, suppliers, and customers - depends on it. In a broader context, how companies are run is a significant factor in the competitiveness of national economies as studies of Japanese management, for example, show. In this fiercely competitive world, we cannot judge our own system of corporate governance in isolation; it must bear comparison with the best. This book aims to do just that. In turn, the author describes the system of corporate governance - both the business environment and the particular structures of company organization - in five major industrial countries: Germany, Japan, France, the USA, and the UK. The book establishes two basic principles of good corporate governance: first, that management must have the freedom to drive the enterprise forward; and secondly that it must exercise this freedom within a framework of effective accountability. Charkham shows how these principles are applied in each country - indicating where methods vary, and that most countries fall short of the ideal. In addition, the author highlights the UK's strengths and weaknesses and calls for a thorough overhaul of current theory and practice.

  • The Sixteenth Century: 1485-1603

    This book surveys the transformation of the British Isles in the sixteenth century. At the start of the period, England was an effectively governed monarchy, its government regal but also consensual. Yet its authority was not easily enforced beyond the more developed south-east and midlands and it was exercised indirectly in Wales and Ireland, while Scotland was an independent monarchy. In Europe, England was a significant trading partner, but its language unknown. By the early seventeenth century, the London-based English government had developed and extended its effective authority over the north and Wales, Ireland was subjugated and colonised, the English and Scottish crowns united. The established churches of the British Isles had broken away from the Roman Catholic Europe and were now national, royal, and protestant. With the English Bible and Shakespeare, English had reached the maturity of a potential world language, while the British peoples stood poised on the edge of a global expansion. In this book, a team of leading scholars consider these important transformations in the English monarchical polity, ranging widely to consider relations between the various parts of the Isles throughout the sixteenth century. Chapters focus on political history and ideas of the state; the change in religion; Britain's overseas role; the economy and society; and the Renaissance in cultural life in this period. The book also includes a detailed chronology, maps, illustrations, and a guide to further reading to provide a full and dynamic picture of this significant era in British history.

  • The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis: Volume III: Books V and VI

    Edited with a facing-page English translation from the Latin text by: Chibnall, Marjorie;

  • The Moral Foundation of Rights

    While rights are indispensable to our moral and political thinking, they are also mysterious and controversial. What is it for someone to have a moral right to something? What kinds of creatures are capable of having rights? Which rights do they have? As long as these questions remain unanswered, rights will remain vulnerable to sceptical doubts. This book provides the moral foundation necessary to dispel these doubts. The author does this by constructing a coherent concept of a moral right and a workable substantive theory of rights. The former arises from his analysis of moral rights as morally justified conventional rights, while the necessary justificatory framework is supplied by a consequentialist moral theory.

  • Comprehension to 14

    Comprehension to 14 develops essential reading skills in students of all abilities at Key Stage 3. Arranged in four sections - Fiction, Drama, Poetry, and Non-Fiction - it includes texts at increasing levels of difficulty. Designed with independent study in mind, the book increases students' confidence and understanding of English, and is suitable for use in the class or at home. It has become the essential comprehension resource in many schools and is an ideal way to address the text level objectives of the framework.

  • The Anthropology of Landscape: Perspectives on Place and Space

    Landscape has long had a submerged presence within anthropology, both as a framing device which informs the way the anthropologist brings his or her study into "view", and as the meaning imputed by local people to their cultural and physical surroundings. A principal aim of this volume follows from these interconnected ways of considering landscape: the conventional, Western notion of "landscape" may be used as a productive point of departure from which to explore analogous ideas; local ideas can in turn reflexively be used to interrogate the Western construct. The Introduction argues that landscape should be conceptualized as a cultural process: a process located between place and space, foreground actuality and background potentiality, image and representation. In the chapters that follow, nine noted anthropologists and an art historian exemplify this approach, drawing on a diverse set of case studies. These range from an analysis of Indian calendar art to an account of Israeli nature tourism, and from the creation of a metropolitan "gaze" in nineteenth-century Paris to the soundscapes particular to the Papua New Guinean rainforests. The anthropological perspectives developed here are of cross-disciplinary relevance; geographers, art historians, and archaeologists will be no less interested than anthropologists in this re-envisaging of the notion of landscape.

  • The Rise and Fall of Freedom of Contract

    The impact of freedom of contract in the 19th century extended far beyond the legal arena as an economic slogan and an ethical attitude. Atiyah traces the development and subsequent decline of the freedom of contract, depicting its effects on the law's development and the foundation of contractual obligations, as well as its broader implications for 19th century English life.

  • Freedom's Law: The Moral Reading of the American Constitution

    Written by the world's best-known political and legal theorist, Freedom's Law: The Moral Reading of the American Constitution is a collection of essays that discuss almost all of the great constitutional issues of the last two decades, including abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, homosexuality, pornography, and free speech. Professor Dworkin offers a consistently liberal view of the Constitution and argues that fidelity to it and to law demands that judges make moral judgments. He proposes that we all interpret the abstract language of the Constitution by reference to moral principles about political decency and justice. His `moral reading therefore brings political morality into the heart of constitutional law. The various chapters of this book were originally published separately and are now drawn together to provide the reader with a rich, full-length treatment of Dworkin's general theory of law.

  • IB Physics Print and Online Course Book Pack: Oxford IB Diploma Programme

    The most comprehensive coverage of the 2014 syllabus, this resource pack includes a print and online Physics Course Book, for fully flexible learning. Giving you unparalleled support for the new concept-based approach to learning, the Nature of science, understanding, applications and skills are integrated in every topic, alongside TOK to drive inquiry and independent learning. Assessment support directly from the IB includes practice questions and worked examples in each topic, along with focused support for both the Internal Assessment and Extended Essay. Truly aligned with the IB philosophy, this Course Book gives unrivalled insight and support at every stage. Pack includes Course Book in print and fully online format, for the most flexible support Accurately cover the new syllabus - the most comprehensive match, with support directly from the IB on the core, AHL and all the options Fully integrate the new concept-based approach, holistically addressing understanding, applications, skills and the Nature of science Tangibly build assessment confidence with assessment support straight from the IB Build confidence - data-based questions and focused practice support exceptional achievement Written by co-authors of the new syllabus and leading IB workshop leaders Supported by a fully comprehensive and updated Study Guide and Oxford Kerboodle Online Resources This pack includes one print Course Book and one online Course Book. The online Course Book will be available on Oxford Education Bookshelf until 2022. Access is facilitated via a unique code, which is sent in the mail. The code must be linked to an email address, creating a user account. Access may be transferred once to an additional user.

  • The Use of Force in Peace Operations

    One of the most vexing issues that has faced the international community since the end of the Cold War has been the use of force by the United Nations peacekeeping forces. UN intervention in civil wars, as in Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Rwanda, has thrown into stark relief the difficulty of peacekeepers operating in situations where consent to their presence and activities is fragile or incomplete and where there is little peace to keep. Complex questions arise in these circumstances. When and how should peacekeepers use force to protect themselves, to protect their mission, or, most troublingly, to ensure compliance by recalcitrant parties with peace accords? Is a peace enforcement role for peacekeepers possible or is this simply war by another name? Is there a grey zone between peacekeeping and peace enforcement? Trevor Findlay reveals the history of the use of force by UN peacekeepers from Sinai in the 1950s to Haiti in the 1990s. He untangles the arguments about the use of force in peace operations and sets these within the broader context of military doctrine and practice. Drawing on these insights the author examines proposals for future conduct of UN operations, including the formulation of UN peacekeeping doctrine and the establishment of a UN rapid reaction force.

  • World Drug report

    No individual or nation can feel immune from the adverse consequences of drug trafficking and abuse. Drugs are today's most dynamic illicit business, its profits generated directly out of human and institutional weakness. But the problems of drug dependence, trafficking, crime and violence are inseperable from those of conflict, political instability and the socio-economic transformation of developed and developing countries. The World Drug Report, the first ever of its kind, analyses the illicit drug phenomenom through its linkages, or interdependence with all these issues The regularity with which the world's media refers to drugs has given us a deceptive sense of familiarity with the subject. In reality, knowledge is limited. The WDR provides a picture of what we do and don't know about illicit drug production, and trafficking, around the world Most books on the subject are written from a national perspective or from a single analytical viewpoint, such as health, crime, or the law. The WDR fills the gap by providing comprehensive international coverage of all the principal drug problems, beginning with why people start to take drugs This report, the first in a biennial series

  • Literature, Criticism, and Style: A Practical Guide to Advanced Level English Literature

    A revised edition of this successful book, updated for the new specifications of A-level English Literature. Aimed at those studying for both the AS and the full A-level qualification. Full coverage of literary criticism skills necessary at A-level, and new chapters address the new Assessment Objectives including comparative and contextual work.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: The Tempest

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. The Tempest is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE and AS/A level specifications.

  • The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

    What is liberty, as opposed to license, and why is it so important? When people pursue happiness, peace and prosperity whilst living in society, they confront pervasive problems of knowledge, interest, and power. These problems are dealt with by ensuring the liberty of the people to pursue their own ends, but addressing these problems also requires that liberty be structured by certain rights and procedures associated with the classical liberal conception of justice and the rule of law. In this controversial new work, Barnett examines the serious social problems that are addressed by liberty and the background or 'natural' rights and procedures that distinguish liberty from license. He goes on to outline the constitutional framework that is needed to protect this structure of liberty. This is the only discussion of the liberal conception of justice and the rule of law to draw upon insights from philosophy, economics, political theory, and law. And, although the book is intended to challenge specialists, its clear and accessible prose ensure that it will be of immense value to both scholars and students working in a range of academic disciplines.

  • Opus Epistolarum Des. Erasmi Roterodami: Volume II: 1514-1517

    An edition of the letters of Erasmus, regarded as one of the greatest humanist writers. All 12 volumes of this work have been reissued, complete with their scholarly apparatus of commentary and notes, as well as plates.

  • Knighton's Chronicle 1337-1396

    Henry Knighton, a canon of St Mary's Abbey, Leicester, wrote his Chronicle between 1378 and 1396. Leicester was a fief of the duchy of Lancaster, and the abbey was closely in touch with the households of Henry of Grosmont and John of Gaunt. The Chronicle contains exceptionally vivid accounts of the campaigns in France, in which Duke Henry was one of Edward III's leading generals, of the onset and effects of the Black Death, and of the crises of Richard II's reign. Knighton, whose fellow canon Philip Repingdon was a pupil and early disciple of John Wyclif, was a horrified witness of the rise of Lollardy, his account of which is unmatched. The Chronicle was printed in 1652 in a competent text with a brief Latin commentary, and less satisfactorily in the Rolls Series in 1889-95. This edition includes analysis of the text and its sources, and the first translation of its distinguished and engaging narrative.

  • Rollercoasters: Noughts and Crosses

    Callum is a nought - a second-class citizen; Sephy is a Cross. In their world, Noughts and Crosses don't mix. Can Callum and Sephy find a way to be together? In what has already become a modern classic, award-winning author Malorie Blackman tackles the issues of prejudice and racism in a way that will thoroughly engage and inspire students.

  • Is America Different?: A New Look at American Exceptionalism

    `American Exceptionalism' is the scholarly term for the common perception that there is something different about American life, stemming from the origins of the United States and its subsequent evolution, and marking it off from the experience of other developed nations. There is a long, rich, and varied argument about this perception, its reality, and its component elements. In Is America Different? major scholars from the realms of history, politics, economics, and sociology return to the question in the light of changes in the last thirty years and debate an answer which is appropriate to our time. Politics, economics, religion, culture, education, and public policy receive particular attention in this debate, while a major introductory essay by Seymour Martin Lipset and a final integrating chapter by Byron E. Shafer isolate common themes and recurring disputes. The other contributors are: Daniel Bell, Peter Temin, Andrew M. Greeley, Aaron Wildavsky, Martin Trow, and Richard Rose.

  • Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe, 900-1300

    This is a challenging book which all historians of medieval Europe and social theorists will have to come to terms with.... all students of the Middle Ages and of collective organization will be indebted to Reynolds for this rich and original book.'___ The Times Literary Supplement .

  • The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas

    Improve your English, and reading, skills with unabridged contemporary literature. The year is 1943. Bruno's family must move from their home to a new house far away. A tall fence running alongside stretches as far as the eye can see and cuts him off from the strange people he can see in the distance. Bruno sets out to explore this desolate new place.

  • W. B. Yeats: A Life Vol.2: II: The Arch-Poet 1915-1939

    The acclaimed first volume of this definitive biography of W. B. Yeats left him in his fiftieth year, at a cross-roads in his life. The subsequent quarter-century surveyed in The Arch-Poet takes in his rediscovery of advanced nationalism and his struggle for an independent Irish culture, his continued pursuit of supernatural truths through occult experimentation, his extraordinary marriage, and a series of tumultuous love affairs. Throughout he was writing his greatest poems, from the stark simplicity of 'The Fisherman' and 'The Wild Swans at Coole', through the magnificent complexities of the sequences reflecting the Troubles and Civil War and the Byzantium poems, to the radical compression of his last work - some of it literally written on his deathbed. The drama of his life is mapped against the history of the Irish revolution and the new Irish state founded in 1922. Yeats's many political roles and his controversial involvement in a right-wing movement during the early 1930s are covered more closely than ever before, and his complex and passionate relationship with the developing history of his country remains a central theme. Throughout this book, the genesis, alteration, and presentation of his work (memoirs and polemic as well as poetry) is explored through his private and public life. The enormous and varied circle of Yeats's friends, lovers, family, collaborators, and antagonists inhabit and enrich a personal world of astounding energy, artistic commitment, and verve. Yeats constantly re-created himself and his work, believing that art was 'not the chief end of life but an accident in one's search for reality': a search which brought him again and again back to his governing preoccupations: sex and death. He also held that 'all knowledge is biography', a belief reflected in this study of one of the greatest lives of modern times.

  • OCR Gateway Physics Online Student Book

    The OCR Gateway GCSE Physics Online Student Book is a digital version of the Student Book that can be accessed any time, anywhere and on a range of devices. Students can use the bank of annotation tools to make notes and personalize their book. Oxford's OCR Gateway GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 OCR Gateway GCSE sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades. OCR Gateway GCSE Physics Student Book develops students' scientific knowledge and understanding, and helps create lively and relevant science lessons.

  • Health and Mortality among Elderly Populations

    In both developed and developing countries, the elderly have enjoyed significant declines in mortality and increased survival. At the same time, these trends have also given rise to many uncertainties and demands on resources which are often not given their due attention. Future mortality declines, particularly among the elderly, are often overshadowed by fears of their increasing share of the total population and the demands that this places on society to resolve the problems stemming from longer survival - problems, for example, which are not just a question of guaranteeing longer life but also of ensuring an acceptable health status. In recent years, there has been a substantial literature on many facets of the daily lives of the elderly. This volume is a further contribution to the literature, pinpointing the most recent trends in the survival of the elderly and in their physical and mental health. It also describes possible scenarios for the early decades of the twenty-first century. To delineate current knowledge with regard to the health and survival of the elderly is a first step towards preparing projections and improving the efficacy of health policies for the elderly. The first section of this volume is dedicated to a discussion about the age at which people become `elderly' and to the application of evolutionary theory to demographic models of human mortality. The second section looks in more detail at different aspects of morbidity and mortality trends and their underlying causes. The third section deals with mortality projections, ranging from the hypotheses to problems of methodology. The fourth section covers social and health strategies to improve the survival and quality of life of the elderly, in view of the fact that more and more people may expect to live longer and longer, and perhaps in increasingly better health.

  • The Yearbook of Media and Entertainment Law: Volume 3, 1997/98

    In the fast-changing world of the media the role of the law is growing ever more important. In response to a bewildering range of technological innovation as well as to perennial concerns (such as freedom of the press) the media lawyer is called upon to handle increasingly complex issues. Lawyers have a vital role in negotiating contracts and licences, litigating in the event of disputes, ensuring the effective protection of intellectual property rights and advising on often novel questions concerning competition, regulation, and international cross-border disputes. This highly complex field had not been well served by legal literature; the Year Book remedied that omission. It answers the needs of professionals in the field while also making a significant contribution to media law as an area of serious academic study. The central feature of the Yearbook is the annual surveys prepared by expert practising lawyers. Covering all issues from libel, contempt of court, music contracts, new technology, competition, regulation, and copyright, the surveys contain considered and thorough analysis of the most recent developments in the UK, the EC, and beyond. In a global industry, this comparative and international approach is vital. In addition, each edition of the Yearbook contains specially commissioned articles on subjects of particular topicality. A further feature is the review of recent publications which provides a valuable check for those wishing to verify their current awareness of developments in the field. Edited by the countrys leading academic media lawyer and ably assisted by two of the best known practitioners in the field, the Yearbook is well-established as an indispensable part of every media lawyers library.

  • Japanese Accounting: A Historical Approach

    Much has been written about Japanese management practices, production systems and business culture but surprisingly little attention has been given to the development of accounting practices and approaches in modern Japan. Professor Kyojiro Someya, a former president of the Japanese Accounting Association and now Director of the Japan Accounting Research Institute, is one of the most distinguished accounting scholars in japan. In this book he presents an overview of developments under three main headings - Japanese Accounting History, Problems in Financial Accounting, and Cash Flow Accounting. Someya stresses that the focus of his research was shaped by the particular economic and business conditions in Japan. His work on cash flow accounting and fund flow analysis was done in the context of the problems presented by the high inflation in the immediate post war period; the work on financial statements was linked to the need to increase productivity; and his concerns for appropriate international reporting a reflection of the growing economic internationalization of the Japanese economy from the 1960s onwards. In this important and informed collection, Professor Someya also reflects on the broader meaning of accounting information in business and society, its role in business decision making, and the different ways in which it may be organized and presented in different business cultures.

  • English Feminism, 1780-1980

    Barbara Caine offers the first complete overview of the history of "modern" English feminism, from the French Revolution through to the advent of Women's Liberation. Her analysis of feminist organizations, debates, and campaigns shows a keen sense of the relationship between feminist thought and actions, and wider social and cultural change. The result is a fascinating study with a new perspective on feminists and feminist traditions which should interest and instruct readers at all levels.

  • The English Nobility under Edward the Confessor

    This is a study of the major landholders of England and their estates during the reign of Edward the Confessor. It is the first comprehensive analysis of the lay landholders recorded in Domesday Book. Peter A. Clarke examines not only the great earls but also lesser lords with significant holdings, and the complex network of relationships based on land. As well as Domesday, Dr Clarke makes full use of all other available evidence, such as chronicles and charters, and skilfully builds a detailed and convincing picture of landholding and lordship in eleventh-century England. He assesses the impact of the Norman Conquest, contrasting conditions under Edward the Confessor with those of the Norman regime. Dr Clarke's work marks a significant advance in knowledge and understanding of medieval England, and its extensive and detailed appendices of landholders and their estates will form an invaluable reference resource.

  • The Glory of Christ in the New Testament: Studies in Christology in Memory of George Bradford Caird

    This volume consists of twenty-one studies on a subject of supreme importance, the New Testament understanding of the person and work of Jesus Christ. All the main questions surrounding the earliest thinking about Jesus of Nazareth are addressed, including Canon, the use of the Old Testament, miracles, pre- existence, sacrifice, and the end of the age. The collection is dedicated to the memory of Professor George Caird of Oxford, whose life and work were devoted to laying aside the accumulated prejudices of the centuries and letting the Bible speak for itself. Professor Caird's many books represent the kind of deeply penetrating questions to be asked of the biblical writers if the Bible is to remain a relevant book for modern man. In the same tradition each contributor to The Glory of Christ in the New Testament has sought to raise new questions - questions whose answers will both advance current debate and stimulate discussion for many years to come.

  • The Economics of Order and Disorder: The Market as Organizer and Creator

    This book addresses some basic questions in economics, all of which have a common core - they all refer to forming behaviour, to the emergence of order, its adaptation, its transformation, and its ultimate dissolution into chaos. Starting with the notion of self-organization, the author analyses the operation and the demise of institutions in economics. In doing so, he takes into account the consequences of the intervention of history, chance, necessity, and will - a subject little undertaken in contemporary economic theory. Starting with the theory of microeconomics itself, the author builds precise models based on explicit hypotheses and draws out the significance of the propositions obtained. The book draws on systems theory, evolutionary theory, the literature on institutional economics, and existing general equilibrium theory, and steps outside the present conceptual framework of microeconomics.

  • Change and Continuity: Statute, Equity, and Federalism

    This volume is based closely on the lectures delivered by The Hon. Justice W. M. C. Gummow at Oxford University in 1999 as part of the Clarendon law lectures series, sponsored by Oxford University Press. These lectures take up themes of continuity and change in the law, particularly as they appear in the great common law jurisdictions. The tension between continuity and change appears from a consideration of the interaction between statute and the case law which interprets it, of the interaction between equity and statute, and finally of the operation of that constitutional arrangement known as federalism. Statute speaks to the state of affairs at the time of enactment. That state of affairs is dynamic; the statute, at least in form, is static. Conversely, in its development the common law may be informed by changes effected by statute. The extent to which the common law may or should respond in this way is a matter of controversy. Further, the accommodation of an apparently rigid statutory structure to individual circumstances has, for centuries, been assisted by the leavening effect of equitable doctrines and remedies. Finally, in federal systems with a division of governmental power and authority by a written supreme law, tensions between continuity, perceived in terms of original intent, and changed circumstances which were unforeseen, may become acute. Is Britain in the process of becoming a federal state or, indeed, a component of a European federal state? In all these situations, the doctrines developed by the courts assist the passage of society from the past, through the present and into the future. This invites an inquiry, considered in these lectures, as to the requirements of legal scholarship in a court of ultimate appeal in a common law system.

  • The Treatise on the Laws and Customs of the Realm of England Commonly Called Glanvill

    This classic edition of Glanvill, by the great medievalist G.D.G.Hall, has now been reissued by Oxford University Press. The treatise on the laws and customs of the realm of England commonly called Glanvill is undoubtedly one of the best-known and most important works of medieval English law. Its itemization and commentary upon writs and the procedure connected with them provides invaluable information in legal practice in the twelfth century, but the treatise has far more than this to offer. It is a work of original analysis, covering such significant topics as dowry, debt, and inheritance, and allowing us a unique insight into the medieval legal mind.

  • The History of Decorated Bookbinding in England

    Lavishly illustrated, this book traces the decorated binding in England from the earliest-surviving example - that of the St Cuthbert Gospel dating from a little before the end of the 7th century - to the beginning of the Modern Movement in the late 1940s. The text was originally given as the Lyell Lectures at Oxford in 1979 by Howard Nixon, Librarian at Westminster Abbey. Since his death, Dr Mirjam Foot has revised and amplified the material for publication. The book's main concern is with fine binding in leather, with the styles and designs used in its decoration, and with the tools employed to effect these designs. It traces the development of the English traditions, and brings together many illustrations of the superb bindings produced over the last eight centuries - many of them presentation copies, and the work of top craftsmen.

  • Growth Recurring: Economic Change in World History

    Growth Recurring is about the conflict in world history between economic growth and political greed. Eric Jones proposes two fundamentally new frameworks. One replaces industrial revolution or great discontinuity as the source of change and challenges the reader to accept early periods and non-western societies as vital to understanding the growth process. It shows that growth occurred independently in Sung China and Japan as well as in Europe. The second framework offers a new explanation in which tendencies for growth were omnipresent but were usually - though not always - suppressed. The `obstacles to growth' are reviewed and those of general significance identified. Finally, the erosion of these negative factors is discussed, explaining the rise of a world economy in which growth has recurred and East Asia takes a prominent place.

  • Project X Origins: Brown Book Band, Oxford Level 11: Strong Defences: The X-bots are Coming

    Project X Origins is a ground-breaking guided reading programme for the whole school. Action-packed stories, fascinating non-fiction and comprehensive guided reading support meet the needs of children at every stage of their reading development. Team X are faced with an imminent attack from the evil Dr X and his robot army in the first book of a two-part adventure, The X-bots are Coming. Each book contains inside cover notes that highlight challenge words, prompt questions and a range of follow-up activities to support children in their reading.

  • The Market for Energy

    This is an up-to-date account of economic aspects of the energy markets, dealing with recent advances in the economics of energy and the implications for regulation, privatization, and international competition in each of the major markets - electricity, gas, coal, and oil.

  • Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

    The rise of atheism and unbelief is a key feature in the development of the modern world, yet it is a topic which has been little explored by historians. This book presents a series of studies of irreligious ideas in various parts of Europe during the two centuries following the Reformation. Atheism was everywhere illegal. The word itself first entered the vernacular languages soon after the Reformation, but it was not until the eighteenth century that the first systematic defences of unbelief began to appear in print. Its history in the intervening two centuries is significant but hitherto obscure. The leading scholars who have contributed to this volume offer a range of approaches and draw on a wide variety of sources to produce a scholarly, original, and fascinating book. Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment will be essential reading for all concerned with the religious, intellectual, and social history of early modern Europe.

  • The English Settlements

    This entirely new work replaces Myres' own part of the classic 'Collingwood and Myres'. The author has considered the period afresh in the light of the rapid proliferation of work on the subject since the eralier volume was published.

  • Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective (Clarendon Library of Logic and Philosophy)

    This book examines the complex and varied ways in which fictions relate to the real world, and offers a precise account of how imaginative works of literature can use fictional content to explore matters of universal human interest. While rejecting the traditional view that literature is important for the truths that it imparts, the authors also reject attempts to cut literature off altogether from real human concerns. Their detailed account of fictionality, mimesis, and cognitive value, founded on the methods of analytical philosophy, restores to literature its distinctive status among cultural practices.

  • Oxford IB Diploma Programme: The Move to Global War Course Companion

    Drive critical, engaged historical learning. Helping learners more deeply understand historical concepts, the student-centred approach of this new Course Book enables broader, big picture understanding. Developed directly with the IB and fully supporting the new syllabus for first examination 2017, the clear, structured format helps you logically and easily progress through the new course content. Cover the new syllabus in the right level of depth, with rich, thorough subject content Developed directly with the IB, with the most comprehensive support for the new syllabus Truly engage learners with topical, relevant material that convincingly connects learning with the modern, global world Streamline your planning, with a clear and thorough structure helping you logically progress through the syllabus Decipher source evaluation, refine and progress analytical thinking and fully embed vital Paper 1 skills, strengthening exam performance Integrate approaches to learning with ATLs like thinking, communication, research and social skills built directly into learning Help learners think critically about improving performance with extensive examiner insight and samples based on the latest exam format Build an advanced level, thematic understanding with fully integrated Global Contexts, Key Concepts and TOK Also available as an Online Course Book

  • The Reality of Time and the Existence of God: The Project of Proving God's Existence

    Nothing within the world has the power to make the world continue; yet it is intrinsic to the temporal world that it does continue, and does not exist merely instantaneously. On this basis, the author renews St. Thomas's way of conceiving God as the immediate principle of existence, but does this de novo, never drawing upon any authority, but working within the exigencies of contemporary general philosophy. The philosophy of religion is for him never a separate discipline but the fruit of a proper working through of the inter-related problems of the philosophy of mind and action, epistemology, and logical theory with the correlative restructuring of metaphysics.

  • Burston School Strike

    This book is intended for age 12+.

  • Measuring and Interpreting Business Cycles

    This book consists of three long papers, accompanied by a series of short comments (by Klaus Nesser, Erling Steigum, Danny Quah, Michael Bergman, and Seppo Honkapohja) and an introduction by the editors covering the main themes of the book. It combines a systematic empirical investigation into the characteristics of business cycles with a review of general theories of the patterns and dynamics of cycles. The first paper, by John Hassler, Torsten Persson, and Paul Soderlind, investigates the patterns over time of business cycles, using data from the remarkable Swedish series dating from 1860 to the present day, and will become a standard reference in the literature on empirical investigations of business cycles. The authors find that there are strong similarities between the patterns of the business cycles of many countries. The second paper, by Peter Englund, Anders Vredin, and Anders Warne, analyses the dynamics of business cycles, and uses applied econometric analysis to identify different types of exogenous macroeconomic shocks, again using the Swedish data. The authors conclude that both permanent and transitory real shocks have lasting effects on patterns of economic growth. The third paper, by Jean-Michel Grandmont, has a different emphasis and reviews the theory of endogenous shocks. In this complex and distinguished paper he argues that agents may have self-fulfilling expectations of fluctuations in business activity.

  • The Musician's Guide to Acoustics

    The Musician's Guide to Acoustics

  • The Golden Age of Capitalism: Reinterpreting the Postwar Experience

    This historical/theoretical work presents essays that examine the institutions that fostered sustained growth and high employment after World War II, and the forces which undermined the effectiveness of these institutions in the 1960s and 70s. Contributors include A. Glyn, A. Hughes, A. Lipietz, A. Singh, G. Epstein, J. Schor, S. Marglin, A. Bhaduri, S. Bowles, R. Boyer, R. Rowthorn, and M. Aoki.

  • Oxford Pure Mathematics 1 for Cambridge International AS & A Level

    Supporting achievement in the latest syllabus, this stretching course builds the advanced skills students will need for the Cambridge syllabus for final examination in 2019and for higher education. Engaging, real world applications are included throughout, making mathematics relevant to real life. The series is edited by David Rayner, whose clear, practice-based approach is trusted around the world to build students' mathematical and analytical skills. A Worked Solutions Manual is also available, covering Pure Mathematics, Mechanics, and Statistics, to comprehensively support understanding. A new edition for the latest Cambridge syllabus, for examination from 2020, will be available in 2018.

  • The Duel in European History: Honour and the Reign of Aristocracy

    This is a description of the development of the duel from its medieval origins to the early 20th century. The book also examines the movement of opinion about duelling in different areas at different times, as reflected in legislation, in the pronouncements of the churches and in the works of such philosophers such as Montesquieu, and writers such as Walter Scott who was preoccupied with the duel as a hereditary curse of his class and civilization. The author discusses the distinctiveness of the duelling tradition as something unique to Europe and its colonies; how it was given as special character by the social structures of Ireland and Scotland, compared with England; what women thought of it; and how it contributed to the development of an officer corps which played a vital part in establishing Europe's military supremacy. This throws some light on the long ascendancy of aristocratic classes and their values in European history.

  • Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

    This book aims to help the business strategist and policy-maker understand how compatiblity standards may be used to ensure business success. It provides a framework for standards strategy and policy, together with a series of case-studies which interpret the economics of standards in practical settings. The book considers the problems of establishing a new standard in the market and winning standards contests. It also studies questions of how to maintaing the profitability of a standard and how to compete within an established standard. It combines the strategic analysis with an evaluation of standards policy, and suggests ways in which markets and policy intervention may effectively be used together. Cases include contests for standards for video cassette recorders, digital audio tape, personal computers, open computer systems, high-definition television, and Telepoint cordless phones. Standards have long been seen as a technical problem, yet in a large number of industries they are central to business strategy and technical aspects are only part of the effort needed for product success. They imply very different strategies and policies than for conventional products.

  • Rescuing Business: The Making of Corporate Bankruptcy Law in England and the United States

    Corporate bankruptcy is a defining characteristic of the market economy. It encapsulates the fundamental conflicts between capital and labour, owners and managers, debtors and creditors, the state and the market. Yet, with one or two notable exceptions, the political and social dynamics of bankruptcy law and practice have been overlooked by serious socio-legal scholars. This book remedies that neglect. Adopting an approach that compares English and American law, the authors identify the underlying political forces that established corporate bankruptcy law on both sides of the Atlantic. The book demonstrates how, by a recursive loop of professional self-interest, corporate insovency regulation is the creation of the lawyers who interpret and administer it. This book will be welcomed as an important sociological study and advances our understanding of how substantive law results from conflicts among the professionals who help to create it.

  • Athanasius and the Politics of Asceticism

    Early Christian asceticism was far from being wholly other-worldly. This new and illuminating study of the life and thought of Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria (328-73), who was one of the central figures of the church at the time, shows just how deeply political ascetic theology could also be, in the struggle to form a united and dominant church in Egypt under the Roman Empire. The book includes an appendix with some of the writings of Athanasius translated into English for the first time.

  • The Langloz Manuscript: Fugal Improvisation through Figured Bass

    What sorts of processes were going through the mind of J.S. Bach as he improvised a fugue in three, four, or even six parts? And what sort of training equipped an organist of the early eighteenth century to practise the art of accompaniment and improvisation successfully? The practical method which linked keyboard technique, improvisation, performance, and composition in a continuum was the thoroughbass, the centre of the Baroque musicians art. The Langloz Manuscript, originating in the era and proximity of Bach's region of activity, and containing the largest extant collection of figured bass fugues, provides a window into this very process, and demonstrates more clearly than any words can the method by which the art of thoroughbass provided a foundation for extemporised fugue. The present edition is the first publication of this manuscript.

  • The Phonology of Armenian

    Armenian is geographically one of the most widespread languages of the world, with distinct dialects located as far west as Poland and as far east as India. It has a rich literary history dating from the fourth-century translation of the Bible into Classical Armenian. It is one of the most linguistically divergent of the Indo-European languages, having undergone a host of complicated phonological, morphological, and syntactic changes that continue to resist satisfactory analysis. However, the language has yet to receive a comprehensive treatment by theoretical linguists. Bert Vaux remedies this problem, bringing Armenian into the sphere of phonological discussion by making available to Western readers the results of Armenological work published in Armenian and Russian, and by presenting theoretical analyses of many of the more striking phonological phenomena described in these sources or culled from the author's fieldwork. The topics addressed include syllabification, stress assignment, vowel harmony, feature geometry, consonantvowel interactions, and prosodic structure. Series Information: The Phonology of the World's Languages Series Editor: Professor Jacques Durand, Universite de Toulouse-le-Mirail Series ISBN: 0-19-961355-9 Series Description: The phonology of most languages has until now been available only in a fragmented way, through unpublished theses, or articles scattered in more or less accessible journals. Each volume in this series will offer an extensive treatment of the phonology of one language within a modern theoretical perspective and will provide comprehensive references to recent and more classical studies of the language.

  • The Future of Human Reproduction: Ethics, Choice, and Regulation

    ISSUES IN BIOMEDICAL ETHICS General Editors: John Harris, University of Manchester; Soren Holm, University of Copenhagen. Consulting Editor: Ranaan Gillon, Director, Imperial College Health Service, London. North American Consulting Editor: Bonnie Steinbock, Professor of Philosophy, SUNY, Albany. The late twentieth century has witnessed dramatic technological developments in biomedical science and the delivery of health care, and these developments have brought with them important social changes. All too often ethical analysis has lagged behind these changes. The purpose of this series is to provide lively, up-to-date, and authoritative studies for the increasingly large and diverse readership concerned with issues in biomedical ethics--not just healthcare trainees and professionals, but also social scientists, philosophers, lawyers, social workers, and legislators. The series will feature both single-author and multi-author books, short and accessible enough to be widely read, each of them focused on an issue of outstanding current importance and interest. Philosophers, doctors, and lawyers from several countries already feature among the authors lined up for the series. It promises to become the leading channel for the best original work in this burgeoning field. this volume: The Future of Human Reproduction brings together new work, by an international group of contributors from various fields and perspectives, on ethical, social, and legal issues raised by recent advances in reproductive technology. These advances have put us in a position to choose what kinds of children and parents there should be; the aim of the essays is to illuminate how we should deal with these possibilities for choice. Topics discussed include gender and race selection, genetic engineering, fertility treatment, ovarian tissue transfer, and post-menopausal pregnancy. The central focus of the volume is the interface between reproductive choice and public regulation. 'The Future of Human Reproduction is a roadmap for twenty-first century reproductive technologies written by leading thinkers in the field for philosophers, policy makers, and clinicians. However, it will perhaps be equally useful for parents and other members of our most important social institutions, as we struggle to cope with the rapidly changing reproductive horizon.' Glenn McGee, University of Pennsylvania Center for Bioethics

  • Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe

    Medieval Europe was a rapidly developing society with a problem of violent disorder. Professor Kaeuper's original and authoritative study reveals that chivalry was not simply part of the solution. Chivalry praised heroic violence by knights, and fused such displays of prowess with honour, piety, high status, and attractiveness to women. Though the vast body of chivalric literature, here examined, praises chivalry as necessary to civilization, most texts also worry over knightly violence, criticize all ideals and practices of chivalry, and often propose reforms. The knights themselves joined the debate, absorbing some reforms, ignoring others, sometimes proposing their own. Complexity likewise characterized the interaction of chivalry with major governing institutions ("church" and "state") emerging at the same time: kings and clerics both needed and feared the force of knighthood. This fascinating book lays bare the conflicts and paradoxes surrounding the concept of chivalry in medieval Europe.

  • Oxford IB Diploma Programme: Causes and Effects of 20th Century Wars Course Companion

    Drive critical, engaged learning and advanced skills development. Enabling comprehensive, rounded understanding, the student-centred approach actively develops the sophisticated skills key to performance in Paper 2. Developed directly with the IB for the new 2015 syllabus, this Course Book fully supports the new comparative approach to learning. Cover the new syllabus in the right level of depth, with rich, thorough subject content Developed directly with the IB, with the most comprehensive support for the new syllabus with complete support for the comparative approach Truly engage learners with topical, relevant material that convincingly connects learning with the modern, global world Streamline your planning, with a clear and thorough structure helping you logically progress through the syllabus Build the advanced-level skills learners need for Paper 2, with the student-led approach driving active skills development and strengthening exam performance Integrate approaches to learning with ATLs like thinking, communication, research and social skills built directly into learning Help learners think critically about improving performance with extensive examiner insight and samples based on the latest exam format Build an advanced level, thematic understanding with fully integrated Global Contexts, Key Concepts and TOK Also available as an Online Course Book

  • Small Claims Courts: A Comparative Study

    The development of informal methods of adjudicating small claims has been one of the most widespread and radical innovations in civil justice in recent years. The proliferation of small claims courts in many countries at a similar moment in history and in a similar form suggests that the issues raised may be better illuminated within a comparative framework. The central problem facing legal systems which have attempted to place justice within reach has been how to facilitate access for individuals by simplifying the process and by discouraging legal representation, while at the same time ensuring that what remains can still be described as a system of justice. This volume compares and contrasts some of the principles which have been applied and some of the solutions which have adopted in eight countries. The dilemmas which alternative options pose for justice are analysed.

  • Rodulfus Glaber: The Five Books of the Histories, edited and translated by John France, and The Life of St William, edited by Neithard Bulst and translated by John France and Paul Reynolds

    The monk Rodulfus Glaber is best known for his Five Books of Histories, a major source for events in the first half of the eleventh century, and valuable above all for revealing the mental furniture of an eleventh-century monk - for his account of the millennium, of relics genuine and false, of church-building, and visions of saints and demons. This edition, the first since 1866, presents the only critical text of the Histories, accompanied by a complete translation and a full historical commentary. Glaber also wrote a Life of his mentor, St William of Dijon, the renowned monastic reformer. The Life is reprinted after the Histories, again with translation and notes. The evidence for Glaber's life, and the value of his work are discussed in a Historical Introduction.

  • The Fourteenth Century 1307-1399

    The fourteenth century in England was a turbulent, complex age: two of the century's monarchs were murdered by rivals, nearly half the population of England was wiped out by the Black Death and the Great Famine, and many more died in conflict with Scotland and in The Hundred Years War against France. During this time, the Great Schism divided the church which led to the establishment of the papacy in Avignon and an unpopular poll-tax provided the spark which ignited the Peasants' Revolt. Yet it was also a period of developments in parliamentary, administrative, and legal system, and one which witnessed the development of English literature, including Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.

  • Negotiating Domestic Violence: Police, Criminal Justice, and Victims

    This book examines the factors which shape the criminal justice response to domestic violence in the light of policy changes at the beginning of the 1990s which aimed to increase arrest rates. In particular, the book discusses the needs and expectations of victims and examines how their choices impact on decisions made by police and prosecutors. Many books on the criminal justice response to domestic violence start from the premise that withdrawal of complaints by victims and the subsequent discontinuance of cases, represents some kind of failure on the part of the agencies involved and that victims would benefit from greater determination by police to prosecute offenders wherever possible. Implicit in this approach is the assumption that the criminal justice system as it presently operates is capable of responding effectively to the needs of victims of domestic violence. This book throws doubt on the validity of these assumptions.

  • Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science 1100-1700

    Crombie shows how the particular intellectual and practical interests of Western thinkers, especially from the 12th century, led them to ask particular kinds of questions about the natural world. In the 13th century the Oxford School, with Robert Grosseteste as its founder, assumed a paramount importance and the work of this school marked the beginning of the modern tradition of experimental science. The first half of the book is devoted to Grosseteste and the Oxford school; the second half deals with their influences on the spread of the experimental method in Western Christendom and with its history down to Newton. The study of optics and of the rainbow had a special place in the interests of the Oxford school and the history of these subjects is used to provide examples of the experimental method in operation. `...this is one of the most stimulating and carefully prepared studies in medieval science ... nowhere else do we have so much material assembled for the study of medieval scientific methodology.' Marshall Clagett in Isis.

  • Value and Price in the Labour-Surplus Economy

    Value and Price in the Labour-Surplus Economy

  • A Say in the End of the World: Morals and British Nuclear Weapons Policy 1941-1987

    More than forty years of commitment to nuclear weapons may have prepared Britain to take part in Armageddon, but not to defend itself against attack. What made British governments choose this path and how have they justified it? How have they responded to the moral questions it raises? Using material from recently-released official documents, Roger Ruston presents a moral history of British defence policy, from the 'lesson' of Appeasement to the nuclear modernizations of the eighties, and answers many of the questions that governments have avoided. The book will be of great interest to defence historians, moralists, politicians, and general readers who need a clear account of their country's defence predicament as a basis from which to devise workable and morally acceptable alternatives.

  • Grammar in Context: Answer Book

    This photocopiable Answer Book makes teacher assessment quicker and more efficient.

  • Landlords and Tenants in Mid-Victorian Ireland

    This is a study of relations between landlords and tenants in Ireland between the great famine and the land war. Based on a remarkably wide range of primary sources, most notably collections of estate papers, it is a comprehensive and wide-ranging analysis, in which W.E. Vaughan explores evictions, rents, tenant right, estate management, agrarian outrages, and tenants' resistance to landlords. Dr Vaughan questions many assumptions about landlord-tenant relations that have previously been uncritically accepted.

  • A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

    This book is both a theory of monetary policy, and an examination of how it has worked in the UK. It first analyses the behaviour of the banking system, and then the difficulties of central bank control. The authors argue that money creation is an endogenous process, determined partly by the price level, and not the other way round.

  • Property Rights in Money

    Property Rights in Money is a systematic study of how proprietary interests in (ownership of and transactions in) money are transferred and enforced as part of a payment transaction. The book begins by considering the different kinds of property recognised by the law which perform the economic functions of money. It describes how the nature of an owner's proprietary interest differs depending on the kind of property that is treated as money. The main body of the work provides a detailed account of how property rights in money are transferred from one person to another, and the proprietary consequences when a transfer of money is ineffective. For example, the work considers the consequences for the passing of property in money when a person pays the money by mistake, through the fraud of another or through a breach of his or her duties as a trustee or a company director. The author provides a coherent explanation of the proprietary effect of money transfers whether made via a transfer of coins or banknotes or, as is now more common, through a bank payment system. The final section of the book considers how a person can enforce his property rights in money, and the legal remedies open to him to recover his money once it is in the hands of a person who is not entitled to it.

  • Phonetics, Phonology, and Cognition

    Phonetics, Phonology, and Cognition explores the cognitive and biological systems involved in speech. It offers challenging findings on the cognitive status of phonological representations and their relationship with phonetic implementations. The book's authors are leading researchers from linguistics and cognitive science. They consider, for example, the type of control required for the implementation of articulatory events and the nature of the loop between auditory and articulatory mechanisms. They show the advances that have already been made on these and other central issues in psycho- and neuro-linguistics now that the operations of the brain can be studied directly and neuroscience is no longer dependent on post-mortem dissection of speech-impaired patients. In its exploration of the mental and physical representation of sound systems, Phonology, Phonetics and Cognition demonstrates the value of phonology in allowing the integration of phonetics and cognition. Its authors are concerned with both the realization of representations in physical structures and the way that linguistic sound structure is linked to language form and mental coding. In sum, this book provides a revealing cross-disciplinary perspective on language, speech, and cognition which will be of value and interest to linguists, cognitive scientists, and speech pathologists.

  • Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

    Contact Linguistics is a critical investigation of what happens to the grammars of languages when bilingual speakers use both their languages in the same clause. It consolidates earlier insights and presents the new theoretical and empirical work of a scholar whose ideas have had a fundamental impact on the field. It also shows that bilingual data offer a revealing window on the structure of the language faculty. Carol Myers-Scotton examines the nature of major contact phenomena, especially lexical borrowing, grammatical convergence, codeswitching, first language attrition, mixed languages, and the development of creoles. She argues forcefully that types of contact phenomena often seen as separate in fact result from the same processes and can be explained by the same principles. Her discussion centers around two new models derived from the Matrix Language Frame model, previously applied only to codeswitching. One model recognizes four types of morphemes based on their different patterns of distribution across contact phenomena; its key hypothesis is that distribution depends on differential access to the morphemes in the production process. The other analyzes three levels of abstract lexical structure whose splitting and recombination across languages in bilingual speech explains many contact outcomes. This is an important volume, of unusual relevance for theories of competence and performance and vital for all those concerned with language contact.

  • Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990

    An electoral system is the most fundamental element of representative democracy, translating citizen's votes into representatives' seats. It is also the most potent practical instrument available to democratic reformers. This systematic and comprehensive study describes and classifies the 70 electoral systems used by 27 democracies - including those of Western Europe, Australia, Canada, the USA, Costa Rica, India, Israel, Japan, and New Zealand - for 384 national legislative and European Parliament elections between 1945 and 1990. Using comparative and statistical analyses of these systems, Arend Lijphart demonstrates the effect of the electoral formula used, the number of representatives elected per district, electoral thresholds, and of five other key features of electoral systems on the proportionality of the election outcome, the degree of multipartism, and the creation of majority parties. In the process he reveals that electoral systems are neither as diverse nor as complex as is often assumed. Electoral Systems and Party Systems represents the most definitive treatment of the subject since Rae's classic study in 1967, based as it is on more accurate and comprehensive data (covering more countries and over a longer time span), and using stronger hypotheses and better analytical methods. The unique information and analysis it offers will make it essential reading for everyone working in the field.

  • The Westminster Chronicle 1381 - 1394

    Edited with a facing-page translation from the Latin text by: Hector, L. C.;

  • Restoration Theatre and Crisis

    Restoration Theatre and Crisis is a seminal study of the drama of the Restoration, in particular that of the Popish Plot and Exclusion Crisis. This was a time of unprecedented political partisanship in the theatre. This book cosniders all the known plays of this period, including works by Dryden and Behn, in their historical context. It examines the complex ways in which the drama both reflected and intervened in the political process, at a time when the crisis fractured an already fragile post-interregnum consensus, and modern party political methods first began to develop. Susan Owen discusses the ways in which Tory and Whig playwrights engaged in dramatic dialogue, deliberately commenting on and revising each other's themes and topics. The book also explores the arena of sexual politics, examining the political significance of themes such as disharmony in the family, and the importance of rape as a dramatic signifier of monstrosity associated with rebellion by the Tories and tyranny and popery by the Whigs. Restoration Theatre and Crisis considers the use of sexuality as a political discourse, and ways in which ideas about libertinism and constructions of masculinity and femininity intersect with political concerns in the drama. Thus the book bridges the gap between `gender-blind' political accounts and studies which have focused on gender themes in the drama in isolation from party politics.

  • Conceptual Notation and Related Articles

    This volume contains English translations of Frege's early writings in logic and philosophy and of relevant reviews by other leading logicians. Professor Bynum has contributed a biographical essay, introduction, and extensive bibliography.

  • Read Write Inc. Spelling: Practice Book 6 Pack of 30

    A new edition of the highly successful and proven Read Write Inc. Spelling programme. This has been specially developed for the new curriculum by leading primary literacy expert Ruth Miskin and lead author Janey Pursglove. The programme consists of an integral online software subscription, in which spelling rules are introduced and taught by animated characters in an exciting fantasy world; Practice Books with a range of comprehensive, engaging activities; Log Books for children to record individual progress; and a Teaching Handbook with clear, structured support for each lesson. Online practice tests and consolidation sessions will create confident, proficient spellers and prepare every child for the spelling aspect of the Year 6 English Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test. This pack contains 30 copies of Read Write Inc. Spelling Practice Book 6.

  • Frontiers of Liability: Volume 2

    The 'Frontiers of Liability' is the title of a series of high-level seminars held in All Souls College, Oxford during 1993 and 1994. Drawing together top academics, practitioners and judges, these seminars have sought to identify current trends in English law and have provided a forum for experts to give their assessment of how the law will develop in the future. The papers produced for the first four seminars were reproduced in volume 1 of 'Frontiers of Liability'. The next four seminars and the comments made by the distinguished rapporteurs are reproduced in this volume. These essays will be of interest to anyone concerned with international sales, the law of contract, tort and restitution, and equity and trusts.

  • Paul: A Critical Life

    This book presents a completely new, and much more vivid and dramatic account of the life of Paul than ever previously attempted. From his childhood in Taursus and his years as a student in Jerusalem, to the successes and failures of his ministry, this biography has no peer in terms of its detailed reconstructions of his movements and motives . Traditionally the Acts of the Apostles has provided the framework for lives of Paul. In recent years, however, the historical value of the Acts has been called into question. Despite the accuracy of many details, they have been linked in ways which reflect the interests of Luke rather than objective reality. Critical assessment is called for it they are to be incorporated into a life of Paul. The prime source for a reconstruction of the apostle's life must be his own writings, and recent advances in the study of the letters, notably rhetorical and epistolary criticism, have brought to light new depths which facilitate their exploitation for biographical purposes. This book is intended for scholars and students of religious studies; interested general readers.

  • Magic Mineral to Killer Dust: Turner & Newall and the Asbestos Hazard

    Asbestos was once known as the 'magic mineral' because of its ability to withstand flames. Yet since the 1960s, it has become a notorious and feared 'killer dust' that is responsible for thousands of deaths and an epidemic that will continue into the millennium. This is the first comprehensive history of the UK asbestos health problem, which provides an in-depth look at the occupational health experience of one of the world's leading asbestos companies - British asbestos giant, Turner and Newall. Based on a vast company archive recently released in American litigation, Magic Mineral to Killer Dust gives an unprecedented insight into all aspects of the asbestos hazard - dust control, workmen's compensation, government regulation, and the development of medical knowledge. In particular, it looks at the role of industrialists, doctors, factory inspectors, and trade unionists, highlighting the failures in regulation that accompanied the commercial development of a material that was already known to be lethal at the start of the twentieth century.

  • The School Tradition of the Old Testament: The Bampton Lectures for 1994

    The vigorous interest of recent Old Testament scholars in Israel's so-called "Wisdom Tradition" has exposed much methodological confusion and achieved no agreed results. the "wise" have not been located in any recognisable structure of Israelite society and the "Tradition" has never been pinned down as a coherent historical phenomenon. The purpose of this book is to demonstrate that the literature which has been at the centre of the debate was the characteristic product of the schools of ancient Israel, and that scholars who deny the existence of schools or ignore their influence are mistaken. Through a review of a representative sample of Old Testament writings, Dr Heaton examines the intellectual stance and literary style of the school tradition, and relates them to Egyptian prototypes. He argues that the school tradition, with its moral and rational stamina, cannot be dismissed as an eccentric development on the margin of Old Testament thought, but should be recongised as playing a fundamental role in the transmission and re-interpretation of the heritage of Israel. The book offers a lively and important challenge to the conventional presentation of Old Testament theology and to those versions of Christian theology which represent the Church as the exclusive recipient and sole guardian of the truth about God and his world.

  • Environmental Regulation and Economic Growth

    The essays in this volume, written by practising and academic lawyers, address some of the most fundamental problems facing industrialists and environmentalists throughout the world. The essays review and analyse attempts being made in various countries to blend environmental protection with continued economic development. How does the recently-agreed GATT agreement influence international developments in environmental regulation? Is deregulation an answer? Will the polluter always have to pay and how are the costs to be equitably distributed throughout society? These are some of the fundamental questions posed and discussed by these searching and powerful essays.

  • Oil and the International Economy

    The authors apply recent developments in economic theory to the world oil market and present their implications for the dynamics of this market and its interactions with the rest of the international economic system. The presentation of material is non-technical with emphasis on seeing the oil market as part of the international economic system. The authors have extensive practical experience in the oil market.

  • Food Tables and Labelling

    Students of all levels studying home economics, food technology, chemistry, biology, or any subject that involves nutrition and food science will find Food Tables and Labelling an invaluable resource.

  • Slippery Slope Arguments

    A `slippery slope argument' is a kind of argument which warns you that, if you take a first step, you will find yourself caught up in a sequence of consequences from which you will be unable to extricate yourself, and that eventually you will end up speeding ever faster towards some disastrous outcome. Many textbooks on informal logic and critical thinking treat the slippery slope argument as a fallacy. Douglas Walton argues that slippery slope arguments can be used correctly in some cases as a reasonable type of argument to shift a burden of proof in a critical discussion, while in other cases they are used incorrectly. In the four central chapters he identifies and analyses four types of slippery slope argument. In each chapter he presents guidelines that show how each type of slippery slope argument can be used correctly or incorrectly, using over fifty case studies of argumentation on controversial issues. These include abortion, medical research on human embryos, euthanasia, the decriminalization of marijuana, pornography and censorship, and whether or not the burning of the American flag should be banned.

  • Read Write Inc. Fresh Start: Modules 6-10 Pack of 5

    Read Write Inc. Fresh Start is a specially adapted literacy programme for all students in Years 5 and above who are working below National Curriculum Level 3. Like Read Write Inc. Phonics for pupils in the early years, the scheme starts with phonics lessons which introduce students to all the letter sounds through use of the Speed Sounds Cards and the Green and Red Word Cards. The Modules are specially written to help students to catch up on and develop their reading and writing skills. Each Module provides practice of the graphemes and sounds that have been taught in phonics lessons. There is a fiction or non-fiction text and a variety of comprehension and writing activities. The Modules should be completed sequentially, with the Introductory Module first, followed by the other 33 Modules.

  • The Rise of Magic in Early Medieval Europe

    This is a study of magic in western Europe in the early Middle Ages. Valerie Flint explores its practice and belief in Christian society, and examines the problems raised by so-called `pagan survivals' and superstition'. She unravels the complex processes at work in the early medieval Christian church to show how the rejection of non-Christian magic came to be tempered by a more accommodating attitude: confrontation was replaced by negotiation, and certain practices previously condemned were not merely accepted, but actively encouraged. The forms of magic which were retained, as well as those the church set out to obliterate, are carefully analysed. The `superstitions' condemned at the Reformation are shown to be, in origin, rational and intelligent concessions intended to reconcile coexisting cultures. Dr Flint explores the sophisticated cultural and religious compromise achieved by the church in this period. This is a scholarly and challenging book, which makes a major contribution to the study of the Christianization of Europe.

  • Correspondence

    Edited by Ernest Campbell Mossner and Ian Simpson Ross, this new, corrected edition provides the missing part of one letter and eighteen entirely new ones discovered since 1977.

  • From School to Work: A Comparative Study of Educational Qualifications and Occupational Destinations

    This fascinating comparative study presents the latest research into the value of qualifications for the attainment of first job, and in securing employment. A team of some of the world's leading scholars in the field examine the ways in which educational qualifications affect the occupational outcomes of men and women in thirteen countries. The book features chapters on each of these countries, together with a lead chapter which integrates them, and analyses them comparatively. The authors present a wealth of rich and detailed information on educational institutions in these various countries, as well as reports on rigorous statistical analyses of the associations between qualifications and occupations. The data reveals marked differences between countries in how education shapes occupational attainment, and indicates that these differences are related, in very systematic ways, to the institutional characteristics of school systems. The book offers a range of insightful policy-oriented observations, for example that vocational education is valuable in countries where training is occupationally specific, but is of little value where the curricula are general in content.

  • Fair Shares: The Future of Shareholder Power and Responsibility

    This is a book about shareholders -- who they are, what they own, how their composition and character has changed, and with it their relationship with the companies they own. It is also a book about shareholder rights and responsibilities. In a clear and readable style the book explores the key current corporate governance issues -- company law and reporting, chief executive pay, regulatory and accountability requirements -- against the background of an ever-changing business environment: an environment in which private investors may have grown in number, but in which shareholders influence has dwindled as institutions have become the dominant shareholding group. Throughout the book the authors provide numerous examples and anecdotes illustrating the evolution of the joint stock company from the South Sea Company of the 18th century to the giants and cause celebres on the corporate stage in the 1980s and 1990s. Both authors are authoritative and informed commentators on issues of corporate governance with extensive management, policy and advocacy experience; their underlying concern is to show the importance of shareholder interest and involvement, which they strongly believe will remain in the best interests of the company and the wider society in the 21st century.

  • The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia

    This is the third volume in The Oxford Regional Environments series. The series volumes are devoted to major regions of the world, each presenting a detailed and up-to-date body of scientific knowledge concerning a particular region. For most topics on the physical geography of Northern Eurasia abundant literature now exists. Most of it, however, is in Russian and other East European languages and this has significantly limited the number of potential readers. This volume seeks to familiarize, at an international level, those with an interest in this area with the most significant achievements in classical and current geographical research. The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia covers most of the territory of the former USSR. The first section discusses the individual compenents of the physical environment. These chapters cut across regional boundaries and treate the area discussed as a whole. A regional analysis follows mainly in the context of geographical zonation, though a number of specific regions are given individual treatment. The concluding chapters discuss the effects of anthropogenic activities on the physical environment. The approach is an integrative one, tying together various aspects of the physical environments with the environmental implications of human activites. Every component of the environment is treated as a step in the development of the multi-faceted landscapes which in turn provide possibilities and limitations for cultural and economic usage.

  • Oxford English Now: Teacher's Book and CD-ROM 3

    Each Teacher's Book provides straightforward, accessible notes for each double page spread in the Students' Book, enabling even non-specialist teachers to support and enhance student participation. The teacher's material on the CD-ROM contains worksheets which can be adapted to suit individual needs. Also on the CD-ROM are interactive activities for students practising crucial skills as well as flexible worksheet activities suitable for whole-class teaching, group work or independent work.

  • Project X Origins: White Book Band, Oxford Level 10: Journeys: Mixed Pack of 5

    Project X Origins is a ground-breaking guided reading programme for the whole school. Action-packed stories, fascinating non-fiction and comprehensive guided reading support meet the needs of children at every stage of their reading development. Each book contains inside cover notes that highlight challenge words, prompt questions and a range of follow-up activities to support children in their reading. Project X Origins guided reading notes offer step-by-step teaching support for each book with guidance about phonics, comprehension, vocabulary, fluency, spelling, grammar, punctuation and writing. Each set of notes has in-built assessment and is fully correlated to all UK curricula. This pack contains 1 set of guided reading notes and 5 reading books, 1 of each of: Hamster Rampage, Riding the Waves, Incredible Journeys, Trouble in the Rockies, Human Body Adventures.

  • English for Edexcel

    This text provides a clear indication of exactly what is required in the Edexcel exam, and so should help students to revise more effectively. It gives advice on how to approach the syllabus, planning, revision, and the examination and there are sections on poetry, non-fiction, and media which reflect the Edexcel exam papers. Specimen questions and model answers are provided by the Chief Examiner and there is a checklist and glossary of terms to help structure and guide revision.

  • Read Write Inc. Fresh Start: Introduction Module Pack of 10

    Read Write Inc. Fresh Start is for all students in Years 5 and above who are working below National Curriculum Level 3. Like Read Write Inc. Phonics for pupils in the early years, the scheme starts with phonics lessons which introduce students to all the letter sounds through use of the Speed Sounds Cards and the Green and Red Word Cards. The Modules are specially written to help students to catch up on and develop their reading and writing skills. Each Module provides practice of the graphemes and sounds that have been taught in phonics lessons. There is a fiction or non-fiction text and a variety of comprehension and writing activities. The Modules should be completed sequentially, with the Introductory Module first, followed by the other 33 Modules.

  • Universities and Intellectual Property: Ownership and Exploitation

    The vital role played by universities in producing creative and innovative products is becoming increasingly recognized both by policy makers and by the universities themselves. Universities are now looking to tighten up their policies on intellectual property so as to maximize revenue, for instance through spin-off companies; but this arguably restricts the free flow of knowledge and scientific progress. The authors look in detail at this highly topical subject, both from a policy and a practical legal point of view, drawing upon research covering universities in the UK, Australia, and the USA. The book begins with identifying what is protectable as university intellectual property and the principal features of the various intellectual property regimes that are relevant to these questions: subject matter, criteria for protection, ownership and entitlement, rights conferred and their duration. It then turns to the creators - the academics, students, visiting scholars, and outside collaborators who have an interest in the intellectual property - and the varied collaborative circumstances in which it is created. It evaluates differing intellectual property policies and methods of commercial exploitation and postulates certain guidelines and models that will be of assistance to universities in dealing with these issues.

  • Information Technology and Organizations: Strategies, Networks, and Integration

    This book is concerned with the ways in which organizations design, build and use information technology systems. In particular it looks at the interactions between these IT-centred activities and the broader management processes within organizations. The authors adopt a critical social science perspective on these issues, and are primarily concerned with advancing theoretical debates on how best to understand the related processes of technological and organizational change. To this end, the book examines and deploys recent work on power/knowledge, actor-network theory and critical organization theory. The result is an account of the nature and significance of information systems in organizations which is an alternative perspective to the pragmatic and recipe-based approaches to this topic which dominate much contemporary management literature on IT.

  • Comparative Corporate Goverance: The State of the Art and Emerging Research

    This book comprises a comprehensive survey of the state of the art and the most recent research being done on corporate governance in the triad - Europe (with particular emphasis on Germany and the UK), the US and Japan. The comparative nature of the research brings forth new insights which studies conducted within one system may fail to produce. Analysis of the most successful economies - the US, Europe and Japan - is a natural starting point for such research. In addition, it is increasingly accepted that the analysis of institutions must also consider their roots, which can be both revealing and decisive when considering both current issues and the future (path dependence). The contributors to this volume represent a unique sample of scholars from the throughout triad and across disciplines. Contributions from economists, law professors, historians and a few practitioners are successfully combined. The volume has three parts: the first of which deals with the roots and perspectives of corporate governance. The second part analyses the different building blocks of a corporate governance system, while the final part presents studies that treat corporate governance systems in toto, with a special focus on making or facilitating comparative corporate governance research.

  • The Nature of the Crown: A Legal and Political Analysis

    This book explores the nature of the Crown in its legal and political context. Here the term The Crown is being used, not as a direct reference to the Queen but, as a reference to the central power of the State which exercises legal and political authority. It is a surprising fact that the nature of the Crown has not been the object of extensive literature with pride of place on constitutional law courses. The nature of the Crown has been taken for granted, in part because it is so fundamental and in part because many academics have no idea what the term The Crown amounts to. This book aims to redress this state of affairs by drawing together in one book a collection of essays that explores what the Crown is, or might be, and the critical issues relating to it. The Crown refers to the authority of Government and the very entity of Government. All the people going about the Governments business, Ministers of the Crown and civil servants do so under the cloak of the Crown with its powers and immunities. The idea of democracy may appear central to our political arrangements but the legal facts are that the Crown subsists not merely as the power: it is the state. If the legal facts of our political arrangements clash with our individual beliefs about democracy then that clash is of the highest importance.

  • Intellectual Property Rights in EU Law Volume I: Free Movement and Competition Law

    This volume provides an in-depth analysis of the relationship between intellectual property rights (including patents, trade marks, copyright, and designs) and the law of the European Union. It examines the conflict between intellectual property rights (exclusive rights limited normally to the territory of a single Member State) and the principle of free movement of goods and services in the internal market. The various tests and theories propounded by the European Court of Justice in attempting to resolve that conflict are explained from a critical standpoint. The ramifications of the exhaustion-of-rights principle are explored and chapters of this volume are devoted to trade marks, patents, and copyright. Finally, the volume examines the limitations on the exercise of intellectual property rights as a result of EC competition law. Volume 2 will cover EU legislation which has harmonized intellectual property law and created unitary intellectual property rights such a the Community trade mark.

  • The New Liberalism: An Ideology of Social Reform

    This book examines the advent of the "new liberalism" in late Victorian and Edwardian times, challenging accepted views about its development. Freeden analyzes concepts of community, welfare, and state regulation in political theory and stresses the contribution of biological and evolutionary ideas to changing liberal attitudes.

  • Working Women and Socialist Politics in France 1880-1914: A Regional Study

    This enlightening study of the relations between the Marxist wing of the French socialist movement and a substantial female industrial proletariat reveals the failure of the Socialists to assimilate an important potential constituency. Hilden examines the early development of French socialism and recreates the atmosphere of everyday life for textile workers in Lille, Roubaix, and Tourcoing around the turn of the century. She shows that these women demonstrated more political militance in the face of their worsening industrial situation and their exclusion from organized labor resistance than has previously been suggested.

  • The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain

    From the twelve days of Christmas to the Spring traditions of Valentine, Shrovetide, and Easter eggs, through May Day revels and Midsummer fires, and on to the waning of the year, Harvest Home, and Hallowe'en; Ronald Hutton takes us on a fascinating journey through the ritual year in Britain. His comprehensive study covers all the British Isles and the whole sweep of history from the earliest written records to the present day. Great and lesser, ancient and modern, Christian and pagan, all rituals are treated with the same attention. The result is a colourful and absorbing account in which Ronald Hutton illuminates the history of the calendar we live by, and challenges many commonly held assumptions about the customs of the past and the festivals of the present. The Stations of the Sun is the first complete scholarly work to cover the full span of British rituals, challenging the work of specialists from the late Victorian period onwards, reworking our picture of the field thoroughly, and raising issues for historians of every period.

  • Hegel's Development: Night Thoughts (Jena 1801-1806)

    This book, which takes account of everything that survives from the manuscripts Hegel produced during his first academic career at the University of Jena, is the first comprehensive survey of the development of Hegel's mature system.

  • Birth, Marriage, and Death: Ritual, Religion, and the Life-Cycle in Tudor and Stuart England

    From childbirth and baptism through to courtship, weddings, and funerals, every stage in the life-cycle of Tudor and Stuart England was accompanied by ritual. Even under the protestantism of the reformed Church, the spiritual and social dramas of birth, marriage, and death were graced with elaborate ceremony. Powerful and controversial protocols were in operation, shaped and altered by the influences of the Reformation, the Revolution, and the Restoration. Each of the major rituals was potentially an arena for argument, ambiguity, and dissent. Ideally, as classic rites of passage, these ceremonies worked to bring people together. But they also set up traps into which people could stumble, and tests which not everybody could pass. In practice, ritual performance revealed frictions and fractures that everyday local discourse attempted to hide or to heal. Using fascinating first-hand evidence, David Cressy shows how the making and remaking of ritual formed part of a continuing debate, sometimes strained and occasionally acrimonious, which exposed the raw nerves of society in the midst of great historical events. In doing so, he vividly brings to life the common experiences of living and dying in Tudor and Stuart England.

  • Treat Me Right: Essays in Medical Law and Ethics

    This book brings together a wide cross-section of the author's work in the field of medical law and ethics. Many of the articles have appeared previously in journals, but all are updated. Some are published here for the first time. Professor Kennedy, a former Reith Lecturer and a well-known scholar and broadcaster, writes not only authoritatively and informatively about the subject, but often in a way that is provocative, controversial, and amusing. It is a collection that will interest the lawyer with medico-legal interests, and the doctor who wants to know more about the rights, duties, and liabilities of his profession, the student of law or medicine, and the layperson who follows developments in this scientifically complex and morally contentious area of law.

  • Just Lawyers: Regulation and Access to Justice

    Just Lawyers proposes a model for the regulation and organization of lawyers, guided by an ideal of access to justice. It is grounded in empirical analysis of why people complain about lawyers, the nature of existing legal institutions, and the ethical ideals of the profession. Parker weaves the normative theory of deliberative democracy with the empirical law and society tradition of research on the limits and possibilities of law. She shows that access to justice can only occur in the interaction between courtroom justice, informal everyday justice, and social movement politics. Lawyers' justice should educate people's justice to improve the justice quality of everyday relationships and transactions, while community concerns (including community access to justice concerns) should reshape lawyers' regulation, organization, and practices to improve substantive justice. Just Lawyers shows how legal proffesionalism can only be revitalized through the reform of access to justice beyond lawyers.

  • The St Albans Chronicle: The Chronica maiora of Thomas Walsingham: Volume I 1376-1394

    Thomas Walsingham, a monk of St Albans, has been described as the last of the great medieval chroniclers. His major work, the Chronica maiora, covers the years 1376 to 1420, and is arguably the most important account of English history to be written in England at this time. Walsingham's text has never been published as a continuous whole. It is found in no fewer than three separate publications in the Rolls Series, and was printed from manuscripts whose exact identity was not then clearly understood. The nature of the Rolls Series publications, and the different versions of the chronicle, have raised questions concerning the interrelationship of the various manuscripts of the Chronica maiora, and also of Walsingham's own involvement with the text. In this new edition these problems are considered, and the Chronica maiora is shown to be predominantly the work of one man, Thomas Walsingham. Volume I of The St Albans Chronicle (1376-1394) contains that part of Walsingham's chronicle which can with some confidence be said to have been written by 1400. With the exception of a brief contemporary continuation (1393-4) the text is taken from BL MS Royal 13 E IX which, although known to the Rolls Series editors, was not used by them as a principal source. During the 1390s the Royal manuscript was extensively revised at St Albans in order to remove criticisms of John of Gaunt. This revision is perhaps the best example of the contemporary rewriting of history in late medieval England. Although Walsingham has traditionally been regarded as the chronicler of the Lancastrian revolution, this part of his chronicle reveals his work as a major source for the Peasants' Revolt, the emergence of John Wyclif, and the political struggles of Richard II's reign. In everything that he wrote, Walsingham was as much a commentator as a recorder, and his absorbing chronicle reveals the manner in which one interested contemporary viewed current events.

  • Design and Technology: Graphic Products to GCSE

    A complete summary text providing all the background skills, knowledge, and understanding required for the new syllabuses. Clear organisation into double-page spread and a full index make the book easy to use a quick reference guide to support coursework, and ideal as a revision source.

  • LSE: A History of the London School of Economics and Political Science 1895-1995

    The London School of Economics and Political Science -- the LSE -- is one of the most famous academic institutions in the world. This history provides a lively account of the fist century of a university which, form its beginnings has captured not only the minds of social scientists but also the imagination of a wider public. It is the biography of an institution written by an author who was closely involved as a student and later as Director of the School and who remains deeply attached to it. The book places the School in the context of the drama of the twentieth century and it does so through a mirror, the mirror of the social sciences. Lord Dahrendorf traces the story of the LSE from its `invention' by Beatrice and Sidney Webb, George Bernard Shaw, and Graham Wallas as a breakfast in August 1894, through its foundation in 1895, the travails of its early years, the triumphs of the Beveridge years between the wars, the great expansion of the post-war period, and the changing moods of the succeeding decades, including the `troubles' of 1968. The individuals and the events of the LSE's century of existence have been memorable, yet the School has always been more than the sum of its parts. Its base was London, and its home the world.

  • The Life of King Edward who rests at Westminster: Attributed to a Monk of Saint-Bertin

    The anonymous Life of King Edward, written about the time of the Norman Conquest, is an important and intriguing source for the history of Anglo-Saxon England in the years just before 1066. It provides a fascinating account of Edward the Confessor and his family: his wife Edith, his father-in-law Earl Godwin, and the queen's brothers Tostig and Harold (king in 1066). The foundations of the legend of St Edward the Confessor are apparent from the version of the work supplied by the unique MS of c.1100. Professor Barlow explores the problems raised by this anonymous work in its now incomplete MS, and examines the development of the cult of St Edward. He also investigates the life and works of Folcard and Goscelin of St Bertin, possible authors. Recent discoveries have enabled Professor Barlow to reconstruct in part the lacunae in BL Harley MS 526 with texts closer to the original. For the second edition, he has undertaken a complete revision of the book.

  • Strategic Interaction and Markets

    Perfect competition provides the model of a frictionless economy, in which price-setting economic agents behave independently of each other, abandoning to the market the coordination of their individual decisions. The implications of this model are extensively presented in the traditional price theory textbooks. Imperfect competition is the paradigm that develops as soon as economic agents interact in a conscious manner, which is the rule when competition takes place amongst a restricted number of agents. In this system, agents act strategically, taking into account the impact of their decisions on competitors' behaviour and on the price mechanism. Such situations commonly arise when firms differentiate their products, erect strategic entry barriers, or exploit the imperfect information of their customers about the price or characteristics of their product. This book explores the theoretical richness of these economic contexts, using some basic tools of game theory. Designed as an ancillary text for graduate students, it not only summarizes the historic contributions made by economic theorists such as Cournot and Edgeworth, but also makes accessible many of the most recent developments in the same field.

  • The Romanians, 1774-1866

    The century from the 1774 Treaty of Kuchuk Kainardji (between Russia and the Ottoman Empire) to the end of Prince Alexandru Cuza's reign in 1866 stands as a distinct era in the development of modern Romania. It marks the transition from long-established agrarian economic and social structures, and medieval political forms, to a society moulded by urban and industrial values and held together by allegiance to the nation-state. This initial period of nation-building was characterized by dramatic shifts of mentality and significant changes in economic and social life. The principal changes included: the freeing of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia from Ottoman Turkish dominion and their union to form the core of modern Romania; the cultivation of the idea of the ethnic nation as the foundation of community; the emergence of new ways of producing goods and doing business, notably the advance of capitalism in agriculture and industry; and the relentless advance of Western political forms, economic models and cultural acheivements. As a consequence, by the 1860s a united, and for all practical purposes, an independent Romania had come into being, and the institutions and ideologies that were to guide the countrie's development down to the Second World War were in place. In the process the Romanians had experienced a fundamental shift in their mental outlook away from the traditions of the Eastern Orthodox world towards the innovations and experiments of the West. Yet the creators of the new state could never forget that they and their countrymen remained as always at the crossroads between east and west. This original and ground-breaking work is the first attempt to treat the period 1774-1866 as a distinct stage in the evolution of modern Romania and is a fascinating analysis of the building of a European nation-state.

  • Anglican Chant and Chanting in England, Scotland, and America, 1660-1820

    This book presents, for the first time, a history of English liturgical chant as performed in the Church of England and its transmission to churches in Scotland and the United States. In the mid-sixteenth century Reformation, the complex ritual of the Latin rite was replaced by a one-volume Book of Common Prayer in English. The general nature of the new rubrics, expecially for music, left many of the details of performance to be worked out in traditional ways. Thus the music evolved from its Latin roots in oral, and later written practice. The body of music that makes up the chanting practice of Anglican and related churches around the world is indeed diversified. Some texts of the liturgy are harmonized in four or more voice parts, often with organ accompaniment, and others are sung in plainsong. The largest group of chants, those for the psalms and canticles, has an idiosyncratic written form and a performance practice that continues to evolve in oral tradition. This music is commonly known as Anglican chant. Its origins in the seventeenth century and its codification in the eighteenth are explored in the choral establishments of the Church of England and parish churches in England, Scotland, and the United States.

  • Grammar to 14: Student's Book

    Authoritative and comprehensive, Grammar to 14 covers all aspects of grammar, spelling, and punctuation required by the National Curriculum in preparation for the Key Stage 3 tests. With its self-contained units of work and accompanying Answer Book, Grammar to 14 is the ideal resource for homework activities.

  • Oxford School Shakespeare: Julius Caesar

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. Julius Caesar is a popular text for study by secondary students the world over. This edition includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE specifications.

  • The Modern Firm: Organizational Design for Performance and Growth

    Business firms around the world are experimenting with new organizational designs, changing their formal architectures, their routines and processes, and their corporate cultures as they seek to improve their current performance and their growth prospects. In the process they are changing the scope of their business operations, redrawing their organization charts, redefining the allocation of decision-making authority and responsibility, revamping the mechanisms for motivating and rewarding people, reconsidering which activities to conduct in-house and which to out-source, redesigning their information systems, and seeking to alter the shared beliefs, values and norms that their people hold. In this book, John Roberts argues that there are predictable, necessary relationships among these changes that will improve performance and growth. The organizations that are successful will establish patterns of fit among the elements of their organizational designs, their competitive strategies and the external environment in which they operate and will go about this in a holistic manner. The Modern Firm develops powerful conceptual frameworks for analyzing the interrelations between organizational design features, competitive strategy and the business environment. Written in a non-technical language, the book is nevertheless based on rigorous modeling and draws on numerous examples from eighteenth century fur trading companies to such modern firms such as BP and Nokia. Finally the book explores why these developments are happening now, pointing to the increase in global competition and changes in technology. Written by one of the world's leading economists and experts on business strategy and organization, The Modern Firm provides new insights into the changes going on in business today and will be of interest to academics, students and managers alike.

  • The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis: Volume I: General Introduction, Books I and II, Index Verborum

    Edited with a facing-page English translation from the Latin text by: Chibnall, Marjorie;

  • Specialized Justice: Courts, Administrative Tribunals, and a Cross-National Theory of Specialization

    Specialized Justice addresses the question of the desirability of specialization in the administration of justice. Should there be more, rather than less, sub-division of the judiciary into specialized tribunals? What is most desirable in terms of efficiency, speed, true justice, and cost? The author attempts to answer these questions both by examining theoretical paradigms and also by describing the results of an empirical study which he has undertaken. He concludes by examining variables that apply in different jurisdictions and which should, if accounted for properly, allow generalized lessons to be extracted from the individual studies.

  • Richard Strauss's Elektra

    Elektra was the fourth of fifteen operas by Strauss and opened his successful partnership with the librettist Hugo von Hofmannsthal. It is one of the most important operas of the early twentieth century and it solidified Strauss's status as the leading German opera-composer of his day. Bryan Gilliam's study of this major work examines its musical-historical context and also provides a detailed analysis of some of its musical features. He establishes a chronology of the evolution of the opera and places it in the larger framework of German opera of the time. His detailed examination of the sketch-books enables him to offer fresh insight into Strauss's use of motifs and overall tonal structure. In so doing he shows how the work's arresting dissonance and chromaticism has hidden its similarities to his later, seemingly more tonally conservative opera, Der Rosenkavalier - not only does Strauss in both operas exploit a variety of musical styles to express irony, parody, and other emotions, but both are in fact thoroughly tonal.

  • The Status of Refugees in Asia

    The Status of Refugees in Asia surveys some of the key issues of law and policy affecting refugees in the Asian region. The movement and presence of refugees in different parts of the region is surveyed, and the general legal position - ranging from multilateral treaties to regional and national initiatives - evaluated. A selection of country profiles to illustrate the implementation of law and policy at the national level is provided, and the performance of three Asian countries which have acceded to the 1951 United Nations Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol is assessed: namely, China, Japan, and the Philippines. Attention is given to the five other countries which have not acceded to these instruments - Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand - and current critical refugee problem areas such as Afghanistan and Sri Lanka examined. The book concludes by examining current difficulties with state practice in the region and presents possible solutions and new directions for the future.

  • Inside the Communication Revolution: Evolving Patterns of Social and Technical Interaction

    What does it mean to live and work inside the information and communication technology revolution? The nature and significance of newly emerging patterns of social and technical interaction as digital technologies become more pervasive in the knowledge economy are the focus of this book. The places and spaces where digital technologies are in use are examined to show why such use may or may not be associated with improvements in society. Studies of on- and off-line interactions between individuals and of collective attempts to govern and manage the new technologies show that the communication revolution is essentially about people, social organization, adaptation, and control, not just technologies. This book contains original empirical studies conducted within a programme of research in the Information, Networks & Knowledge (INK) research centre at SPRU, University of Sussex. The authors draw upon cognitive, economic, management, political, and sociological theories to provide insights into the acceptance of and resistance to interactions made possible by the Internet; information and communication systems in the newspaper, insurance, and banking industries; electronic commerce services; and other applications such as geographic information systems.

  • Oxford International Primary Geography: Student Book 4

    Oxford International Primary Geography is a complete six year primary geography course that provides an engaging introduction to the subject. Using real life examples from around the globe, the course covers key aspects of both human and physical geography, from the basics of mapping to more complex topics such as the pros and cons of ecotourism and how to meet the resource needs of the world's growing population. Additional Workbooks provide students with the opportunity for further study in the classroom or at home, including suggested research topics and cross-curricular projects. For the teacher, the Teacher's Guide provides step-by-step guidance for each lesson, as well as background knowledge and geographical information for specialist and non-specialist teachers alike.

  • AQA GCSE Physics Online Student Book

    The AQA GCSE Physics Online Student Book is a digital version of the Student Book that can be accessed any time, anywhere and on a range of devices. Students can use the bank of annotation tools to make notes and personalize their book. Oxford's AQA GCSE Science is a complete match to the 2011 AQA GCSE sciences specifications. It provides more assessment, better engagement and extra help with delivery so your students can achieve the best grades. AQA GCSE Physics Student Book develops students' scientific knowledge and understanding, and helps create lively and relevant science lessons.

  • Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics

    Terence Parsons presents a lively and controversial study of philosophical questions about identity. Is a person identical with that person's body? If a ship has all its parts replaced, is the resulting ship identical with the original ship? If the discarded parts are reassembled, is the newly assembled ship identical with the original ship? Because these puzzles remain unsolved, some people believe that they are questions that have no answers, perhaps because the questions are improperly formulated; they believe that there is a problem with the language used to formulate them. Parsons explores a different possibility: that such puzzles lack answers because of the way the world is (or because of the way the world is not); there is genuine indeterminacy of identity in the world. He articulates such a view in detail and defends it from a host of criticisms that have been levelled against the very possibility of indeterminacy in identity.

  • Seven Schools of Macroeconomic Thought

    This book offers an excellent survey of various macroeconomic topics which feature prominently in the research agenda and have inspired both theoretical and policy debate. The book presents an authoritative and comprehensive summary and original critique of modern macroeconomic approaches by a scholar whose own contribution to the field is considerable. In each of his seven chapters, the author reviews one school of economic thought. These are: the Keynesian school of macroeconomics; the monetarist school; the New Classical school; the New-Keynesian school; supply side macroeconomics, and `non-monetary' models of macroeconomics - the real business cycle theory and the `structuralist school' which views changes in unemployment as the outcome of shifts in the structural characteristics of the economy. The book is the text of the first series of Ryde Lectures, established by Lund University in Sweden.

  • Violin Fraud: Deception, Forgery, and Lawsuits in England and America

    Instruments of the violin family are well known to be exceptionally valuable if they are the work of an Italian master such as Stradivari or Guarneri. Unfortunately, in common with many other antique articles of value, the forger, the defrauder, and the thief operate in the world of the violin in a very conspicuous way. With varying degrees of skill, labels are altered, certificates of origin are spuriously created, instruments are even made from new but disguised to look old and to reproduced the features of an old master. Buyers, dealers, and even auction houses can easily make distressing and very expensive mistakes. Many people who own instruments, or who are interested in buying them, want to know more about the dangers, the pitfalls, and the case histories of previous disasters. The law itself is widely misunderstood and its wide ambit not appreciated. Those who contravene the law risk actions for civil damages as well as criminal prosecution, primarily by the ever more vigilant Trading Standards Department of local authorities. It is the intention of this book to detect the background to this fraudulent activity and to explain how the law applies to it. Much of what is said applies to the antique world generally, but there are specific and pressing problems relating to to string instruments which have not been analysed in detail before and with which this book is particularly concerned. This new edition includes an account of American law as it relates to to violin commerce, including a discussion of violin theft, fraud, and contract issues, product disparagement, and slander, auction issues, tax issues, secret commissions, ethics, and intellectual property theft.

  • Food Labelling: A Companion to "Food Tables"

    Intended as a nutritional reference work for both schools and colleges, this volume provides the information required to interpret nutritional data on the labels of packaged food products. It includes a list of food additives, information on fats in foods and a glossary of food terms.

  • The Miracle of Theism: Arguments for and against the Existence of God

    A Miracle of Theism

  • Biology, Ethics and Animals

    In the debate about animal rights, biologists may feel threatened by criticism of their use of animals. They may also feel that philosophical discussion of animals is so abstract as to be meaningless. Furthermore, some would claim that a proper understanding of sociobiological theory about the origin of human ethical systems should make us very sceptical of the usefulness of moral theorizing. In "Biology, Ethics, and Animals" Rosemary Rodd brings philosophy and biology together to address this set of attitudes, and to illuminate the problem of what we can and should do to reform the way we treat other animals. She justifies ethical concern within a framework which is firmly based on evolutionary theory, and provides detailed discussion of practical situations in which ethical decisions have to be made. She seeks to foster communication rather than confrontation by writing in a style which looks for solutions to problems, rather than the attribution of blame.

  • Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume

    Stephen Buckle traces the history of theories of natural law, social order, and property through the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

  • Entrepreneurship: The Social Science View

    A new addition to the series that looks at the culture and role of the entrepreneur from different disciplinary perspectives. Includes all the key readings, introduced by a highly respected editor.

  • A Claim to Land by the River: A Household in Senegal, 1720-1994

    In the early part of the eighteenth century, Jaabe So's ancestors founded a farm on the left bank of the Senegal river. Twenty years ago, Jaabe So set up an independent farmers' association based among a group of towns along that river. Since then, he and Adrian Adams have spent much of their lives struggling to defend the existence of that association against a state development corporation lavishly funded by development aid. This is a narrative of that struggle, placed in the context of three centuries of Senegalese history. This extraordinary book will be an invaluable reference for those who believe that Africans may yet redeem a future free from the false promises of development, by drawing upon an inherited past.

  • An Introduction to Comparative Law

    This third edition of the modern classic Zweigert & Kotz's Introduction to Comparative Law is fully revised and updated, but its familiar structure and easy style remain the same. The book first discusses the nature of Comparative Law, its functions, aims, methods and history, and then it surveys the main features of the major legal families of the world. In the second part it provides a model of comparative law in action, comparing, contrasting and evaluating the different approaches and solutions of the major legal systems. As well as offering an excellent grounding in comparative private law, this book is an essential base for further research.

  • The House of Commons in the Twentieth Century: Essays by Members of the Study of Parliament Group

    Essays by members of the Study of Parliament Group. This collection of essays traces the organization and procedural development of the House of Commons in the twentieth century.

  • Civil Justice in Crisis: Comparative Perspectives of Civil Procedure

    A sense of crisis in the administration of civil justice is present in many countries. Delays and high costs render access to the civil courts either useless or prohibitively expensive or both. The crisis takes different forms. In some jurisdictions the problems lie in high and unpredictable costs but in others there are overcrowded courts and exorbitant delays. Those interested in civil justice will be familiar with their own system but they will seldom have knowledge of other systems and these essays, written by leading experts in the field, survey different systems of civil justice from other jurisdictions. An understanding of other systems will enrich the reform discussions in which each country by drawing attention to common problems, to their roots, to the solutions tried and, above all, to the consequences (for better or for worse) of reform. Civil Justice in Crisis shows that we can learn from others' success but that we may find their failures even more instructive.

  • Making Commercial Law: Essays in Honour of Roy Goode

    This is a collection of essays written in honour of Roy Goode, the Norton Rose Professor of English Law at Oxford, and highly esteemed commercial law scholar. The essayists are themselves a distinguished international group of the world's most distinguished commercial lawyers. The topics covered include international contracts and sales, credit and security, and commercial arbitration. This is a truly international collection which will be of great interest to scholars of commercial law world-wide, and to practitioners working in the areas of finance and international banking.

  • Ethics in the Public Domain: Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics

    This new collection of essays opens with a pivotal essay, not previously published, on the implications of the moral duties which arise out of concern for the well-being of others. The first part of the book concentrates on the consequences of two central aspects of well-being: the importance of membership in groups - the role of belonging - and the active character of well-being - that it largely consists in successful activities. Both aspects have far-reaching political implications, explored in essays on free expression, national self-determination, and multiculturalism, among others. Against the background of the moral and political views developed in the first part, the second part of the book explores various aspects of the dynamic inter-relations between law and morality, offering some building blocks towards a theory of law.

  • Frock Rock: Women Performing Popular Music

    This is the first ethnographic study of women's popular music-making. It is based on over 100 in-depth interviews as well as participant observation by the author, a sociologist, who has herself played in various bands since punk. Bayton covers the period from the late 1970s until the mid 1990s, focusing mainly on women instrumentalists in female and mixed bands. Amongst others, interviewees include Skin from Skunk Anansie, Debbie Smith from Echobelly, Candida Doyle from Pulp, Gail Greenwood from Belly and L7, Natasha Atlas from Transglobal Underground, and Vie Subversa from Poison Girls. Although female vocalists have always been common, women playing instruments in bands are still proportionally rare. Frock Rock explores the social factors that keep women from playing and those routes that have enabled women's involvement. The book then examines the everyday worlds of women's music-making from bands just starting up to the professional stage: songwriting, rehearsing, the first gig, getting a manager, record companies, recording, and touring. Easy to read and packed with fascinating quotes, Frock Rock makes an invaluable contribution to the field of popular music studies and will become a key text in cultural studies, media studies, women's studies, and sociology of culture courses.

  • Christian Hermeneutics: Paul Ricoeur and the Refiguring of Theology

    Paul Ricoeur is one of the most influential philosophers alive today. This book draws primarily on Ricouer's hermeneutic insights to address the fundamental question of how reference, truth, and meaning are related in the discourse of theology. The author defends the view that theological truth claims cannot be sustained without some appeal to the referential, or in Ricouer's terminology, "refigurative" potential intrinsic to our linguistic practices. What it means for Christians to tell the truth, for their language and life to display and thus elicit trust, cannot be understood apart from an appreciation of the refigurative power of language. By appealing to Aristotle's theory of mimesis (imitation) and muthos (plot), as well as to the ideas of Augustine and Heidegger on time, Paul Ricouer offers striking possibilities whereby theological discourse might renew its task of speaking truthfully of God, and hence of our relation to God, to one another, and to the world.

  • Law and Literature: Current Legal Issues Volume 2

    Law and Literature, the second volume in the Current Legal Issues series, is a comprehensive and provocative treatment of an exciting new area that will stimulate and enlighten anyone interested in law as it appears in literature. Future volumes will include such subjects such as law and medicine and law and religion. Law is literature but it also appears frequently in literature. The trial itself has features in common with literature, and law and literature both require interpretation. Literature may be constrained by the law and the law of defamation or blasphemy as, for example, the Salman Rushdie affair so vividly illustrates. All of these wide-ranging topics of relating law to literature are explored in this state of the art volume written by leading thinkers from both sides of the Atlantic. Texts analysed range from drama to novels to film and musical performance and interpretation to the Bible. Trials dissected include the Eichmann and M'Naughten cases and treason and witchcraft trials. The range of subjects includes legal ethics, punishment, responsibility, colonialism, violence, and feminism.

  • Read Write Inc. Spelling: Practice Book 3 Pack of 30

    A new edition of the highly successful and proven Read Write Inc. Spelling programme. This has been specially developed for the new curriculum by leading primary literacy expert Ruth Miskin and lead author Janey Pursglove. The programme consists of an integral online software subscription, in which spelling rules are introduced and taught by animated characters in an exciting fantasy world; Practice Books with a range of comprehensive, engaging activities; Log Books for children to record individual progress; and a Teaching Handbook with clear, structured support for each lesson. Online practice tests and consolidation sessions will create confident, proficient spellers and prepare every child for the spelling aspect of the Year 6 English Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test. This pack contains 30 copies of Read Write Inc. Spelling Practice Book 3.

  • The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century

    Volume II of the Oxford History of the British Empire examines the history of British worldwide expansion from the Glorious Revolution of 1689 to the end of the Napoleonic Wars, a crucial phase in the creation of the modern British Empire. This is the age of General Wolfe, Clive of India, and Captain Cook. The international team of experts deploy the latest scholarly research to trace and analyse development and expansion over more than a century. They show how trade, warfare, and migration created an Empire, at first overwhelmingly in the Americas but later increasingly in Asia. Although the Empire was ruptured by the American Revolution, it survived and grew into the British Empire that was to dominate the world during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. series blurb The Oxford History of the British Empire is a major new assessment of the Empire in the light of recent scholarship and the progressive opening of historical records. It deals with the interaction of British and non-western societies from the Elizabethan era to the late twentieth century, aiming to provide a balanced treatment of the ruled as well as the rulers, and to take into account the significance of the Empire for the peoples of the British Isles. It explores economic and social trends as well as political.

  • The Classification of Obligations

    This is an important book which explores the classification of obligations. This is a very topical subject since the professions only started requiring Obligations in the compulsory core as recently as October 1995. It is fitting that it is examined here by contributors who are among the best-known writers in this field. The contributions include A New 'Seascape' for Obligations: Reclassification on the Basis of Measure of Damages by Jane Stapleton; Basic Obligations by James Penner; and an essay by Peter Birks himself entitled, Definition and Division: A Meditation on Institutes. These essays combine practical and academic perspectives which usefully highlight contemporary trends in the law of obligations. The book will be a valuable addition to the libraries of all teachers involved in this area of law.

  • Henry Vaughan's Silex Scintillans: Scripture Uses

    It has been said that the poems of Vaughan's Silex Scintillans (1650; 1655) are the most biblical in English: this book revises our understanding of that claim, not by rejecting it, but by asking what it might have meant in the 1650s. Recovering the historical, literary, and scriptural context of Vaughan's poetry and his neglected prose works, particularly The Mount of Olives (1652), this study reveals the different ways in which Vaughan's work is shot through and fired by the Bible as it was read in the 'Godly nation' of the mid-seventeenth century. The uses, or scripture practices, singled out, relate both to his position as an 'Anglican survivalist' during the Commonwealth and to his acceptance of George Herbert's task of writing 'true hymns': his reading of the Genesis story of Jacob as an analogue for his own experiences as a Christian and as an image of the true Church in the 1650s; his framing of Silex Scintillans as an act of thanksgiving modelled on Hezekiah's song in Isaiah; his construction of a paraliturgical 'rule' of holy living; his exposure of the 'false prophets' of the Last Days prophesied by Christ; and his profoundly scriptural rejection of the fraud (as he saw it) of millenarian religion.

  • Governance at Work: The Social Regulation of Economic Relations

    Global pressures present similar challenges to companies in different countries, but how those organizations deal with them depends on the social and institutional framework in which they develop and operate. In this book, leading academics explore and explain variations in governance systems, focusing in particular on European trends. In Governance at Work: The Social Regulation of Economic Relations the authors ask: . Are structures of work and business organization changing? Are we seeing a move away from large-scale (Fordist) mass-production systems that have dominated the industrialized world in the 20th century? . What are the local/national determinants of business organization? . Can we speak of different national business systems if so, how do these interact with the operations of international companies in global competition?

  • Giotto and the Orators: Humanist Observers of Painting in Italy and the Discovery of Pictorial Composition

    `This handsomely illustrated book is an original attempt to make clear how much the art of the orators and the painters in the Renaissance had in common ... Extremely important for the history of art.' Neo-Latin News

  • The Defence Industry in East-Central Europe: Restructuring and Conversion

    In 1989-90 the collapse of state socialism and the end of the Cold War brought dramatic changes for the defence industries of East-Central Europe. Initially it seemed that the resources devoted to the Cold War confrontation might become available for investment in non-military economic and social progress. However, by 1994 this optimism had given way to recognition that the transformation would involve significant costs and could not be accomplished quickly. The Defence Industry in East-Central Europe charts the development of the industries of the Visegrad countries - Czechoslovakia and its successor states, the Czech Republic and Slovakia; Poland; and Hungary. In the first part, national case studies underline the different approaches to reform adopted in the individual countries. The second part uses unique information derived from extensive interviews at enterprises in each of the four countries to examine the transformation of industry from a producer perspective.

  • The Procedure of the UN Security Council

    The Procedure of the UN Security Council is the definitive book of its kind and has been widely used by UN practitioners and scholars for over twenty years. This new revised and thoroughly updated third edition encompasses the many changes in Council procedure that have occurred since the end of the Cold War. While retaining pertinent historical material from previous editions the book contains new text, tables and appendices on the following issues: * The appointment of the UN Secretary-General * The relationship with the International Court of Justice and the General Assembly * The veto and Security Council membership * Chapter VII resolutions, UN peace-keeping and UN-authorized enforcement * Developments in the sanctions committees and other subsidiary organizations * De jure and de facto Charter amendments * Informal Consultations, private and 'Arria formula' meetings * Relations with non-members and troop contributors, including transparency, Presidential briefings and orientation debates * The Provisional Rules of Procedure * Changes in Council documentation * The Provisional Rules of Procedure * Changes in Council documentation

  • English Lawyers between Market and State: The Politics of Professionalism

    Toward the end of the twentieth century, English lawyers enjoyed widespread respect and prosperity. They had survived criticism by practitioners and academics and a Royal Commission enquiry, but the final decade witnessed profound changes. First the Conservatives sought to apply laissez-faire principles to the profession. Then Labour transformed the legal aid scheme it had created half a century earlier. At the same time, the profession confronted cumulative changes in higher education and women's aspirations, internal and external competition, and dramatic fluctuations in demand. This book analyses the politics of professionalism during that tumultuous decade, the struggles among individual producers (barristers, solicitors, foreign lawyers, accountants) their associations, consumers (individual and corporate, public and private) and the state to shape the market for legal services by deploying economic, political and rhetorical resources (including changing conceptions of professionalism). The profession had to respond to a greatly increased production of law graduates and the desire of lawyer mothers (and also fathers) to raise their families. It had to replace exclusivity with efforts to reflect the larger society (class, race, gender). The Bar needed to address challenges to its exclusive rights of audience from both solicitors and employed barristers and decide whether to retaliate by permitting direct access, thereby compromising its claim to be a consulting profession. Solicitors had to reconcile their invocation of market principles against the Bar with their resistance to corporate conveyancing and multidisciplinary practices. Government had to restrain a demand-led legal aid scheme; practitioners and their associations sought to pressure the government to expand eligibility and raise remuneration rates. Divisions within both branches so compromised self-regulation and governance that the government even threatened to deprive lawyers of those essential elements of professionalism. These challenges have begun a transformation of the legal profession that will shape its evolution throughout the twenty-first century.

  • Romeo and Juliet (2009 edition): Oxford School Shakespeare

    Oxford School Shakespeare is an acclaimed edition especially designed for students, with accessible on-page notes and explanatory illustrations, clear background information, and rigorous but accessible scholarly credentials. This edition of Romeo and Juliet includes illustrations, preliminary notes, reading lists (including websites) and classroom notes. Romeo and Juliet is a set text for KS3 in England, and remains one of the most popular texts for study by secondary students the world over. This title is suitable for all exam boards and for the most recent GCSE specifications.

  • Reproductive Change in Developing Countries: Insights from the World Fertility Survey

    This book assesses the role which the Survey has played in documenting and understanding the emergence of new trends in fertility behaviour which are of the utmost important to the future of mankind. It is the first time that these results have been placed in a broad perspective of scientific knowledge and political relevance. Demographers; social researchers; family planning administrators; students of these and development studies.

  • Promises, Morals and Law

    Promises, Morals and Law

  • Institutional Shareholders and Corporate Governance

    This book examines the role of institutional shareholders in corporate governance, which is the system by which companies are directed and controlled. This is a subject of great concern to "public companies", their management, their shareholders and their employees. The recent concern about the effectiveness of corporate governance in a number of different countries has produced an outpouring of books and other publications including the Cadbury Committee Report which sought to address the principal problems arising in the UK. The unusual feature of this book is that it compares systems operating in Australia with those in the UK while at the same time also looking carefully at US, German and Japanese experience. The significance of the subject matter of this book lies in the fact that institutional investors collectively hold a very large proportion of the equity capital of the UK "corporate sector", and a sizeable proportion of the equity capital of the Australian equivalent. In addition domestic companies in turn occupy an extremely significant position in the UK economy and a significant one in the Australian economy. How these companies are managed is of very great significance to the economies of these countries.

  • Electronic Publishing Agreements: Precedents With Commentary and Disk

    This book combines a comprehensive collection of electronic publishing precedents with a commentary section dealing concisely with the areas of law which have the greatest impact on electronic publishing copyright, moral rights, contract, libel, and competition law and a general guide to drafting. The precedents cover chronologically all stages in the development, production, publication, and exploitation, online and offline, of an electronic product. There are precedents to license use of textual, illustrative, musical, and audio-visual material for multimedia and other products, and to appoint editors; joint venture, project management and software development precedents; and precedents for the licensing and distribution of a completed title. The online precedents include one for the provision of facilities to establish a Website, as well as for the exploitation (including over the Internet) of electronic products both directly by way of site licences, and indirectly through intermediaries, such as data hosting service providers, or electronic subscription agents. The full text of all the precedents is provided on floppy disk in ready-to-use word-processing format. Each precedent has an introductory note explaining when it is appropriate to use the precedent, and highlighting relevant areas of law. Footnotes refer to relevant sections of the narrative text, and indicate likely changes to the law, when proposed EC Directives or UK Bills are implemented. To make the book accessible not just to those with previous experience but also to newcomers to electronic publishing, the precedents have prompts (which can be stripped out of the disk version), indicating where choices need to be made, or blanks completed. A guidance note explains how to use the disk e.g. to add or amend clauses. The book will be an essential tool for all who advise or draft agreements for the electronic publishing industry. It is a comprehensive collection of electronic publishing precedents, with a strong emphasis on online publishing, written by a lawyer with substantial in-house electronic publishing experience, and will provide all the necessary tools for the novice and seasoned industry adviser alike.

  • Oxford: An Architectural Guide

    Few cities have a greater concentration of significant architecture than Oxford. Within a city of only 130,000 inhabitants there are important buildings, many of them of great beauty, from every period from the 11th century down to the present. Geoffrey Tyack chronicles the architectural development of Oxford - both University and City - from its origins to the late-20th century, explaining the idiosyncracies of Oxford's architectural history, and placing the buildings within their historical context. His approach is chronological, and his emphasis on what can actually be seen.

  • John Locke: Locke on Money: Volume I

    Locke on Money presents for the first time the entire body of the philosopher's writings on this important subject (other than Two Treatises of Government). Accurate texts, together with an apparatus listing variant readings and significant manuscript changes, record the evolution of Locke's ideas from the original 1668-74 paper on interest to the three pamphlets on interest and coinage published in the 1690s. The introduction by Patrick Hyde Kelly establishes the wider context of Locke's writings in terms of contemporary debates on these subjects, the economic conditions of the time, and the circumstances of writing and publication. It shows, notably, that Locke's supposed responsibility for the 1696 recoinage is a myth. The account of what Locke derived from Mercantilist writings and of how he reformulated these in accordance with his philosophy illuminates his contribution to the evolution of economics, and will aid reappraisal of Two Treatises. The picture that emerges co